AV Kirdyanov

AV Kirdyanov
Russian Academy of Sciences | RAS · Sukachev Institute of Forest

36.14
 · 
PhD

About

109
Publications
27,162
Reads
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2,799
Citations
Research Experience
May 2016 - present
Siberian Federal University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 1993 - present
Russian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
The forest-steppe ecotone in southern Siberia is characterized by a strong dependence of tree growth on summer drought, which is expected to increase under ongoing climate change, with potential consequences for regional and global water and carbon cycles. Since climate conditions control tree secondary growth throughout the growing season, it is a...
Article
Full-text available
Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have had significant impacts on the radiation budget, atmospheric and surface temperatures, precipitation and regional weather patterns, resulting in global climatic changes. The changes associated with such eruptions most commonly result in cooling during several years after events. This study aimed to reveal eco-p...
Article
Full-text available
To place recent hydroclimate changes, including drought occurrences, in a long-term historical context, tree-ring records serve as an important natural archive. Here, we evaluate 46 millennium-long tree-ring based hydroclimate reconstructions for their Data Homogeneity, Sample Replication, Growth Coherence, Chronology Development, and Climate Signa...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
X‐ray microdensitometry on annually resolved tree‐ring samples has gained an exceptional position in last‐millennium paleoclimatology through the maximum latewood density (MXD) parameter, but also increasingly through other density parameters. For 50 years, X‐ray based measurement techniques have been the de facto standard. However, studies report...
Article
Full-text available
It is generally accepted that animal heartbeat and lifespan are often inversely correlated, however, the relationship between productivity and longevity has not yet been described for trees growing under industrial and pre-industrial climates. Using 1768 annually resolved and absolutely dated ring width measurement series from living and dead conif...
Article
Full-text available
Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have far-reaching impacts on global climate and society. Tree rings can provide valuable climatic information on these impacts across different spatial and temporal scales. To detect temperature and hydroclimatic changes after strong stratospheric Common Era (CE) volcanic eruptions for the last 1500 years (535 CE un...
Article
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Though tree-ring chronologies are annually resolved, their dating has never been independently validated at the global scale. Moreover, it is unknown if atmospheric radiocarbon enrichment events of cosmogenic origin leave spatiotemporally consistent fingerprints. Here we measure the 14C content in 484 individual tree rings formed in the periods 770...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this Article contained an error in the Data Availability section, which incorrectly read ‘All data will be freely available via https://www.ams.ethz.ch/research.html.’ The correct version states ‘http://www.ams.ethz.ch/research/published-data.html’ in place of ‘https://www.ams.ethz.ch/research.html’. This has been corrected...
Article
Though the extraction of increment cores is common practice in tree-ring research, there is no standard for the number of samples per tree, or trees per site needed to accurately describe the common growth pattern of a discrete population of trees over space and time. Tree-ring chronologies composed of living, subfossil and archaeological material...
Article
Although it has been recognized that rising temperatures and shifts in the hydrological cycle affect the depth of the seasonally thawing upper permafrost stratum, it remains unclear to what extent the frequency and intensity of wildfires, and subsequent changes in vegetation cover, influence the soil active layer on different spatiotemporal scales....
Article
Full-text available
Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have far-reaching impacts on global climate and society. Tree rings can provide valuable climatic information on these impacts across different spatial and temporal scales. Here we explore the suitability of tree-ring width (TRW), maximum latewood density (MXD), cell wall thickness (CWT), and δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O in tree-r...
Article
Full-text available
Permafrost exerts strong controls on forest development through nutrient availability. The key question of this study was to assess the effect of site conditions on macroelement concentration and stable isotope (δ¹³C and δ¹⁵N) dynamics during the growing season, and nutrient stoichiometry and resorption efficiency in the foliage of two common larch...
