Aapo Huovila

Aapo Huovila
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland | vtt · Smart city impact assessment

About

39
Publications
48,393
Reads
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1,369
Citations
Introduction
Interest: evaluation methods for sustainability assessment of smart city (SC) solutions and climate-neutral cities (CNC). 13 years research background on indicator framework development. - Chair "Monitoring & Evaluation" Task group (EU Smart cities R&I program) - Associate editor (IET Smart cities), ABM (Ecological indicators), EBM (Smart cities) Latest publication on CNCs (DOI: /10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.130912) Open special issue on PEDs, SCs & CNCs (mdpi.com/journal/smartcities)
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - present
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Smart cities, Sustainability, Indicators, Decision support tools
Education
September 2011 - December 2018
Aalto University
Field of study
  • Engineering. PhD: Indicator-based evaluation of Smart sustainable cities
September 2007 - October 2010
Aalto University
Field of study
  • Systems analysis
October 2004 - June 2007
Université Bordeaux 1
Field of study
  • Applied mathematics

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Carbon neutrality has become central in policy discourse and cities’ climate actions are crucial to achieve this goal. Consequently, many cities have already published ambitious climate neutrality target years and are preparing for transition to climate neutrality. This study presents findings from the first ever literature review on the carbon-ne...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the world’s population living in cities has been rapidly increasing. Cities are transforming their infrastructure in a smarter and more efficient way so that sustainable development forms part of their long-term strategy. However, this transformation does not always result in expected benefits due to a variety of factors such as an...
Book
Full-text available
Green projects without funding are just well-intentioned dreams. Over half of us live in cities and, as city inhabitants , we know the devastating effects of the global climate crisis. It's no wonder that cities are bursting with green initiatives and innovations. But projects need funding in order to change all of our futures for the better. Green...
Article
Full-text available
Cities have an increasingly important role in fighting against climate change, and to tackle this challenge, ambitious sustainability goals have been declared by a number of city councils. This has motivated the emergence of various sustainability-related city concepts, such as ‘sustainable city’, ‘eco city’, ‘carbon-neutral city’, however, without...
Article
Full-text available
City managers need indicators for target setting, performance assessment, monitoring, management and decision making purposes. The choice of the most suitable indicator framework is crucial, but difficult, as it requires expert knowledge. To help cities in their choice, this paper compares seven recently published indicator standards for Smart sust...
Cover Page
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Please visit www.mdpi.com/journal/smartcities/special_issues/sustainability_impacts for contact me for more information
Data
Appendix A Supplementary data: Analysed indicators, quantitative analysis and detailed results
Article
Full-text available
Increasing global urbanization yields substantial potential for enhanced sustainability through careful management of urban development and optimized resource use efficiency. Nature-based solutions (NBS) can provide a means for cities to successfully navigate the water-energy-climate relationship, thus enhancing urban resilience. Implementation of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose of the paper: This paper is to analyze the indicators required for terminal planning and compare them with existing KPIs used for measuring the performance of ports and terminals. Methodology: The methodology consists of the following three phases: 1) Literature search about current KPIs used for evaluating the performance of the ports and...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are tackling their economic, social and environmental challenges through smart city solutions. To demonstrate that these solutions achieve the desired impact, an indicator-based assessment system is needed. This paper presents the process of developing CITYkeys performance measurement system for target setting and monitoring. This European s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a holistic performance measurement framework for harmonized and transparent monitoring and comparability of the European cities activities during the implementation of Smart City solutions. The work methodology was based on extensive collaboration and communication with European cities in order to develop a set of Key Performanc...
Article
Full-text available
The potential to reduce energy consumption in buildings is high. The design phase of the building is very important. In addition, it is vital to understand how to measure the energy efficiency in the building operation phase in order to encourage the right efficiency efforts. In understanding the building energy efficiency, it is important to compr...
Article
Published article at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2016.09.009 For those who don't have access to it a preprint version is available at http://www.vtt.fi/inf/julkaisut/muut/2017/What_are_the_differences_between_sustainable_and_smart_cities.pdf ABSRACT: City assessment tools can be used as support for decision making in urban development as they...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report describes the results from testing the CITYkeys performance measurement framework and the different prototypes of the associated tool in cities’ case studies. The concrete case studies in the five CITYkeys partner cities, and 13 additional voluntary cities / other organisations, have served in validating the indicator framework earlier...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The CITYkeys project was requested by the European Commission to test the ITU-T L.1440 methodology for environmental impact assessment of information and communication technologies (ICT). Testing the ITU methodology on project level happens automatically as the CITYkeys project indicator set includes indicators on (embodied) energy use and (embodie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report describes the selection of indicators for assessing smart city projects and the corresponding indicators on city level. Starting from the definition of a smart city and smart city projects, indicators have been selected that can function as Key Performance Indicators for tracking the progress towards city and project objectives. The ind...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The CITYkeys project has resulted in a set of indicators for assessing the success of smart city projects, which is linked to a set of indicators for smart cities. Since the 1990s, various sustainable city indices have been developed that aim to provide a ranking of cities. More recently, organisations supplying green certification schemes for buil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The European Commission has developed under H2020 Programme two parallel approaches to support the implementation of smart urban technologies: large scale demonstration of technology in cities and communities ('lighthouse projects') and 'horizontal activities' to address specific challenges including performance monitoring. CITYkeys project address...