A J Sai Sankar

A J Sai Sankar
Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences | SIDS · Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry

MDS

About

76
Publications
23,698
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364
Citations
Introduction
SDF; Esthetic pediatric crowns; Digital cephalometrics; Caries risk assessment are the topics of interest
Additional affiliations
April 2003 - March 2020
Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences
Position
  • Head of Faculty
April 2003 - March 2020
Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences
Position
  • Head of Faculty
Education
February 1997 - March 1999
Bapuji Dental College & Hospital
Field of study
  • Pedodontics and Preventive dentistry

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
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Background: Children consume foods that are colorful which contain food additives that stain not only the tooth structure but also the restorations. As esthetics is of prime concern for both parents and children nowadays, long-term color stability of restorative materials is of utmost importance. Aim: To evaluate the color stability of two tooth...
Article
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Background: Remineralizing agents are found to be effective in the remineralization of early enamel caries and the remineralized enamel crystallites are more resistant to decalcification and also have the same orientation as the original enamel crystallites. Although child formula fluoridated dentifrices are used safely by young children their remi...
Article
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Background: Nonnutritive sucking can turn into a continuous behavior practiced unconsciously, leading to a deleterious oral habit. Digit-sucking habits are an important etiological factor for malocclusion. Aim: To investigate the effect of the digit-sucking habit on dentofacial structures by employing a cephalometric analysis. Materials and methods...
Article
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Introduction: Pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) are the most accepted form of medication prescribed for children to treat different infirmities, however, their harmful effects on a child's dental health are unaware for most of us. The present in vitro study was aimed to evaluate the erosive potential of two commonly used PLM'S on primary teeth an...
Article
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Introduction: Multiple factors influence the initiation and progression of caries. Recent research has revealed that free radicals can be a prime cause of several inflammatory oral pathologies, including dental caries by direct or indirect influence on the salivary constituents like disease mediated free radicals and antioxidants. Aim: The aim of t...
Article
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Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition of the craniosynostotic syndromes without syndactyly and with various dentofacial anomalies. Craniosynostosis, maxillary hypoplasia, shallow orbits, ocular proptosis and hypertelorism are the characteristic features of Crouzon syndrome. This report describes the variable clinical features in affec...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To evaluate the biodegradability of preformed stainless steel crowns at varying salivary pH and the cytotoxic effect of leached out elements on fibroblasts. Methodology: A total of 243 stainless steel crowns were selected and were divided into 3 groups (I, II, III) based on Ph of immersion media. The pH of samples in group I, II, III were 4.3,...
Article
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Eruption of the first tooth at 6 months of age is a significant stage in a child’s life. However, the presence of a tooth in the oral cavity of a newborn can lead to a lot of delusions. Natal and neonatal teeth are of utmost importance not only to a dentist but also for a pediatrician due to parental anxiety, folklore superstitions, and numerous co...
Article
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Aim and Background: Nowadays, clinical assessment of caries susceptibility is evaluated by the individuals taste perception. As food habits of the child are mostly influenced by the parents (mothers), it would be beneficial to assess the relation between mother and child’s taste status and their caries experience to predict the caries susceptibilit...
Article
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Background and Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of synthetic obturating material (Zinc oxide eugenol) individually and combined with medicinal plant extracts (Triphala, Aloevera, Tulsi) against four bacterial strains (Streptococcus mutans, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli). Methods:...
Article
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Background and Objective: Since their invention in 1970, glass‑ionomer cements (GICs) have been widely used in pediatric dentistry. They have undergone many modifications in composition till the recent nano cement which claims to have superior properties compared to their primal versions. One of the important requisites of restorative material is a...
Article
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Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is a rare autosomal‑dominant craniofacial disorder characterized by the lower lip pits, cleft lip, and/or cleft palate. Other associated features of VWS include ankyloglossia, high‑arched palate, limb anomalies, congenital heart defects, and bifid uvula. An early and proper diagnosis followed by a multidisciplinary appr...
