Question
Asked 5th Nov, 2014
Deleted profile

What impact does technology have on stress? Does it increase it or reduce it?

 Modern technology is affecting our sleep. The artificial light from TV and computer screens affects melatonin production and throws off circadian rhythms, preventing deep, restorative sleep. Continually multitasking and thinking at the faster pace of technology also can hamper slower — and often more creative, long-term oriented — thinking. Still, not all stress is bad. Do you know some stress emergence models related to technology development?

Most recent answer

11th Mar, 2016
Krishnan Umachandran
NELCAST
While the researchers can't point to an exact reason why these specific technologies are associated with lower stress, they do offer up this possible explanation: Sharing through email, sending text messages of pictures of events shortly after they happen and expressing oneself through the small snippets of activity allowed by Twitter may provide women with a low-demand and easily accessible coping mechanism.
3 Recommendations

Popular answers (1)

15th Nov, 2014
Vanessa Meloni Massara
University of São Paulo
Dear Roland,
I won't give a complete answer as Dr. Krishnan (always well-founded answers!).
Just give my opinion: in the case of Internet, "a new world of possibilities," talk to the world and here at RG!
But with that (internet) there was a change in my behavior, I can't shut me  of email and social networks (LinkedIn and RG) and also to the phone! ie stress increases with modernity.
Best Regards to both Colleagues,
Vanessa
23 Recommendations

All Answers (64)

13th Nov, 2014
Krishnan Umachandran
NELCAST
No rest, no peace - Sometimes the speed and intensity of our digital lifestyle may be useful. For example, research suggests that training on working memory tasks enhances people’s ability to focus their attention. So perhaps juggling multiple technologies simultaneously enhances our ability to multitask.
22 Recommendations
Dear Krishnan
Thanks a lot for opening the discussion.
In many job situations the use of technology is obvious. Computers are in every office as workers connect to the Internet to conduct business or connect to their interoffice network to connect a coworker in the next room. Workers away from their desks or offices have their Blackberries in hand even on their days off, just in case a message arrives that needs immediate attention.
As workers constantly try to cope with the everyday stress at work they are often confronted with additional stress from the effects of technology and technology related responsibilities on their job.
Many workers are continually expected to perform more work in less time as the world seems to spin faster each day.
Employees are expected to keep up with changes in systems, programs and methods without being trained or even shown how the new technologies work.
As technology in the workplace keeps evolving, workers feel as if they are constantly trying to adapt to the new methods and skills. When workers are trained in the new technologies, they often feel more frustration and stress at having to take the time from their work responsibilities for retraining.
Many workers worry that technological advances will eliminate their job positions.
Workers worry about computer crashers causing them to lose work documents and research.
Workers spend less time interacting with other workers throughout the day. In reality, there is significantly less human interaction on all levels. Emails, voice mails, text messaging and video conferencing make many workers feel stressed, alone and isolated.
8 Recommendations
13th Nov, 2014
Krishnan Umachandran
NELCAST
Applications in power plants, aircraft, trains, automated factories, medical applications, and so on are stressful operations. Many large, complex, expensive computer systems work extremely well. We rely on them daily. Many computer systems protect lives and increase safety. 
One failure example
The benefits of computing technology to health care are numerous and very impressive. They include improved diagnosis, monitoring of health conditions, development of new drugs, information systems that speed treatment and reduce errors, devices that save lives, devices that increase safety of surgeries, and on and on. Yet one of the classic case studies of a deadly software failure is a medical device: a radiation treatment machine. Studies of the Therac-25 incidents showed that many factors contributed to the injuries and deaths. The factors include lapses in good safety design, insufficient testing, bugs in the software that controlled the machines, and an inadequate system of reporting and investigating the accidents. 
9 Recommendations
Dear Krishnan
I highly appreciate the book chapter you have signaled. It comes at the right moment because it brings me (in its final section) some general and review exercises, together with assignments requiring from students some research or real-world activity. Another useful information included (for me and for my students as soon as possible) is how to structure the Class Discussion Exercises. So, please accept my gratitude.