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses an instrumental approach to design better energy efficient buildings within the context of neighbourhood, already at an early design phase. In the EU project Design4Energy (D4E) a scenario driven approach was used to define the activities that should take place at an early design stage, as well as the actors involved and the to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design4Energy (D4E) project aims at developing a design methodology that is able to create energy-efficient buildings within the context of their neighbourhoods. An indicator framework for managing project strategic objectives has been set up, with Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to assess buildings’ perfor-mance in use. Selected performance, eco...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urbanization had been rapid, currently 54% of the global population lives in cities and it is projected to rise to 70% by 2050. New cities have emerged, and hundreds are expected to be built in coming years. Cities are also engines of economic growth, accounting for 80 % of the global GDP (UN habitat 2015). But they also consume around 75 % of glob...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Urbanization is a growing trend. As more and more people get together, smart systems and their integration need to be developed, not only to provide the services that people need but also to do so efficiently with minimum impact on the environment. It can be said that efficient technologies and ICT, one part of which is the Internet of Things, is a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report describes the analysis of data requirements for CITYkeys selection of indicators, for assessing smart city projects and the corresponding indicators on city level. Next to that, the main results consist of the identification of data sets corresponding to the indicators and the analysis of available data sources, their reliability, forma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
EcoLusaka (2013-2015) is a capacity building project funded by the Institutional Cooperation Instrument (ICI) under the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland (MFA). During the project the Finnish partner, VTT, will strengthen the capacity of the Zambian partner, Thorn Park Construction Training Centre (TPCTC) based in Lusaka, to provide education...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report concerns business models for Energy Positive Neighborhoods (EPNs) and is based on research conducted as part of the IDEAS project. EPNs are areas in which annual energy demand is lower than annual energy supply from local renewable energy sources. Their energy infrastructures are connected to and contribute to the efficient operation an...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report presents an overview of existing urban indicators potentially suitable for evaluation of smart city projects and smart cities. Existing indicator frameworks are compared based on sectoral application domains and impact categories of indicators (e.g. energy, transport, ICT, or People, Planet, Profit). A definition of smart cities and smar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ecobim project has already identified a number of business opportunities for eco-innovation within the construction sector. Opportunities related to BIM, PLM, LCA and Monitoring are being developed through real case studies in Finland, France and Germany. Other opportunities not related to BIMs and ICTs are explored through co-creation workshops wi...
Conference Paper
New Ways of Working was a conjoint research and industry action to better understand the changing nature and requirements of knowledge work that have implications for facility management, productivity and environmental impacts. Currently there are no more fixed times and places for work. Mixed work time and free time, remote work from several locat...
Book
Full-text available
The case study of Kangas neighbourhood was part of SUSECON project (SUSECON – Adoption of sustainable services concepts for the reinforcement of neighbourhoods, 2011–2013). The premise of the project was that diversified local services are necessary from the viewpoint of sustainable development. Local services have the potential to improve the vita...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The IDEAS project strives to demonstrate how energy positive neighbourhoods can be cost effectively and incrementally implemented by designing, testing and validating four services: 1. A neighbourhood energy management tool to optimise energy production and consumption, 2. User interfaces that engage communities and individuals in the operation of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The overall quality of the indoor environment in which people live, work and spend their time and artefacts remain, is the result from a complex integration of a large number of physical attributes. These attributes result from an integration of a large number of building components. Assessing the individual components and assessing attributes indi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
7th International Conference Indoor Climate of Buildings 2010, Indoor Environment, Energy Auditing and Certification of Buildings, ICB, Strbské Pleso, Slovakia, 28th November - 1st December 2010, 91-98 Performance Indicators for Health, Comfort and Safety of the Indoor Environment - "PERFECTION" - is an ongoing (2009-2011) coordination action execu...
Thesis
Full-text available
The objective of this thesis is to develop a method that would help determine which properties of office facilities create additional value for different stakeholders. The premise is that performance indicators and systems can be useful to achieve this goal. In this thesis, an indicator model is developed based on relevant literature and different...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In: Huovila, P., Karvonen, A. & Raasakka, V. (eds.). SB10 Finland, Sustainable Community - building SMART. Conference Proceedings, 204-205 SB10 Finland, Espoo, Sept. 22-24, 2010
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SB10 Finland Sustainable Community - buildingSMART, Espoo, Sept. 22-24, 2010, Conference Proceedings, 644-654 This paper presents a methodology for the evaluation of workspace performance. The approach consists of a literature review on office building performance, stateof the art of existing indicator classifications and models, methods of systems...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Open for submissions until 28 February 2023. Papers are reviewed and published as soon as they arrive. For more information, please visit https://www.mdpi.com/journal/smartcities/special_issues/PED_smart_cities
Project
Manuscript submission open 1.4.2019-31.1.2020. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. For more information, please consult the website of the call: www.mdpi.com/journal/smartcities/special_issues/sustainability_impacts
Archived project
Development of common European indicator framework for performance assessment of smart cities and smart city projects. Partners >> VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd (coordinator); AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH; TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research; EUROCITIES ASBL; City of Rotterdam; City of Tampere; City of Wien; City of Zagreb; City of Zaragoza. Additionally, voluntary participation of around 50 cities and other stakeholders (standardization, companies, projects) in the form of feedback and testing. Funding >> co-funded by the European Commission within the H2020 Programme SCC-2 (Smart cities and communities), Grant agreement 646440 Type of project >> coordination action, horizontal action to develop common Metrics & Indicators for other European H2020 projects under the topic of Smart Cities and Communities, particularly the so-called Smart City "Lighthouse" projects (SCC-1)