Adam Baird

Adam Baird

PhD
Currently consulting on violence reduction in Central America. Visiting appointments at LSE and UNIDIR.

About

28
Publications
14,101
Reads
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317
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - September 2014
University for Peace
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2012 - September 2014
University for Peace
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2012 - July 2012
CUNY Graduate Center
Position
  • Visiting Researcher

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
This article considers the dilemmas and challenges of conducting fieldwork with youth gang members in Medellín, Colombia. It draws upon the author's experiences to develop the notion of 'ethnographic safety', where researchers learn to perceive and avert danger by gaining a 'feel for the rules of the game' (Bourdieu, 1992) in violent communities; i...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing upon 40 life-history interviews with gang members in Medellín, Colombia, this paper argues that many young men join gangs to emulate and reproduce ‘successful’ local male identities. The accumulation by the gang of ‘masculine capital’, the material and symbolic signifiers of manhood, and the accompanying stylistic and timely displays of thi...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides an overview of the current knowledge base about Latin American gangs. It begins by focusing on the two most developed bodies of work, respectively on Central American and Brazilian gangs. Reliable information about Central American gangs is extremely scanty. The scaremongering about gangs often obscures the fact that there exi...
Research
Full-text available
BOOK AVAILABLE AT: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Violence-Margins-Global-Comparative-Ethnography-ebook/dp/B00U2UI19K/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1428339553&sr=8-1&keywords=violence+at+the+urban+margins In the Americas, debates around issues of citizen's public safety--from debates that erupt after highly publicized events, such as the shootings of Jordan Da...
Article
https://www.researchgate.net/blog/post/are-latin-american-gangs-the-new-revolutionaries
Book
Full-text available
El covid-19 ya ha costado más de 5 millones de vidas alrededor del mundo y no hay dimensión de nuestra existencia que no se haya visto trastocada por su irrupción. La vacunación se sitúa, en este complejo contexto, plagado de incertidumbres, como una de las principales herramientas que están a disposición para hacerle frente. Es por ello que la cap...
Article
Full-text available
The murder rate in Port of Spain, Trinidad, rose dramatically around the turn of the millennium, driven overwhelmingly by young men in gangs in the city’s poor neighborhoods. The literature frequently suggests a causal relationship between gang violence and rising transnational drug flows through Trinidad during this period. However, this is only p...
Preprint
Full-text available
At the end of the 1990s gang driven homicide rates in Belize and Trinidad boomed and today remain amongst the highest in the world. That these homicide booms occurred as drug transhipments increased, makes casual connections between drugs and violence an intuitive and frequent assumption. This article argues that the role that drugs transhipment pl...
Article
Full-text available
At the end of the 1990s gang driven homicide rates in Belize and Trinidad boomed and today remain amongst the highest in the world. That these homicide booms occurred as drug transhipments increased, makes casual connections between drugs and violence an intuitive and frequent assumption. This article argues that the role that drugs transhipment pl...
Article
Full-text available
Belize has one of the highest homicide rates in the world; however, the gangs at the heart of this violence have rarely been studied. Using a masculinities lens and original empirical data, this article explores how Blood and Crip “gang transnationalism” from the United States of America flourished in Belize City. Gang transnationalism is understoo...
Article
Full-text available
Con base en 40 entrevistas de historias de vida con miembros de las pandillas de Medellín, Colombia, la presente investigación argumenta que muchos jóvenes se unen a las pandillas con el fin de emular y reproducir identidades masculinas que se consideran localmente ‘exitosas’. La acumulación de ‘capital masculino’ por parte de las pandillas, con su...
Article
Full-text available
Most men are not violent, however men perpetrate a majority of violent acts around the world. In other words, even though the majority of men are not violent, we are clearly more violent than women. It is a challenging statement and a door-opener to some of the complexities and tensions I have faced when trying pin-down the causality of men's viole...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Preamble One thing really struck me in the invitation letter to the World Peace Foundation seminar on Transforming Violent Masculinities, it was the following " Acknowledging that most men are not violent… men perpetrate a majority of violent acts around the world ". So, most men are not violent, yet despite this we are clearly more violent than wo...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo tiene como objetivo brindar una visión general del conocimiento existente sobre las pandillas en América Latina. Ofrece una revisión de la literatura publicada basada en estudios empíricos primarios y comienza por las dos literaturas más desarrolladas hasta el momento en Centroamérica y Brasil y luego se considera la literatura de otr...
Article
Full-text available
