Asked 9th Jan, 2020

How to control for levels of arousal when using TMS and stimulating sites associated with different levels of discomfort?

Hello all,
I have a question regarding TMS procedures. I am just wondering if anyone is aware of ways of controlling for varying levels of arousal as a result of using TMS for stimulating different brain sites (e.g. frontal scalp locations vs. vertex) whereat this stimulation brings different levels of face muscle contractions and different levels of possible discomfort / annoyance. Could you please direct me to any studies using such controls?
Many Thanks.

All Answers (1)

9th Jan, 2020
Tiziano Suran
Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati di Trieste
Hi Eva,
The first thing that comes to my mind is that, beyond the Vertex, you can stimulate the contralateral equivalent of your target region.
Additionally, I can suggest you take a look at this interactive website for finding TMS-annoyance-matched scalp regions (and other potentially useful features):
Hope it helps!
Good luck,

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