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Abdul Rashid Khan

Abdul Rashid Khan
RCSI and UCD Malaysia Campus · Public Health Medicine

MBBS. MHSc. PhD

About

115
Publications
153,916
Reads
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1,005
Citations
Citations since 2017
53 Research Items
810 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Research interest in marginalized populations especially on Malaysian indigenous people, transgenders and female genital cutting. I am also an Adjunct Professor for University College Dublin, Adjunct Professor for University of Western Australia and Research fellow for Ritsumeiken, Asia Pacific University in Japan
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
RCSI and UCD Malaysia Campus, George Town, Malaysia
Position
  • Head, Department of Public Health Medicine
Description
  • Head, of Public Health and actively involved in research and community work among marginalized populations
Education
June 2006 - June 2011
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Field of study
  • Community Health
September 2000 - September 2002
Edith Cowan University
Field of study
  • occupational Medicine, Health and Safety
September 1986 - September 1991
Khyber Medical University
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonotic disease and often under-reported. Municipal waste collectors, engaging mainly migrant labour are at risk to leptospirosis due to their nature of work. The present study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the multinational municipal waste collectors towards preventio...
Article
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Background Malaria is still a major public health threat in some parts of the world. Many countries are targeting to achieve malaria free status country. This study aimed to determine the sero-prevalence of malaria and the knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to the prevention of malaria among the indigenous adults living in the central fore...
Article
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Transmission of pathogenic microorganisms in the last decades has been considered a significant health hazard and pathogenic E. coli, particularly antibiotic-resistant strains, have long been identified as a zoonotic problem. This study aimed to investigate multidrug resistant pathogenic E. coli isolates from wild birds, chickens, and environment i...
Article
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Objective Lifestyle-induced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a serious but preventable risk factor. This study serves to develop and validate a questionnaire that aims to predict the health behavioural intention on smoking cessation in Sarawak, Malaysia using the Health Belief Model (HBM). Design A cross-sectional study. Setting Urban and suburban are...
Article
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Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been associated with exposures in the workplace. We aimed to assess the association of respiratory symptoms and lung function with occupation in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study. Methods We analysed cross-sectional data from 28 823 adults (≥40 years) in 34 countries. We considered 11...
Article
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Transgender topics are controversial in Malaysia and trans people are subject to stigma and persecution. In this study context, the transition is defined as a phase where a person changes from one gender to the gender that an individual chooses. Little is known about the transgender people's transition experiences in Malaysia. Studies have shown th...
Article
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Foodborne pathogens have become a major concern not only due to the diseases they cause, but also because of the rise of antibiotic resistant strains in human and animals. The purposes of this study were to determine the occurrence of Campylobacter jejuni and Escherichia coli and their antibiotic resistance profiles in wild birds, chickens, humans,...
Article
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Introduction Orang Asli are the indigenous people of Peninsular Malaysia, and theyconsume bush meat as a primary source of protein. Frequent contact with wildlife throughbush meat hunting for consumption and trade leaves people at risk of zoonotic infection. Thisstudy aims to assess the knowledge and practices of the Jahai tribe on the consumption...
Article
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Purpose: There are no national data on hormone use by trans women in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine hormone use and the associated factors by trans women in Malaysia. Methods: This mixed method (quantitative and qualitative) study (JPEC 03-18-0021) was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire among trans women wh...
Article
Indigenous communities have been hunting bushmeat species in the tropical forests of South East Asia for over 40,000 years. Today however, many bushmeat species are threatened by unsustainable hunting compounded by the pressures of decreasing forest area and growing human populations. This pilot study aimed to investigate the relationship between t...
Article
Soil transmitted helminth (STH) infection is a major public health concern among the indigenous children of Malaysia. Precarious living conditions at home including unavailability of water, drinking of contaminated water, poor sanitation and livestock presence, are known risk factors for the infection. In order to provide better living conditions,...
Article
Prevalence and Population Attributable Risk for Chronic Airflow Obstruction in a Large Multinational Study - BOLD Study
Article
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Background Despite the clear stand taken by the United Nations (UN) and other international bodies in ensuring that female genital cutting (FGC) is not performed by health professionals, the rate of medicalization has not reduced. The current study aimed to determine the extent of medicalization of FGC among doctors in Malaysia, who the doctors wer...