4 Recommendations
15th Nov, 2014
Vanessa Meloni Massara
University of São Paulo
Dear Roland,
I won't give a complete answer as Dr. Krishnan (always well-founded answers!).
Just give my opinion: in the case of Internet, "a new world of possibilities," talk to the world and here at RG!
But with that (internet) there was a change in my behavior, I can't shut me  of email and social networks (LinkedIn and RG) and also to the phone! ie stress increases with modernity.
Best Regards to both Colleagues,
Vanessa
23 Recommendations
Dear Vanessa
Thanks again for your entire involvement and for the answer above.
A new study shows that over one third of people feel overwhelmed by technology today and are more likely to feel less satisfied with their life as a whole. Even if it is done for UK, it really gives a general valid trend, I consider.
The study, conducted by the University of Cambridge  surveyed 1,269 people including in-depth interviews with families in the UK, also found that people who felt in control of their use of communications technology were more likely to be more satisfied with life.
  • 36% of parents surveyed found that technology at least sometimes disrupted family life
  • Three in five people (58%) said that they felt their family would benefit from having technology-free time when all communications technology was switched off
  • Nearly one in five people (19%) use communication technology for more than seven hours a day.
More at:
5 Recommendations
18th Nov, 2014
Krishnan Umachandran
NELCAST
The Exhaustive Effect on Technology Workers
The technology sector has grown exponentially in recent decades. Silicon Valley used to be the base for most technology companies. But the advent of the internet and the rampant use of social media have broadened that spectrum to include any location with Wi-Fi and a computer device. Individuals who work in the technology field face many job stressors, including traditional job demands. However, they also face emotional job demands that arise from competition, production, and other aspects related to the field. When resources exist to address these demands, individuals should be able to avoid job-related emotional exhaustion, or so one would think.
------------- ------ --------- ------------
  • Stress produces changes in many body systems; examples include increased heart rate and blood pressure and altered immune function. Some amount of stress is healthy, but excessive stress, left untreated, can lead to anxiety and illness.
  • External stressors include adverse physical stimulus (such as pain or hot or cold temperatures) or stressful psychological environments (such as poor working conditions or abusive relationships).
  • Internal stressors can also be physical (infections and other illnesses, inflammation) or psychological (such as intense worry about an event that may or may not occur). As far as anyone can tell, internal psychological stressors are rare or absent in most animals except humans.
Common acute stressors include:
  1. Noise (which can trigger a stress response even during sleep)
  2. Crowding
  3. Isolation
  4. Hunger
  5. Danger
  6. Infection
  7. High technology effects (such as playing video games or frequently ringing mobile phones)
  8. Imagining a threat or remembering a dangerous event
7 Recommendations
Thanks again Dear Krishnan
Both for your elaborated answers, solid arguing and links provided.
2 Recommendations
9th Dec, 2014
Nidhi Sahu
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
Hello every one , this discussion reminds me few essays  i wrote in high school. science boon or curse.., weapons, medicines,  development and yess technology ..  helping mankind or eventually have turned into a big threat for life on the Earth. We live  in this era when information is on our finger tips, we are globally connected and world seems small.  We can   not stop development but simultaneously we need to be mindful.  Science should be practiced with a very humane approach.  Human species is superbly adaptable and susceptible. we  assess and sense our potential threats in advance and come up with the solution. Compassion is the bridge  factor among all human races. We can beat up all these external stressors  by training our present and future generation with coping strategies and making them emotionally, socially and spiritually  intelligent . Regards.
7 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Subhash C. Kundu
Gurugram University Gurugram
Technology (Mobile, internet, computer, laptop, etc.) has enormous benefits and facilitated the life and work to a great extent. Stopless, impatient use, misuse of any technology or multiple technologies make one's life restless and overburdened, which causes stress.
Rather burnout!
Careful and balanced use of technology can only be helpful in managing stress and getting/enjoying benefits of technology.
