Question
Asked 6th Dec, 2012

How to differentiate determinate and semi-determinate varieties in the field?

How to differentiate determinate and semi-determinate varieties of tomato in the field?

Most recent answer

15th Mar, 2019
Ashwini Tiwari
Fiji National University
Simply we can identify determinate varieties if every node branch terminates into flowering and semi determinate if in between one to two internode terminates into flowering.
2 Recommendations

Popular answers (1)

30th Jan, 2013
Deepu Mathew
Kerala Agricultural University
Dear Anoop
The definitions to determinate and indeterminate varieties as already given by few of our colleagues hold good. But I feel the concept of semi-determinate tomato is not clearly brought out in these answers.
At field level, determinate tomatoes are characterized by the bushy growth that does not require a support, in normal cases. The height of the plants vary from 30-65 cm depending on the cultivars. Though many books define this growth habit in terms of number of nodes (6-15) it is again genotype specific.
The semi-determinate tomatoes are typical determinate types except in the length of the branches. Since the number of branches are lesser (compared to determinate) and the length of each branch is more, these varieties require the support of a pole of 1 metre lenth, to avoid trailing in the ground. The plant height comes to almost 1-2 metres. Pruning to maintain the apical dominance will not be effective and lead to reduced yields.
When we say, indeterminate, this refers to the varieties that got the capability to grow up to a height of 5-15 metres depending on the genotype and the type of pruning that we adopt. In general, the indeterminate varieties are pruned to a single stem that will grow to continuously to reach the top of the greenhouse, may be up to 10-15 meters. This stem will be supported from the greenhouse roof with twines. Once the shoot tip reaches the roof, the twine will be released gradually so that base of the plant where the harvest is completed will rest on the ground and continuous growth of shoot tip is ensured (process is called lowering).
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All Answers (7)

18th Dec, 2012
Patrick Riga
Neiker-Tecnalia Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development
Of what plant?
18th Dec, 2012
Anoop Shetty
G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar
Tomato
18th Dec, 2012
Patrick Riga
Neiker-Tecnalia Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development
Sorry, I read really too fast your question...
Anyway, determinate varieties stop growing when fruit sets on the terminal or top bud, ripen all their crop at or near the same time (usually over a 2 week period), and then die. In contrast, indeterminate varieties set new fruits and ripen mature fruits all at the same time throughout the growing season, until frost die the plants.
Semi-determinate var. will produce a main crop that ripens together, but will also continue to produce up until frost. I think you can observe the sequence of fruit sets and ripening to differenciate varieties.
2 Recommendations
22nd Dec, 2012
Sathish Punder
Nunhems
In determinate varieties branches bear flower/inflorescence at the tip and stop growing further, unlike indeterminate varieties keeps on growing bearing fruits on the growing shoot. Determinate ones are short duration, early yielding varieties and indeterminate ones are late, long duration varieties. The varieties having characters in between these two catagories are can be called as semi-determinate.
2 Recommendations
30th Jan, 2013
Deepu Mathew
Kerala Agricultural University
Dear Anoop
The definitions to determinate and indeterminate varieties as already given by few of our colleagues hold good. But I feel the concept of semi-determinate tomato is not clearly brought out in these answers.
At field level, determinate tomatoes are characterized by the bushy growth that does not require a support, in normal cases. The height of the plants vary from 30-65 cm depending on the cultivars. Though many books define this growth habit in terms of number of nodes (6-15) it is again genotype specific.
The semi-determinate tomatoes are typical determinate types except in the length of the branches. Since the number of branches are lesser (compared to determinate) and the length of each branch is more, these varieties require the support of a pole of 1 metre lenth, to avoid trailing in the ground. The plant height comes to almost 1-2 metres. Pruning to maintain the apical dominance will not be effective and lead to reduced yields.
When we say, indeterminate, this refers to the varieties that got the capability to grow up to a height of 5-15 metres depending on the genotype and the type of pruning that we adopt. In general, the indeterminate varieties are pruned to a single stem that will grow to continuously to reach the top of the greenhouse, may be up to 10-15 meters. This stem will be supported from the greenhouse roof with twines. Once the shoot tip reaches the roof, the twine will be released gradually so that base of the plant where the harvest is completed will rest on the ground and continuous growth of shoot tip is ensured (process is called lowering).
4 Recommendations
15th Aug, 2017
Ibrahim Alsawy Al-Ballat
Tanta University
No. Of leaves between clusters,  if it's one , two or three.
1- Determinate
2- semi
3- indeterminate
15th Mar, 2019
Ashwini Tiwari
Fiji National University
Simply we can identify determinate varieties if every node branch terminates into flowering and semi determinate if in between one to two internode terminates into flowering.
2 Recommendations

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