A. Specht

A. Specht
The University of Queensland | UQ · School of Earth and Environmental Sciences

PhD

About

103
Publications
32,162
Reads
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1,773
Citations
Introduction
2020- Ecosystem research analyst, TERN. Working on research data workflow, UX, collaboration, coastal dune surveys, phytoaccumulation...DataONE projects, RDA groups. Co-lead of PARSEC, a Belmont-Forum SEI project. 2018-2020, Hon Assoc. Prof. SEES. 2015-2020: Director of CESAB-FRB in France. 2009-2014: established ACEAS in Australia. 1987-2009: tenured academic at Southern Cross University; won a national teaching award for the application of authentic learning.
Additional affiliations
February 2020 - present
The Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Position
  • Analyst
Description
  • This is a part-time job, where I support TERN where required, providing expertise to the TERN office.
January 2018 - December 2020
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2015 - present
Fondation pour la Récherche pour la Biodiversité
Position
  • Director, CESAB
Description
  • This position entails overseeing the management and direction of CESAB and its synthesis activities, its data management strategy and information systems, engaging externally, and working as part of the team at FRB.

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Full-text available
The SHARC Interest Group of the Research Data Alliance was established to improve research crediting and rewarding mechanisms for scientists who wish to organise their data (and material resources) for community sharing. This requires that data are findable and accessible on the Web, and comply with shared standards making them interoperable and re...
Article
Full-text available
The value of sharing scientific research data is widely appreciated, but factors that hinder or prompt the reuse of data remain poorly understood. Using the Theory of Reasoned Action, we test the relationship between the beliefs and attitudes of scientists towards data reuse, and their self-reported data reuse behaviour. To do so, we used existing...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the process of retrieval and updating legacy data to allow on-line discovery and delivery. There are many pitfalls of institutional and non-institutional ecological data conservation over the long term. Interruptions to custodianship, old media, lost knowledge and the continuous evolution of species names makes resurrection of...
Article
Full-text available
The challenges of Reproducibility and Replicability (R & R) in computer science experiments have become a focus of attention in the last decade, as efforts to adhere to good research practices have increased. However, experiments using Deep Learning (DL) remain difficult to reproduce due to the complexity of the techniques used. Challenges such as...
Poster
Full-text available
Profound changes in our world are exacerbating data availability challenges at the global level, in particular between scientists and other knowledge workers from regions separated by various features including historical, financial, cultural, political aspects, aside from time and space . Very few, if any, of our present problems such as biodivers...
Poster
Full-text available
The challenges of Reproducibility and Replicability (R&R) have become a focus of attention in order to promote open and accessible research. Therefore, efforts have been made to develop good practices for R&R in the area of computer science. Nevertheless, Deep Learning (DL) based experiments remain difficult to reproduce by others due to the comple...
Poster
Full-text available
In computer science, there are more and more efforts to improve reproducibility. However, it is still difficult to reproduce the experiments of other scientists, and even more difficult when it comes to Deep Learning (DL). Making a DL research experiment reproducible requires a lot of work to document, verify, and make the system usable. These chal...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation is a contribution from the PARSEC team. PARSEC is a project sponsored by the Belmont Forum as part of its Collaborative Research Action (CRA) on Science-Driven e-Infrastructures Innovation (SEI), with funding from FAPESP, the ANR, JST and the NSF, with collaborators from Australia, and support from the synthesis centre CESAB of th...
Presentation
Full-text available
Environmental science teams are characteristically multi-disciplinary, multi-national, and multi-organisational. The environmental and ecological challenges that face us make these characteristics unavoidable if the best open science is to be achieved. The importance of ensuring the terms that describe shared data, and indeed information, are well-...
Article
Full-text available
Socioeconomic indicators are essential to help design and monitor the impact of public policies on society. Such indicators are usually obtained through census data collected at 10-year intervals, which are not only temporally coarse but expensive. Over recent years other ways of collecting data and producing these indicators have been explored, in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As clearly established in a series of discussion papers commissioned by the Australian government, there is an urgent need for improved ability to integrate the wealth of available data and modelling expertise to enable flexible and timely prediction of future environmental scenarios. The Australian government, under the National Collaborative Rese...