Article
Warming-induced biological and ecological responses have been reported from high-northern latitude sites, where changes in dwarf shrub communities translate into complex vegetation-climate feedbacks. Most of the available Arctic tree-ring evidence is, however, restricted to a limited number of species and locations. A combination of wood anatomical...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding climate change impacts on drought-prone forests is a critical issue. We investigated ring-width and stable isotopes (Δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O) in two Pinus sylvestris stands of the cold-dry Siberian forest-steppe growing under contrasting climatic trends over the last 75 years. Despite regional warming, there was increasing precipitation during...
Article
Full-text available
Key message: Minimum wood density exhibits strong responses to precipitation and, thus, it is a robust proxy of early season water availability.Abstract: Tracheids fulfil most wood functions in conifers (mechanical support and water transport) and earlywood tracheids account for most hydraulic conductivity within the annual tree ring. Dry condition...
Article
Büntgen et al. reply — We agree with Helama et al. in their call for further research into the climate of the first half of the Common Era. However, we argue that they underestimate the combined efficacy of environmental, archaeological and historical indicators in establishing a prolonged period of cold summers across much of the Northern Hemisphe...
Article
Arctic driftwood may represent a cross-disciplinary proxy archive at the interface of marine and terrestrial environments, which will likely gain in importance under future global climate change. Circumpolar network analyses that systematically consider species-specific boreal origin areas, transport routes and deposition characteristics of Arctic...
Article
Full-text available
Wood from the boreal forest represents an important resource for paper production and sawmill processing. Due to poor infrastructure and high transportation costs on land, timbers are often transported over long distances along large river systems. Industrial river rafting activities started at the end of the 19th century and were intensified in we...
Article
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The area covered by boreal forests accounts for ∼16% of the global and 22% of the Northern Hemisphere landmass. Changes in the productivity and functioning of this circumpolar biome not only have strong effects on species composition and diversity at regional to larger scales, but also on the Earth’s carbon cycle. Although temporal inconsistency in...
Article
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The biogeochemistry and ecology of the Arctic environment have been heavily impacted by anthropogenic pollution and climate change. We used ICP-MS to measure concentrations of 26 elements in the AD 1300-2000 tree rings of larch from the Taymyr Peninsula in northern Siberia for studying the interaction between environmental change and wood chemistry...
Article
Tree-ring chronologies are widely used to reconstruct high-to low-frequency variations in growing season temperatures over centuries to millennia. The relevance of these timeseries in large-scale climate reconstructions is often determined by the strength of their correlation against instrumental temperature data. However, this single criterion ign...
Article
Tree rings are natural archives of climate and environmental information with a yearly resolution. Indeed, wood anatomical, chemical, and other properties of tree rings are a synthesis of several intrinsic and external factors, and their interaction during tree growth. In particular, Intra-Annual Density Fluctuations (IADFs) can be considered as tr...
Article
Full-text available
This research is an attempt to study seasonal translocation patterns of photoassimilated carbon within trees of one of the high latitudes widespread deciduous conifer species Larix gmelinii (Rupr. Rupr). For this purpose, we applied whole-tree labeling by (13)CO2, which is a powerful and effective tool for tracing newly developed assimilates transl...
Article
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Climatic changes during the first half of the Common Era have been suggested to play a role in societal reorganizations in Europe1,2 and Asia3,4. In particular, the sixth century coincides with rising and falling civilizations1–6 , pandemics7,8 , human migration and political turmoil8–13. Our understanding of the magnitude and spatial extent as wel...
Article
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Forests play a key role in the carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems. One of the main uncertainties in global change predictions lies in how the spatiotemporal dynamics of forest productivity will be affected by climate warming. Here we show an increasing influence of climate on the spatial variability of tree growth during the last 120 y, ultim...
Data
Full-text available
Trends in elemental concentrations of tree rings from the Siberian Arctic. Tree‐Ring Research 72:67─77. Fig. S1. Schematic diagram describing methodological approach used in this study to detect the changes in variance behavior of normalized element concentrations measured in tree rings. A) Sampled trees and their overlaps: line represents a span o...