4 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Miranda Yeoh
SEAMEO RECSAM
Dear Roland, there are quite a few points I wish to add.  TO REDUCE MY STRESS, I TURN OFF MY MOBILE especially at night.  Look at this point #7:
7. You'll sleep better and wake up better.
If you sleep with your phone beside you and set on vibrate, you probably aren't sleeping that soundly. "People routinely tell me they're woken up four or five times a night when the phone vibrates and they think they can handle it," Edholm says. Keeping your phone off at night, or better yet in another room, will help you get the rest you need.
6 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Miranda Yeoh
SEAMEO RECSAM
Next, on the positive part of technology in connecting me to other researchers on RG - it's really only Technology can connect us, make our online friends just almost as good as real friends.  I am working on 3 collaborative research papers with folks in Romania, Italy, Saudi and Serbia.  I can't say much till the work is done , and then I hope you will have a nice surprise.  Thanks for the question.
7 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Raheam A. Al-Saphory
Tikrit University
Dear Krishnan Umachandran
you have reason
3 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Demetris Christopoulos
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
I do not know some relevant models, but I agree that modern technology certainly affects our bio-daily cycles, so we have to be careful about it.
3 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Subhash C. Kundu
Gurugram University Gurugram
Stopless, impatient use, misuse of any technology or multiple technologies make one's life restless and overburdened, which causes stress. Rather burnout!
Careful and balanced use of technology, is suggested, and can only be helpful in managing stress up to a level and getting/enjoying benefits of technology.
5 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Sudeep Limaye
freelance management educator
Technology adds to the stress. Each body and mind has a pace and technology forces its speed on to the body/person as a whole.
What is needed to alignment of pace between technology and person. If that is achieved technology becomes a success tool else it pulls the performance down.
3 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Every coin has two sides. The effect is bothways. Technology has improved the standards of living significantly and in many cases relieved the stresses associated with the older lifestyles. Adverse effects are associated too. Net effect on an individual is the sum total of the extent as well as the style of usage of various technologies. A balanced, rational usage can perhaps result in a reduced stress.  
3 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Technology has evolved techniques of identifying causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of stress.
3 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Subhash C. Kundu
Gurugram University Gurugram
Technology is both diamond ( make our life effective) and rusted iron (make our life stressful).
5 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Joseph L Alvarez
Alpha Beta Gamut
Technology has had no effect on stress level, with the possible exception that there is no reluctance to change your draft. It is so easy to make a change. People who stress will find a way. People who cause stress will find a way. If fear of your boss keeps you up at night, do not blame that lighted screen. People were overburdened before the smart phone. Would riding a horse to work make our life less stressful. Think of a traffic jam in the rain with horses.
4 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
BK Punia
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology
1. Stress is a mental phenomenon which is dependent on many factors including technology.
2. Stress can be positive (eustress) which positively affect the work, or it can be negative (distress) which negatively affect the work.
3. As far as technology is concerned it act both as eustress and distress. For example If a lost file is recovered from the hard disk of computer here technology is having positive impact; but if a file is permanently deleted by mistake or can not be retrieved then technology is having negative impact.
7 Recommendations
Dear Ahmed Abdelraheem Farghaly.
I really appreciate your contribution and-consequently- I want to share it with all our RG friends.There is a lot of stress in work, including the large number of faculty teaching loads absence coefficient models or college to facilitate situating some important elements of the educational process in the absence of possibilities for teaching halls and classrooms
4 Recommendations
Dear Shanker
Thanks for the links provided, they are very informative.
Dear all,
In our day and age, technology is omnipresent and an integral part of our lives. However, although the main purpose of technology is to make our life easier, the reactions and opinions on technology are very diverse.
On the one hand, technology and digital media can be a great help to reach out to other people and spread your message to a very large platform. Social media removes all distances: geographic, social, hierarchical. You can reach anyone, at any time, and communicate in real time. Thus, a permanent link of communication has been created.
On the other hand, due to the acceleration of our lives led by the acceleration of technology, we have changed the way we consume and generate information. People are trying to live 10 lives at once and a lot of stress and anxiety occurs from that. 
