Aad van der Lugt

Aad van der Lugt
Erasmus MC | Erasmus MC · Department of Radiology

MD, PhD

About

883
Publications
120,311
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
40,519
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Position
  • Professor Neuroradiology and Head&Neck Radiology

Publications

Publications (883)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We aimed to evaluate whether the overall harmful effect of periprocedural treatment with aspirin or heparin during endovascular stroke treatment is different in patients with a successful reperfusion after the procedure. Materials and methods We performed a post-hoc analysis of the MR CLEAN-MED trial, including adult patients with a lar...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The assessment of collateral status may depend on the timing of image acquisition. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are optimal time points in CT Perfusion (CTP) for collateral status assessment, and compare collaterals scores at these time points with collateral scores from multiphase CT angiography (mCTA). Method...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that selection of a first‐line endovascular thrombectomy device, that is, contact aspiration (CA) or stent retriever (SR) thrombectomy, could be based on thrombus type. Thrombus composition and mechanical behavior can partially be predicted with thrombus computed tomography (CT) characteristics. We aimed to assess t...
Article
Background Pooled analyses of previous randomised studies have suggested that very early treatment with glyceryl trinitrate (also known as nitroglycerin) improves functional outcome in patients with acute ischaemic stroke or intracerebral haemorrhage, but this finding was not confirmed in a more recent trial (RIGHT-2). We aimed to assess whether pa...
Article
Full-text available
Background Our randomized clinical trial on induced hypertension in patients with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) was halted prematurely due to unexpected slow recruitment rates. This raised new questions regarding recruitment feasibility. As our trial can therefore be seen as a feasibility trial, we...
Article
Full-text available
Background The effectiveness of alteplase for ischemic stroke treatment is limited, partly due to the occurrence of intracranial and extracranial hemorrhage. Mutant pro-urokinase (m-proUK) does not deplete fibrinogen and lyses fibrin only after induction with alteplase. Therefore, this treatment has the potential to be safer and more efficacious th...
Article
Clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke depend in part on the extent of their collateral circulation. A good collateral circulation has also been associated with greater benefit of intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment. Treatment decisions for these reperfusion therapies are increasingly guided by a combination of cli...
Article
Introduction Little is known about the timing of occurrence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) after endovascular therapy (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke. A better understanding could optimize in-hospital surveillance time points and duration. The aim of this study was to delineate the probability of sICH over time and to identify factor...
Preprint
X-ray digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is widely used for vessel and/or flow visualization and interventional guidance during endovascular treatment of patients with a stroke or aneurysm. To assist in peri-operative decision making as well as post-operative prognosis, automatic DSA analysis algorithms are being developed to obtain relevant ima...
Article
Background In patients with ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment (EVT), time to treatment and collateral status are important prognostic factors and may be correlated. We aimed to assess the relation between time to CT angiography (CTA) and a quantitatively determined collateral score and to assess whether the collateral score modified...
Article
Background: Thrombus radiomics (TR) describe complex shape and textural thrombus imaging features. We aimed to study the relationship of TR extracted from non-contrast CT with procedural and functional outcome in endovascular-treated patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Thrombi were segmented on thin-slice non-contrast CT (≤1 mm) from 6...
Article
Full-text available
To systematically compare coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification between conventional computed tomography (CT) and photon-counting CT (PCCT) at different virtual monoenergetic (monoE) levels for different heart rates. A dynamic (heart rates of 0, < 60, 60–75, and > 75 bpm) anthropomorphic phantom with three calcification densities was scanned...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate whether the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of an iodinated contrast agent in virtual monoenergetic images (VMI) from the first clinical photon-counting detector (PCD) CT scanner is superior to VMI CNR from a dual-source dual-energy CT scanner with energy-integrating detectors (EID), two anthropomorphic phantoms in three different sizes (...
Article
Full-text available
Carotid atherosclerotic plaque rupture and its sequelae are among the leading causes of acute ischemic stroke. The risk of rupture and subsequent thrombosis is, among others, determined by vulnerable plaque characteristics and linked to activation of the immune system, in which neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) potentially play a role. The aim...
