Abdelbagi Ismail

Abdelbagi Ismail
International Rice Research Institute | IRRI · Crop and Environmental Sciences Division

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21
Publications
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Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
Floods can completely submerge some rice (Oryza sativa L.) fields. Leaves of rice have gas films that aid O2 and CO2 exchange under water. The present study explored the relationship between gas film persistence and underwater net photosynthesis (PN) as influenced by genotype and submergence duration. Four contrasting genotypes (FR13A, IR42, Swarna...
Article
Full-text available
Riceissemi-aquatic,adaptedtoawiderangeofhydrologies,fromaerobicsoilsinuplandstoanaerobicandfloodedfieldsinwaterloggedlowlands,toevendeeplysubmergedsoilsinflood-proneareas.Considerablediversityispresentinnativericelandracesselectedbyfarmersovercenturies.Ourunderstandingoftheadaptivefeaturesoftheselandracestonativeecosystemshasimprovedconsiderablyove...
Article
Full-text available
Zn deficiency is a widespread problem in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown under flooded conditions, limiting growth and grain Zn accumulation. Genotypes with Zn deficiency tolerance or high grain Zn have been identified in breeding programmes, but little is known about the physiological mechanisms conferring these traits. A protocol was developed for g...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cultivated rice species (Oryza sativa L. and O. glaberrima Steud.) are generally considered among the crop species most sensitive to salt stress. A handful of lines are known to be tolerant, and a small number of these have been used extensively as donors in breeding programs. However, these donors use many of the same genes and physiolo...
Article
Full-text available
Rice is a stable food in Vietnam and plays a key role in the economy of the country. However, the production and the cultivating areas are adversely affected from the threats of devastation caused by the rise of sea level. Using marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) to develop a new salt tolerance rice cultivar is one of the feasible methods to cope...
Article
Full-text available
Flash floods can submerge paddy field rice (Oryza sativa), with adverse effects on internal aeration, sugar status and survival. Here, we investigated the in situ aeration of roots of rice during complete submergence, and elucidated how underwater photosynthesis and floodwater pO(2) influence root aeration in anoxic soil. In the field, root pO(2) w...
Article
Full-text available
This study focus on developing new salinity tolerance and high yielding rice lines, using markers assisted backrossing (MABC). Total of 500 SSR markers on 12 rice chromosomes were screened for parental polymorphic markers. Of which, 52 primers in the Saltol region were checked with the two parents varieties to identify polymorphic primers for scree...
Article
Full-text available
Panicle exsertion, an essential physiological process for obtaining high grain yield in rice is mainly driven by peduncle (uppermost internode) elongation. Drought at heading/panicle emergence prevented peduncle elongation from reaching its maximum length even after re-watering. This inhibitory effect of drought resulted in delayed heading and trap...
Article
Full-text available
Rice landraces tolerant of up to 2weeks of complete submergence were collected from farmers’ fields in the 1950s. Success in fine mapping of SUBMERGENCE 1 (SUB1), a robust quantitative trait locus from the submergence tolerant FR13A landrace, has enabled marker-assisted breeding of high-yielding rice capable of enduring transient complete submergen...
Article
Full-text available
Marker-assisted breeding is a very useful tool for breeders but still lags behind its potential because information on the effect of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in different genetic backgrounds and ideal molecular markers are unavailable. Here, we report on some first steps toward the validation and application of the major rice QTL Phosphate up...
Article
Full-text available
Rice and barley are both members of Poaceae (grass family) but have a marked difference in salt tolerance. The molecular mechanism underlying this difference was previously unexplored. This study employs a comparative genomics approach to identify analogous and contrasting gene expression patterns between rice and barley. A hierarchical clustering...
Article
Full-text available
Marker-assisted breeding is a very useful tool for breeders but still lags behind its potential because information on the effect of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in different genetic backgrounds and ideal molecular markers are unavailable. Here, we report on some first steps toward the validation and application of the major rice QTL Phosphate up...
Data
Full-text available
More than 16 million ha of lowland and Tolerance of flooding during germination deepwater rice areas are unfavorably affected and early seedling establishment by flooding because of complete submergence. The likelihood of occurrence of flash flooding Rice is the only crop plant adapted to aquatic at different stages of growth requires different env...
Data
Full-text available
More than 16 million ha of lowland and Tolerance of flooding during germination deepwater rice areas are unfavorably affected and early seedling establishment by flooding because of complete submergence. The likelihood of occurrence of flash flooding Rice is the only crop plant adapted to aquatic at different stages of growth requires different env...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, the comparative effects of osmotic and ionic stresses on rice growth and yield were investigated. The treatments consisted of 3-level combinations of osmotic stress and times: medium (-0.25 MOPa),and high stress (-0.52 MPa)'app0ied at the vegetative stage (7-21 d after transplanting, DAT)and reproductive stage (35-63 DAT, star...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Riverside, 1992. Includes bibliographical references.

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Project (1)
Project
Charcaterize the response of rice plant to stagnant flooding to identify tolerance traits