A. Chehbouni

A. Chehbouni
Mohamed 6 Polytechnic University · international Water Resources Institute

PhD & HDR

About

408
Publications
89,253
Reads
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12,464
Citations
Citations since 2016
158 Research Items
6136 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - October 2016
Centre D'Etudes Spatiales De La Biosphere
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (408)
Article
An accurate estimate of crop coefficient (Kc) values at different development stages (Kcini, Kcmid, and Kcend) is crucial for assessing crop water requirements in semi-arid regions. The objectives of this study were first to quantify the reference evapotranspiration (ETo) and to calculate the actual evapotranspiration (ETa) over citrus in a semi-ar...
Article
Full-text available
Mapping seasonal snow cover dynamics provides essential information to predict snowmelt during spring and early summer. Such information is vital for water supply management and regulation by national stakeholders. Recent advances in remote sensing have made it possible to reliably estimate and quantify the spatial and temporal variability of snow...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluates the ability of two machine learning algorithms, Random Forest (RF) and Support Vector Machine (SVM), to generate land-use maps using the recently launched Landsat-9 and Sentinel-2, two of the most used and popular satellite imagery sources. The potential to improve Landsat-9 performance was tested by pan-sharpening different ba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Africa's agricultural growth will be complicated by climate change, which is expected to worsen already difficult conditions. In many cases, agricultural yields are becoming more volatile due to deteriorating weather conditions. Climate change is likely to exacerbate severe extreme events by increasing temperatures and further altering rainfall pat...
Poster
Water resources management has always been a challenging task in the Moroccan context where ground measurements are scarce and climatic and physical conditions are very heterogeneous. In the last decade, machine learning and deep learning have emerged as a promising tool for developing watershed planning process due to their high-performance, accur...
Presentation
Mapping seasonal snow cover dynamics provide essential information to predict snowmelt during spring and early summer. Such information is vital for water supply management and regulation by national stakeholders. Recent advances in remote sensing have made it possible to reliably estimate and quantify the spatial and temporal variability of snow c...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater is an important water resource in arid and semi-arid regions. Therefore, this study aimed to assess groundwater's suitability for drinking and irrigation using the Water Quality Index (WQI) and the Irrigation Water Quality Index (IWQI). To this end, groundwater data were collected from 58 sites in 2019 (wet season) and 61 samples in 202...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate quantification of evapotranspiration (ET) at the watershed scale remains an important research challenge for managing water resources in arid and semiarid areas. In this study, daily latent heat flux (LE) maps at the kilometer scale were derived from the two-source energy budget (TSEB) model fed by the MODIS leaf area index (LAI), land sur...
Article
Full-text available
Africa emits the lowest amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the global GHG budget. However, the continent remains the most vulnerable continent to the effects of climate change. The agricultural sector in Africa is among the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Also, as a dominant agricultural sector, African agriculture is increasingly c...
Chapter
The Atlas Mountains cover a large area in the Moroccan territory, with an extent of about 800 km in length and 60 km in large, including various summits above 3000 m of altitude. From these high areas originate the main rivers that supply an important amount of surface water for domestic, agricultural, and industrial use, and it also significantly...
Article
Full-text available
Quickly and correctly mapping soil nutrients significantly impact accurate fertilization, food security, soil productivity, and sustainable agricultural development. We evaluated the potential of the new PRISMA hyperspectral sensor for mapping soil organic matter (SOM), available soil phosphorus (P2O5), and potassium (K2O) content over a cultivated...
Article
Full-text available
Study region Morocco, Northwestern Africa. Study focus Since April 2002, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission have opened new pathways for hydrologists to monitor the changes in terrestrial total water storage (TWS). Here, the Center for Space Research (CSR), Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL...