Article
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Objective The main objective of the study was to determine the association of dental caries with socio-demographic factors like age, gender and socioeconomic status (SES); second is to explore the relationship between dental caries and nutritional status in school going children of Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. Methods In this cross-sectional s...
Article
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Background: The success of an endodontic treatment depends on effective disinfection and complete sealing of root canal. The irrigants that are currently used in the field of endodontics have certain limitations, so the quest for an ideal root canal irrigant continues. Nowadays, the use of herbal extracts such as Triphala and liquorice are used fo...
Article
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Plant materials were known as source of new antimicrobial agents. Many efforts have been made to develop alternative mouth rinses from natural products which are safe, easily available and substitute thestandard pharmaceutical remedies. Thus, considering the therapeutic value of pomegranate fruit, the presentstudywas designed to compare the antimic...
Article
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Background and Objective There were studies in the literature which showed the altered dermatoglyphics in the cleft children. But it would be beneficial if probable expression can be proved in prior generations, so that genetic counseling and other preventive measures can be undertaken. The aim of the study is to determine variations in dermatoglyp...
Article
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Background and Purpose of the Study: Two of the most critical factors affecting the prognosis of an avulsed tooth after replantation are extraoral dry time and the storage medium in which the tooth was placed before treatment could be rendered. The ability of a storage medium to support cell viability of the periodontal ligament (PDL) can be an imp...
Article
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As technology is advancing at a galloping rate, tissue engineering is no longer a fairy like idea; it is turning out to be a reality. Tissue engineering has developed as the new frontier in the arena of dentistry. New technology will persistently have a major impact on dental practice, from the development of high‑speed handpieces to modern restora...
Article
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A b s t r a c t Aim: Maintenance of primary dentition is imperative for the development of arch form, esthetics, function, mastication, and normal eruption of permanent teeth. Premature loss can cause various problems such as ectopic eruption, space loss for the successor permanent teeth, alterations in speech, and impairment of function. Hence, de...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a potentially disabling disease caused by complete or partial obstruction of the upper airway which is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, disruptive snoring and repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep. It is quite prevalent in adults; however its increased incidence...
Article
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Introduction: In the modern era, identification and determination of age is imperative for diversity of reasons that include disputed birth records, premature delivery, legal issues and for validation of birth certificate for school admissions, adoption, marriage, job and immigration. Several growth assessment parameters like bone age, dental age a...
Article
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Background: The reuse of instruments in the field of endodontics leads to cross infection due to contamination with microbes as the instruments come into direct contact with saliva, blood, and infected tissues. Since microbes are considered to be the major cause of endodontic failures, sterilization of endodontic instruments is mandatory for mainta...
Article
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Background and aim: Adequate salivary flow is an important requisite in the maintenance of oral health. Salivary flow increases in response to both gustatory (taste) and mechanical (chewing) stimuli. Hence, the aim of the present study was to know the efficacy of commercially available chewing gums (sugar free and sugared) on salivary flow rate (S...
Article
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Objectives: In spite of clinical success, the pulpotomy technique has been questioned for safety and effectiveness of currently available medicaments. In search of newer materials, there is a rapid research toward natural health remedies. Thus, an in vivo study was conducted to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic success of honey and...
Article
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Taurodontism is a relatively rare variance with a very low incidence in primary dentition and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. It stands a challenge when these teeth require pulp therapy. This case report illustrates the oral rehabilitation of multiple primary molars with taurodontism involving both the maxillary and mandibula...
Article
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Introduction: A clinician's path to success is a clean root canal system with three dimensional seal. Mechanical instrumentation of root canals alone leaves behind a smear layer covering the dentinal walls. Instrumentation must always be supported by use of irrigants which are considered as an essential prerequisite for root canal debridement. Ai...
