Q&A
Find answers to technical questions and follow scientific discussions
Question
Asked 23rd May, 2021

How to calculate dust mass in ISM using AKARI and WISE survey?

There are several papers which are using following formula (as shown in the picture) to calculate the dust mass (Md) of the dusty environments such as Nebula, loops etc in the ISM. The expression for dust mass shows that it depends on grain size, grain density and grain emissivity, here, for IRAS Survey, grain size = 0.1 micron, density = 1000 kg/m3 and emissivity = 0.0010 for 100 micron, respectively, are used. Are these constants same for AKARI and WISE survey too? OR, are there any other methods for the dust mass calculation using AKARI and WISE data? I would be very much happy to get your valuable suggestions. Thank you :)

All Answers (3)

24th May, 2021
Michal Michalowski
Adam Mickiewicz University
The grain size, density and emissivity are not properties of the data/telescope (IRAS, WISE or AKARI), but of the physical objects you want to study. Hence, deciding which parameters to use is complex and must come from your knowledge of these objects. Have a look on how these parameters were derived from IRAS data - what kind of objects, assumptions, conditions? If they roughly can be applied to the objects you want to study with AKARI, then you can justify using the same parameters. If your objects are completely different then you need to somehow derive or find a different set of parameters (or at least a range of possible values).
Good luck,
Michał
24th May, 2021
Sujan Prasad Gautam
University of Alabama in Huntsville
Thank you much for for your response and valuable suggestions. :)
24th May, 2021
Michal Michalowski
Adam Mickiewicz University
You are welcome!

Similar questions and discussions

Related Publications

Article
In order to investigate the development of aspherical planetary nebulae, polarimetry was obtained for a group of planetary nebulae and for objects that will evolve into planetary nebulae, i.e., red giants, late asymptotic giant branch (AGB) objects, proto-planetary nebulae, and young planetary nebulae. To study the dust around the objects in our sa...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this review/tutorial we explore planetary nebulae as a stage in the evolution of low-to-intermediate-mass stars, as major contributors to the mass and chemical enrichment of the interstellar medium, and as astrophysical laboratories. We discuss many observed properties of planetary nebulae, placing particular emphasis on element abundance determ...
Article
Full-text available
In this review/tutorial we explore planetary nebulae as a stage in the evolution of low-to-intermediate-mass stars, as major contributors to the mass and chemical enrichment of the interstellar medium, and as astrophysical laboratories. We discuss many observed properties of planetary nebulae, placing particular emphasis on element abundance determ...
Got a technical question?
Get high-quality answers from experts.