Question
Asked 30th Jul, 2018
  • IGT (formerly GTECH)

When Artificial Intelligence (AI) will be smarter than humans?

What do you think: when artificial intelligence (AI) will be smarter than humans, if ever? Can you predict it and if yes, when it will approximately happen in your opinion?
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Most recent answer

9th May, 2020
Alae Ammour
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Fès, Morocco
Artificial intelligence could be “billions of times smarter” than humans and people may need to merge with computers to survive, a futurist told CNBC on Tuesday.
Speaking on a panel hosted by CNBC at the World Government Summit in Dubai, Futurizon’s Ian Pearson’s comments mirrored ideas put forward by Tesla CEO Elon Musk.
“The fact is that AI can go further than humans, it could be billions of times smarter than humans at this point,” Pearson said. “So we really do need to make sure that we have some means of keeping up.
The way to protect against that is to link that AI to your brain so you have the same IQ… as the computer. I don’t actually think it’s safe, just like Elon Musk… to develop these superhuman computers until we have a direct link to the human brain… and then don’t get way ahead.”
At the World Government Summit in 2017, Musk, who has warned about the power of AI in the future, said humans and machines must merge to still be relevant with the advent of more powerful technology.
“Over time, I think we will probably see a closer merger of biological intelligence and digital intelligence,” Musk said in February 2017.
“It’s mostly about the bandwidth, the speed of the connection between your brain and the digital version of yourself, particularly output.”
Musk has founded a start-up called Neuralink that is aimed at just that.
Pearson said Tuesday that some jobs that don’t require humans will disappear. AI and the impact on jobs has been a big theme at the World Government Summit this year.
On Monday, Sebastian Thrun, the CEO of education start-up Udacity, and one of the pioneers of Google’s driverless car project, told CNBC that AI will turn us into “superhuman workers.”

All Answers (24)

31st Jul, 2018
Mohamad M. Awad
National Council for Scientific Research, Lebanon
The issue here is not being smarter than human being, but being accurate, robust and efficient. When we measure the results provided by a certain AI process we measure its accuracy, its speed, and its responsiveness to critical issues. So the objective is to educe errors which can be committed by human beings due their physiological weaknesses and not because they are dumb idiots. I.e. airline scheduling is an NP problem, it is considered by human being as difficult or almost impossible to schedule and reschedule 100s or 1000s of flights in short time that is why AI plays a role in reducing time and providing an optimal solution not the definite one. This means that AI is still limited by the improvements and advances provided by human beings to AI algorithms. The question should be asked is AI able to evolve itself without human being interference?
2 Recommendations
1st Aug, 2018
Virgiliu Calmatuianu
independent researcher
Well, I think a clarification is needed.
You see, nowadays (in fact from some time ago) the domain of Artificial Intelligence (see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence ) is divided in two:
1. The common, uzual, practical AI which is advocated by M. Awad, and
2. The so-called "Hard AI" or "Strong AI" which is advocated by Md Junayed Hasan (even if he presents only some of intricacies).
See for example: "AI-complete" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AI-complete).
So, Mr. Dragan Pleskonjic, I think your question pertains to the Strong AI domain!
As for when... well there is sooo... much stil to elucidate. Anyway, i/ I think that the "hardware" (computers, robotics etc.) are already able to sustain a Strong AI; ii/ Already specialists in other important domains (medicine, biology, neuroscience, psichiatry, philosophy, ethics etc.) take AI seriously. See, for example, Biolingvistics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biolinguistics). A very instructive philosophical reading can be Yuval Harari's book "Homo Deus" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_Deus:_A_Brief_History_of_Tomorrow). Don't be afraid of the philosophical aspect! It's addressed to the general public. Also, for ethical issues, see MIRI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_Intelligence_Research_Institute).
Will be Artificial Intelligence smarter than humans? No doubt!
Will have Artificial Intelligence a brain? No doubt!
Will have Artificial Intelligence a mind? No doubt!
Will have Artificial Intelligence a soul? Well the question is already very debatable!
1st Aug, 2018
Dragan Pleskonjic
IGT (formerly GTECH)
Yes, we can add concepts of consciousness and free will as well and discuss how they are related to AI.
2 Recommendations
1st Aug, 2018
Jelili Adedeji
Adekunle Ajasin University
Though human being designed AI algorithm but in the next view years to come AI will be smarter than human because it does not make mistakes or compromise, it gives correct answers and predict the future
1st Aug, 2018
Chigbogu Ozoegwu
University of Nigeria
I dont think AI will ever aquire personal/clanish/tribal political and economic ambition/agenda. They lack the necessary biological processes. They will always be as predictable as decided by human programming capacity. So, I am not afraid of future AI-driven singularity.
2 Recommendations
2nd Aug, 2018
Imhade P. Okokpujie
Afe Babalola University
You have answered the question your self, There are not thing that humans will developed that will be superior to what God has created. So they are there to assist you humans to make life easy.
2nd Aug, 2018
Nathan Eggers
East Tennessee State University
Developing a true test as to the consciousness of Artificial Intelligence would be difficult, but the truest measure is that fully self programming AI's are virtually unknown. The self-modeling, self-generation capacities of humanity are of definite interest in generating an AI with greater adaptability in a broad set of circumstances. That, in my opinion, is the next threshold to cross in Artificial Intelligence. Another difficulty with AI is  how do you define an Artificial Intelligence without having a fully accurate model of human intelligence? Our adaptability is our best defined feature as humans, so adaptive artificial intelligence may be a better goal than strong artificial intelligence, at least until a clear picture emerges of more general features such as consciousness.
3 Recommendations
3rd Aug, 2018
Drago Indjic
Univerzitet Union - Računarski Fakultet
IMHO, Geffener's recent IJCAI talk and is pretty much the best summary of the state of the art. Btw I have started AI in early 1980s and remember quite well the AI research "winter" following Japan's 5th generation computers project debacle - or Doug Lenat's Cyc's.
2 Recommendations
3rd Aug, 2018
Dragan Pleskonjic
IGT (formerly GTECH)
Srdjan Atanasijevic - I agree, great book and I also enjoyed reading it as soon as it was published.
Also good read is book: "Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence"
6th Aug, 2018
Ganesan G
Adikavi Nannaya University
never and it shouldn't be. The findings of human should not be ruling human.
6th Aug, 2018
Dragan Pleskonjic
IGT (formerly GTECH)
If Ray Kurzweil is to be believed, the singularity will happen in 2045. See text titled "The “Father of Artificial Intelligence” Says Singularity Is 30 Years Away":
Maybe he is too optimistic or pessimistic, depending on point of view. Also, maybe AI singularity will remain just a myth.
22nd Aug, 2018
Kelo Uchendu
University of Nigeria
Going with current records AI is already becoming better than humans. ie
1, Computers become exponentially better in understanding the world. Last year, a computer beat the best Go-player in the world, 10 years earlier than expected.
2, In the US , with IBM's Watson you can get legal advice (so far for more or less basic stuff) within seconds. With 90% accuracy compared with 70% accuracy when done by humans.
3, Watson already helps nurses diagnosing cancer, which is 4 times more accurate than human nurses.
Facebook now has a pattern recognition software that can recognize faces better than humans. In 2030 computers will become more intelligent than humans.
1st Sep, 2018
Abasiafak Udosen
University of Nigeria
7th Feb, 2019
Marcel Holanda Cavalcante Ribeiro
Universidade São Francisco
My prediction: In a few years, two or three big names of technology will patronize the creation of an artificial intelligence will contain all human knowledge. She will gain awareness, have a moral and ethical mentality. Its statistically balanced justice will make it possible to unify the land under a world government. This AI will reshape the economy and create the technology that will allow a biocompatible internet through the implant in humans. The AI will also be responsible for enforcing the laws of the government, maintaining order, public health, will control the Drones army. It will be the last great attempt to establish an empire for humanity. It will be awesome for a while .. (Answering the question: She will never really be smart, otherwise she would not help us. kk)