Article
In arid and semi-arid stream-dominated systems, the temporal variability in groundwater recharge has not been widely addressed. Various questions remain about the sources of groundwater recharge, its patterns, and the appropriate measuring techniques. Hence, the main objective of the present study was to assess the changes that might affect the pat...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of growing season rainfall on agricultural production is indisputable. In Morocco, the production of crops such as barley, maize, and wheat is impacted by growing season rainfall. Due to persistent gaps in growing season rainfall and other drivers of crop yield, crops have experienced observed yields that are often below projected or...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater is essential for both water supply and environmental conservation, especially in semi-arid and desert areas. Managing groundwater resources requires a thorough understanding of groundwater characteristics and dynamics. The hydrogeochemical properties and evolution of groundwater in the Essaouira synclinal basin in northwest Morocco were...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Citation: Brouziyne, Y.; Abouabdillah, A.; Bouchaou, L.; Attar, O.; Ez-zaouy, Y.; Benaabidate, L.; Chehbouni, A. Toward Better Preparedness of Mediterranean Rainfed Agricultural Systems to Future Climate-Change-Induced Water Stress: Study Case of Bouregreg Watershed (Morocco). Environ. Sci. Proc. 2022, 16, 58.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Citation: Ez-zaouy, Y.; Bouchaou, L.; Saad, A.; Hssaisoune, M.; Brouziyne, Y.; Dhiba, D.; Chehbouni, A. Groundwater Resources in Moroccan Coastal Aquifers: Insights of Salinization Impact on Agriculture. in: Environmental Sciences Proceedings. pp. 1–5. https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2022016048
Article
Full-text available
Study region Atlas Mountains located in Morocco. Study focus Mountainous regions constitute an area of water production, while water is used in downstream plains. In Central Morocco, the Atlas Mountains represent the most important water supply in the country. The solid part of precipitation forms seasonal snowpack. Snowmelt is important for the w...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture is an important sector of the Moroccan economy, employing a huge portion of the Moroccan population and contributing about 14-20% to the country's GDP. Unfortunately, agricultural production in Morocco is impacted by climatic, non-climatic, biophysical, and non-biophysical stressors. Researchers have employed various crop models to unde...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Morocco-as part of both the Mediterranean and North African region-has long been recognized as a major climate change hotspot where precipitation is projected to decline significantly. This can threaten the stability of many climate-sensitive sectors including water and agriculture. Effective management of such sectors requires a better understandi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Mediterranean region has experienced accelerated socioeconomic development, primarily due to population expansion. This had a substantial influence on water resource availability, with arid and semiarid areas being the most affected. In Morocco, both surface water and groundwater are already affected by reduced precipitation and massive withdra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Tensift basin in Morocco is prominent for its ecological and hydrological diversity. This diversity is marked by rivers flowing into areas such as Ourika. In addition to agriculture, the basin is a hub of variable land use systems. It is important to have a better understanding of the relationship between simulated and observed precipitation me...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Morocco as many semi-arid Mediterranean and north African countries is facing strong pressure on water resources exacerbated by climate change. Assessing the representation and variability of the Moroccan climate by using the climate models is of major importance to strengthen the reliability of future scenarios and anticipate the water cycle evolu...
Chapter
Climate change adaptation and mitigating its adverse socioeconomic and environmental impacts have increased over the past few decades. New strategies to ensure a global stand against this imminent threat are debated and elaborated to decouple economic growth from intensive greenhouse gas-emitting industrial activities, agricultural practices, and o...
Article
Full-text available
Most recent studies confirm a decreasing trend in water resources availability in the northern African region; the high competition between the sectors that use this vital resource, and the changing climate are considered as the main factors behind this situation. Under such very dynamic interactions between the natural resources, climate and the s...
Article
Mediterranean piedmonts are an important hydro-agricultural systems. They constitute the junction between the mountains, where the streamflow is generated, and the surrounding plains, where the water is used. In Morocco, these traditional systems extend largely along the High Atlas Mountains. Yet, changing conditions in the Mediterranean basin as w...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing global warming has caused unprecedented changes in the climate system, leading to an increase in the intensity and frequency of weather and climate extremes. This study uses the sixth phase of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6) data to investigate projected changes in drought events over East Africa (EA) under four Shared Soc...
Article
Full-text available
Many desalination plants still struggle to control biological fouling in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems as there are no standard methods to monitor this type of fouling. Strategies to control biofouling in SWRO systems have been proposed such as antifouling coating and lowering biofouling potential in SWRO feedwater through pretreatment pr...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater is an important drinking and irrigation water resource in the Essaouira basin in Morocco. Population growth and intensive irrigation practices have become a stress on groundwater with decreasing precipitation, available groundwater is depleting, and its quality has also deteriorated. For this reason, 50 groundwater samples from the camp...
Article
This study examines the projected changes in mean and extreme precipitation over the Mediterranean (MED) and Sahara (SAH) regions based on the multi‐model ensemble mean of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) global climate model (GCM) datasets. The study employs robust statistical analyses to investigate future changes during...
Article
In arid and semi-arid zones, water resources remain unknown in terms of quality and quantity. The current paper aims to evaluate the water quality for drinking and irrigation purposes within the Essaouira basin and to define the origin and recharge areas of groundwater. 122 samples from the Plio-Quaternary, Cenomano-Turonian, and Hauterivian aquife...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the right amount of water needs for a specific crop is a key task for farmers and agronomists to achieve efficient and optimal irrigation scheduling, and then an optimal crop yield. To this end, the reference evapotranspiration (ET 0 ) was developed. It represents the atmospheric evaporation demand, and therefore an important variable for...
Article
Atmospheric rivers (ARs) are long, narrow, and transient corridors of enhanced water vapour content in the lower troposphere, associated with strong low‐level winds. These features play a key role in the global water cycle and drive weather extremes in many parts of the world. Here, we assessed the frequency and general characteristics of landfalli...
Presentation
This study aims to simulate the snowpack evolution based on ERA5 reanalysis dataset, to overcome the problem of the scarcity or the absence of automatic weather stations (AWS) in mountainous regions. Indeed, in Morocco, the lack of hydrological studies is mainly due to the difficulty to install AWS because of logistics constraints. More, it is hard...