So whether technology is aiding our life and making it easier, or creating new challenges and stress for us, really depends on how we react and interact with the new technologies. If -- when technology solves one of our problems -- we keep immediately coming up with new, larger problems, no technology will ever be able to satisfy our constantly new needs. However, if we allow technology to make our life easier, and focus more on the quality, rather than the quantity of life, and also learn how to use technology to our greatest advantage -- such as how to use it to influence others -- we can all greatly benefit.
2 Recommendations
Dear BK
I wish you only Eustress, even if this is somehow unlikely.
1 Recommendation
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Shanker Lal Shrivastava
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
15th Feb, 2015
Rohit Manilal Parikh
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
We live in the scientific & technological world where the world has become a very small place to contact anywhere within a short spam thereby our contact & also with our individual development we remain the pathway of our progress .It is also worthy to note that  the global environment & the natural planetary influence also either move in the positive or negative direction .
Stress is our negative energy force disturbing our day to day planning action which directly reflects through our conscious mind .This any individual person with the tuning of his mind may concentrate on his finding out the reason of his stress  with his will power & his faith from the within can certainly come out from the dominant of stress .
In another respect ,intellectual  individual with his endorsement in the sphere of science ,technology & other related areas where his mind would all the time remain to peep in his areas the mind gets tired & in this atmosphere he generates stress .
Stress is not the basic natural of any individual in this light any person passing the stage of stress he should keep himself away of the fact that our mind never gets tired.
Mind requires a change & if it is not easily coming to our hand a person should get himself to relax even by closing his eyes for certain times & he will certainly pass from the atmosphere of stress.
3 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Nizar Matar
An-Najah National University
Causes of stress are plenty especially in countries with continuous troubles or conflicts for so many years. When technology comes to add stress, its contribution will be very little, indeed, to the mountains of stressors. People, in troublesome countries, have adapted to a life of hardship because rest or comfort is the exception rather than the rule. You know what I am talking about !
8 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Raheam A. Al-Saphory
Tikrit University
Life with technology is best? Without it primitive?
This depends on the man who used to serve the people or not?
For example, such as the knife has two uses? In the kitchen? And use the other killer tool?
So depends on the best use of technology?
8 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Dejenie Alemayehu Lakew
Hampton University
Technology is an enabler, it makes us do what we do effectively in a faster pace, it increases our performances and hence the stress level increases.  Multi tasking although good but has some side effects for students as they spend more time on unnecessary things and divides their attention and loose focus which in some cases develop some disorder.
As we have not yet been able to stretch time from 24 hours, utilizing time for proper purpose is an important part of students success. For professionals, there is no doubt technology is one of the best tools humans create for success in contemporary society but with a consequential  rising level of stress. 
7 Recommendations
15th Feb, 2015
Shankhadeep Chakraborty
Techno India
Using technology systematically does not increase stress but when one use it in a puzzled manner, it certainly increases the level of stress.
6 Recommendations
Although technology has many positive effects on our daily life like comfort, speed, possibilities, quality of life,..., it is undoubtedly increasing stress on us both psychological and physiological as those you have pointed out.
From time to time, we need to return back to our ancient wide and natural life.
It is therefore necessary to have some holidays periods when we go back to the country land far from the modern world and its disturbing and stressing technology.
8 Recommendations
Here are the two articles I found that spoke of models. One is an older article but sending it along anyway as sometimes the old ones have good info in them.
1) Effect of Electronic Performance Monitoring on Job Design and Worker Stress: Review of the Literature and Conceptual Model by Pascale Carayon, doi: 10.1177/001872089303500301Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics SocietySeptember 1993 vol. 35 no. 3 385-395, web address: http://hfs.sagepub.com/content/35/3/385.short
2) Impact of sales force automation on technology-related stress, effort, and technology usage among salespeople. Deva Rangarajana, Eli Jones, Wynne Chin, Industrial Marketing Management, Volume 34, Issue 4, May 2005, Pages 345–354, Web address: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019850104001488
9 Recommendations
16th Feb, 2015
Krishnan Umachandran
NELCAST
The proclivity of technology in our day-to-day lives may actually be increasing stress and anxiety. While technologies are meant to streamline our communications and make it easier for us to reach out to others, it has also led to a host of unintentional dilemmas that may be responsible for making one feel anxious all the time. 