Article
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Stable Zn isotopes fractionation was studied in main biogeochemical compartments of a pristine larch forest of Central Siberia developed over continuous permafrost basalt rocks. Two north- and south-oriented watershed slopes having distinctly different vegetation biomass and active layer depth were used as natural proxy for predicting possible futu...
Article
Stable oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) in trees from high latitude ecosystems are valuable sources of information for recent and past environmental changes, but the interpretation is hampered by the complex hydrology of forests growing under permafrost conditions, where only a shallow layer of soil melts in summer. We investigated larch trees (Larix...
Article
Full-text available
Wood is the main terrestrial biotic reservoir for long-term carbon sequestration, and its formation in trees consumes around 15% of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions each year. However, the seasonal dynamics of woody biomass production cannot be quantified from eddy covariance or satellite observations. As such, our understanding of this key c...
Article
It is generally assumed in dendroecological studies that annual tree-ring growth is adequately determined by a linear function of local or regional precipitation and temperature with a set of coefficients that are temporally invariant. However, various researchers have maintained that tree-ring records are the result of multivariate, often nonlinea...
Article
Full-text available
Significant gaps still exist in our knowledge about post-photosynthetic leaf level and downstream metabolic processes and isotopic fractionations. This includes their impact on the isotopic climate signal stored in the carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of leaf assimilates and tree rings. For the first time, we compared the seasonal δ13C variability...
Article
Full-text available
Estimations of tree annual biomass increments are used by a variety of studies related to forest productivity or carbon fluxes. Biomass increment estimations can be easily obtained from diameter surveys or historical diameter reconstructions based on tree rings' records. However, the biomass models rely on the assumption that wood density is consta...
Article
Full-text available
Recent findings indicated spruce from North America and larch from eastern Siberia to be the dominating tree species of Arctic driftwood throughout the Holocene. However, changes in source region forest and river characteristics, as well as ocean current dynamics and sea ice extent likely influence its spatiotemporal composition. Here, we present 2...
Presentation
Full-text available
Understanding how climate change affects forests at varying spatiotemporal scales is important for anticipating its impacts on terrestrial ecosystems. Tree populations located near distribution boundaries or in regions where growth is constrained by a dominant climatic factor may provide valuable information on tree-growth responses to climate chan...
Article
Annually resolved and millennium‐long reconstructions of large‐scale temperature variability are primarily composed of tree ring width (TRW) chronologies. Changes in ring width, however, have recently been shown to bias the ratio between low‐ and high‐frequency signals. To overcome limitations in capturing the full spectrum of past temperature vari...
Article
Little is known about the dynamics of concentrations and carbon isotope ratios of individual carbohydrates in leaves in response to climatic and physiological factors. Improved knowledge of the isotopic ratio in sugars will enhance our understanding of the tree ring isotope ratio and will help to decipher environmental conditions in retrospect more...
Article
Full-text available
Estimations of tree annual biomass increments are used by a variety of studies related to forest productivity or carbon fluxes. Biomass increment estimations can be easily obtained from diameter surveys or historical diameter reconstructions based on tree rings' records. However, the biomass models rely on the assumption that wood density is consta...
Article
Full-text available
Key message This study provides new data and an alternative framework to the debate of tree carbon economy in a context of increasing stress. Abstract For long-living trees, the resilience in times of stress is directly linked to the amount of accessible reserves. Despite the simplicity of this principle, the understanding of how carbon reserves...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite large geographic extent of deciduous conifer species Larix gmelinii, its seasonal photosynthetic activity and translocation of photoassimilated carbon within a tree remain poorly studied. To get better insight into productivity of larch trees growing on permafrost soils in Siberian larch biome we aimed to analyze dynamics of foliage paramet...
Article
Full-text available
Significant gaps still exist in our knowledge about post-photosynthetic leaf level and downstream metabolic processes and isotopic fractionations. This includes their impact on the isotopic climate signal stored in the carbon isotope composition (δ 13 C) of leaf assimilates and tree rings. For the first time, we compared the seasonal δ 13 C variabi...
