Started 29th Oct, 2021
Recruiting Research Participants
I am a doctoral student replicating Laux et al.'s (2017) research (with some differences) that appeared in the ACA’s Journal of Addiction and Offender Counseling, October 2017, volume 38. That journal article is entitled, "Substance Use Assessment Instruments: 13 Years Later." The Laux et al.'s (2017) research extended Juhnke et.al's (2003) study, entitled, "Assessment Instruments used by Addictions Counselors, also published in the ACA’s Journal of Addiction and Offender Counseling.
If you are at least 25 years of age, a certified or licensed addictions counselor, and would like to participate in this research, please click the link to view the Informed Consent and to take a short survey. Your participation can help expand the limited research on this subject. Thank you very much.
Similar questions and discussions
Using rewrite websites to write a review article
- Saeed Kianfar
i want to write a review article and in these kinds of articles you read so many articles and extract important parts of them and then you bring it in your paper and of course you mention the refrences . Is it safe, legal and OK to use rewrite websites for writing a review article and wont be a problem in future?
Thanks a lot
First country to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender - El Salvador
- Konrad Sobański
In September 2021, El Salvador adopted Bitcoin, the largest cryptocurrency, as legal tender. The highly volatile Bitcoin token, based on decentralized ledger technology, has been declared the national currency, parallel to the current legal tender in El Salvador - the U.S. dollar. Authorities have launched a mobile app called Chivo Wallet, enabling citizens to send and receive BTC, convert BTC into USD and withdraw USD from special ATMs. Will this move lead to greater financial inclusion, especially for the still fairly large portion of El Salvador's population that does not have bank accounts? Or is it rather a very risky project leading to financial instability in the Salvadoran economy?
I wanted to know your opinion about the factors that lead a person to morality or immorality.
- Lalihon Mukhamedjanova
I wanted to know your opinion about the factors that lead a person to morality or immorality.
In your opinion, what is the most positive aspect of this pandemic?
- Laura Bulgariu
In your opinion, what is the most positive aspect of this pandemic? I think reducing environmental pollution is one of the good things. Do you agree?
Lets talk about some bad practices in Research...
- Wileidys Artigas
In the last ten years, the run for having more papers published and have more citations make the researchers do some things that are not ethic, some of this things are:
a) To pay for the preparation of articles or inclusion in finished articles;
b) Publication in various areas of knowledge seeking quantity against quality (when you see the speciality of the researcher its almost every topic);
c) Misuse of information collected or generation of information to publish.
What do you think about it? What else have you seen just for have more citations?
Thanks for your comments!
What is the meaning of theory? ;) - law & legal analysis
- Anna Kawalek
The age old question about theory - the I have put forward a proposition below (which I dont neccessarily agree with) - hope it generates a lively discussion and I am interested to hear from you on this facinating topic ;)
Dr Anna Kawalek
When we talk about theory in academia, any scholarly body has two main (interconnected) theoretical strands. To understand the core academic positions of any legal (or non-legal) school is to consider both aspects. The first is methodology (comprising primarily of ontological and epistemological assumptions about the law, latterly engaging relevant methods of discovering the law). This is general research philosophy applied more precisely to the subject of law (we might discuss the same paradigms in different fields, for instance, maths, physics, or sociology). This branch considers the mechanics behind making knowledge claims pertaining to whatlaw is (ontology), how we can know law (epistemology), and how these theoretical understandings create channels into relevant methods to construct knowledge. For further information, Stobbs provides an accessible overview of the academic terminology ontology, epistemology, methodology, and methods.His articulation is particularly useful because it demonstrates the link between these key pillars of knowledge acquisition (ontology, epistemology, methods), each layer creating a building block for the next, and together creating rigorous methodology.
The second strand concerns substantive, prescriptive, or content-drive claims about the law or what the law ought to do. The focus is subject matter, content, and causal links that discusses the law, practice, and the courts. Generating substantive knowledge claims rest on a (implicitly or explicitly acknowledged) series of complementary methodological assumptions from the first strand. This makes both strands interconnected. For example, commitment to a subjectivist ontology and sociological epistemology would project a substantive theory of psycho-social variety; it is unlikely (and potentially impossible) for this type of methodology to generate a substantive claim of a natural science genre. In the alternative, an objectivist ontology and empiricist epistemology may generate substantive theory of biomedical variety. This means that every juncture of a methodological process opens up a prism of potential substantive claims, whilst closing off others. Usually, when comparing any two schools, the bigger the adjustment to methodological assumptions (what reality is and how we know it), the greater the difference in substantive claim (seeking to explain and discuss these realities). Taken together, if a methodological underpinning offers a (limited) spectrum of substantive claims, this means that literature ascribing to a similar series of methodological assumptions are likely to provoke similar genres of substantive theory. Alternatively, literature ascribing to different methodologies but examining the same phenomenon will project opposing substantive theories about that given phenomenon because they make very different theoretical commitments about the world.
In law, this point is exemplified by legal realism and formalism, two schools that are typically understood as scholarly opponents. Their ontological and epistemological beliefs mean that the realists and the formalists each respectively construct knowledge of the law and legal processes in a very different way to one-another, mobilising a very different sets of methodological benchmarks. However, at the same time, they examine similar substantive content – namely, the courts, advocacy, and juristic methods, and how political standards influence adjudication. The formalist position takes a normatively-infused political angle; it considers judicial decisions and how judges do and ought to decide cases, seeking to persuade practitioners to justify preferences to objective standards. However, the realists reject ought questions and look at social facts and effects as they manifest in reality. At risk of venturing too far into the terrains of their respective substantive claims, the key point is that they examine similar phenomena using very different methodologies. As a result, despite examining the same “thing”, they derive substantive conclusions on opposite ends of the spectrum. This serves to highlight the significance of methodological assumptions for generating substantive claims.
Are there in fact two stands when we generate theory? Discuss.
 Nigel Stobbs, ‘therapeutic jurisprudence as theoretical and applied research’ (chapter 3) in Stobbs, et al. [n 14] .
 Edward L. Rubin, The Concept of Law and the New Public Law Scholarship, 89 Mich. L. Rev. 792 (1991) Available at: https://repository.law.umich.edu/mlr/vol89/iss4/3
 Karl N Llewellyn, ‘The Normative, the Legal, and the Law-Jobs: The Problem of Juristic Method.’ The Yale Law Journal, vol. 49, no. 8, 1940, pp. 1355–400. JSTOR, https://doi.org/10.2307/792545. Accessed 29 Jun. 2022.
 Jeremy Telman, ‘International legal positivism and legal realism’, in Jörg Kammerhofer & Jean D'Aspremont (Eds.) International Legal Positivism in a Post-Modern World (pp. 241-263) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014). doi:10.1017/CBO9781139094245.012
 Ibid; Michael Freeman, and Dennis Lloyd of Hampstead. 2001. Lloyd's introduction to jurisprudence (chapter 9). (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2001).
 Oliver Jütersonke, ‘Realist Approaches to International Law’ in Anne Orford and Florian Hoffmann The Oxford Handbook of the Theory of International Law (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016) DOI: 10.1093/law/9780198701958.003.0017
Why import tensorflow_federated as tff is not working?
- Nidhi Tiwari
Everywhere import tensorflow_federated as tff this is being used but when I am writing this in google colab, it's not working. It's showing type error. What could be the problem?
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