Adam Balcerzak

Adam Balcerzak
University of Szczecin · Institute of Physics

PhD

About

35
Publications
2,582
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361
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
October 2005 - present
University of Szczecin
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
We consider spherically symmetric inhomogeneous Stephani universes, the center of symmetry being our location. We emphasize that in these models comoving observers do not follow geodesics, in particular comoving perfect fluids have necessarily a radial dependent pressure. We consider a subclass of these models characterized by some inhomogeneity pa...
Article
Full-text available
Exact luminosity distance and apparent magnitude formulas are applied to Union2 557 supernovae sample in order to constrain possible position of an observer outside of the center of symmetry in spherically symmetric inhomogeneous pressure Stephani universes which are complementary to inhomogeneous density Lema\^itre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) void models....
Article
Full-text available
We derive a redshift drift formula for the spherically symmetric inhomogeneous pressure Stephani universes which are complementary to the spherically symmetric inhomogeneous density Lema\^itre-Tolman-Bondi models. We show that there is a clear difference between redshift drift predictions for these two models as well as between the Stephani models...
Article
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By setting some special boundary conditions in the variational principle we obtain junction conditions for the five-dimensional $f(R)$ gravity which in the Einstein limit $f(R)\rightarrow R$ transform into the standard Randall-Sundrum junction conditions. We apply these junction conditions to a particular model of a Friedmann universe on the brane...
Article
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We derive the most general junction conditions for the fourth-order brane gravity constructed of arbitrary functions of curvature invariants. We reduce these fourth-order theories to second order theories at the expense of introducing new scalar and tensor fields - the scalaron and the tensoron. In order to obtain junction conditions we apply the m...
Preprint
In this paper, we consider a high-curvature limit of the varying fundamental constants toy model in which both the value of the speed of light and the value of the gravitational constant are related to the values of the two non-minimally coupled scalar fields. The high-curvature limit motivates the application of the third quantization procedure to...
Article
Using the third quantization formalism we study the quantum entanglement of universes created in pairs within the framework of standard homogeneous and isotropic cosmology. In particular, we investigate entanglement quantities (entropy, temperature) around the maxima, minima and inflection points of the classical evolution. The novelty from previou...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using the 3rd quantization formalism we study the quantum entanglement of universes created in pairs within the framework of standard homogeneous and isotropic cosmology. In particular, we investigate entanglement quantities (entropy, temperature) around maxima, minima and inflection points of the classical evolution. The novelty from previous work...
Article
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In this paper we consider a third quantized cosmological model with varying speed of light c and varying gravitational constant G both represented by non-minimally coupled scalar fields. The third quantization of such a model leads to a scenario of the doubleverse with the two components being quantum mechanically entangled. We calculate the two pa...
Preprint
In this paper we consider a third quantized cosmological model with varying speed of light $c$ and varying gravitational constant $G$ both represented by non-minimally coupled scalar fields. The third quantization of such a model leads to a scenario of the doubleverse with the two components being quantum mechanically entangled. We calculate the tw...
Article
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Although the standard cosmological model explains most of the observed phenomena it still struggles with the problem of initial singularity. An interesting scenario in which the problem of the initial singularity is somehow circumvented was proposed in the context of string theory where the canonical quantisation procedure was additionally applied...
Preprint
Although the standard cosmological model explains most of the observed phenomena it still struggles with the problem of initial singularity. An interesting scenario in which the problem of the initial singularity is somehow circumvented was proposed in the context of string theory where the canonical quantisation procedure was additionally applied....
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we consider a specific type of the bimetric theory of gravitation with the two different metrics introduced in the cosmological frame. Both metrics respect all the symmetries of the standard FLRW solution and contain conformally related spatial parts. One of the metric is assumed to describe the causal structure for the matter. Anothe...
Preprint
In this paper we consider a specific type of the bimetric theory of gravitation with the two different metrics introduced in the cosmological frame. Both metrics respect all the symmetries of the standard FLRW solution and contain conformally related spatial parts. One of the metric is assumed to describe the causal structure for the matter. Anothe...
Article
Full-text available
We study scenarios of parallel cyclic multiverses which allow for a different evolution of the physical constants, while having the same geometry. These universes are classically disconnected, but quantum-mechanically entangled. Applying the thermodynamics of entanglement, we calculate the temperature and the entropy of entanglement. It emerges tha...
Article
In this paper we extend a new method to measure possible variation of the speed of light by using Baryon Acoustic Oscillations and the Hubble function presented in our earlier paper [V. Salzano, M. P. D\c{a}browski, and R. Lazkoz, Phys. Rev. D93, 063521 (2016)] onto an inhomogeneous model of the universe. The method relies on the fact that there is...
Article
Full-text available
We present basic ideas of the varying speed of light cosmology, its formulation, benefits and problems. We relate it to the theories of varying fine structure constants and discuss some new tests (redshift drift and angular diameter distance maximum) which may allow measuring timely and spatial change of the speed of light by using the future missi...
