A.B. Sabow

A.B. Sabow
Salahaddin University - Erbil | SUH · Department of Animal Resources

Doctor of Philosophy

About

48
Publications
17,201
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771
Citations
Citations since 2016
37 Research Items
743 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
This investigation aims to determine the effect of grape pomace supplementation on quail meat’s quality and shelf life. Growing 121-day-old quail males were separated into groups of 30 birds each (3 replicates of 10 birds each). For 42 days, the quails were fed a diet enriched with 0, 2.5, 5, or 10 g/kg of grape pomace (control group and experiment...
Article
This study aimed to look into the impact of road transportation in the dry, hot region of Erbil-Kurdistan, Iraq, on blood parameter changes and heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) expressions in lambs as welfare indicators. A total of thirty Awassi Syrian sheep 1-year-old lambs with an average live weight of 63.894±0.48kg were subjected to three pre-slau...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the current study was to explore growth performance and carcass traits using ultrasound measurements of calves of different cattle breeds under pasture and concentration feeding system. A total of 25 male cattle calves between the ages of 6 to 7 months with an average body weight of 162.37 ± 7.7 kg were fed two separate fattening trials...
Preprint
Full-text available
This research aimed to determine how the pre-slaughter restraint method affected broiler chickens' bleeding efficiency, carcass characteristics, and physicochemical qualities. Before slaughter, 30 male Ross broiler chickens were randomly allocated to either shackling or cone restraint. The individual blood loss of each bird was determined by compar...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim of the current study was to explore growth performance and carcass traits using ultrasound measurements of calves of different cattle breeds under pasture and concentration feeding system. A total of 25 male cattle calves between the ages of 6 to 7 months with an average body weight of 162.37 ± 7.7 kg were fed two separate fattening trials...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the current study was to investigate the effects of stocking density and distances on electroencephalographic changes and cortisol as welfare indicators in Brahman crossbred cattle. Sixty Brahman crossbred heifers were subjected to road transport from a cattle feedlot farm located in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang to a co...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with Lactuca serriola leaves on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and its antioxidant stability of Japanese quails. A total of eighty growing quails (1-week old) were distributed into 2 equal groups consisting of 40 birds (5 replicates of 8 birds...
Article
Full-text available
This study’s objective was to evaluate the effects of distance and stocking density on physicochemical properties and oxidative stability of meat and acute-phase proteins in Brahman crossbred cattle transported by road under hot and humid tropical conditions. Sixty Brahman crossbred heifers were subjected to road transport from a cattle feedlot far...
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to identify the species origin of imported buffalo meat from three countries Ukraine, Brazil and India to Erbil using PCR-RFLP technique. The pair of universal cyt b primer was designed to amplify a 359 bp DNA fragment in PCR amplification. Then the amplified fragments were digested with Hinf1 and Rsa I restriction enzymes, achievin...
Article
Background: The consumption of frozen meat from beef cattle has increased largely in Middle Eastern nations, especially in many Iraqi cities since it is a major source of protein which is necessary for the growth and maintenance of good health. In view of the fact that there are no available original data on the nutritional value and content of met...
Article
Full-text available
Fish meat is a major source of good quality protein and minerals which is essential for humans. However, it may sometimes contain unwanted components such as heavy metals. The aim of the study was to find whether the nutritive value and heavy metal content of fish meat may be influenced by cooking methods. Proximate and mineral compositions were as...
Article
Full-text available
Meat of cattle (beef) constitutes a greater percentage of red meat in human diets because of its nutritive value and palatability. However, it can be contaminated with heavy metals just like other food materials. Heavy metals are very harmful due to their ability to accumulate in human body. Thus, this examination is completed to decide the heavy m...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of traditional slaughter in comparison with decapitation on bleeding efficiency and shelf life of broiler breast meat during three days postmortem of aging were evaluated. Twenty male broiler chickens were subjected to either traditional slaughter or decapitation. The bleeding efficiency was determined in terms of blood loss and residua...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of dietary supplementation with canola seed on carcass and meat quality characteristics in three quail lines was studied. Ninety quails aged 4-weeks were selected from three lines (white, black and brown) and randomly allocated to 3 feeding groups. One group was fed a basal diet as control, while the other two groups were fed on basal di...