Article
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Background: This paper describes the result of workshops conducted to increase the knowledge and awareness of university students using a multidisciplinary, collaborative, multisectoral and trans-disciplinary approach concerning One Health and the indigenous people of peninsular Malaysia called the Orang Asli. Methods: A non-experimental pre and po...
Article
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While there are many risks that increase an individuals’ exposure to infectious diseases such as Hepatitis B, occupational exposure increases one’s risk to acquire such infections. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B among municipal solid waste collectors and their knowledge, attitude and practice towards the...
Article
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There have been controversies concerning the issue of "female genital mutilation (FGM)" in international community. This study sheds some light to the controversies by arguing the dispute of "FGM" as a discourse in Michel Foucaultʼs sense and situating it in the politics of the female body and sexuality in post-colonies. By doing this, it shows tha...
Article
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INTRODUCTION The use of e-cigarettes (EC) has reached alarming proportions among Malaysians. On a national level, little is known about the profile and perceptions of Malaysian EC users. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of long-term EC usage and its associated factors among EC users in Malaysia. METHODS This nationwide online questionnair...
Article
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Background Diabetes is a metabolic disorder, characterized by hyperglycemic state of the body. A silent killer, which can take the lives of victims if undiagnosed at the earliest stage. Prediabetes has become an important health concern across countries due to its huge potential for the development of diabetes and other complications. The objective...
Article
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This study situates “female genital mutilation (FGM)” in Malaysia in the politics of the female body and sexuality in post-colonial societies. There has been a global dispute over “FGM,” centering on the opposition between human rights and the protection of local culture. In order to overcome the deadlock, in the 1990s several studies started to vi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Female Genital Cutting (FGC) is a controversial issue worldwide. In Malaysia, FGC procedures are usually done by the traditional midwives to a young girl in the past. However, the practice of FGC has been medicalized nowadays. This presenter will discuss about the findings of the qualitative in-depth interviews with eight traditional midwives who w...
Article
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Introduction: Thalassemias are the most common human monogenic disorders in the world. Regular blood transfusion and increased intestinal absorption of iron among thalassemia patients will lead to iron overload, which will not only markedly decrease their life expectancy but also pose a heavy burden to the healthcare system. The objective of this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Female Genital Cutting (FGC) is a sensitive issue as this topic is always associated with religion and culture in Malaysia. In the past, FGC is performed by the traditional midwives. However, this practice has been medicalized nowadays. Objective: This study aimed to understand the reasons of performing FGC, the decision making, the p...
Article
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with perceived denial among post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) survivors in Malaysia. Methods: This descriptive-analytical single-hospital cross-sectional study was conducted between July and September 2016 among 201 post-MI survivors aged between 24 and 96 years old at the...
Article
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In developing countries, Escherichia coli and Campylobacter jejuni were found to be the prominent bacterial causes of gastroenteritis in human gastroenteritis, and they also showed an increased trend towards antibiotic resistance. Thus, the study aimed to determine the occurrence of E. coli and C. jejuni in wild birds, chickens, human and environme...
Article
Full-text available
There have been controversies concerning the issue of “female genital mutilation (FGM)” in international community. This study sheds some light to the controversies by arguing the dispute of “FGM” as a discourse in Michel Foucault’s sense and situating it in the politics of the female body and sexuality in post-colonies. By doing this, it shows tha...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis C infection and the level of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Hepatitis C prevention among municipal waste collectors in Penang Island, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenient sample of 184 adult male municipal waste collectors in P...
Article
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Learning styles varies from one student to another, influenced by various factors. The study aims to determine the student’s preferred learning styles in the subject of Public Health Medicine and to provide input to the curriculum designers to reduce the mismatch between the learning styles and teaching methods in the subject. A cross-sectional stu...
Article
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Objective This study aimed to understand the reasons for the practice by the Muslim community, traditional practitioners and the views of religious scholars as well as the medicalisation trend of the practice of female genital cutting (FGC). Design This is a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) study. A questionnaire was created and used by...