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Using the idea of regularisation of singularities due to the variability of the fundamental constants in cosmology we study the cyclic universe models. We find two models of oscillating and non-singular mass density and pressure (”non-singular” bounce) regularised by varying gravitational constant G despite the scale factor evolution is oscillating...
Article
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We consider gravity theory with varying speed of light and varying gravitational constant. Both constants are represented by non-minimally coupled scalar fields. We examine the cosmological evolution in the near curvature singularity regime. We find that at the curvature singularity the speed of light goes to infinity while the gravitational consta...
Article
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We discuss minisuperspace models within the framework of varying physical constants theories including $\Lambda$-term. In particular, we consider the varying speed of light (VSL) theory and varying gravitational constant theory (VG) using the specific ans\"atze for the variability of constants: $c(a) = c_0 a^n$ and $G(a)=G_0 a^q$. We find that most...
Article
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We derive a luminosity distance formula for the varying speed of light (VSL) theory which involves higher order characteristics of expansion such as jerk, snap and lerk which can test the impact of varying $c$ onto the evolution of the universe. We show that the effect of varying $c$ is possible to be isolated due to the relations connecting observ...
Article
Full-text available
We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of $c(t) = c_0 a^n(t)$. We show that negative values of the parameter $n$, which correspond to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe, effectively rescales dust matter to...
Article
Full-text available
We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of $c(t) = c_0 a^n(t)$. We show that negative values of the parameter $n$, which corresponds to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe, effectively rescales dust matter to...
Article
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We review the variety of new singularities in homogeneous and isotropic FRW cosmology which differ from standard Big-Bang and Big-Crunch singularities and suggest how the nature of these singularities can be influenced by the varying fundamental constants.
Article
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Article
We derive the redshift drift formula for the spherically symmetric Stephani cosmological models. We show that in the considered class of the Stephani models with a centrally placed observer the redshift drift exhibits the behavior similar to the behavior of the redshift drift in the void LTB cosmological models at high redshifts. However, unlike in...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss evolution of density perturbations in cosmological models which admit finite scale factor singularities. After solving the matter perturbations equations we find that there exists a set of the parameters which admit a finite scale factor singularity in future and instantaneously recover matter density evolution history which are indistin...
Article
We discuss a general fourth-order theory of gravity and formulate the generalized Israel junction conditions for the theory by application of a generalized Gibbons-Hawking boundary term which is added to the action of the fourth-order gravity theory. Next, we use the generalized Israel junction condition for the construction of a higher-order gravi...
Article
We discuss a general fourth‐order theory of gravity and formulate the generalized Israel junction conditions for the theory by application of a generalized Gibbons‐Hawking boundary term which is added to the action of the fourth‐order gravity theory. Next, we use the generalized Israel junction condition for the construction of a higher‐order gravi...
Article
Full-text available
By the application of the generalized Israel junction conditions we derive cosmological equations for the fourth-order $f(R)$ brane gravity and study their cosmological solutions. We show that there exists a non-static solution which describes a four-dimensional de-Sitter $(dS_4)$ brane embedded in a five-dimensional anti-de-Sitter $(AdS_5)$ bulk f...
Article
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We discuss a very general theory of gravity, of which Lagrangian is an arbitrary function of the curvature invariants, on the brane. In general, the formulation of the junction conditions (except for Euler characteristics such as Gauss-Bonnet term) leads to the powers of the delta function and requires regularization. We suggest the way to avoid su...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss a general fourth-order theory of gravity on the brane. In general, the formulation of the junction conditions (except for Euler characteristics such as Gauss-Bonnet term) leads to the higher powers of the delta function and requires regularization. We suggest the way to avoid such a problem by imposing the metric and its first derivative...
Article
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We discuss exotic singularities in the evolution of the universe motivated by the progress of observations in cosmology. Among them there are: Big-Rip (BR), Sudden Future Singularities (SFS), Generalized Sudden Future Singularities (GSFS), Finite Density Singularities (FD), type III, and type IV singularities. We relate some of these singularities...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss the behaviour of strings propagating in spacetimes which allow future singularities of either a sudden future or a Big-Rip type. We show that in general the invariant string size remains finite at sudden future singularities while it grows to infinity at a Big-Rip. This claim is based on the discussion of both the tensile and null string...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The project contains the problems related to the theoretical and observational consequences of timely and spatial variability of the speed of light c, gravitational constant G, fine structure constant α, proton to electron mass ratio and other physical constants. The scenarios of the evolution of the Universe with varying fundamental constants in the context of superstring theory (superstring landscape) and the Multiverse concept are also considered.