FOMO - “fear of missing out” can turn fun-filled social events into a stressful and even anxious behavior, as you’ll feel like missing one social event could spell disaster.  Being constantly attached to your smartphone and computer can make it hard for you to feel like you’re detached from work. While generations before us used to have a solid separation between work and home, the lines have blurred thanks to technology.  
8 Recommendations
16th Feb, 2015
Monica Bhattacharjee
Surrey Schools
I think stress levels have definitely gone up in recent times. Technology, like all other things, comes with its helps and hindrances. But unlike many others things, technology has become an integral and pervasive presence in most of our lives. I've seen people who can do without water but not without wi-fi :) Jokes apart, it is true that all the light and waves from electronic devices play around with our circadian rythmn, and certainly, with our minds. Research has shown a clear correlation between message notification signals and sudden perks in dopamine levels. It has also shown a correlation between light from android devices as well as the overstimulus from interactive online activity to increased instances of what is now called electronic insomnia. At the end of the day, we are still humans, not cyborgs, and for that we need to understand where to draw the line and place mind over matter, now more than ever.
7 Recommendations
16th Feb, 2015
Hashem Adnan Kilani
University of Jordan
All answers are adding value to the question. I agree with most of them. I add that technology and economy together increase the stress.
6 Recommendations
17th Feb, 2015
Ufuk Turen
OSTİM Teknik Üniversitesi
Dear Roland, thanks for the good question you shared.
Dear all,
I don't think stress is sensitive to technology. Human beings and community can be some of the significant factors. This approach can only be an oversimplification and linearization of the non-linear structure. Technology may merely play some mediating role in some of the associations but it cannot be the main reason for anything.
Human wants entertainment, easiness, comfort, safety, efficiency, productivity, etc.---> (+) technology improves in order to match those needs---> (+) some side effect can be occurred--->(+) stress level can increase --->(+) human needs also increase
As it can be seen this is a closed loop of associations and the tendency is reinforcing. But how can you blame technology or technologic improvements in this vicious cycle. It is better to focus on the human factor here.
Regards
6 Recommendations
17th Feb, 2015
Rasbindu V. Mehta
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
Dear All,
This is indeed a good question. Main purpose of development as well as improvement of technology is to give more comfort  and fast communication between persons positioned at a far distance( infuture may in space). We are mostly tempeted to use (abused) it indiscriminately and get addict. This may be major contribution in stress. But think of benifits. For example without RG we may not have enter into such correspondance with a large number of like minded persons having interest in such topics. What is needed is a good stress management.
7 Recommendations
17th Feb, 2015
YOGESH CHANDRA TRIPATHI
Forest Research Institute Dehradun
Technology has become a large part of our lives and its usage increases, so does the amount of stress that we put on our brains. While technological advances are seen as having created greater and more efficient ways of doing business, it can be detrimental to the work environment by creating stress in the work place. Although our brains have evolved over tens of thousands of years, the way that we use them on a day to day basis has changed dramatically in just the last fifty years. The stress that technology puts on our brains is a sort of “digital stress” that is, in large part, due to an overload of multitasking when using computers, smartphones and tablets. The constant connectivity drives people to work faster and longer. People rarely take time away from their desks to enjoy a walk outside in order to clear their heads. A new study has suggested .that using technology before bed may be stressing. In the study, people who browsed the web or sent a text message within two hours of going to bed reported higher levels of stress than those who didn't engage in these behaviours. Some neuroscientists believe that technology usage may overload our brains and cause certain areas to shutdown in order to compensate for the increased amount of information intake. Excessive internet usage may lead to the atrophy of grey matter causing decreased memory, To overcome stress one should focus on one task at a time., try to complete similar tasks together, should take breaks between various assignments and should spare time for family.
