A. Aranburu

A. Aranburu
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea | UPV/EHU · Mineralogy and Petrology

Dr.

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140
Publications
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2,246
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
1364 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (140)
Article
Full-text available
En el marco del proyecto de «Caracterización del macizo y sistema kárstico de Alkerdi, de la cueva de Alkerdi y de su entorno de protección», se continúa con el estudio científico de la cavidad de Alkerdi 2. Las labores de prospección espeleológica del desarrollo kárstico de la cavidad han permitido localizar una galería decorada inédita en 2020. E...
Article
The finding of Upper Paleolithic engravings in 2016 triggered a multidisciplinary investigation of the Alkerdi cave system (Urdazubi, N Spain). The study of the speleogenetic processes led to the identification of at least 6 paragenetic cave levels with associated sedimentary infill. In order to unravel the timing of changes in the karst dynamics a...
Article
The Galería de las Estatuas is a Mousterian site located within the Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo karstic system at the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain). This site is characterised by an important Upper Pleistocene stratigraphic sequence in which a large number of lithic artefacts exhibiting clear Mousterian affinities and a rich assemblage of faun...
Article
The conservation of constructions, and especially of built heritage, requires complex studies concerning their Global Vulnerability. These studies have to consider the current state of the building, i.e. the degradation degree, and the factors that mostly affect the building and, therefore, generate alterations. These factors are not limited to the...
Article
Full-text available
Construction and ornamental stones are important elements of cultural heritage and geoheritage. The quarries, where these materials are extracted, are a type of site that combines these two types of heritage. Both the ornamental character of the rock and its place of origin can be deeply rooted in the local society. Red Ereño is a red micritic lime...
Article
Here we report the preliminary results from the 2015–19 s prospecting explorations, excavations, and research from Juan Labranz Cave, a new Quaternary palaeontological deposit rich in mammals that offers information on the faunal context of the southern sub-plateau. This cave is located on the border of the Iberian range, at the Sierra de Valdecabr...
Article
Full-text available
The Sima del Elefante site is located within the Sierra de Atapuerca karst system (Burgos, northern Spain), and forms part of a series of important Early, Middle and Late Pleistocene archaeological complexes that have been dated previously with luminescence techniques (Gran Dolina, Galería Complex, Sima de los Huesos, Galería de las Estatuas). This...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple factors have been proposed to explain the disappearance of Neandertals between ca. 50 and 40 kyr BP. Central to these discussions has been the identification of new techno-cultural complexes that overlap with the period of Neandertal demise in Europe. One such complex is the Châtelperronian, which extends from the Paris Basin to the Northe...
Conference Paper
Ornamental and construction stones are an intrinsic part of certain natural and cultural heritage (Brocx and Semeniuk, 2019). Studies to characterise their features and sources or their conservation are essential in order to undertake actions for their conservation and/or the restoration of emblematic buildings (Pereira y Marker, 2015). Moreover, t...
Article
Major disruptions in the North Atlantic circulation during the last deglaciation triggered a series of climate feedbacks that influenced the course of Termination I, suggesting an almost synchronous response in the ocean-atmosphere system. We present a replicated δ18O stalagmite record from Ostolo cave in the northern Iberian Peninsula with a robus...
Article
Full-text available
En el marco del proyecto de «Caracterización del macizo y sistema kárstico de Alkerdi, de la cueva de Alkerdi y de su entorno de protección», se procede a la exploración de la cavidad de Alkerdi 2. Las labores coordinadas han permitido identificar un conjunto de arte parietal asociado a evidencias arqueológicas en superficie. El estilo de las grafí...
Article
Full-text available
The Modern period in Europe is marked by the introduction of deep agricultural changes. In the Basque Country (northern Spain), the implantation of an intensive crop rotation was made possible by the expansion of agricultural liming, although the extent and implications of this practice have not been previously explored in depth. The present paper...
Article
Full-text available
Speleothems are a recognized source of palaeoclimatic information, but their value as a source of signals from human activities in caves with an archaeological record has rarely been explored. Previous studies of speleothems in the Sierra de Atapuerca karst system (Burgos, northern Spain) revealed an important human fossil record, provided informat...
Article
The value of dirty DNA Environmental DNA can identify the presence of species, even from the distant past. Surveying three cave sites in western Europe and southern Siberia, Vernot et al. identified nuclear DNA and confirmed that it is from the close relatives of anatomically modern humans—Neanderthal and Denisovan individuals. A phylogenetic analy...