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the current study was to assess the carcass traits and meat quality in three different Japanese quail strains. A total of 90 1-day-old Japanese quail chicks of three different strains; 30 of each of white, black, and brown were used. Quails were slaughtered at 10 weeks of age. Carcass traits such as carcass weight and carcass yield...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effects of sea and road transport on the acute phase proteins (APP), cortisol, metabolic, haematological and electroencephalographic (EEG) responses of Brahman crossbred heifers. Sixty Brahman crossbred heifers were subjected to 14 d of transportation by sea from Darwin Port, Australia, to Pasi...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of different levels of crud fenugreek leaves on lipid oxidation and microbial spoilage of mutton and beef cattle meat postmortem refrigerated storage was examined. Samples meat of mutton and beef cattle were incorporated with crud fenugreek leaves at four different levels 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 %. Mutton and beef meat in burgers form were s...
Article
Full-text available
Meat has comprised a significant part of the human diets worldwide. Nevertheless, pollution is a great health risk to human health, especially the bioaccumulation of heavy metals from anthropogenic. The study examined the concentrations of cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), nickel (Ni), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and arseni...
Article
Electrical stunning is the most widely used stunning method for sheep and goats. Because low frequency headto- back electrical stunning induces cardiac arrest, it is non-compliant with halal requirements. In addition, conventional head-only electrical stunning method can have adverse effects on carcass and meat quality. To address these issues high...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the effects of dietary supplementation of probiotics, antibiotics and an antibiotic-probiotics mixture on growth performance of broilers, and the fatty acid profile and oxidative stability of broiler breast muscle. A total of 480 one-day-old broiler chicks (Cobb 500) were assigned to four treatment groups and fed for 42 days. Th...
Article
The use of high and low electrical frequencies in pre-slaughter electrical stunning and their implications for meat quality and animal welfare in ruminants and poultry are reviewed. There are different views regarding the appropriateness of high and low frequency stunning with respect to religious and animal welfare requirements. High electrical fr...
Article
Full-text available
The study examined meat quality and carcase haemorrhage in goats subjected to different methods of pre-slaughter electrical stunning or slaughtered without stunning. Thirty-two Boer crossbred bucks were randomly assigned to low-frequency head-only (LFHO; 1 A for 3 s at a frequency of 50 Hz), low-frequency head-to-back (LFHB: 1 A for 3 s at a freque...
Article
Full-text available
Conscious animals typically experience sensory (nociception) and emotional pain, whereas unconscious animals that were minimally anesthetized would experience minimal emotional pain. To determine whether ‘silencing’ the emotional component through a minimally anesthetized model would minimize stress response, and thus improve animal welfare, this s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The functionality of myofibrillar proteins is a major factor influencing the quality attributes of muscle foods. Nonetheless, the relationships between muscle type and oxidative changes in chevon during ageing are meagrely elucidated. Postmortem changes in antioxidant status and physicochemical properties of glycolytic gluteus medius (...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of slaughter without stunning in comparison with head-only electrical stunning (HOES) on carcass hemorrhages and meat quality in goats were evaluated. Sixteen Boer crossbred bucks were subjected to either non-stun (NS) or HOES (1 A, for 3 s at 50 Hz). Meat quality traits such as pH, water holding capacity (WHC), color, tenderness, myofi...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the effects of dietary blend of 80% canola oil and 20% palm oil (BCPO) on the physicochemical properties, antioxidant status, oxidative stability and fatty acid composition of Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle from goats during chill storage. Over a 14-week feeding trial, 24 Boer bucks were randomly assigned to and s...
Article
The study examined the impact of refrigerated storage on antioxidant profile, oxidative changes in myoglobin, lipids and myofibrillar proteins and quality attributes of longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle from goats. Analyses were conducted on LT obtained from carcasses of sixteen Boer bucks on 0, 1, 5 and 10 days postmortem. Ageing had no effect on a...
Article
A study was conducted to determine the effects of shackling and cone restraining methods on meat quality of broiler chickens slaughtered at two categories of live weight. Fourty Cobb 400 male broilers were randomly assigned to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement in a completely randomized design with 10 birds of each treatment group. The birds were slau...
Article
Full-text available
The link between the consumption of saturated fatty acids of ruminant meat and the incidence of chronic diseases in humans substantiates efforts to modify its lipid profile. However, altering the lipid profile of ruminant meat could affect its quality attributes and shelf life. This study investigated the effect of a blend of 80% canola oil and 20%...
Article
Full-text available