11 Recommendations
17th Feb, 2015
Miranda Yeoh
SEAMEO RECSAM
Thanks Yogesh, you have synthesized the info on this great thread.  I agree that we should focus on 1 task at a time.  Even though women are better at multitasking, what is the degree of being better?  I'm one of those who must turn off the wifi, and exercise each day, and must spend time with my students and family
So one of the things to do is to decide that each day, this much time I will spend on RG and FB.  As one RG member said to me, RG doesn't pay his bills.  Roland and all, do you agree?
4 Recommendations
Dear Rasbindu
Excellent mention of RG within the context of my question. It means to me that you gave quite a good reflection to the point, so I'm grateful to you too.
Same stands  (always) for dear friend Yogesh, whose detailed and documented interventions are always informative and profound, while sometimes being quite staggering. Thank you both and I'll be back soon on the subject.
I don't want to stress you more for now!
3 Recommendations
Dear Miranda,
You're right again. Your accuracy is inferior only to your kindness and involvment degree. As Rasbindhu stated it, it,s about personal stress management. Let's convertit together in EUSTRESS!
4 Recommendations
Wonderful advocacy for technology, from Oseweuba Okoro
 Dear Roland losif Moraru,
Sincerely apologize for the delay in responding.
I feel technology is a blessing! Really imagine having to undertake research while being solely dependent on paper books?! Or not being able to send mails at a touch of a button. I would readily sacrifice my need for restorative sleep for the continued benefits for technology :)
2 Recommendations
18th Feb, 2015
Bonita Chavez
Western New Mexico University
I moved from Mexico, New Mexico and Arizona to Oregon for a night job. Training a week on the day shift I was so tired I could not continue. Because at sea level the internet and cell resection are dead zones in the Tsunami hazard areas it forces me to work late at night. this is especially true during tourist and fishing seasons because we use internet for all our gadgets since there are no towers.I lose my circadian rhythms in the winter up north. I get SAD and end up on a non 24 schedule. The light of my gadgets at night interfere with my sleeping. Interestingly enough my cycles return to normal when I live off the grid and wake up to light and go to sleep soon after dark.  I have fibromyalgia which is a sleep disorder. I have sleep studies done every year. I do not sleep well because of pain. I rarely reach dream sleep, restorative sleep or deep delta sleep. I do not take anything for pain due to chemical sensitivities. If I take a nap and eat I fall asleep after. Walking on the beach every day especially first thing in the morning in nature does more than medication or counseling for stress or depression. During the day where it is the rain forest getting 60 inches of rain and still dark early I am not all the way awake during the day. Is a problems for driving and higher function activities.When I lived in Portland Oregon and Vancouver I always had to take two weeks to a month off in the desert to get rid of seasonal affective disorder. since I live alone and study online I am up until dawn at times.
I am wide awake at night. If I have to get up early I have to take a nap around 5 pm or so. I have friends all over the world to talk to at night when taking a break from writing or researching who are up my hours. I go to sleep any time between midnight and dawn. I reach my deepest sleep after dawn to about 10 am. I try to get up by 11am. I wake up about every 90 minutes.
If I go to bed to early or my blood sugar drops I will wake up at 4am and work on the computer for a while until I get sleepy again and have to eat a snack. I will not be able to return to sleep until my blood sugar returns to normal.
When I live in a Hogan, Teepee, Yurt, Kiva or earth ship or cabin, off the grid I return to the natural cycles with the moon and the sun. I am sensitive to light as well as energy fields so I try to take vacations away from them from time to time. In the summer I become nocturnal because I also suffer from too much light especially up in the mountains and high deserts. I have a strong reaction to ultra violet light.
Right now I live in a 5th wheel on the border of California and Oregon just moving down from Oregon's central coast. because rentals are expensive on the coast. I have to take meditative breaks during the day to ward off mental fatigue. Since the internet is unreliable at the edge of the grid or off the grid I have to order paper copies and go to libraries. I copy things to my laptop in case I cannot work on the internet because too many people are on during the day.
