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Abiodun Christopher Jemilohun

Abiodun Christopher Jemilohun
Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria · Internal Medicine

MB; BS, FWACP

About

39
Publications
17,666
Reads
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272
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
Babcock University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2017 - December 2019
Babcock University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2011 - December 2017
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
January 1993 - April 2000
University of Ilorin
Field of study
  • Medicine and Surgery

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Background: A review of the literature shows there is a dearth of community-based studies that evaluated the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its psychosocial correlates among Nigerians. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its psychosocial correlates in a Nigerian community. Methods: The data presen...
Article
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Introduction: Although the global incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) appears to have reduced substantially in the past few decades, acute UGIB still carries significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. There are currently no published data on UGIB in Ogun State, Nigeria. This study examined the endoscopic findings in patients wit...
Article
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Background: The Rome IV iteration identifies three subtypes of constipation associated with the brain-gut axis: functional constipation (FC), irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) and opioid-induced constipation (OIC). This study was conducted to determine the prevalence, psychosocial characteristics and health-related quality of life...
Article
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Background: The long‑term outcomes of Helicobacter pylori infection ultimately depend on the distribution and extent of gastritis. Three main types of gastritis phenotypes which include pangastritis, antral‑predominant gastritis, and corpus‑predominant gastritis have been observed. Corpus predominant gastritis is more common in the parts of Asia wi...
Article
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Background: There are few population-based studies concerning the bowel habits of adult Nigerians. Only one of these was published about a decade ago in the Northcentral region, the others were published over four decades ago. This study was conducted to determine the bowel habits and the frequencies of bowel movement disorders among adults in a So...
Article
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Introduction: Diarrhoea, in general, is well investigated but the epidemiology of Functional Diarrhoea (FDr) as a disease entity has not been adequately evaluated globally, and more especially, in the sub-Saharan African population. Aim: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of FDr, and the associated quality of life in a Nigerian community...
Article
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Background: Gastric cancer develops from chronic gastritis through distinct precancerous lesions which include atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia in a sequential manner, all of which are related to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. We determined the prevalence of H. pylori infection and the gastric premalign...
Article
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Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) occurs worldwide and portends a huge socioeconomic burden to the individual and society. Though extensively investigated in some other regions, IBS has not been adequately studied in sub-Saharan African. We studied the prevalence of IBS, its risk factors and the health-related quality of life in a Nigerian...
Article
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Pre-procedural screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are routinely done in several endoscopy centres in Nigeria. These tests constitute an additional layer of financial burden to the patients since most of them settle their medical bills out of pocket. At the same time, the burden of t...
Article
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BACKGROUND: There is no ambiguity about the fact that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is strongly associated with several upper gastrointestinal conditions including gastric cancer which manifest clinically as dyspepsia. Nigeria is believed to have one of the highest prevalence of H. pylori globally but the prevalence obtained from different Nigeri...
Article
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Background: It has been reported that gastric biopsy sets that comply with the Updated Sydney System (USS) biopsy sampling protocol have significantly better histological yield than those that do not for the most common gastric inflammatory conditions: Helicobacter pylori and intestinal metaplasia. We determined the level of awareness and complianc...
Article
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Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder globally but the prevalence and severity of symptoms and complications do have ethnic and geographic variations. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among adults in Ogbomoso, Southwest Nigeria, and the risk factors assoc...
Article
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Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with considerable morbidity and profound negative impact on quality of life. It has been observed that patients with psychological disturbances relate more frequently with the symptoms of IBS, and they have more debilitating illness than control populations. We exa...
Article
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Malignancies of the small bowel are a rare occurrence with a worldwide incidence of less than 1.0 per 100,000 populations. Only 2% of the total annual incidence of digestive cancers occurs in the small intestine as compared to approximately 57% in the large intestine. This is in spite of the fact that the small intestine constitutes about 75% of th...
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Hepatic hemangiomas are benign tumors of the liver which are often found incidentally. We present a 34-years-old man with a two-month history of upper abdominal pain and incidental finding of multiple hepatic masses. The patient sought medical attention at several healthcare facilities where he posed a diagnostic dilemma before he was referred to u...
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Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare cause of chronic liver disease (CLD). It presents with varied clinical features from acute hepatitis to CLDs like chronic viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, making it difficult to diagnose in the absence of a high index of suspicion and adequate laboratory support. Autoantibody-mediated hepatocyte inju...
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Background: Autoimmune liver diseases (autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis) are conventionally considered to be very rare among native black Africans where chronic hepatitis B virus infection is the commonest cause of chronic liver disease. The question remains: “Are these diseases truly as rare as thou...
Article
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Background: Nigeria bears a heavy burden of the disease as about 25 million Nigerians are chronically infected with the disease. It is conventionally believed that default rates are high among CHB patients attending gastroenterology clinics across Nigeria but the actual rates and the reasons for such among the patients have not been quantitatively...
Article