Article
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Background and objectives: Survivors of chronic life-threatening conditions like myocardial infarction (MI) are often confronted with multiple physical and psychological stressors as a consequence of elevated demands of lifestyle adjustments and modifications. Such stressors, collectively known as “life chaos”, cause disruption to one’s lifestyle e...
Article
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Background This study aimed to explore the prevalence of physical activity among medical and health sciences students at Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences (CUCMS) and to determine the relationship of their physical activity level with their academic achievement and self-determination level. Methods An analytical cross-sectional stud...
Article
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Introduction and Objectives Over the years, falls has been increasingly the most common public health issue worldwide that affects all age groups. However, the risk is nine times higher in older persons especially among those residing in nursing homes. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and the risk of falls and their associ...
Preprint
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Background: The Jahai, a subethnic of the indigenous people of peninsular Malaysia, have commonly used dogs for hunting but have started to move away from traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyle, leaving dogs which were commonly used for hunting to wander around the villages and to multiply in numbers. Objective: The objective of this study was to in...
Article
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Background: Given background sparsity of country-specific literature evidence, and the pervasive unhealthy lifestyle habits such as tobacco, alcohol use, and high sugar consumption among fishermen, the aim of this study was to assess the oral health status and associated lifestyle factors among Malaysian fishermen in Teluk Bahang, Penang. Subject...
Article
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ntroduction: There has been a shift from institutional to community based care for patients with mental illnesses. With increasing prevalence of psychiatric illness, more patients are being treated in the community which can affect the quality of life of caregivers. Objective: To determine the quality of life of caregivers of patients with psychiat...
Article
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Background Although evidence-based practice has shown the benefits of prescribed cardioprotective drugs in post-myocardial infarction (MI) survivors, adherence rates remain suboptimal. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with medication nonadherence among post-MI survivors in Malaysia. Materials and methods...
Article
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Background: Mental illness-related stigma is common, and is associated with poorer outcomes in people with mental illness. This study evaluated the attitudes of primary care nurses towards people with mental illness and its associated factors; and the effectiveness of a short video-based contact intervention (VBCI) in improving these attitudes usi...
Data
Univariate analysis (t test) of independent variables associated with OMS-HC-15-M mean total scores at baseline. OMS-HC-15-M = Opening Minds Scale for Healthcare Providers– 15 items Malay version, PWMI = people with mental illness, MI = mental illness, CI = Confidence Interval; *p<0.05; **using t test with unequal variances. (PDF)
Data
Univariate analysis (one-way ANOVA) of independent variables associated with OMS-HC-15-M mean total scores at baseline. CI = confidence interval, PWMI = people with mental illness, *p<0.05; **adjusted p<0.017 for pair comparison test, †Bonferroni testing carried out only on those with significance values p<0.05. (PDF)
Data
Dataset for ANPMI study. This dataset file includes description of the dataset, description of the variables and the raw data of the study. (XLSX)
Article
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Background Depression, a type of mental disorder which is portrayed by marked alterations in mood, is associated with distress and/or impaired functioning. Poor social support is an important risk factor for depression in pregnancy. An extensive literature search failed to show any published study conducted in Malaysia on antenatal depressive sympt...
Article
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Background: The intricate demand of 24/7 work-lifestyle in modern medical practice has prompted health care professionals to adopt the ubiquity of smartphones for virtual communications through multiple apps functionality like WhatsApp. While these mobile apps have shown a commensurate increase globally, studies have hypothesized that such technolo...
Article
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Background: The six item Confusion, Hubbub and Order Scale (CHAOS-6) has been validated as a reliable tool to measure levels of household disorder. We aimed to investigate the goodness of fit and reliability of a new Malay version of the CHAOS-6. Methods: The original English version of the CHAOS-6 underwent forward-backward translation into the...
Article
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Background In this study, medical errors are defined as unintentional patient harm caused by a doctor’s mistake. This topic, due to limited research, is poorly understood in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of doctors intending to disclose medical errors, and their attitudes/perception pertaining to medical erro...