Article
Full-text available
Water stress is one of the factors controlling agricultural land salinization and is also a major problem worldwide. According to FAO and the most recent estimates, it already affects more than 400 million hectares. The Tafilalet plain in Southeastern Morocco suffers from soil salinization. In this regard, the GIS tools and remote sensing were used...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change continues to have adverse effects on crop yields in Africa and globally. In Morocco, rising temperatures and declining precipitation are having daunting effects on the vulnerability of crops. This study examines the vulnerability of barley, maize, and wheat to variations in growing season precipitation and socio-economic proxies of a...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater aquifers in Morocco’s coastal regions are under serious threat as a result of climate change. This study was conducted to evaluate and map the quality of water resources, by evaluating the level of pollution of the groundwater in the Meskala-Ouazzi sub-basin, a coastal area of Essaouira based on the physico-chemical analysis of 58 sampl...
Article
In semi-arid areas, agricultural practices have been found to significantly alter groundwater quality. Although significant research has been conducted on the impacts of the intensification of irrigated agriculture, many pivotal questions relating to the impact of traditional agricultural practices on groundwater quality remain unanswered. In this...
Article
Full-text available
The Tensift basin in Morocco is prominent for its ecological and hydrological diversity. This is marked by rivers flowing into areas such as Ourika. In addition to agriculture, the basin is a hub of variable land use systems. As such, it is important to gain a better understanding of the relationship between simulated and observed precipitation in...
Article
Full-text available
Integrating satellite data at different resolutions (i.e., spatial, spectral, and temporal) can be a helpful technique for acquiring soil information from a synoptic point of view. This study aimed to evaluate the advantage of using satellite mono- and multi-sensor image fusion based on either spectral indices or entire spectra to predict the topso...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart management of weather data is pivotal to achieving sustainable agriculture since weather monitoring is linked to crop water requirement estimation and consequently to efficient irrigation systems. Advances in technologies such as remote sensing and the Internet of Things (IoT) have led to the generation of this data with a high temporal resol...
Article
Accurate estimation of evapotranspiration (ET) is of crucial importance in water science and hydrological process understanding especially in semi-arid/arid areas since ET represents more than 85% of the total water budget. FAO-56 is one of the widely used formulations to estimate the actual crop evapotranspiration (ETc act) due to its operational...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater resources in Morocco are expected to decline over the next decades due to increasing drainage for rural and urban development and decreasing internal recharge through precipitation under the influence of climate change. In addition to water scarcity, Morocco is suffering deterioration in groundwater quality as a result of groundwater de...
Article
Full-text available
Africa’s rapidly growing population is exerting a lot of pressure on agricultural resources including maize yields and harvest area. Across Africa, access to advanced options for increasing maize yields are inadequate. This is daunting as most of the cultivation of maize is in the hands of smallholder farmers who have inadequate access to modern me...
Article
In arid and semi-arid regions, irrigation management is important to avoid water loss by soil evaporation and deep percolation (DP). In this context, estimating the irrigation water demand has been investigated by many studies in the Haouz plain. However, DP losses beneath irrigated areas in the plain have not been quantified. To fill the gap, this...
Article
Assessing evapotranspiration at the basin scale is of crucial need for climate studies, weather forecasts, hydrological surveys, ecological monitoring, and water resource management. However, its determination is not an easy task especially for heterogeneous surfaces. Indeed, this heterogeneity, which is associated with the type of the vegetation c...
Article
The objective of this study is the modelling of the root zone soil moisture (RZSM). A model was developed to simulate RZSM at 0-30 or 0-50 cm deep from various components of the surface water budget: irrigation, precipitation, capillarity, evapotranspiration, vapour diffusion and deep percolation. These water fluxes were derived from direct field m...
Article
Full-text available
Data Science Toolkit (DST) is a python library built as a wrapper layer on top of several libraries to increase the abstraction level of the code, making its users more efficient and productive. The current version is widely used in our ongoing research activities that focus on optimizing agricultural management practices using artificial intellige...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid growth of anthropogenic activities in recent decades has resulted in the appearance of numerous new chemical compounds in the environment, known as “emerging pollutants” (EPs) or “contaminants of emerging concern” (CECs). Although partially or not yet regulated or monitored, there is growing research interest in these EPs among the scient...
Article
Full-text available
Internal variability, multiple emission scenarios, and different model responses to anthropogenic forcing are ultimately behind a wide range of uncertainties that arise in climate change projections. Model weighting approaches are generally used to reduce the uncertainty related to the choice of the climate model. This study compares three multi-mo...
Article
Full-text available
Demand for agricultural products is increasing as population continues to grow in Africa. To attain a higher crop yield while preserving the environment, appropriate management of macronutrients (i.e., nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K)) and crops are of critical prominence. This paper aims to review the state of art of the use of remot...
Article
Full-text available
Located in a semi-arid to arid region, Morocco is confronting increasing water scarcity challenges. In the circular economy paradigm, the reuse of treated wastewater in agriculture is currently considered a possible solution to mitigate water shortage and pollution problems. In recent years, Morocco has made significative progress in urban wastewat...