Article
Red Ereño is widely prized as an ornamental and construction stone for its intense red micritic matrix, contrasting with the white rudist fossil shells it contains. Quarried since Roman times (first century) in the localities of Ereño and Gautegiz Arteaga, Red Ereño is a recognised limestone and has been widely used in architecture ever since. It w...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este trabajo se hace una presentación de las investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en el yacimiento de Aranbaltza (Barrika, Bizkaia), uno de los escasos yacimientos paleolíticos al aire libre conservados en la región cantábrica. Su registro es especialmente rico en ocupaciones realizadas por grupos de neandertales, desde finales del Pleist...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a new geomorphological map for the lower Hushe Valley (below 3400 m asl), located to the SE of the Central Karakoram in Baltistan (North Pakistan). Fieldwork and remote sensing were combined to improve understanding of the most recent surface landforms to produce a 1:50,000 scale map. Thirteen landform types associated with glac...
Article
A detailed geomorphological study was performed in the Atxurra‐Armiña cave system (northern Iberian Peninsula) to decode landscape evolution, palaeoenvironmental changes and human use of a cave within an Inner Archaeological Context. The results show an average incision rate of the river of <0.083 mm a–1 for at least the last 419 ka, with interrupt...
Article
The most commonly used paleoclimatic proxies in speleothem studies are the carbon and oxygen stable isotopes and the trace elements of calcite. However, assessing the incorporation of other components, such as organic matter, may also be of interest in interpreting and reconstructing the climate during speleothem growth. In this work, the incorpora...
Article
Full-text available
Submerged sequences of marine terraces potentially provide crucial information of past sea-level positions. However, the distribution and characteristics of drowned marine terrace sequences are poorly known at a global scale. Using bathymetric data and novel mapping and modeling techniques, we studied a submerged sequence of marine terraces in the...
Article
This paper presents a methodological approach for the study of the early historical buildings constructed in reinforced concrete at the beginning of the 20th century. These buildings were conceived following different patents that, already in origin, made them unique and diverse. Also, the structures had to be adapted to their constructive context....
Article
Locating and quantifying groundwater flow in many built‐up areas is a priority with regard to their complete restoration. In this work, a hydrogeological survey of the surroundings of the Punta Begoña Galleries (Getxo, Bizkaia), built on a coastal cliff, was completed by using ground penetrating radar (GPR) testing. Thus, the preliminary characteri...
Poster
Full-text available
The last deglaciation (from ≈19 kyr BP to the beginning of the Holocene) is a time interval in which all components of the climate system underwent large-scale changes associated with global warming that led to the end of the last glacial period (Dansgaard et al. ., 1993). Although it is well known that this trend was marked by several heating and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work we study the genetic link between calcretes, speleothems and alluvial deposits developed on the epikarst and endokarst of the Nerja Cave (Nerja, Málaga, Spain) and the adjacent Quaternary (Pleistocene) alluvial fan. Field and petrographic observations, and 18O and 13C isotopic data analysis of the host rock, distinct calcrete types a...
Article
Recent chronological studies of the Sima de los Huesos (SH) hominin fossil site, Atapuerca, Spain, have established a close minimum age of at least 430 ka for sedimentary material immediately overlying the human remains. However, a firm maximum age limit still needs to be established for the SH fossils in order to better constrain the timing for th...
Article
Reported here is the first chronostratigraphic study of the Quaternary fluvial terrace deposits of three different valleys (Deba, Nerbioi, Oiartzun) located in the eastern Cantabrian margin (northern Spain), designed to understand long-term fluvial dynamics of this region. Fourteen samples were collected for numerical dating purpose, in the lowest...
Article
Full-text available
In the Eastern margin of the Basque-Cantabrian Basin, fissures filled with sediments crop out in a red Albian-Cenomanian limestone, near the Txoritokieta mount (Errenteria, Gipuzkoa). In this work we study the sedimentology, petrology and tectosedimentary character of fissures and their fills, in order to establish the evolutive sequence of the for...
Article
Punta Begoña Galleries (Getxo, Spain) are a fine example of early twentieth century architectural heritage. Built during the early years of reinforced concrete usage, they were decorated inside with ornamental stones to project an image of exclusivity and luxury. After years of neglect, it is essential to characterise construction materials, includ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The eastern part of the Cantabrian region is characterized by the presence of several Middle Paleolithic sites, most of them located in caves and rock-shelters (Axlor, Amalda, Arlanpe, Arrillor, Lezetxiki, El Cuco, Ventalapera). The chronology of these sites ranges from ca. MIS6 to MIS3. The ongonig research on some of these sites reveals a high de...
