Achim Spiller

Achim Spiller
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen | GAUG · Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

Prof. Dr.

About

444
Publications
107,128
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,041
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2000 - present
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Position
  • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Publications

Publications (444)
Article
Purpose This paper aims to empirically identify foodie features and examine their relevance in segmenting German consumers. Furthermore, this study explored potential differences between foodie segments in terms of food involvement and food knowledge. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from 500 German respondents in October 2015 by me...
Article
A number of self-beneficial motives can trigger pro-environmental and prosocial behavior of individuals. We focus on the role of the warm glow of giving—the personal benefit people experience when doing good irrespective of the consequences—in the valuation of ethically certified food products. Our data is based on an online experimental auction wi...
Article
Full-text available
A low-processive plant-based diet is considered valuable for a sustainable diet profile—it is supposed to meet health as well as environmental concerns. However, there is a growing trend toward plant-based meat alternatives, most of which are to be classified as ultra-processed food (UPF). The paper aimed to understand the consumption of different...
Article
One disadvantage of pesticide use in agriculture are the residues that remain in food and drinking water. In addition to analyzing consumer intolerance to pesticide residues for various food groups (fruit/vegetables, cereals/cereal products, and potatoes) according to the degree of product processing, the present study investigates consumer knowled...
Article
Purpose The consumption of animal-based food products faces several sustainability challenges. To date, however, meat intake plays an important role in everyday food choices. With their ability to change the opinions of a critical mass, opinion leaders in food choices are assumed to play a predominant role in influencing future dietary styles. Thus...
Article
Full-text available
As climate change is a topic that highly influences the young generation, it is important to understand the level of climate change awareness of younger people. Nutrition is an important aspect to consider in relation to climate change awareness, as nutrition is a field of action where everyone can contribute. For example, following a meat-free die...
Article
Full-text available
While modern food retailing is characterized by high price pressure and low-quality differentiation resulting in a limited supply of sustainably produced alternative food products, cooperative retailing structures offer additional synergies in terms of logistics and operations that hold great potential to support the expansion of sustainable produc...
Article
Full-text available
Today, the food sector is largely excluded from climate protection policies. Nevertheless, the food sector is responsible for about 20 per cent of greenhouse gases. Food policies could substantially contribute to the EU’s ambitious climate goals. Currently, the debate on CO2-e labelling is gaining momentum. Consumers know very little about the clim...
Article
Full-text available
The search for approaches to a holistic sustainable agriculture requires the development of new cropping systems that provide additional ecosystem services beyond biomass supply for food, feed, material, and energy use. The reduction of chemical synthetic plant protection products is a key instrument to protect vulnerable natural resources such as...
Article
Full-text available
As poultry production and consumption have increased in the last decade, so have consumers' concerns about intensified production methods and the impacts they have on animal welfare. At the same time, poultry consumption has increased and enjoys great popularity. Also, a shift in consumers' consumption behavior can be observed as nowadays most cons...
Article
Livestock production is criticised for animal welfare conditions and its impact on the environment. Pasture-raised dual-purpose cattle may be able to provide an opportunity for more sustainable livestock production. Despite societal interest and substantial grazing opportunities in several regions of northern Europe, the market share of sustainably...
Article
Landwirte sowie Unternehmen der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft werden beim Thema Nutztierhaltung mit vielseitiger werdenden gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen konfrontiert. Dabei spielen u.a. Umwelt- und Klimaschutzbedenken eine Rolle, insbesondere werden aber die Lebensbedingungen der Tiere kritisiert. Neben den inhaltlichen Fragen, wie sich Tierha...
Chapter
Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über zentrale Entwicklungslinien der ernährungsbezogenen Verbraucherforschung und arbeitet dabei eine Tendenz zur zunehmenden Eingriffstiefe des Staates als Reaktion auf individuelle und gesellschaftliche Problemlagen heraus. Deutlich wird ein Zusammenspiel von individuellen Problemen (z. B. Adipositas), gesellschaf...
Article
Full-text available
As ethical and environmental concerns regarding current poultry production systems arise, consumers look for alternatives. This study assesses consumers’ preferences for chicken meat of dual-purpose breeds (DPBs), regionally produced feedstuff, and specific breeds, along with attitudes and social norms that explain these preferences. We conducted a...