Presentation
Full-text available
Instruments for the conservation of biodiversity are frequently seen as counter productive for human life and prosperity. This session will provide a basis for lively discussion and knowledge-sharing using evidence-based science, the incorporation of indigenous values, and insights from practice to achieve good biodiversity conservation outcomes wi...
Article
Full-text available
Incorporating user experience (UX) testing when creating research cyberinfrastructure is often overlooked, but if left too late, the cost of retrofitting is considerable, and the very clients the cyberinfrastructure was built to serve may be lost. Successfully integrating UX testing into the product development cycle can be difficult but rewarding....
Poster
Full-text available
We are now facing profound changes (biodiversity, climate, pandemic, etc.). Human impacts and their mitigation will depend on our ability to mobilize research at the global level. The sustainable development of the society will largely depend on the sustainable development of global science and scientific research tools, outputs, and research ecosy...
Article
Full-text available
DataONE, funded from 2009-2019 by the U.S. National Science Foundation, is an early example of a large-scale project that built both a cyberinfrastructure and culture of data discovery, sharing, and reuse. DataONE used a Working Group model, where a diverse group of participants collaborated on targeted research and development activities to achiev...
Article
Full-text available
The International Biological Program (IBP: 1964-1974) was initiated by the International Council of Scientific Unions (now the International Science Council, ISC) to promote the worldwide study of production on land, in freshwaters and in the seas, the potentialities and uses of new and existing natural resources, and human adaptability to changing...
Article
Full-text available
Raymond Louis Specht, PhD (Adel), DSc (Adel), AO, Professor Emeritus at the University of Queensland, died on 13 February 2021, after a long life of 96 ½ years. He had a very rich life of enormous productivity in his chosen fields (Australian flora, the study of ecosystem processes, and the conservation of Australia’s biota), and was a tireless pro...
Poster
Full-text available
In the PARSEC project, our team of data science experts are partnering with our multi-country synthesis science research team to build relevant tools and processes for better data and software management that integrate into the research lifecycle and are to be shared with the wider research community. This poster articulates the technology challeng...
Presentation
Full-text available
In addition to the iPoster prepared for the session, this presentation provides an overview of the Data and Digital Output Management Plan and Workbook developed for the PARSEC project. The Workbook and the supporting checklist are outputs designed to be shared broadly in the community with supporting materials for use by Earth, space, and environm...
Technical Report
Full-text available
PARSEC Data and Digital Output Management Plan and Workbook for the Belmont Forum Collaborative Research Action (CRA) Science-driven e-Infrastructure Innovation (SEI) for the Enhancement of Transnational, Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Data Use in Environmental Change Project Building New Tools for Data Sharing and Reuse through a Trans...
Poster
Full-text available
Despite the fact that the implementation of the FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Reusable, Interoperable) has become necessary in new research projects to meet the requirements of funding organisations and respond to some funders calls, many institutions do not consider data sharing through implementation of the FAIR principles as a research...
Poster
Full-text available
FAIRisation: includes all the necessary processes to implement FAIR principles from the moment a political decision has been validated in this direction. It includes pre-Fairification steps, FAIRification steps and evaluation steps for each aspect of FAIRification. Pre-FAIRification: Processes necessary in a community to permit the FAIR principles...
Poster
Full-text available
The SHARC (SHAring Reward & Credit) interest group (IG) is an interdisciplinary group set up in the framework of RDA (Research Data Alliance) to improve crediting and rewarding mechanisms in the sharing process throughout the data life cycle. Notably, one of the objectives is to promote data sharing activities in research assessment schemes at nati...
Poster
Full-text available
SHARC (SHAring Reward & Credit) est un groupe d'intérêt scientifique interdisciplinaire créé dans le cadre de RDA (Research Data Alliance) dans le but de faciliter le partage des données de recherche (et des ressources) par la valorisation de l'ensemble des activités pré-requises à ce partage, tout au long du cycle de vie des données. Dans ce cadre...
