Abdelghani Nabloussi

Abdelghani Nabloussi
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique | INRA Morocco · Regional Center of Meknes

Dr., Oilseed crops breeding

About

56
Publications
13,096
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303
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1993 - present
Institut National de Recherche Agronomique du Maroc
Position
  • Development of high quality and adapted varieties of rapeseed, safflower and sunflower
Education
October 2001 - December 2004
University of Cordoba, Spain
Field of study
  • Plant Breeding and Genetics
September 1986 - October 1992
Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II
Field of study
  • Agronomy, plant breeding

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the most recommended oil crops due to its nutritional and medicinal properties. It is a tropical and subtropical plant; however, it is also cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions, including Morocco. Nevertheless, the sesame crop in this country faces many constraints and challenges that restrict its producti...
Poster
Full-text available
Sesame is an ancient oilseed plant with important agronomic, therapeutic, and industrial properties. Moroccan sesame is characterized by low productivity due to wild traits. To overwork, such wild characters, genetic improvement of plants is necessary. However, in Morocco, the existing genetic diversity is limited. Thus, chemical mutagenesis, using...
Article
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is a tropical oilseed crop that is also cultivated in arid and semi-arid environments, where drought occurs frequently. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of some sesame mutants, developed by our team through EMS-mutagenesis in 2020, under well-watered conditions and restricted irrigation by analyz...
Article
Full-text available
Sesame seed represents a reservoir of nutritional components with many medicinal properties. With the current trend to increase both seed yield and nutritional quality, the cultivation of new high-quality sesame varieties is a necessity to improve human health and promote the economic efficiency of this crop. However, research efforts for the devel...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an oilseed tropical crop affected by climate change and drought stress. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of 13 sesame mutants under full irrigation conditions and stress hydric. The morphological, physiological, and agronomic traits were analyzed. The experience was in pots according to a ra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an oilseed, aromatic, and medicinal plant with seeds rich in phytochemicals showing many nutritional and medicinal properties. To satisfy the human nutritional needs and to improve the economic efficiency of this crop, the current trend is to increase both its seed yield and nutritional quality. In this context, we ev...
Article
Full-text available
Rapeseed is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world and, in Morocco, it may contribute to the improvement of food security in edible oils through developing performant cultivars and optimizing the crops management including nitrogen fertilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of different Moroccan varieties...
Article
Combining phenotypic and genotypic germplasm characterization is a key to efficient and successful safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) breeding program by identifying valuable and confirmed parents. This study aimed to investigate and use appropriate statistical methods for such a characterization, and to identify potential genetic pools in safflow...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of climate change and water scarcity, there is a need to develop and use drought-tolerant sesame cultivars. This study was conducted to evaluate the response of 13 sesame genotypes, including 11 mutants and their wild-types, to drought during germination and early seedling growth. Moderate and severe drought stress was simulated by a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agronomic potential of traditional sunflower spring varieties is low because its flowering and grain filling are often exposed to mid and end-season drought. To overcome this, new breeding strategy consisted of selecting varieties tolerant to winter cold in order to shift to autumn or early winter planting. Nowadays, ‘Ichraq’ is the only one regist...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need for sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) breeding in Morocco to release performant and adapted varieties, which requires a large genetic variability in the germplasm to be used. In this context, genetic diversity of sesame populations from different locations in Tadla area was investigated using ISSR (Inter Sequence Simple Repeats) markers...
Article
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an ancient oilseed crop with important agronomic, therapeutic, and industrial properties. However, in Morocco, the existing genetic diversity is quite limited. Thus, chemical mutagenesis, using ethyl methane sul-fonate (EMS), was applied to induce novel genetic variability. Seeds of two sesame genotypes were treated u...
Article
There is limited variability within rapeseed germplasm in Morocco. Induced mutation was recently used to generate novel genetic variability and develop mutant lines combining desirable traits. In this context, nine promising advanced rapeseed M2 mutant lines and the wild‐type variety “INRA‐CZH2” were evaluated for their seed oil content, fatty acid...
Article
Full-text available
Induced mutation may be an effective alternative to get a novel genetic variability that might not be found in natural germplasm. Seeds of Brassica napus L. (variety ‘INRA-CZH2’) were treated by Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS), with 1, 1.2, 1.4 and 1.6% doses during 6, 7 and 14 hours, and were planted to obtain the M1 plants and then the M2 plants....
Article
Full-text available
Drought is a major abiotic stress that affects seed germination and plant growth in arid and semi-arid regions. Rapeseed is an oilseed crop adapted to Mediterranean area; however, it is reported that it is sensitive to water stress occurring during seed germination. In this study, we investigated how seed germination and early seedling growth of si...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic variability is a prerequisite for any plant breeding program, and mutagenesis is a proven way of creating new variation within a crop germplasm. Novel genetic variability in rapeseed was induced by gamma rays, Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS) and combined mutagen treatment, using various doses and concentrations. The objective was to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