Article
Full-text available
How we eat has a major impact on our individual health status, our quality of life and our wellbeing. Many of the foods we eat have a major social, environmental, climate and animal welfare footprint. This expertise defines policies to promote sustainability in food consumption as policies that integrate all four target dimensions: human health, so...
Article
The widest application of sensory marketing can be found in the wine market where varieties, sensory descriptions, and interpretive sensory labels are extensively used as sensory quality signals (extrinsic sensory cues). Sensory marketing for other food products such as fruits and vegetables is quite limited. Extrinsic sensory cues bring numerous a...
Article
Full-text available
In order to avoid the succession of valuable permanent grassland areas with biodiverse common pastures in low mountain areas which predominantly feature FFH status, an interdisciplinary project was carried out which aims at further developing the value chain of organic beef production with reference to the Southern Black Forest. The entire value ch...
Article
Full-text available
In order to avoid the succession of valuable permanent grassland areas with biodiverse commonpastures in low mountain areas which predominantly feature FFH status, an interdisciplinary projectwas carried out which aims at further developing the value chain of organic beef production withreference to the Southern Black Forest. The entire value chain...
Article
Full-text available
The use of traditional chicken breeds with a dual purpose (egg and meat production) has become a relevant topic in Germany mainly due to animal welfare concerns and the importance of conserving genetic variability in poultry farming. However, consumers have little knowledge about the different chicken breeds used in the industry; making it challeng...
Article
Using eye-tracking, this study investigates fixation duration of students viewing pictures of pigs, which systematically vary in the facial expression of the pig and in the barn setting. The aim of this study is to analyze which picture elements are viewed and for how long, as well as how fixation times vary with a change of the expression of the p...
Article
Full-text available
Die Art und Weise, wie wir uns ernähren, beeinflusst wesentlich unseren individuellen Gesundheitsstatus, unsere Lebensqualität und unser Wohlbefinden. Viele Lebensmittel tragen einen großen sozialen, umwelt-, klima- und tierschutzbezogenen Fußabdruck. Politik für nachhaltigere Ernährung ist in diesem Gutachten definiert als eine Politik, die alle v...
Article
Frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to a greater risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental caries and coronary heart disease. SSBs are an ideal target for public health intervention to help control the type 2 diabetes mellitus epidemics since they have absolutely no nutritional value, and do not protect...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, more and more research has been conducted on what sustainable nutrition could look like. Stockfree-organic agriculture is one possible approach but a relatively new and unstudied cultivation method. In addition to organic agriculture, it excludes any animal by-products during the whole cultivation process. Among the consumers of organic f...
Article
Full-text available
The evidence for the effectiveness of nutrition policy interventions is growing. For the implementation of such interventions, social acceptability is crucial. Therefore, this study provides insight into public support for nutrition policy measures such as labelling and taxation. Further it analyses the level of acceptance in a quantitative segment...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Vegetables are an important component of a healthy diet. Given that tomatoes are the most purchased vegetable in Germany, the purpose of this paper is to focus on how consumers evaluate tomatoes during their food choice. Each consumer has different preferences and, in order to target them, it is necessary to identify consumer groups. The st...
Article
Full-text available
The efficient use of natural raw materials is a key element of sustainable development and is also gaining importance in the food sector. Consumers are increasingly realizing that food is too valuable to be used only partially. However, consumer acceptance is an important precondition for establishing efficient food utilization options. A total of...
Article
Full-text available
Unsustainable food choice and dietary behaviors put pressure on ecosystems and supply chain structures worldwide. Knowledge on the intrinsic values driving food consumption behavior are, therefore, essential in order to foster sustainability on a global, national and community based level. This study aims at exploring the relationship between diffe...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, the demand for ethically acceptable treatment of animals – especially in case of livestock animals – has increased significantly in western societies and can thus have a significant impact on the consumption of animal products. Therefore, it is of great importance to understand the influence and the mode of action of animal-ethic...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is increasing public criticism of intensive livestock production, the market share of meat with an animal welfare standard exceeding legal requirements remains small. Food retailers, in their role as gatekeepers, can influence changes in production and consumption patterns. Their strategic role between farmers and consumers allows th...
Article
Full-text available
Certification is a crucial part of the organic farming system to protect the integrity of the whole organic sector. Process-oriented on-site auditing by skilled inspectors is the central element of the certification procedure to protect the organic sector against fraud. However, little is known about the role of the inspectors in the certification...