This study appraised the effects of dietary blend of 80% canola oil and 20% palm oil and postmortem ageing on oxidative stability, fatty acids and quality attributes of gluteus medius (GM) muscle in goats. Twenty-four Boer bucks were randomly allotted to diet supplemented with 0, 4 and 8% oil blend, fed for 100 days and slaughtered, and the GM musc...
Article
Full-text available
The study compared changes in blood biochemistry, hormonal and electroencephalographic indices associated with possible noxious stimuli following neck cut slaughter in conscious, non-anaesthetized versus minimally-anaesthetized goats. Ten male Boer crossbreed goats were assigned into two groups and subjected to either slaughter conscious without st...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of pre-slaughter electrical stunning techniques and slaughter without stunning on bleeding efficiency and shelf life of chevon during a 14 d postmortem aging were assessed. Thirty two Boer crossbred bucks were randomly assigned to four slaughtering techniques viz slaughter without stunning (SWS), low frequency head-only electrical stu...
Article
Full-text available
The study assessed the lipid profile, cholesterol and antioxidant status of infraspinatus muscle, kidney and liver from goats supplemented with increasing levels of blend of 20% palm oil and 80% canola oil. Twenty-four Boer bucks were randomly assigned to diets containing 0, 4 and 8% oil blend, fed for 100 d and slaughtered. The tissues were subjec...
Article
Examined was the effect of post mortem refrigerated storage on microbial spoilage, lipid-protein oxidation and physicochemical traits of goat meat. Seven Boer bucks were slaughtered, eviscerated and aged for 24 h. The Longissimus lumborum (LL) and Semitendinosus (ST) muscles were excised and subjected to 13 days post mortem refrigerated storage. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Dietary supplementation of unsaturated fats in ruminants, if not stabilized, can instigate oxidative stress which can have negative impact on production performance and enhance the susceptibility to various diseases. The current study examined the effect of dietary 80 % canola oil and 20 % palm oil blend (CPOB) on serum fatty acids, anti...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the efficacy of antibiotics, probiotics and their combination on meat quality of breast muscle in broilers. A total of 480 male one-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly assigned to control (without additive), antibiotic growth promoter (AGP), Bioplus® (probiotics), or AGP + Bioplus® and raised for 42 d. Each treatment was repli...
Article
Full-text available
The study examined the effect of refrigerated storage on antioxidant activities, lipid and protein oxidation, fatty acids (FAs), drip loss and color of semimembranosus (SM) muscle from goats. Samples of SM were obtained from carcasses of 15 Boer bucks (7 months old; body weight, 32.18 ± 0.81 kg) subjected to an 8 d storage at 4°C. Superoxide dismut...
Article
Full-text available
Background Dietary fats can alter the deposition and distribution of body fats in ruminants. The deposition and distribution of body fat play a vital role in the quality of ruminant carcasses and are of great commercial value since they influence the profitability and consumer acceptability of ruminant meat. The current study examined the effects o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Improving the unsaturated fatty acid content of ruminant meat is essential due to the generally saturated nature of fatty acids in ruminant meat and the negative effects this can have on human health. Nonetheless, enhancing the unsaturated fatty acid content of ruminant meat can have adverse effects on the shelf life and quality attrib...
Article
Full-text available
The study examined the effects of blend of 80% canola oil and 20% palm oil (BCPO) on nutrient intake and digestibility, growth performance, rumen fermentation and fatty acids (FA) in goats. Twenty-four Boer bucks were randomly assigned to diets containing 0, 4 and 8% BCPO on a dry matter basis, fed for 100 days and slaughtered. Diet did not affect...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study assessed the effect of conscious halal slaughter and slaughter following a minimal anaesthesia on quality of goat meat. Ten Boer cross bucks were divided into two groups and subjected to either halal slaughter without stunning (HS) or minimal anaesthesia prior to slaughter (AS). At pre-rigor, HS had significantly lower (p<0.05) muscle pH...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of three feeds containing 6% oils: palm oil (PO), soybean oil (SO) and linseed oil (LO); and three calcium levels (NRC recommendation, 1.25% and 1.50%) on the fatty acid profile, lipid oxidation and cholesterol concentrations of broiler breast meat in a 3 × 3 factorial experiment. A total of...
Article
This study assessed the effect of halal slaughter and anesthesia pre-slaughter followed by bleeding on meat quality characteristics of goats. Eleven male Boer cross goats were divided into two groups and subjected to either halal slaughter (HS) or anesthesia with halothane and propofol pre-slaughter (AS). At pre-rigor, HS had significantly lower (P...
Article
There are many slaughter procedures that religions and cultures use around the world. The two that are commercially relevant are the halal and kosher methods practiced by Muslims and Jews respectively. The global trade in red meat and poultry produced using these two methods is substantial, thus the importance of the quality of the meat produced us...

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Project (1)
Project
Detection of adulteration and mislabelilng or substitutions high quality and more expensive meat with low quality and cheaper of some animal species in Iraq using molecular marker.