Poster
Full-text available
The RDA-SHARC (SHAring Reward & Credit) interest group is an interdisciplinary volunteer member-based group set up as part of RDA (Research Data Alliance) to unpack and improve crediting and rewarding mechanisms in the sharing process throughout the data life cycle. Background and objectives of this group are reported here. Notably, one of the obje...
Research
re-examination of existing survey data to test attitudes and perceptions of scientists to data re-use. A London School of Economics 'Impact of Social Sciences' blog: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2018/03/20/what-factors-do-scientists-perceive-as-promoting-or-hindering-scientific-data-reuse/
Article
Full-text available
Synthesis centers offer a unique amalgam of culture, infrastructure, leadership, and support that facilitates creative discovery on issues crucial to science and society. The combination of logistical support, postdoctoral or senior fellowships, complex data management, informatics and computing capability or expertise, and most of all, opportunity...
Poster
Full-text available
Data produced by biodiversity research projects that evaluate and monitor Good Environmental Status have a high potential for use by stakeholders involved in [marine] environmental management. The lack of specific scientific objectives, poor organizational logic, and a characteristically disorganized collection of information leads to a decentraliz...
Chapter
In a world where there is increasing demand for solutions to urgent and complex ecological questions requiring multidisciplinary participation and transdisciplinary insight, but where the abundance of information has become overwhelming, the analysis and synthesis centre has emerged recently as an effective and arguably indispensible tool. Using st...
Presentation
Full-text available
Data produced by biodiversity research projects that evaluate and monitor Good Environmental Status have a high potential for use by stakeholders involved in [marine] environmental management. The lack of specific scientific objectives, poor organizational logic, and a characteristically disorganized collection of information leads to a decentraliz...
Article
Full-text available
Phenology is the study of periodic biological occurrences and can provide important insights into the influence of climatic variability and change on ecosystems. Understanding Australia's vegetation phenology is a challenge due to its diverse range of ecosystems, from savannas and tropical rainforests to temperate eucalypt woodlands, semi-arid scru...
Article
Full-text available
Phenology is the study of periodic biological occurrences and can provide important insights into the influence of climatic variability and change on ecosystems. Understanding Australia’s vegetation phenology is a challenge due to its diverse range of ecosystems, from savannas and tropical rainforests to temperate eucalypt woodlands, semi-arid scru...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate ground-based estimation of the carbon stored in terrestrial ecosystems is critical to quantifying the global carbon budget. Allometric models provide cost-effective methods for biomass prediction. But do such models vary with ecoregion or plant functional type? We compiled 15,054 measurements of individual tree or shrub biomass from across...
Research
Full-text available
This report, published in 1999, is of a project funded by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation in the mid-1990s, supplemented by information derived from an Australian Research Council grant to the author. At the time the research was conducted, there was a focus on replacing timber extracted from native forests with plantation...
Article
We examine the DataONE (Data Observation Network for Earth) project, a transdisciplinary organization tasked with creating a cyberinfrastructure platform to ensure preservation of and access to environmental science and biological science data. Its objective was a difficult one to achieve, requiring innovative solutions. The DataONE project used a...
Article
Full-text available
To properly manage our natural and managed landscapes, and to restore or repair degraded areas, it is important to know the changes that have taken place over time, particularly with respect to land use and its cumulative effect on ecological function. In common with many places in the world, where the industrial revolution resulted in profound cha...
Article
Full-text available
The natural diet of the camaenid land snail Thersites mitchellae (Cox, 1864) was investigated by examination of the faecal contents of specimens collected from a range of substrates. The composition of faecal pellets from 22 snails obtained from three different substrates was determined. The results demonstrate that T. mitchellae has a generalist f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The days of relying on the advice of a chosen few, and expecting that a small team can deal with complex ecosystem challenges are long gone. Additionally, the reporting requirements of today's world mean objectivity is vital, and critical review is an integral part of this. Over the past four years there has been a pilot running in Australia to tes...