Rapeseed ( Brassica napus L.) crop has a high yield potential in Morocco, particularly in the Gharb region. However, this area is subjected to relatively frequent water floods usually accompanied with soil waterlogging, which is harmful for the crop. This study aimed to assess the behavior and productivity of four Moroccan varieties under waterlogg...
Article
Full-text available
Seed irradiation during storage processes is one of the most effective methods to improve the seeds quality. This investigation was carried out to determine the effects of the different doses of ionizing radiation on biochemical and microbiological properties of sesame seeds and oil. To determine these effects, seeds were exposed to radiation with...
Article
Full-text available
Seed irradiation during storage processes is one of the most effective methods to improve the seeds quality. This investigation was carried out to determine the effects of the different doses of ionizing radiation on biochemical and microbiological properties of sesame seeds and oil. To determine these effects, seeds were exposed to radiation with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is one of the oilseed crops that have important agronomic and environmental benefits, mainly adaptation to arid and semi-arid environmental conditions. This enables it to be a good alternative oilseed crop for Morocco and other Mediterranean countries which are exposed to an increased climate change trend. The pr...
Article
Full-text available
Safflower (Carthamustinctorius L.) is a minor hardy crop well adapted to semi-arid conditions, which could be considered as alternative oilseed crop in climate change context. Evaluation of broad genetic base germplasm under such particular conditions is a crucial phase in breeding program. During 2013-2014, a total of 62 accessions from different...
Article
Full-text available
Drought stress is one of the major abiotic factors affecting seed germination and plant growth especially in arid and semi-arid regions. In this study, we investigated the effects of drought stress on seed germination and seedling growth of five varieties of rapeseed. Seven drought stress levels of zero (control), -3, -5, -7, -9, -11 and -13 bars w...
Conference Paper
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is a minor hardy crop well adapted to semi-arid conditions, mainly in climate change context. In Morocco, it could be cultivated as good alternative for barley based monocropping system characterizing southern region of the country. Recently, a breeding program has been launched in order to develop varieties adap...
Article
Full-text available
Agronomic potential of traditional sunflower spring varieties is low because their flowering and grain filling are often exposed to mid and end-season drought. To overcome this, new breeding strategy consisted of selecting varieties tolerant to winter cold in order to shift to autumn or early winter planting. Nowadays, ‘Ichraq’ is the only register...
Poster
Full-text available
Study of the effect of drought stress on germination and seedlings growth of five varieties of rapeseed (brassica napus).
Article
Full-text available
Bioactive compounds, especially antioxidative constituents, play an imperative role in the nutritional and health impact of edible oil. Sesame is one of the world's most important and oldest oilseed crops with a high level content of antioxidant known to human health. The antioxidant, phenolic compounds, tocopherols and lignans are factors responsi...
Article
Full-text available
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is an oilseed crop with high quality vegetable seed oil. A set of 55 accessions from different geographical origins were introduced to constitute a breeding program germplasm. These materials were characterized by inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) as a simple method to reveal polymorphism among them. ISSR analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Phytosterol and tocopherol contents and oxidative stability were evaluated from seeds oils of four safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L) varieties originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri), which were cultivated at the experimental station in Oujda (a semi-arid region of eastern Morocco). Total phytosterols ra...
Article
Full-text available
Several crops receive benefits from the presence of pollinating insects and therefore a decline or disappearance of these could compromise agricultural production, essentially that of cross-pollinated and partially cross-pollinated crops. A comparative study of the effect of the absence of entomophilous pollination on some parameters of rapeseed an...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this paper is to assess the quality of sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum L) and their oils extracted from raw seeds of 13 cultivars collected in Tadla-Azilal region of Morocco. The results indicated that the physicochemical properties studied exhibited a biochemical diversity among the 13 cultivars, with significant differences (p <0.0...
Article
Full-text available
High salinity and drought are common environmental problems affecting seed germination and plant growth especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an oilseed crop rated moderately salt and drought tolerant but it is sensitive at germination and seedling stages. The effect of salt stress (NaCl) and water stress (PEG-600...
Book
Full-text available
Le colza constitue, après le soja, la deuxième source d’approvisionnement du monde en graines oléagineuses. En 2010, la production mondiale des graines de colza a été de l’ordre de 60 millions de tonnes, correspondant à un peu plus de 13% de la production globale des graines oléagineuses (soja, colza, tournesol, palmiste, coprah, carthame, coton, e...
Article
Development of stable crops cultivars adapted to environmental constraints is very important for food security. Safflower, an oilseed crop which tolerates environmental abiotic stresses, is suitable for marginal lands relatively dry and deprived from fertilizer inputs or irrigation. A set of Moroccan and introduced cultivars as well as internationa...
Conference Paper