Article
Background Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) is a serious complication after endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke. We aimed to identify determinants of its occurrence and location. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data from the Dutch MR CLEAN trial (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemi...
Article
Objectives The PARISK (Plaque At RISK) study aimed to improve the identification of patients at increased risk of recurrent ischemic stroke using multimodality carotid imaging. Background Patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis are at high risk for recurrent stroke. The decision for carotid endarterectomy currently mainly relies on degree of st...
Article
Importance: The APOE ε2 and APOE ε4 alleles are the strongest protective and risk-increasing, respectively, genetic variants for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the mechanisms linking APOE to AD-particularly the apoE protein's role in AD pathogenesis and how this is affected by APOE variants-remain poorly understood. Identifying missen...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Outcome of endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke patients is depending on the collateral circulation maintaining blood flow to the ischemic territory. We evaluated the inter-rater reliability and accuracy of raters and an automated algorithm for assessing the collateral score (CS, range: 0–3) in acute ischemic stroke patients. Me...
Article
Background Successful recanalization and good collateral status are associated with good clinical outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke, but the relationships among them are unclear. Objective To assess if collateral status is associated with recanalization after EVT and if collateral status modifies the association...
Article
Background In patients with large vessel occlusion stroke of the anterior circulation, underlying cause is a determinant of outcome. Whether this is the case for posterior circulation large vessel occlusion stroke has yet to be determined. We aimed to report on cause in patients with posterior circulation stroke treated with endovascular thrombecto...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate possible negative long-term effects of neonatal exposure to pain, opioids and anesthetics in children and adolescents. Study Design We studied five unique groups of children recruited from well-documented neonatal cohorts with a history of neonatal exposure to pain, opioids or anesthetics at different points along the continu...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The locoregional failure (LRF) rate in human papilloma virus (HPV)-negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) remains disappointingly high and toxicity is substantial. Response prediction prior to or early during treatment would provide opportunities for personalised treatment. Currently, there are no accurate predictive mo...
Article
Objectives: Thrombus computed tomography (CT) characteristics might be used to assess histopathologic thrombus composition in patients treated with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to assess the variability in thrombus composition that could be predicted with combined thrombus CT characteristics. Methods:...
Article
Objective: Longitudinal data on age-related changes in the diameters of the thoracic aorta are scarce. To better understand normal variation and to identify factors influencing this process, we aimed to report male-female-specific and age-specific aortic growth rate in the ageing general population and identify factors associated with growth rate....
Article
Background: Cerebral edema after large hemispheric infarction is associated with poor functional outcome and mortality. Net water uptake (NWU) quantifies the degree of hypoattenuation on unenhanced-computed tomography (CT) and is increasingly used to measure cerebral edema in stroke research. Hemorrhagic transformation and parenchymal contrast sta...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) is variably considered to assess eligibility for endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in acute ischemic (AIS) stroke patients. Although CTP is recommended for patient selection in later (6–24 h) time window, it is currently not recommended in the earlier (0–6 h) time window and the costs and health effect...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Thoracic aortic diameter may have a role as a biomarker for major adverse cardiovascular events. Purpose: To evaluate the sex-specific association of the diameters of the ascending (AA) and descending (DA) thoracic aorta with risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality. Materi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Various statistical approaches can be used to deal with unmeasured confounding when estimating treatment effects in observational studies, each with its own pros and cons. This study aimed to compare treatment effects as estimated by different statistical approaches for two interventions in observational stroke care data. Patients and...
Article
BACKGROUND Contrary to anterior circulation stroke, studies on the association between thrombus imaging characteristics and outcomes are scarce in patients with posterior circulation stroke (PCS). We aimed to investigate the association of thrombus imaging characteristics with reperfusion and functional outcome in patients with PCS who underwent en...
Article
Background The ratio of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume to intracranial volume (ICV) has been identified as a potential predictor of malignant edema formation in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Aims We aimed to evaluate the added value of the CSF/ICV ratio in a model to predict malignant edema formation in patients who underwent...