Este articulo tiene como objetivo brindar una visión general acerca del conocimiento existente sobre las pandillas en Latinoamérica y resaltar los vacíos de conocimiento que se deben investigar. La información presentada en este articulo se basa principalmente en estudios empíricos primarios, porque aunque existen buenos estudios basados en fuentes...
Chapter
Full-text available
The violence that erupted in Medellín in the late 1980s provoked a number of responses from the state and numerous civil society organisations. The 1990s saw a boom in civil society activism and municipal initiatives in response to this violence. Another response concerned punitive ‘securitisation’: the police and army -­‐ often in collusion with p...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter uses original empirical data from marginalised urban communities in Medellín, Colombia, to move beyond simplistic interpretations of male violence by considering the nexus between masculinities and class, gang sub-culture, and the role of both men and women in the reproduction of urban violence. Conceptually, Pierre Bourdieu's concept...
Chapter
Full-text available
BOOK AVAILABLE AT: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Violence-Margins-Global-Comparative-Ethnography-ebook/dp/B00U2UI19K/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1428339553&sr=8-1&keywords=violence+at+the+urban+margins In the Americas, debates around issues of citizen's public safety--from debates that erupt after highly publicized events, such as the shootings of Jordan Da...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report lays out a strategy to promote Social Cohesion and Community Safety (SCCS) to strengthen the Rule of Law (ROL), the enjoyment of rights, and support the development Jamaica seeks. As such it is the planning tool to plot a pathway towards the development change we seek, referred to in UN terminology as a Theory of Change; identifying the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to identify the ‘best practices’, that is, successful experiences and programs on youth engagement with emphasis on youth participation, rights rehabilitation, ‘empowerment’ and employment, in the Eastern Caribbean Small Island Developing States (SIDS), that action the 2012 Caribbean Human Development Report (CHDR) recomme...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The aim of this paper is to help in understanding the relationship between the construction of the male identity and how social violence may be “reproduced” (using the concept of habitus after Pierre Bourdieu), in poor and socially excluded contexts. The paper aims to inform debate and policy making. Design/methodology/approach – The pape...
Article
Full-text available
Gangs around the globe are paradigmatic of urban violence and predominantly made up of male youths from poorer neighbourhoods. However, even in the most violent urban contexts, the majority of young men do not join gangs. This paper uses original empirical data collected in Medellín, Colombia and a conceptual focus on masculinities to understand wh...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is an edited version of the winning UNDP Project Proposal designed by Adam Baird, which won US$220,000 funding from the Central American Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) run by the US Embassy in Belmopan, Belize, 2011. It removes some internal UNDP details, but displays the essential project design. Researchers and practitioners working i...
Chapter
Full-text available
El conflicto Colombiano ha tenido consecuencias desastrosas para la sociedad civil Colombiana. Además, la carencia de legitimidad del estado y la represión ha jugado un papel significativo en la desarticulación del tejido social. Sin embargo las divisiones entre las organizaciones de la sociedad civil sobre la legitimidad de la lucha armada insurge...
Article
Full-text available
This article highlights the main methodological problems and solutions encountered while researching violent young men in the marginalised north-eastern area of Medellín, Colombia. Using ethnographic methods, the research investigated how violent behaviour may be inherited, and its relationship to masculinities and youth. It asked how violence is t...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The research project studies the impact of transnational organised crime and drug-trafficking (TNOC) on poor urban communities in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, which has seen crime and violence soar since the mid-1990s as the city became transhipment point in the illegal drugs trade. We address the impact of TNOC on vulnerable populations, culture and security by considering the 'transnational-to-community' impact of drug-trafficking. In particular we consider how TNOC contributes to a number of male residents becoming increasingly violent at a micro level as 92% of homicide victims are men: how do relatively benign 'corner kids' turn into violent gang members? In turn we ask, how can these communities work with young men to insulate themselves from the negative impact and violence generation of TNOC?
Project
This project considers how overarching transnational drug-trafficking comes to shape community level violence in Belize, where murder rates almost tripled in a decade from 17 per 100,000 in 2002, to 45 per 100,000 in 2012. This occurred in conjunction with booming cocaine transhipments through the country from South America towards USA. As the vast majority of murder is suffered and perpetrated by poor young men in Belize, this research seeks to understand how cocaine trafficking has changed men’s behaviour as it penetrates communities, creating violent masculinities at a local level.