Presentation
The Grand ACEAS Workshop 2014 explored the relevance of analysis and synthesis through the experience of ACEAS participants. The ACEAS community pioneered the Synthesis Centre experiment in Australia, and spoke with authority about the utility and relevance of an intervention such as ACEAS. The event was a combination of public discussion and the t...
Chapter
Floristic components of almost 5000 ecological surveys of Australian vegetation were sorted into 338 TWINSPAN floristic groups. Eight major biogeographic regions, with 45 subdivisions, were defined. Species richness (number of species per hectare) of overstory plants is positively related to the annual biomass production of that stratum. The annual...
Article
Full-text available
Drought in the earliest years of the twentieth century stimulated much discussion in Brisbane about the quality of the water supplied to the rapidly growing city. One of the various schemes developed by the Board of Waterworks to obtain better water was the Stradbroke Island Scheme. Although not adopted, its consideration required the close examina...
Article
Full-text available
The understanding developed through intensive monitoring over 18 years of Eighteen Mile Swamp on North Stradbroke Island, south-eastern Queensland, Australia, is discussed in this paper. This wetland is the largest coastal peat swamp in eastern Australia and is typifi ed by its sandy, poor nutrient substrate and peat base. On-ground and remote moni...
Article
Full-text available
s Rainforest Snail Thersites mitchellae Cox 1864 is listed as'endangered' under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, as 'critically endangered' under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, and is on the IUCN Red List. Over the last 30 years, fewer than 20 live snails have been formally recorded in Museum and...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Until now Australia has lacked an integrated program to collect, store, and share ecosystem data sets, measurement protocols, models and knowledge. Answering the fundamental question of how our ecosystems are changing over time, has not been possible. In this presentation we demonstrate how the newly-established TERN w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper concerns the use of remote sensing as a tool for monitoring the health of a natural, remote, coastal, groundwater-dependent wetland on a large subtropical sandy island. Monitoring was aimed at detecting any effects of extraction of groundwater on vegetation. The Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) has been used annually since 1...
Article
Full-text available
North Stradbroke Island is a large sand mass of ecological and economic value and is a unique geological and hydrological feature. The island has evolved through a variety of marine-and wind-driven processes involving movement and deposition of sands. These processes have resulted in characteristic geomorphology and physical properties. An essentia...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper it is demonstrated, through an instance of a localized short-term oscillating mode of water extraction from a large coastal oligotrophic hind-dune peat swamp, Eighteen Mile Swamp, North Stradbroke Island, that the mode of water extraction is as important as the amount of water extracted. A six-year duration, high-frequency drought-wet...
Article
Full-text available
The natural streamside levees on the floodplain of the Clarence River in subtropical eastern Australia were occupied by riparian rainforest prior to European settlement. They were almost completely cleared for agriculture over a ten-year period from 1857 as a direct consequence of changes to land ownership laws. The floodplain is now a highly devel...
Article
Full-text available
The natural streamside levees on the floodplain of the Clarence River in subtropical eastern Australia were occupied by riparian rainforest prior to European settlement. They were almost completely cleared for agriculture over a ten-year period from 1857 as a direct consequence of changes to land ownership laws. The floodplain is now a highly devel...
Article
In the species-rich overstorey of tropical and subtropical closed-forests (rainforests), a series of life-forms (emergent trees, canopy trees, subcanopy trees, mid-stratum trees and shrubs, interlaced with lianes) of increasing basal area, height and foliage attributes (leaf area, leaf specific weight and internode length) develop in equilibrium wi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
For tourism to be safe and sustainable it must work in concert with the environment in which it occurs. Much of Australia’s population and tourism activity is situated in the coastal zone, a high-energy environment. The focus of this report is to assess the vulnerability of the tourism industry in the central east coast of Australia to extreme nat...
Article
Foliar concentrations of N, P, K, Mg and Ca are reported for 12 rainforest timber species in five mixed-species plantings in the northern rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. The results are compared with data taken from natural stands, and with published records. Leaves of Dysoxylum mollissimum contained high levels of nitrogen (up to 4%),...