Article
Full-text available
Micromorphological analysis is an invaluable research tool for reconstructing detailed depositional and post-depositional processes of cave infill sequences and for providing paleoenvironmental insight. In this work, we present the results of a micromorphological and mineralogical study of the sedimentary sequence at the Lezetxiki II cave (northern...
Article
Full-text available
Aranbaltza is an archaeological complex formed by at least three open-air sites. Between 2014 and 2015 a test excavation carried out in Aranbaltza III revealed the presence of a sand and clay sedimentary sequence formed in floodplain environments, within which six sedimentary units have been identified. This sequence was formed between 137–50 ka, a...
Data
Lithic assemblages from Aranbaltza III sequence. (PDF)
Data
Stratigraphy and sedimentology of Aranbaltza III sequence. (PDF)
Data
3D reconstruction of the wooden pointed tool (.obj file with texture). (ZIP)
Data
3D reconstruction of the other wooden tool from U4 (.obj file with texture). (ZIP)
Article
This paper sets out a methodology for calculating the potential zone of damage to which an Item of Cultural Interest (ICI) located in a karst environment is exposed. An itemised study of the geological characteristics of the cave environment is proposed: lithological cartography, endokarst and exokarst geomorphology and the study of fracturing of t...
Article
This study presents single-grain optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) chronologies for the archaeological site of Galería de las Estatuas - the first systematically excavated Middle Palaeolithic site within the karst system of the Sierra de Atapuerca archaeological complex, northern Spain. The single-grain OSL ages are compared with paired singl...
Conference Paper
The Sima de los Huesos (SH) site represents one of the most intriguing human fossil accumulations for the abundance of hominin remains recovered to date ( 7000 fossils), their chronology ( 430 ka) and their extraordinary location deep inside a karstic environment. Since systematic excavations began in 1984, numerous hypotheses to explain how the sk...
Article
Full-text available
Geophysical survey methods are broadly used to delimit and characterize archaeological sites, but the archaeological interpretation of geophysical data remains one of the challenges. Indeed, many scenarios can generate a similar geophysical response, and often interpretations can not be validated without access to the subsoil. In large geophysical...
Article
Full-text available
Here we present a new site in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain): Galería de las Estatuas (GE), which provides new information about Mousterian occupations in the Iberian Plateau. The GE was an ancient entrance to the cave system, which is currently closed and sealed by a stalagmitic crust, below which a detritic sedimentary sequence of more t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumo As Galerias de Punta Begoña foram construídas em 1918. O material mais utilizado na sua construção foi o betão armado, um material inovador para a época cujas propriedades eram consideradas inalteráveis pela sua impermeabilidade, incombustibilidade, funcionalidade e higiene. No entanto, o estado de conservação que apresenta o edifício, demon...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumo A localização e quantificação de fluxos de água em envolventes construídas, é um aspeto prioritário com vista à sua recuperação integral. Neste trabalho, é apresentada a utilização combinada de ensaios de injeção de água e reconhecimento mediante georradar na envolvente do edifício de Punta Begoña (Getxo, Bizkaia). Os primeiros ensaios permi...
Article
This paper summarizes the principal geophysical results obtained at a recently discovered Roman city at Navarre. Prior to the survey, the extent of the affected areas and the characteristics of the settlement were unknown. The authors describe the field strategy applied and focus their discussion on the archaeological interpretation of the fluxgate...
Conference Paper
Cave sites with Mousterian occupations in the Iberian Peninsula are mainly limited to the Northern, Eastern and Southern mountain ranges. Thus, the information available for the interior part of the Iberian Peninsula is very limited. Since 2008, we are working on a new cave site in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain): Galería de las Estatuas (G...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ISOBAY 15, Bilbao Poster. Geology; erosion; transport and sedimentation 135 P51 The Quaternary 'rasas' of the basque coast: current status and a new project for its study The Quaternary period is characterized by a large number of climatic oscillations between glacial and interglacial phases. Due to those oscillations, the sea level has varied peri...
Chapter
We show the potential of paleomagnetism applied to sediments filling cave passages for chronology purposes, since the formation of caves cannot be directly dated. The Atapuerca karst system (N Spain) offers a suitable case scenario because it contains a multilevel karst system developed during the progressive incision of the Arlanzón River. This ka...