I am being interviewed on my issues with having sensory integration disabilities and how going to online classes and technology helps or hinders my studies. I am hoping to take Instructional Technology Design next year after graduating to work on universal design for students with disabilities.
I am on the school journal this semester the Twisted Vine. already I disgust which fonts and color schemes are best for low visions and problems like dyslexia, "textlexia" and Irene syndrome. I work in mental health. We do not help people until they are incarcerated. I used to work  with people who had been incarcerated or hospitalized and are returning to the community. They almost always have learning differences not honored by our current academic system. Technology however is a great equalizer if you can get it to work right at your current location.
6 Recommendations
From Rama Rashad: "Technology sometimes increase the stress and in some other times decrease it. We must say that technology had been facilitated much of hard works in our daily life and saved much time. But , I can say that we may use the technology over our real need to the limit that we gradually turn to machine-like human. We may gradually lose relaxation, creation and even little enjoyment by simple things. I think that our life became more rigid with more motionless-related diseases."
4 Recommendations
20th Feb, 2015
Mohammad Hamad Al-khresheh
Northern Border University
Modern technology is affecting our sleep. The artificial light from TV and computer screens affects melatonin production and throws off circadian rhythms, preventing deep, restorative sleep.
• Heavy cell phone use showed an increase in sleep disorders in men and an increase in depressive symptoms in both men and women.
• Those constantly accessible via cell phones were the most likely to report mental health issues.
• Men who use computers intensively were more likely to develop sleeping problems.
• Regular, late night computer use was associated with sleep disorders, stress and depressive symptoms in both men and women.
• Frequently using a computer without breaks further increases the risk of stress, sleeping problems and depressive symptoms in women.
• A combination of both heavy computer use and heavy mobile use makes the associations even stronger.
6 Recommendations
23rd Feb, 2015
Miranda Yeoh
SEAMEO RECSAM
Dear Roland and all, there is always a need to strike a balance.  All GOOD things may not be good at all when we cannot strike a balance. 
'TECHNOLOGY IS LIKE FOOD
Richtel uses an analogy for our relationship with technology that I found helpful and insightful. “Technology is analogous to food. So just as food nourishes us and we need it for life, so too in the 21st century, in the modern age, we need technology,” Richtel explains. “And if we consume too much technology, just like if we consume too much food, it can have ill effects.” According to Richtel, research shows these ill effects range from increased stress to poor concentration, memory and productivity to less engaged and meaningful relationships.
MULTITASKING AND THE COCKTAIL PARTY
In the interview, Richtel also explains the troubling juggling act our brains go through when we are constantly multitasking. Here Richtel shares another useful analogy, “It’s a kind of cocktail party test that researchers have known about for years, where if you sit at a cocktail party and you’re listening to the person in front of you, you can’t really listen to the person behind you.”'
4 Recommendations
11th Mar, 2016
Rafik Karaman
Al-Quds University
The Impact of Technology on Workplace Stress
What is stress?  “Stress is tension from extraordinary demands, constraints, or opportunities” (Organizational Behavior 165).  There are many factors in our daily lives that cause stress, but how does technology affect stress?  Does it affect it positively or negatively?  Is there anything unethical about the technology and the way it is utilized?  Through an exploration of Company A, one will see both the positive and negative impacts of technology on workplace stress and discover some of the underlying ethical issues involved.
Company A utilizes various types of technology, from pagers and cell phones to personal computers and numerous types of technical software.  In the article, “Workplace Depression Blamed on IT Stress”, David Wiliamson states, “Technology designed to help people work efficiently is now forcing employees into a state of ‘digital depression’ ” (Williamson 9).  In the article, Williamson also refers to a study done by Dr. Peter Honey in which Honey states, “Employees don’t feel they can escape anymore”. 