Safflower is a suitable crop for Moroccan conditions. A set of Moroccan and introduced cultivars as well as international accessions were evaluated at Oujda (eastern Morocco) during 2009-2010 for conventional and late sowing under two water regimes. The objective was to select genotypes with specific and large adaptation to the contrasted environme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern Morocco) were evaluated for their oil yield and seed oil quality. The analysis of results revealed significant differences among varieties for all t...
Article
In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern Morocco) were evaluated for their oil yield and seed oil quality. The analysis of results revealed significant differences among varieties for all t...
Article
Safflower crop has a good potential in semiarid areas of Morocco. The knowledge of cross pollination rate in our local environment is of a great interest for designing optimal breeding strategies. No investigation has been carried out before neither in Morocco nor in other north-African countries. Thus, a study was carried out in 2009 at Allal Tazi...
Article
Full-text available
Sunflower seeds for the human food market are derived from both oilseed-type cultivars, with black achenes and low hull proportion, and confectionery-type cultivars, with striped achenes and high hull proportion. The objective of this research was to evaluate tocopherol and phytosterol contents in the seeds of both types of cultivars. Five oilseed-...
Article
Full-text available
Four safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) varieties were evaluated under three water regimes treatment: 100%, 70%, and 40% of potential evapotranspiration (PET). The effect of deficit water on some morphological, physiological and agronomic parameters was investigated. Results showed that applied water stress affected all the studied parameters, but...
Article
Full-text available
The rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) ‘00’ breeding program varieties has been launched in Morocco at the early nineties. The global objective was to release varieties with high agronomic and technological performances and with ‘00’ or canola quality oil and meal. The initial germplasm was established by introducing varieties from different origins. As...
Article
This study aimed to determine the effect of salt stress (0.05 M and 0.1 M of NaCl) on four safflower varieties: Cartafri, Cartamar, Sharda and Rancho. The evaluation concerned morphological, physiological and agronomic characters. The results showed that the applied salt stress affected the majority of the studied parameters. In fact, this stress c...
Article
Full-text available
Sunflower seeds are one of the most important sources of vegetable oil in the world. Additionally, they are used for confectionery and snack food, as well as for bird and pet food. Sunflower germplasm used for food differs between Morocco and Spain. Whereas sunflower seeds used for food in Morocco are mainly obtained from oilseed-type cultivars wit...
Article
Soil salinization and drought co-occur frequently in nature, but there is little information on the comparative effects of salt and water stresses on crops, and particularly on safflower. In this research, we investigated the comparative response of seed germination and seedling growth, two crucial stages of plant establishment, of different safflo...
Article
Full-text available
Referencia OEPM: P200301617.-- Fecha de solicitud: 04/07/2003.-- Titular: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Aceite de semilla de mostaza etiope con alto contenido en ácido linolénico. Aceite vegetal obtenido de semillas de mostaza etíope (Brassica carinata) modificadas mediante un proceso de mejora genética convencional. Este...
Article
Full-text available
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is a minor crop well adapted to semi-arid regions. In Morocco, a breeding programme has been launched recently in order to develop adapted varieties with high agronomic and technological potential. In 2006, a total of 212 accessions from different origins were collected and evaluated in 2 different locations for...
Article
Full-text available
Zero-erucic acid Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) seed oil has very high linolenic acid content (210 g kg(-1)), which confers low oxidative stability to the oil. The line AB4 with low linolenic acid content (<30 g kg(-1)) has been developed. The objective of this research was to study the inheritance of low linolenic acid content in A...
Article
Zero erucic acid germplasm of Ethiopian mustard is characterized by high levels of linolenic acid (about 21%). Two genetic sources of low linolenic acid (N2-4961 and HF-186, about 5%), have been developed in a high erucic acid background. The objectives of this research were to study the genetic relationship between the two low linolenic acid lines...
Article
Oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids linoleic acid and linolenic acid have important industrial applications, both as drying oils in the manufacture of paints and coatings as well as in formulation of pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals. However, no oil types with high levels of polyunsaturation have been developed so far in Brassica oilseed cro...
Article
Zero erucic acid Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) seed oil has a low oleic acid content (330 g kg(-1)). The mid oleic acid line AB3 (650 g kg(-1)) and the high oleic acid line AB1 (830 g kg(-1)) have been developed. The objective of this research was to study the inheritance of both traits in Ethiopian mustard. Plants of AB1 were reci...
Article
The development of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) germplasm with high concentration of oleic acid and low concentration of linolenic acid in its seed oil is an important breeding objective in this crop. The mutant AB-1, with high oleic acid and low linolenic acid concentration, and the mutant AB-4, with very low linolenic acid conce...
Article
Seed oil of current zero erucic-acid germplasm of Ethiopian mustard ( Brassica carinata A. Braun) is characterized by a low concentration of oleic acid and high concentrations of linoleic and linolenic acids. Sources of increased oleic-acid (HO) and reduced linolenic-acid (LL) concentration have been developed separately in high erucic-acid germpla...
Article
Full-text available
Referencia OEPM: P200301618.-- Fecha de solicitud: 04/07/2003.-- Titular: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Aceite de semilla de mostaza etiope con alto contenido en ácido linoleico y bajo contenido en ácido linolénico. Aceite vegetal obtenido de semillas de mostaza etiope (Brassica carinata) modificadas mediante un proceso de...

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