Aamer S. Abu-Qarn

Aamer S. Abu-Qarn
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev | bgu · Department of Economics

PhD

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28
Publications
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1,139
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Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Health inequality can affect economic productivity, labor force participation, or the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Health disparities based on socioeconomic ranking are widely documented, but there is also growing evidence of disparities based on geographic locality. This paper investigates a potential contributing factor to socioecon...
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Disadvantaged communities are often geographically segregated from employment and higher education opportunities. Increasing access can entail substantial welfare gains, but this can also affect the trade‐off faced by young adults between investing in higher education and working for pay. We evaluate the introduction of bus services to Arab towns i...
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This paper provides further evidence of the inconsistency of the Solow growth model with the observed cross-country variation in income levels and growth rates. I tackle the assumption of constant and identical technical progress rates across countries by providing country-specific estimates derived from a growth accounting exercise. The estimates...
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We contest Jaeger and Paserman's claim (Jaeger and Paserman , 2008. The cycle of violence? An empirical analysis of fatalities in the Palestinian–Israeli conflict. American Economic Review 98(4): 1591–1604) that Palestinians did not react to Israeli aggression during Intifada 2. We address the differences between the two sides in terms of the timin...
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This paper revisits the defence–growth nexus for the rivals of the Israeli–Arab conflict over the last four decades. To this end, we utilize the Toda and Yamamoto (199518. Toda , H. and Yamamoto , T. 1995. Statistical inference in vector autoregressions with possibly integrated processes. Journal of Econometrics, 66: 225–250. [CrossRef], [Web of...
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Ben-David and Papell's (1997 ) tests for structural breaks in trade ratios over the postwar period revealed that trade ratios exhibited structural breaks in their paths and that postbreak trade averages exceeded prebreak averages. They attributed these breaks to trade liberalization measures carried out during this period. We re-evaluate their resu...
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Egypt plays a pivotal role in the security of the Middle East as the doorway to Europe and its military expenditure reflects its involvement in the machinations of such an unstable region, showing considerable variation over the last forty years. These characteristics make it a particularly interesting case study of the determinants of military spe...
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The primary aim of the paper is to place current methodological discussions in macroeconometric modeling contrasting the ‘theory first’ versus the ‘data first’ perspectives in the context of a broader methodological framework with a view to constructively appraise them. In particular, the paper focuses on Colander’s argument in his paper “Economist...
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This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in Egypt during the period 1960-2001 within a trivariate vector autoregressive (VAR) framework (investment being the additional variable). We employ four different measures of financial development and apply Granger causality tests using the cointegration...
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The article critically evaluates the literature that deals with the economic aspects of the Israeli-Arab conflict. The survey covers: (1) data issues and lack of trustworthy time series; (2) the existence and causal direction of an arms race between Israel and its Arab neighbors; (3) the defense-growth nexus and possible spillovers from the defense...
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The suitability of the proposed monetary union among the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is examined. The authors identify the underlying structural shocks that these economies are subject to and assess the extent to which the shocks are symmetric. Alternatively, the authors test for common trends and common business cycles among the...
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This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth for six Middle Eastern and North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia), within a quadvariate vector autoregressive framework. We employ four different measures of financial development and apply the augmented vector autore...
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This article investigates the causal relationships between the military expenditures and military burden of the four major sides of the Israeli-Arab conflict, namely, Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Syria over the period 1960-2004. We utilize both the causality test suggested by Toda and Yamamoto [Toda, H. Y., & Yamamoto, T. (1995). Statistical inference...
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Using sequential structural break tests, we attempt to determine if and when a new GATT member experiences statistically significant changes in the paths of its trade with incumbent members. To test for the nature of a change, we compare the averages of the actual postbreak trade shares with the averages of the postbreak extrapolated trade shares....
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This paper endogenously determines the timing of structural breaks in military expenditures and military burdens for the major parties involved in the Israeli-Arab conflict, namely Egypt, Israel, Jordan, and Syria over the period 1960-2004. Utilizing a test proposed by Vogelsang (1997), we find that all these countries experienced significant struc...
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In this study we test for structural changes in international trade patterns of 77 countries over the post-WWII period, to examine if they experienced a substantial increase in their trade ratios following major GATT rounds such as the Kennedy Round, or after joining GATT. Our results show that trade ratios of most of these countries exhibited stru...
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This paper reconsiders the A versus K debate, namely, which factor is the leading contributor to economic growth? productivity gains (A) or factor accumulation (K). The growth accounting analysis is conducted for 10 Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries over the period 1960–98. The long-run share of capital in income is estimated using...
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This article presents estimates of the shares of inputs in income for countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, utilizing advanced panel data techniques. Its findings are as follows: A share of physical capital of over 0.50, as opposed to the conventional one third, is robust to several specifications of the production...
Article
This paper examines the suitability of the proposed monetary union among the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). To do so, we identify the underlying structural shocks that these economies are subject to and assess the extent to which the shocks are symmetric. Additionally, we test for common trends and common business cycles among the G...
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Full-text available
This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in five Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries for different periods ranging from 1960 to 2004, within a trivariate vector autoregressive (VAR) framework. We employ four different measures of financial development and apply Granger causality tes...
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This paper explores a number of the unresolved issues posed by the debate on the social saving of railroads. The final section includes a brief summary of the main findings of the new economic history of transportation.
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This paper reconsiders the A versus K debate, namely, which factor is the leading contributor to economic growth? productivity gains (A) or factor accumulation (K). The growth accounting analysis is conducted for ten Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries over the period 1960-1998. The long-run share of capital in national income is esti...
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Full-text available
This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection a...
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The export-led growth (ELG) hypothesis is examined for nine Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries in three-variable vector autoregressive and error correction models. When considering total exports, the results reject the ELG hypothesis in almost all of these countries. When only manufactured exports are examined, no support is found for EL...
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This study uses multivariate cointegration and variance decomposition techniques to investigate the causal relationship between government expenditures and economic growth for Egypt, Israel, and Syria, for the past three decades. When testing for causality within a bivariate system of total government spending and economic growth, we find bi-direct...

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