Book
Full-text available
This manual was prepared by a multidisciplinary team as a guide to one health workforce in zoonotic disease pre¬vention and control. This manual is not meant to replace existing manuals/standard operating pro¬cedures available but rather to complement and provide opportunities for field workers to consider all aspects of disease control. The conten...
Book
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In recent times, several infectious and zoonotic diseases have emerged as major threats to the health of people and animals globally, resulting in suffering and death of human and animals. The One Health Manual, an initiative of Malaysia One Health University Network (MyOHUN), is the first local Manual to deal with zooneses outbreak investigation b...
Article
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Background: The dawn of m-Health facilitates new horizons of professional communication through WhatsApp, allowing health professionals to interact fast and efficiently for effective patient management. This preliminary study aimed to investigate perceived benefits, if any, of WhatsApp use across general medical and emergency teams during clinical...
Article
E-cigarette use in developed nations grew from an estimated 2·3 million users in 2013 to 5·1 million users in 2015, and global sales rose from £0·5 billion in 2009 to £6·1 billion in 2015. This rise in e-cigarette use has sparked debate among public health advocates: some believe e-cigarettes are more dangerous than traditional cigarettes, whereas...
Article
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Background In Malaysia, as a result of urbanization and due to the migration of the youth from rural to urban areas, more elderly are now living on their own leading to poor social support and reduced social interactions which may result in negative consequences to the cognitive function of the elderly. Aims To determine the influence of social sup...
Article
Background and objective: As a Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) collaboration, we studied the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its associated risk factors in a suburban population in Malaysia. Methods: Nonhospitalized men or women of age ≥ 40 years from a Penang district were recruited by stratified simple...
Article
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The population of Malaysia is relatively young, due to this there is a dearth in research conducted among the elderly especially relating to depression. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and the predictors of severe depression among the elderly in Malaysia. A sample of 2005 older adults randomly selected from the Penang State gov...
Article
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This cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the support in making Penang UNESCO World Heritage Site (GTWHS) smoke free and to determine the influence of tolerance towards smoking on this support. This is the first phase in making Penang, Malaysia a smoke free state. A multistage sampling process was done to select a sample of respondents...
Article
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Introduction and Aim The increase in the life expectancy does not necessarily correlate with a higher quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine the influences of social factors to the quality of life of the elderly in Malaysia. Methodology This cross sectional study was conducted in Penang, Malaysia among 2005 randomly sampled...
Article
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Authors' contributions This work was carried out in collaboration between all authors. Author AR designed the study, performed the statistical analysis, wrote the protocol, and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. Authors MA and SR managed the literature searches. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. ABSTRACT Because no study has...
Article
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Myanmar is one of the countries hardest hit by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Asia. The objective of the study was to determine HIV prevalence among the female sex workers in major cities in Myanmar and the risk behaviors associated with it. This cross-sectional study was conducted among female sex workers in major cities in Mya...
Article
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Aim: To determine the quality of life of the elderly living in a home for the aged. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in an old folk's home in Penang, Malaysia. The quality of life of the respondents was measured using WHOQOL-BREF. Result: The mean WHOQOL-BREF score and the mean scores of all the four domains were above average sugg...
Article
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Background: Although body fat percentage (BFP) is a widely accepted indicator of total body fat, it has not been extensively used in studies conducted among the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia. Objective: This study was undertaken to determine the BFP distribution in a group of Orang Asli adults living in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. Methods: Kam...
Article
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Sleep is an essential part of life. Lack of sleep has been linked with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the sleep quality of older adults residing in a private elderly care institution in Malaysia. This cross sectional study was conducted among consenting residents of a 200-bed non-governmental charity...
Article
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Introduction: Negative attitude towards ageing has been linked to detrimental psychological, physical and health outcomes for older adults Aims and objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the attitude towards ageing among the residents of one of the largest privately owned elderly care institution in Penang, Malaysia. Methods/Study...
Data
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ABSTRACT Background: Myanmar has one of the largest HIV positive populations in Asia and injecting drug use represents one of the major causes of HIV transmission. Aim: the aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and the risk behaviours among injecting drug users in Myanmar. Methods: A cross sectional study was designed to collect t...