Article
1. The effects of climate change on Arctic ecosystems can range between various spatiotemporal scales and may include shifts in population distribution, community composition, plant phenology, primary productivity and species biodiversity. The growth rates and age structure of tundra vegetation as well as its response to temperature variation, howe...
Article
Full-text available
The radial growth of Siberian larch under the impact of pollutants emitted by enterprises of Norilsk has been analyzed to reconstruct the die-off dynamics of larch stands located along the Rybnaya River, along the main direction of pollutant air transport. Dendrochronological cross dating is used to detect the year of die off of 268 trees growing i...
Article
Full-text available
Today, there are only a handful of millennial-long and annually resolved tree-ring chronologies in existence. Explicit gaps in the global distribution of these regional chronologies together with an overall declining sample size back in time compel a community-wide challenge to discover new tree ring-based climate proxy records. Here, we present ev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite large geographic extent of deciduous conifer species Larix gmelinii, its seasonal photosynthetic activity and translocation of photoassimilated carbon within a tree remain poorly studied. To get better insight into productivity of larch trees growing on permafrost soils in Siberian larch biome we aimed to analyze dynamics of foliage paramet...
Article
While the forest-tundra zone in Siberia, Russia has been dendroclimatologically well-studied in recent decades, much less emphasis has been given to a wide belt of northern taiga larch forests located to the south. In this study, climate and local site conditions are explored to trace their influence on radial growth of Gmelin larch (Larix gmelinii...
Article
Processes of xylem formation in Dahurian larch have been studied at three sites differing in the hydrothermal regime of soils in the permafrost zone of Middle Siberia. It has been found that the start and end dates of different phases of tree ring formation may differ between the sites by up to 14 days, depending on site conditions. The data obtain...
Article
Full-text available
Different methods have been developed for measuring carbon stocks and fluxes in the northern high latitudes, ranging from intensively measured small plots to space-based methods that use reflectance data to drive production efficiency models. The field of dendroecology has used samples of tree growth from radial increments to quantify long-term var...
Article
Full-text available
The development of research into the history of tree growth and inferred summer temperature changes in Yamalia spanning the last 2000 years is reviewed. One focus is the evolving production of tree-ring width (TRW) and tree-ring maximum-latewood density (MXD) larch (Larix sibirica) chronologies, incorporating different applications of Regional Curv...
Article
Full-text available
Premise of the study: Xylem structure determines the hydraulic and mechanical properties of a stem, and its plasticity is fundamental for maintaining tree performance under changing conditions. Unveiling the mechanism and the range of xylem adjustment is thus necessary to anticipate climate change impacts on vegetation. Methods: To understand th...
Article
The main goal of this study is to improve our understanding of the influence of a changing climate on trees in extreme conditions by a detailed analysis of the factors controlling tree-ring growth. We investigated forest ecosystems in regions that are very sensitive to climatic changes and where rapid and dramatic environmental and climatic changes...
Article
Forest fire is one of the most important environmental factors which define forest ecosystem functioning in the continuous permafrost zone in the north of Siberia. Tree-ring width (TRW) and stable isotope (13C/12C and 18O/16O) chronologies from two Larix Gmelinii sites with initially different conditions (wet and dry) and characterized by different...
Article
Global change is expected to alter boreal forest conditions with far reaching consequences for tree growth in these ecosystems. Within this study we aimed at determining which limiting factors control tree-growth on permafrost under different site conditions. A tree-ring multi-proxy characterisation of mature Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Rupr. from a con...
Article
Arctic environments, where surface temperatures increase and sea ice cover and permafrost depth decrease, are very sensitive to even slight climatic variations. Placing recent environmental change of the high-northern latitudes in a long-term context is, however, complicated by too short meteorological observations and too few proxy records. Driftw...