Article
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Introduction: Fluoride plays a key role in prevention of dental caries and is also an essential element for oral health promotion both in children and adults. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of surface coating (petroleum jelly, G-Coat Plus) on the fluoride releasing property of conventional Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC)...
Article
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Natural commodities of honeybees have various ingredients within them, which contribute to their incredible properties. These products have been used in traditional medicine since ancient times, due to its biologically active nature in preventing infections, wound healing and in promoting health. This nature is credited to their antibacterial, anti...
Article
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Background Regular usage of denture cleansers is recommended in complete denture wearers for effective plaque control, and these cleansers alter the physical properties of acrylic resin over a period of time. Thus, an in vitro study was carried out to assess the effect of denture cleansers on the color stability of heat-cure denture base resin. Ai...
Article
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Background and objective Microleakage of restored teeth can be considered as a major contributing factor for the occurrence of tooth discoloration, secondary caries, deterioration of restorative material, postoperative tooth sensitivity, and pulpal irritation. The objective of this study was to compare the microleakage of primary molars restored wi...
Article
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Collagen is the most abundant protein that holds the whole body together in humans. It is found in the skin, bones, muscles and tendons and provides a scaffold to give strength and structure. These are proteins of unique structure and function with wide distribution throughout the animal kingdom ranging from insects to man. They are the major fibro...
Article
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Background and objectives: The absence, destruction, or loss of β-cells of pancreas results in type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [IDDM]). Presently, diagnosis and periodic monitoring of diabetes is achieved by evaluating blood glucose levels as it is relatively invasive and dreaded by children. In the light of this, present stud...
Article
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Objectives: The present in vivo study is done to compare and evaluate the retention of the traditional hydrophobic pit and fissure sealant with a hydrophilic resin-based sealant on first permanent molars and to compare the sealant retention in maxillary and mandibular first permanent molars. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial...
Article
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Goldenhar syndrome (GS) is a rare abnormality affecting the craniofacial region having extra cranial manifestations as well. The first observation of the anomaly was reported by Arlt F in 1881. Dr Maurice Goldenhar in 1952 gave the name Goldenhar syndrome. The etiology of this disease still remains unclear and occurs as sporadic. However, some rese...
Article
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The purpose of the study is to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of Carisolv and Papacarie. There are only a few studies comparing the primary teeth. The objective of this study is to assess the effects of Carisolv and Papacarie on cariogenic flora and to compare them. Fifteen children aged 4-8 years who had at least two primary molars with broad...
Article
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Hand foot and mouth disease is an acute viral illness caused by the Coxsackie virus. The contagious nature of the disease is threatening as the disease primarily affects the children of school going age. As the name suggests, typical lesions will be seen over the hands, feet and in the oral cavity. The child gets irritated, febrile and lethargic. O...
Article
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Background: Erosion is a common condition which manifests due to consumption of high caloric and low pH acidic food stuffs such as carbonated drinks and fruit juices which cause irreversible damage to dental hard tissues and early deterioration of the dental restorations. Aim: The main aim of this study is to evaluate and to compare the erosive pot...
Article
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Tobacco usage in different forms is the single most common etiological factor responsible for oral cancers. The aim of the present study was to record various mucosal lesions associated with tobacco usage and to ascertain the prevalence of dysplasia in them by histopathological evaluation and to compare the extent of dysplastic features seen among...
Article
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Amelogenesis Imperfecta (AI) is a hereditary enamel defect which is characterized by developmental abnormalities in the quantity and/ or quality of enamel. This condition has been associated with dental anomalies, including taurodontism, congenitally missing teeth, delayed eruption, crown resorption, pulpal calcifications and odontogenic fibromas....
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of pulp stones in a group of the population of Andhra Pradesh. This study also aims to determine the association of pulp stones in different sexes, tooth type, dental arches and sides and with systemic diseases. A total of 4449 teeth of 2000 patients were examined, comprising of patients with C....