Within Company A, employees and subcontractors utilize cell phones, pagers, radios, and e-mail.  As such, employees are rarely unavailable and it is not uncommon to be interrupted during one’s lunch hour.  While this inability to “escape” may cause stress, these same types of technology can assist in relieving stress.  For those who travel, cell phones can provide a feeling of safety since help can be a phone call away when one’s car breaks down.  E-mail and cell phones can both assist in keeping one in touch with the office.  For working parents, there is comfort in knowing that one’s children or family will always be able to have contact in case of emergency.  Each of these uses can assist in the reduction of stress.
Anne Mulcahy, Chairman and CEO of Xerox Corporation, identifies another factor regarding technology that may increase stress.  In an article published by Business Wire, Mulcahy is quoted as saying, “Technology has overwhelmed us with documents…they are a hidden and often misunderstood aspect of business cost, productivity and infrastructure” (5066).  Within Company A, the production of documents is an ongoing process.  There are contracts, change orders, billings, pay requests, letters, memos, reports and various other documents that need to be created. Once created, originals, copies and computer files must be properly filed and stored, which makes for more work that can create stress.
Another technological factor that can cause stress is computers and computer software.  Within the last year, several upgrades to the computer network and software systems have been implemented at Company A.  While upgrades to the accounting software have reduced stress caused by software errors in the form of interrupted postings, technological upgrades have been needed at some of the workstations, which have increased stress caused by slow computer response time. 
With employees at Company A relying more and more on the technology offered by computers, coordination of computer support has become another factor increasing stress among some employees.  Through the use of software such as Outlook, the network administrators are able to schedule work that is needed on computers within the office such as memory upgrades and software installation.  The same software enables them to keep an outside computer consultant informed of issues needing his assistance, which can aid in the reduction of stress felt by the network administrators caused by having to keep track of all the issues.
So, with all these technological advances, are there any underlying ethical issues involved?  Further exploration of Company A reveals that there is widespread use of the Internet among employees.  Although there is some business use of the Internet, the majority of the use is for personal reasons – accessing personal e-mail, planning vacations, etc.  This begs the question, “Is it ethical for employees to spend company time pursuing personal interests?”  While it appears unethical, David Williamson notes that Euryn Williams advises, “One of the worst things a company can do is to forbid employees to surf the web for leisure”.  Williamson further notes that a survey of U.S. employees “who had access to the Internet both at work and at home surfed the web for 3.7 hours per week in the office, but compensated for that by spending 5.9 hours of their leisure time on work-related projects”.  
Further substantiation that use of the Internet is not entirely detrimental comes from the article “War News Distracts Workers.”  Authors Karin Rives and Vicki Lee Parker note, “The outbreak of war, like any other crisis, has a way of slowing work in many offices and factories” .  The authors cite radios and the Internet as distracting employees while keeping the employees informed of world events, but also recommend allowing employees to stay informed as a way of reducing stress.  They suggest giving “workers a few extra minutes to catch up on world events”.
 Continued exploration of the ethics involved again focuses on use of the Internet.  While management at Company A realizes that limiting Internet access for employees can be counterproductive, it can also be noted that the ethical standards and morals of management can be seen in the restrictions placed on that usage.  Through software installed on the network, management has effectively eliminated employees from accessing sites offering pornographic materials.
While technological advances can be seen as detrimental to the work environment by creating stress in the work place, it can also be seen as having created greater and more efficient ways of doing business.  Through a review of the technology utilized by Company A and the ethics involved, it can be seen that there have been both positive and negative impacts to the stress levels of employees.  As employees “surf the net” on the job, management has found the need to limit access to certain sites for moral and ethical reasons, but realizes that access to information regarding world events aids in reducing stress.  As David Williamson again quotes Euryn Williams, “It’s about seeing the technology as an opportunity rather than a threat”.
Claire Belisle; Mr. Elgin; Management 331; 13 April 2003
Rafik
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11th Mar, 2016
Krishnan Umachandran
NELCAST
While the researchers can't point to an exact reason why these specific technologies are associated with lower stress, they do offer up this possible explanation: Sharing through email, sending text messages of pictures of events shortly after they happen and expressing oneself through the small snippets of activity allowed by Twitter may provide women with a low-demand and easily accessible coping mechanism.
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