Book
Full-text available
Catálogo de la exposición celebrada en 2016 en el Museo de San Telmo (Donostia/San Sebastián): "San Adrián: El túnel del tiempo. De la última glaciación al camino de Santiago a través de la Historia de Gipuzkoa".
Article
Euskokantauriar arroaren eboluzioak oso iraupen luzea du. Goi Permiarrean hasi zen, eta azken prozesuak, Miozenoan gertatu ziren. 250 Ma inguru horietan zehar, aldaketa nabarmenak izan dira bai erregimen tektoniko nagusian (luzapena, konpresioa), bai plaken arteko muga aktiboarekiko distantzian (rifta, ertz pasiboa, ertz aktiboa), eta bai azpiko lu...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos (SH) fossil collection provides the rare opportunity to thoroughly characterize the postcranial skeleton in a fossil population, comparable only to that obtained in the study of the Neandertal hypodigm and recent (and fossil) modern humans. The SH paleodeme can be characterized as relatively ta...
Article
Full-text available
High resolution X-ray computed tomography (HRXCT) has been barely used in speleothem science. This technique has been used to study a Holocene stalagmite from Praileaitz Cave (Northern Spain) to evaluate its potential for petrologic studies. Results were compared with those derived from the routine procedures and a very good correlation was found....
Article
The Sima de Los Huesos (SH) is one of the many archaeo-palaeontological sites in the Sierra de Atapuerca. The characteristics of this palaeoanthropological site are unusual, due to the large size of the hominin accumulation and its location far from the karst entrances, at least today. In order to investigate the geological processes involved in th...
Article
Full-text available
The end of the Middle Pleistocene is an interesting period for investigating the transformation of Neandertal behavior from the early Middle Paleolithic to the late Middle Paleolithic. Few sites in the Iberian Peninsula have sequences corresponding to the last interglacial (MIS5) and even fewer in the Cantabrian Region. One of the best places to in...
Article
The western Pyrenean area contains extensive karst areas, however, their genesis and development are still mostly unknown. In this work, we make a general description of the karst landscape in different karst areas: 1) Rasa type; 2) Cone-type karst; and 3) Alpine-type karst. The first two types are present in the littoral area, where geomorphologic...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t Combined climatic and tectonic conditions controlled the Quaternary incision of rivers, and the fluvial terraces are the most significant landforms to untangle their evolutionary history. Increasing availability of high-resolution topography data over large areas offers an opportunity to increment greatly the quantity and the qualit...
Article
The characteristics and provenance of the fine sediment forming the matrix of detrital endokarst fill can vary greatly, and their study provides valuable information about the paleoenvironment and the different sedimentary and diagenetic processes in which it was formed and deposited. This paper applies this study to the case of Lezetxiki II cave (...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen Middle Pleistocene crania from the Sima de los Huesos site (Atapuerca, Spain) are analyzed, including seven new specimens. This sample makes it possible to thoroughly characterize a Middle Pleistocene hominin paleodeme and to address hypotheses about the origin and evolution of the Neandertals. Using a variety of techniques, the hominin-b...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen Middle Pleistocene crania from the Sima de los Huesos site (Atapuerca, Spain) are analyzed, including seven new specimens. This sample makes it possible to thoroughly characterize a Middle Pleistocene hominin paleodeme and to address hypotheses about the origin and evolution of the Neandertals. Using a variety of techniques, the hominin-b...
Article
The study of glacial geomorphology in the Cantabrian Mountains, a mountain range that extends 460 km along the northern coast of the Iberian Peninsula (SW Europe), started late in the 19th century and continues nowadays with a growing number of research papers. However, the number and timing of glaciations remains poorly understood, partially due t...
Article
Establishing a reliable chronology on the extensive hominin remains at Sima de los Huesos is critical for an improved understanding of the complex evolutionary histories and phylogenetic relationships of the European Middle Pleistocene hominin record. In this study, we use a combination of ‘extended-range’ luminescence dating techniques and palaeom...
Article
Full-text available
The Cueva Mayor karst system of Atapuerca, in Northern Spain, hosts a highly significant record of human occupation from the Pleistocene. The climatic context of the human activities during the Pleistocene-Holocene for this inland site has not been well constrained, since existing records of the palaeoclimatic evolution of the Northern Iberian Peni...