Article
Full-text available
Background Accurate prediction of clinical outcome is of utmost importance for choices regarding the endovascular treatment (EVT) of acute stroke. Recent studies on the prediction modeling for stroke focused mostly on clinical characteristics and radiological scores available at baseline. Radiological images are composed of millions of voxels, and...
Article
Full-text available
Human brain structure changes throughout the lifespan. Altered brain growth or rates of decline are implicated in a vast range of psychiatric, developmental and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we identified common genetic variants that affect rates of brain growth or atrophy in what is, to our knowledge, the first genome-wide association...
Article
Background A thrombus in the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) can occlude this main stem only or extend into the M1-M2 bifurcation. The occlusion pattern may affect endovascular treatment (EVT) success, as a bifurcated thrombus may be more prone to fragmentation during retrieval. Objective To investigate whether bifurcated thrombus p...
Article
Background Endovascular treatment (EVT) is standard of care in anterior circulation large vessel occlusions. In posterior circulation occlusions, data on EVT in isolated posterior cerebral artery (PCA) occlusions are limited, although PCA occlusions can cause severe neurological deficit. Objective To describe in a prospective study the clinical ma...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Follow-up infarct volume (FIV) is moderately associated with functional outcome. We hypothesized that accounting for infarct location would strengthen the association of FIV with functional outcome. Methods We included 252 patients from the HERMES collaboration with follow-up diffusion weighted imaging. Patients received endovascular treat...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine mono-energetic (monoE) level–specific photon-counting CT (PCCT) Agatston thresholds, to yield monoE level independent Agatston scores validated with a dynamic cardiac phantom. Also, we examined the potential of dose reduction for PCCT coronary artery calcium (CAC) studies, when reconstructed at low...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Outcome of endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke patients depends on collateral circulation to provide blood supply to the ischemic territory. We evaluated the performance of a commercially available algorithm for assessing the collateral score (CS) in acute ischemic stroke patients. Methods Retrospectively, baseline CTA scans...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Vascular anatomy might affect endovascular treatment success in acute ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion. We investigated the prognostic value of extracranial vascular characteristics on procedural time and revascularization success in patients with large vessel occlusion in the anterior cerebral circulation. Patie...
Article
Background Whether information on carotid plaque composition contributes to prediction of incident atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains to be investigated. We determined the sex-specific added value of carotid plaque components for predicting incident ASCVD events, beyond traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Methods Between 2...
Article
Full-text available
Background We evaluated data from all patients in the Netherlands who underwent endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke in the past 3.5 years, to identify nationwide trends in time to treatment and procedural success, and assess their effect on clinical outcomes. Methods We included patients with proximal occlusions of the anterior circul...
Article
Background: In patients with ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment (EVT), time to treatment and collateral status are important prognostic factors. We assessed the relation between time to CT angiography (CTA) and collateral status. Furthermore, we assessed whether collateral status modifies the relationship between onset to recanalizat...
Article
Background: Successful recanalization and good collateral status are associated with good clinical outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with endovascular treatment, but the relationships among them are unclear. Methods: We analysed data from the MR CLEAN Registry, a multicenter prospective cohort study of patients with acute ische...
Article
Background Aspirin and unfractionated heparin are often used during endovascular stroke treatment to improve reperfusion and outcomes. However, the effects and risks of anti-thrombotics for this indication are unknown. We therefore aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous aspirin, unfractionated heparin, both, or neither started durin...
Article
Introduction: In posterior circulation stroke (PCS), large artery atherosclerosis at the occlusion site or dissection is most often reported as underlying stroke etiology, while cardio embolism is less common than in anterior circulation stroke (ACS). As thrombus characteristics are related to the underlying stroke etiology, we hypothesized that di...
Article
Intracranial vessel perforation is a peri-procedural complication during endovascular therapy (EVT). Prompt recognition is important as its occurrence is strongly associated with unfavorable treatment outcomes. However, perforations can be hard to detect because they are rare, can be subtle, and the interventionalist is working under time pressure...
Article
Full-text available
Development of in silico models of patient-specific cerebral artery networks presents several significant technical challenges: (i) The resolution and smoothness of medical CT images are much lower than the required element/cell length for FEA/CFD/FSI models; (ii) contact between vessels, and indeed self contact of high tortuosity vessel segments a...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Incidence of ischemic stroke differs between men and women, with substantially higher rates in men. The underlying mechanism of this difference remains poorly understood but may be because of differences in carotid atherosclerosis. Using an in-depth imaging-based approach, we investigated differences between carotid plaque...
