Question
Asked 17th Jul, 2019
  • CECOS University of IT and Emerging Sciences

Research Methods VS Research Methodology ??

Research methods are the various procedures, schemes, steps and algorithms used in research. All the methods used by a researcher during a research study are termed as research methods. They are essentially planned, scientific and value-neutral. They include observations, theoretical procedures, experimental studies, numerical schemes, statistical approaches, etc. Research methods help us collect samples, data and find a solution to a problem. Particularly, business and scientific research methods call for explanations based on collected facts, measurements and observations and not on reasoning alone. They accept only those explanations which can be verified by experiments.
Research methodology is a systematic way to solve a problem. It is a science of studying how research is to be carried out. Essentially, the procedures by which researchers go about their work of describing, explaining and predicting phenomena are called research methodology. It is also defined as the study of methods by which knowledge is gained. Its aim is to give the work plan of research.
Do you know that there is a difference between research methods and research methodology? Researchers use them interchangeably but they are actually different. kindly share your idea?

Most recent answer

25th Apr, 2020
Mohammad Soliman
CASs, Oman & Fayoum University, Egypt
Thanks for explanations

Popular Answers (1)

17th Jul, 2019
Dean Whitehead
University of Tasmania
Asim - this is already common knowledge. Research methodology is the theoretical/philosophical positioning of a study. Research method/design is the 'doing' part of a study i.e. sampling, setting, ethics, data collection and data analysis. Yes - some do get confused and use the terms interchangeable - thinking them the same thing. Some know the differences - but still use the terms interchangeably. Thankfully, many more use the terms correctly - especially as headings for manuscripts/theses etc. It shouldn't be 'methods versus methodology' as in your title. You can't have one without the other.
10 Recommendations

All Answers (15)

17th Jul, 2019
Dean Whitehead
University of Tasmania
Asim - this is already common knowledge. Research methodology is the theoretical/philosophical positioning of a study. Research method/design is the 'doing' part of a study i.e. sampling, setting, ethics, data collection and data analysis. Yes - some do get confused and use the terms interchangeable - thinking them the same thing. Some know the differences - but still use the terms interchangeably. Thankfully, many more use the terms correctly - especially as headings for manuscripts/theses etc. It shouldn't be 'methods versus methodology' as in your title. You can't have one without the other.
10 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2019
Dr Manzoor Hussain
University of Kashmir
Asim - Method is a research tool and methodology is the justification for using a particular research method. Research method implies the methods employed by the researcher to conduct research and research methodology signifies way to efficiently solving research problems. Also, the research method is defined as the procedure or technique applied by the researcher to undertake research and is concerned with carrying out experiment, test, surveys, interviews, etc. On the other hand, research methodology is a system of methods, used scientifically for solving the research problem.
5 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2019
Amrit Kumar Bhandari
Tribhuvan University
Simply putting, 'Research Methodology' is the broad theoretical and philosophical framework within which a particular research is undertaken and 'Research Methods' are technical or procedural rules that are employed to generate and analyze data.
Moreover, I fully agree with Dean Whitehead that 'versus' is not appropriate to be used between them. This is because research methods form an integral part of the research methodology and as procedural rules, they fit themselves within the broad framework of research methodology.
6 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2019
Waheed Imran
University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar
Dr. Asim Farooq , I would say that the common methods employed for specific research is research methods, while the later one is approach towards problem solving in general.
Thank you.
3 Recommendations
18th Jul, 2019
Robert Trevethan
Independent author and researcher
There is some really good information in most of the above posts, beginning with the particularly accurate post by Dean Whitehead.
Without being flippant, I would add that one word is longer than the other, and therefore sounds more impressive. This isn't trivial in my view. When I read theses and journal articles, my evaluative antennae go out when I see researchers use "methodology" when they should have used "method". Often they do it, perhaps unconsciously, to make their research sound more impressive than it really is. Their doing so makes me alert to the possibility that they might have distorted their research in other ways that are unjustifiably favourable.
5 Recommendations
19th Jul, 2019
Asim Farooq
CECOS University of IT and Emerging Sciences
Thank you for the guidance and clarification Dean Whitehead , as the terms are quite lookalike, but now i Understand that Research methodology refers towards the the theoretical/philosophical approach, while the Research method is the application of methodology.
1 Recommendation
19th Jul, 2019
Asim Farooq
CECOS University of IT and Emerging Sciences
19th Jul, 2019
T.L. Brink
Crafton Hills College
I like everything that's been said in this thread. Let me attempt a simple analogy: building a house. Research methods are the tools in the carpenter's toolbox. Research methodology is the construction plans.
10 Recommendations
19th Jul, 2019
Asim Farooq
CECOS University of IT and Emerging Sciences
22nd Jul, 2019
Anuradha Iddagoda
University of Sri Jayewardenepura
Methodology
The theory of how research should be undertaken, including the theoretical and philosophical assumptions upon which research is based and the implications of these for the method or methods adopted (Saunders, 2007).
Method
The techniques and procedures used to obtain and analyze research data, including for example questionnaires, observation, interviews and statistical and non statistical techniques (Saunders, 2007).
Reference
Saunders, M.N., 2007. Research methods for business students, 5/e. Pearson Education India.
Sekaran, U., 2003. Research methods for business: A skill building approach. John Wiley & Sons.
4 Recommendations
22nd Jul, 2019
Dean Whitehead
University of Tasmania
Robert raise a good point - about terms used to 'impress' i.e. using incorrect terms to be over-technical or 'verbose'. I like T.L.'s analogy - and might pinch it for my students. That's what RG's all about - caring and sharing!!
4 Recommendations
18th Mar, 2020
Samy Azer
The University of Sydney
Most journals use Methods rather than Methodology. The Methodology is about the philosophical and theoretical bases for the method to be used. It is about the big picture. The method is about the details, such as participants, the material, the experiment, the data to be collected, or questionnaire to be used, and data analysis and statistical work.
1 Recommendation
23rd Apr, 2020
Mohammed Ahmed
American Public University
can we clarify further by involving research design. how the three terms be incorporated in a proposal ? can someone put the three in one paragraph?
24th Apr, 2020
Mohammed Ahmed
American Public University
I mean, in a proposal, how the narrative will look like. For example, the study will be quantitative using .....
Can you help by adding an answer?

Similar questions and discussions

Does epistemology offer specific methodological rules?
Question
405 answers
  • Florentina Scârneci-DomnișoruFlorentina Scârneci-Domnișoru
I often see here on RG questions like does semi-structured interview matches with realism or this type of coding matches with criticism etc. I often see researchers trying to match their metodological approaches with epistemological perspectives like mixed-methods with pragmatism.
But epistemology is philosophy. Most of the epistemological writings refer to methodology in a very broad way. They discuss about what is scientific and what is not, about what is scientific method and what is not. There are different perspectives equally accepted as philosophies from "the scientific method is the one used in natural sciences" to "everything goes".
I think we need epistemology in deciding if social research methodology is scientific or not, in making scientific every of its steps (like applying deductive and inductive logic, like making our hypotheses falsifiable etc.) and not as justification for employing one or other of the research methods and techniques or for combining them in a way or another.
I think epistemology does not offer specific methodological rules and that the problem is, for example, not if interpretivism is a justification for doing qualitative research but in what way is the qualitative research scientific and how to make it "more" scientific in order to maintain the attribut of science to sociology and to other social disciplines that employ this kind of research.
What do you think? Thank you!

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