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Background: Diseases of the digestive system vary in type and distribution worldwide. There is presently no comprehensive audit of the types of digestive diseases presenting at any particular tertiary health facility in Nigeria. We present an audit of the digestive diseases presenting over a period of four years (2012 to 2015) at the LAUTECH Teachi...
Article
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Background: It has been over a century since the Widal test was developed for diagnosing typhoid fever. Yet, the test remains the major means of diagnosing the disease in many of the developing countries where it remains endemic. This review appraises the Widal test in regard to its performance techniques, its various drawbacks and the available al...
Article
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Accidental ingestion of denture resulting in esophageal impaction is fairly reported in the literature. It is, however, uncommon to find such impaction lasting more than a few days without the development of serious complications. We present a 38-year-old man with denture impaction in the esophagus for 20 years who presented with features of gastro...
Article
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Background: Hyperplastic polyps of the esophagus are rare lesions that are often associated with reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia. They are frequently asymptomatic and discovered incidentally at endoscopy or radioimaging. Case Report: We present a 25-year-old female who had multiple nodules of the lower esophagus at endoscopy. Her major complain...
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Polycystic liver diseases (PLDs) are a rare group of genetic disorders, in which multiple cysts occur in the liver. This could occur on a background of cystic kidneys, known as autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) or without the presence of cysts in any other organ of the body, known as autosomal-dominant PLD. Irrespective of the ty...
Article
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in the general population. Pregnancy is known to be associated with high incidence of GERD symptoms. Although, there are previously conducted studies involving both genders to determine the prevalence of GERD in different population groups in Nigeria, our preliminary literature search showed that the...
Article
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Aim: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in the general population, compromise quality of life and may result in increased health care costs for the society. We observed that many of the studies previously published focused on middle aged and elderly men and women. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of LUTS among apparently healthy...
Article
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Introduction: erectile dysfunction (ED) is currently one of the most common sexual dysfunctions worldwide but it is usually underestimated because it is not a life threatening condition. The associated stigma makes men who have it to suffer in silence. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction and the possible ass...
Article
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The discovery of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) by Warren and Marshall in 1982 was preceded by nearly a hundred year of inconspicuous publications in regard to spiral bacteria, achlorhydria, gastritis, gastric urease, and antimicrobial therapy for peptic ulcers. The infection has now been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of chronic gastritis, pe...
Article
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Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are quite common in pregnancy but there is paucity of data in regard to their frequencies in the south-western part of Nigeria. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of various gastrointestinal symptoms and related drug use among south-western Nigerian women. Methods: A cross-sectional mult...
Article
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Background: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV), among a healthy university undergraduate population in south-western Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Relevant medical information of students who underwent the post-admission screening exercise for the year 2012, at the Ladoke Akintola Univers...
Article
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Substantial progress has been made in identifying the roles Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) play in the pathogenesis of diseases that present clinically as dyspepsia, such as chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, gastric carcinoma, gastric mucosal associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, since its discovery by Warren and Marshall in...
Article
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This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among south-western Nigerian undergraduates, a basically healthy young adult population, who are the main potential blood donors in the society. The investigators obtained permission from the management of the Ladoke Akintola University of Tehcnology (...
Article
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Background: Dyspepsia has a significant impact on the quality of life of the sufferer, and results in enormous societal costs, either due to direct medical costs for physician visits, diagnostic tests, medications, or indirect costs from absenteeism or reduced productivity at work. It is therefore important to explore the management options availab...
Article
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Abstract Background. Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) is a problematic issue for physicians worldwide, which can disrupt the physicianpatient relationship, have adverse medical outcomes and increase healthcare costs. This review aims to highlight the ethical and legal aspects of the issue from the perspective of developing countries in Afri...
Article
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The knowledge of medical ethics is essential for health care practitioners worldwide. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of medical doctors in a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria in the area of medical ethics. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study involving 250 medical doctors of different levels was carried out. T...
Article
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Background: Inflammation of the gastric mucosa is a common finding in the general population. It is also common in clinical practice for Endoscopists to make an impression of gastritis on the basis of the general endoscopic appearance of the gastric mucosa. This concept of “endoscopic gastritis” was further given credibility by the recognition of i...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionDetermination of the true prevalence of Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori) is difficult in a hyper-endemic area like Nigeria with use of serological tests because of their low discriminatory power between previous and current infections. The use of biopsy based methods will go a long way to mitigate this problem. We investigated the preva...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the endoscopic and histologic findings in patients referred for Upper GI Endoscopy at the LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. Methodology: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed on consecutive patients who were referred for endoscopy over a 6-month period. Their biodata, indications for endoscopy a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The strong association of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with dyspepsia has caused a major paradigm shift in patients’ management. It has been observed that histology is usually employed as the routine test for the diagnosing H. pylori in centres where Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) is available in Nigeria. Because of the drawbacks...

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