Article
The substitution of meat with legumes is one way of making food consumption more sustainable. The substitution would ease the debate on food security and is aligned with the recommendations of climate change experts. Consumer preferences on whether meat should be substituted and how meat can be substituted are heterogeneous. This article explores c...
Article
Full-text available
Fresh produce within vertical farming systems grows vertically in different layers stacked atop each other, thus allowing for the efficient use of space. As the environment in vertical farming systems is completely controlled, neither sunlight nor soil is necessary. On the one hand, vertical farming may help to provide a healthy diet for the growin...
Article
Full-text available
Die Europäische Union steht in Umwelt- und Klimaschutzfragen vor enormen Herausforderungen. Treibhausgasemissionen, Biodiversitätsverluste, Ammoniakemissionen und nach wie vor vielfach zu hohe Nährstofffrachten in die Gewässer verlangen eine deutlich zielorientiertere und konsequentere Agrarumwelt- und Klimaschutzpolitik als bisher. Die bisherigen...
Article
Full-text available
The European Union is facing huge environmental and climate-related challenges. Greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity losses, ammonia emissions and continuing excessive nutrient loads in water bodies demand a much more targeted and consistent agri-environment-climate policy than has hitherto been the case. Agri-environment-climate policy measures...
Article
Full-text available
For a sustainable diet, especially with regard to animal welfare, human health, and environmental issues, a significant reduction in the consumption of animal source foods is essential. The most frequently reported motivations for a meat-reduced or meat-free diet are ethical concerns about animal welfare. This study realizes one of the first consum...
Article
Full-text available
Pratiquement aucune autre exigence relative à la Politique agricole commune (PAC) ne fait l’objet depuis les années 1990 d’un consensus aussi large entre les parties concernées que celle d’une simplification administrative. Il est urgent de procéder à une simplification, et ce, pour les deux piliers de la PAC et pour tous les niveaux d’acteurs (l’U...
Article
Full-text available
Many consumers prefer natural ingredients or are skeptical about additives and flavorings. This is one of the key reasons why the EU has created a uniform legal framework for the use and labeling of flavorings in food with the current EU Flavoring Regulation (Regulation [EC] No 1334/2008). However, as yet there is no empirical data on whether consu...
Article
Full-text available
Zu kaum einer anderen Forderung zur Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) besteht seit den 1990er Jahren ein derart breiter Konsens zwischen den Beteiligten wie bei der nach einer Verwaltungsvereinfachung der GAP. Eine Vereinfachung ist dringend geboten, und zwar für beide Säulen der GAP und für alle Akteursebenen (EU, Mitgliedstaat, d. h. in Deutschland:...
Article
Purpose: The mechanism by which organic labelling affects consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for wine is not yet fully understood. Organic labelling not only transports information about environmental benefits, but may also influence consumers’ perceptions of quality and taste. The purpose of this article is to separate the information effect from...
Article
In the ongoing public debate about livestock production systems and especially for pig production, natural living conditions, including sufficient space for each individual animal, outdoor access and litter bedding are the most discussed public issues. In contrast, many consumers are very price sensitive and additionally demand products to have hig...
Article
Full-text available
Food products with ethical claims are stacked on supermarket shelves in ever increasing numbers, but their share of total food sales does not usually climb above a one-digit figure. Numerous consumer studies have investigated the motives of consumers to purchase food items with ethical claims, as well as the potential purchase barriers. The present...
Article
Full-text available
Pictures of farm animals and their husbandry systems are frequently presented in the media and are mostly connected to discussions surrounding farm animal welfare. How such pictures are perceived by the broader public is not fully understood thus far. It is presumable that the animals' expressions and body languages as well as their depicted enviro...
Article
Public acceptance is crucial for a sustainable dairy industry. In order to investigate the public acceptance of common indoor dairy housing systems, we asked 358 German citizens to evaluate four systems in a survey: warm loose housing (WLH; closed on all sides, insulated and aerated by ventilators), cold loose housing (CLH; not-insulated, fresh air...
Article
Full-text available
A growing public concern, especially about animal welfare problems in poultry farming systems in the EU, has been addressed by numerous (mostly quantitative) studies. However, in-depth research about the underlying reasons for the lack of acceptance concerning modern poultry farming is rare. Debates on animal welfare are often polarized. Thus, this...
Article
This research note presents the first study to implement a real choice experiment in a web survey. In a case study on ethical food consumption, we find statistically significant lower willingness-to-pay values for the attributes “organic production” and “fair trade” in a choice experiment involving real payments compared to a choice experiment with...