Article
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Trauma to the anterior teeth is a common phenomenon in young children and in adolescents. Uncomplicated crown fracture to the permanent teeth has an intense effect not only on the patient’s appearance, but also on function and speech. This case report describes a novel technique in restoring an uncomplicated fractured maxillary anterior tooth in a...
Article
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Odontometrics is the biometric science that studies size of tooth. This tooth size data can be used to compare prehistoric and modern populations; to know the heritabilities and to study the development of dental occlusion. Thus the aim of the present study was to obtain crown dimensions of primary molars in a sample of South Indian children. 100 c...
Article
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4 major EB types and 30 subtypes depending upon the histological level of tissue separation. The groups include intraepidermal EB (simplex), junctional EB, dermolytic EB (dystrophic), and mixed EB (Kindler syndrome). [5] Skin biopsy is the first diagnostic tool. The standard hematoxylin and eosin staining reveals the level of skin separation. Elect...
Article
Pyogenic granuloma, or granuloma pyogenicum, is a common, tumor-like growth of the oral cavity or skin that is considered to be an exaggerated, localized connective tissue reaction to a minor injury or irritation. A total of five clinical cases of oral pyogenic granuloma were randomly selected in the age group between 26 and 41 years. All these cas...
Article
Full-text available
Pyogenic granuloma, or granuloma pyogenicum, is a common, tumor-like growth of the oral cavity or skin that is considered to be an exaggerated, localized connective tissue reaction to a minor injury or irritation. A total of five clinical cases of oral pyogenic granuloma were randomly selected in the age group between 26 and 41 years. All these cas...
Article
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As the search for a better biocompatible medicament is on, aim of the present study was to evaluate the pulpal response to collagen particles impregnated in antibiotics (Biofil-AB™) and new commercially available cement (Pulpotec) that can be used as pulpal medicament. Total sample of 40 teeth from 20 children in the age group of 7-10 years which a...
Conference Paper
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Article
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Herbal remedies have a long history of use for gum and tooth problems such as dental caries. The present microbiological study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of three medicinal plants (Terminalia chebula Retz., Clitoria ternatea Linn., and Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck.) Merr.) on three pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavi...
Article
White sponge nevus is a rare, inherited disorder that usually presents as nonpainful white plaque primarily involving the buccal mucosa, gingiva, and palate. Extraoral lesions most often occur in the esophagus or anogenital area, but almost invariably follow the development of typical buccal lesions. This article presents a familial case of white s...
Article
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Cleft lip and cleft palate are the most common craniofacial anomalies that have an incidence of 0.28 to 3.74 per 1000 live births globally. Due to the great advancements in the field of medical science, these anomalies can today be corrected. However, it cannot be ignored that the parents of these patients may face psychological stress due to the c...
Article
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Traumatic dental injuries are frequent during childhood, particularly in the primary dentition stage with a high prevalence rate of 12-74%. Trauma to the primary teeth can cause various deleterious effects on the developing permanent dentition, ranging from enamel hypoplasia, root agenesis, crown / root dilaceration, odontomes etc. The relevant fac...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objective: Dental caries is the most prevalent dental affliction of childhood and the most common cause of tooth loss in children. Even though many caries prevalence studies have been conducted in different parts of the country, still there is a great deficiency in comparative studies between urban and rural population, particularly...
Article
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AIM & OBJECTIVES : To determine the prevalence of dental caries in school going children of Guntur district and to assess the treatment needs for planning of oral health programs. MATERIALS & METHOD : A total of 783 students in the age groups of 7- 12yrs and 13-16yrs from government residential schools in Guntur district were examined using WHO (19...
Article
Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition of the craniosynostotic syndromes without syndactyly and with various dentofacial anomalies. Craniosynostosis, maxillary hypoplasia, shallow orbits, ocular proptosis and hypertelorism are the characteristic features of Crouzon syndrome. This report describes the variable clinical features in affec...