Article
Importance Patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck may develop lymph node metastasis; therefore, additional workup of the regional lymph nodes in these patients should be considered. However, there is uncertainty regarding the value of baseline ultrasonographic imaging in addition to clinical examination for the d...
Article
Background Time to reperfusion in patients with ischemic stroke is strongly associated with functional outcome and may differ between hospitals and between patients within hospitals. Improvement in time to reperfusion can be guided by between‐hospital and within‐hospital comparisons and requires insight in specific targets for improvement. We aimed...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although the provision of performance feedback to healthcare professionals based on data from quality registries is common practice in many fields of medicine, observational studies of its effect on the quality of care have shown mixed results. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of performance feedback on the quality o...
Article
Full-text available
In order to assess coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification reproducibility for photon-counting computed tomography (PCCT) at reduced tube potential, an anthropomorphic thorax phantom with low-, medium-, and high-density CAC inserts was scanned with PCCT (NAEOTOM Alpha, Siemens Healthineers) at two heart rates: 0 and 60–75 beats per minute (bpm...
Article
Background and Purpose Accumulating evidence highlights the existence of distinct morphological subtypes of intracranial carotid arteriosclerosis. So far, little is known on the prevalence of these subtypes and subsequent stroke risk in the general population. We determined the prevalence of morphological subtypes of intracranial arteriosclerosis a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Early detection of large vessel occlusion (LVO) is essential to facilitate fast endovascular treatment. CT angiography (CTA) is used to detect LVO in suspected stroke patients. We aimed to assess the accuracy of CTA evaluations in daily clinical practice in a large cohort of suspected stroke patients. Patients and methods: We used...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The value of administering intravenous alteplase before endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke has not been studied extensively, particularly in non-Asian populations. Methods: We performed an open-label, multicenter, randomized trial in Europe involving patients with stroke who presented directly to a hospital that w...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The benefit of endovascular treatment (EVT) for posterior circulation stroke (PCS) remains uncertain, and little is known on treatment outcomes in clinical practice. This study evaluates outcomes of a large PCS cohort treated with EVT in clinical practice. Simultaneous to this observational study, several intervention centers...
Article
Background and Purpose Prediction models for outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke who will undergo endovascular treatment have been developed to improve patient management. The aim of the current study is to provide an overview of preintervention models for functional outcome after endovascular treatment and to validate these models with...
Article
Full-text available
Background Brain atrophy is suggested to impair the potential for functional recovery after acute ischemic stroke. We assessed whether the effect of endovascular treatment is modified by brain atrophy in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion. Methods We used data from MR CLEAN, a multicenter trial including patients wit...
Article
Background and Purpose Whereas a clear benefit of endovascular treatment for anterior circulation stroke has been established, randomized trials assessing the posterior circulation have failed to show efficacy. Previous studies in anterior circulation stroke suggest that advanced thrombectomy devices were of great importance in achieving clinical b...
Article
Background and Purpose Endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke has been proven clinically effective, but evidence of the cost-effectiveness based on real-world data is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess whether endovascular therapy plus usual care is cost-effective in comparison to usual care alone in acute ischemic stroke patient...
Article
Background and Purpose Blinded outcome assessment in trials with prospective randomized open blinded end point design is challenging. Unblinding can result in misclassified outcomes and biased treatment effect estimates. An outcome adjudication committee assures blinded outcome assessment, but the added value for trials with prospective randomized...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Distinct subtypes of intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) have been found (i.e., medial and intimal), which may differentially be associated with the formation of collaterals. We investigated the association of ICAC subtype with collateral status in patients undergoing endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for ischemic str...
Article
Thrombus composition and mechanical properties significantly impact the procedural ease and outcomes of thrombectomy procedures in patients with acute ischemic stroke. A wide variation exists in the histological properties of thrombi between patients. If a relationship can be determined between the histological composition of a thrombus and its mec...