Article
Full-text available
Opinion paper: What needs to be changed for successful future livestock farming in Europe? - G. Busch, M. Gauly, A. Spiller
Article
Sustainability management often requires voluntary initiatives beyond legal regulations. Hereby, multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs) gain importance. Despite the actual high occurrence of these initiatives, little information concerning the stakeholders' negotiation behaviour in MSIs exists. In this paper, we analyse a MSI related to the implement...
Article
Download it here: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1X7XB3QCo9R1~y European consumers are increasingly concerned about palm oil production, yet the uptake of certified sustainable palm oil (CSPO) has been slow. Labelling systems have been proposed to increase sustainable consumption, but they usually require segregated supply chains and push certified...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, citizens have been more frequently scrutinizing non-product related process and production methods (npr-PPM) of various products, such as food, out of moral considerations. In 2014, theWorld Trade Organization's (WTO) Dispute Settlement Body reached a landmark decision and accepted an European Union (EU)-wide import ban of seal pro...
Article
Full-text available
• Pictures play a dominant role in public discussions about livestock farming and their influence is probably underestimated. • Outdoor access for farm animals acts as a key indicator for the appropriateness of a farming system for the average citizen and is easy to detect on pictures. • Pictures about livestock farming are useful for improving tra...
Article
Purpose The percentage of dairy cows managed in grazing systems in Northwest Europe is on the decline, even though pasturing is perceived favourably as enhancing the health and welfare of dairy cows. With consumers turning away from intensively produced food, developing the pasture-raised milk market could encourage farmers to continue keeping thei...
Article
Full-text available
In view of climate change, policy approaches addressing the consumption side of nutrition are becoming increasingly relevant to lowering greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet, adequate policy instruments can be risky. They interfere with individual freedom of choice and can thus be unpopular. This study investigates the social acceptance of governmen...
Chapter
Companies of the agribusiness are increasingly criticized by society due to different determinants. Therefore, they have actively pursued stakeholder management in recent years. Also farmers – as an essential part of the agribusiness – were increasingly put under pressure by external stakeholders. However, it is not clear yet how farmers perceive t...
Article
Full-text available
Legumes are valued in agricultural systems, as they can contribute to a more sustainable land use. However, their economic value is low. Despite health and environmental benefits, marketers struggle to communicate the worth of legumes to consumers. We evaluate the worth of health and, in particular, environmental claims that would spread consumers'...
Article
For profit and nonprofit service providers compete in different areas of economy. Market orientation is a widely acknowledged concept that influences the performance of both for-profit companies and nonprofit organizations. Nevertheless, the different underlying attitudes and motivations of voluntary or professional managers may influence the marke...
Article
Purpose – Agricultural-related food marketing claims are gaining in importance. The challenge for the industry is to claim real production characteristics while being in line with consumers’ expectations. Looking at the example of marketing pasture-raised milk year-round and the fact that cows only have access to pasture in summer, the purpose of t...
Book
Full-text available
Drastic reductions in global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are required to prevent global warming from reaching a level that will have unforeseeable negative consequences for ecosystems and society. At the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in December 2015, the goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C as compar...
Article
Full-text available
Livestock farming is visibly attracting the interest of the general public and is accompanied by high consumer demands, which cannot, however, always be realised without a conflict. How consumers respond to potential conflicts of objective is largely unknown. Therefore, this article has examined how laypeople have handled selected conflicts of obje...
Article
Pasture-raised milk is gaining in importance in some European countries and in the United States. The production of pasture-raised milk is linked to higher costs, as the milk is normally collected and processed separately from conventional barn milk. This could hinder the production of sustainable milk products. We discuss alternative labeling stra...
Research
Full-text available
Sehr geehrte Frau Ministerin Hendricks, sehr geehrter Herr Minister Schmidt, sehr geehrter Herr Staatssekretär Billen, mit Ihrer Eröffnung der " Nationalen Konferenz ‚Umsetzung nachhaltiger Konsum in Deutschland' " am 23. März 2017 richten Sie den Blick auf die Implementierung des vor einem Jahr im Bundeskabinett verabschiedeten Nationalen Programm...
Article
Public concerns regarding the quality of life of farm animals are often focused on specific practices such as separating the cow and calf immediately after birth. The available scientific literature provides some evidence in support of this practice (including reduced acute responses to separation when it does occur), as well as evidence of disadva...