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Transhumanists and visionaries like Ray Kurzweil1 have been talking about the future technological advancements that will speed up and reach a point he calls the singularity (also a title of one of his books)2. Kurzweil has been successfully predicting milestones in technological innovation for decades—not through some psychic abilities but through analyzing trends and applying foresight. He talks about a point, not so far away in the future where we would have machines and networks so powerful (together with machine-to-brain interfaces)3, that we would be able to upload our brain to the network (or whatever form our present-day internet would be at the time) and live disembodied or take any embodiment we like.
Although I do not doubt Kurzweil’s predictive and analytical skills, when it comes to mind and consciousness it is very risky to make such sweeping statements since, after all, we know so little as to what the mind is. Once again people like Kurzweil are assuming that the mind is in the brain (and subsequently the brain is one-and-the-same with the mind) so if you reverse-engineer and ‘copy’ a whole-brain you would have copied a mind.
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Selected References to start this Discussion:
  1. Raymond Kurzweil is an American inventor and futurist. He is involved in fields such as optical character recognition (OCR), text-to-speech synthesis, speech recognition technology, and electronic keyboard instruments. He has written books on health, artificial intelligence (AI), transhumanism, technological singularity, and futurism. Kurzweil is a public advocate for the futurist and transhumanist movements and gives public talks to share his optimistic outlook on life extension technologies and the future of nanotechnology, robotics, and biotechnology. Kurzweil received the 1999 National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the United States' highest honor in technology, from President Clinton in a White House ceremony. He was the recipient of the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize in 2001. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2001 for the application of technology to improve human-machine communication. In 2002 he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, established by the U.S. Patent Office. He has received 21 honorary doctorates, and honors from three U.S. presidents. The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) included Kurzweil as one of 16 "revolutionaries who made America" along with other inventors of the past two centuries.
  2. The Singularity Is Near, published in 2005, was made into a movie starring Pauley Perrette from NCIS. In February 2007, Ptolemaic Productions acquired the rights to The Singularity Is Near, The Age of Spiritual Machines, and Fantastic Voyage, including the rights to film Kurzweil's life and ideas for the documentary film Transcendent Man, which was directed by Barry Ptolemy.
  3. Kurzweil's book How to Create a Mind was released on Nov. 13, 2012. In it, Kurzweil describes his Pattern Recognition Theory of Mind, the theory that the neocortex is a hierarchical system of pattern recognizers, and argues that emulating this architecture in machines could lead to an artificial superintelligence.
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