Question
Asked 7th Jun, 2016

How to write a good thesis abstract?

What are the components should have in writing a clear and good abstract?

Most recent answer

4th Jan, 2022
Jebunnesa Jeba
RMIT University
Overall, an abstract should comprise the summary of the background of a study, its aims, methodology to achieve those aims, major findings and a bit significance of the research.

Popular Answers (1)

7th Jun, 2016
Reza Biria
Shahid Ashrafi Isfahani University -Isfahan- Iran
Dear Syamsul Nor Azlan Mhamad,
An abstract is a small window opening into the full content of your research/thesis. It is a type of discourse consisting of five different but complementary moves. The first move is optional and contains general background information about your key research variable or variables. The second move is the statement of the problem indicating your research hypothesis/ question. The third move is the methodology move representing your participants, if any ; your materials/instruments, procedures, and data analysis. The fourth move portrays your findings. Finally, in the last optional move, you talk about the likely implications of the study.
Best regards,
R. Biria
35 Recommendations

All Answers (33)

7th Jun, 2016
Reza Biria
Shahid Ashrafi Isfahani University -Isfahan- Iran
Dear Syamsul Nor Azlan Mhamad,
An abstract is a small window opening into the full content of your research/thesis. It is a type of discourse consisting of five different but complementary moves. The first move is optional and contains general background information about your key research variable or variables. The second move is the statement of the problem indicating your research hypothesis/ question. The third move is the methodology move representing your participants, if any ; your materials/instruments, procedures, and data analysis. The fourth move portrays your findings. Finally, in the last optional move, you talk about the likely implications of the study.
Best regards,
R. Biria
35 Recommendations
7th Jun, 2016
Tamizhkumaran J
DVARA holdings
hi, 
writing a abstract is a skill. its a short scientific summary of your research work. to make it simple and clear you need indicate the objective, methodology and salient findings of your research 
3 Recommendations
9th Jun, 2016
Naemeh Nahavandi
Islamic Azad University Tabriz Branch
1. Brief background of ur study
2. Ur problems or research questions
3. Methodology: participants, setting, instruments, procedure of ur study, ur data analysis method
4. Findings
5. Very short implications of ur study
4 Recommendations
29th Aug, 2016
Mahnaz Saeidi
Islamic Azad University Tabriz Branch
I hope the following (about both Abstract and Introduction) is helpful; it is part of my book, A Brief Guide to Writing Style of Articles and References. This book is mostly based on APA Style (6th Edition):
Abstract
● Abstract should be a single paragraph and has a block format; that is, the first line should not be indented.
● The purpose of this section is to provide a brief  
   and comprehensive summary of the study.
● It should be accurate (do not include information here that is not in the body of the manuscript)
● Self-contained (spell out abbreviations)
● Concise (120 word maximum)
● It is a good idea to write this section last.
● Also notice that everything about this manuscript is double spaced.
● The next section begins on a new page.
● Avoid citing references in the abstract.
● Use active rather than passive voice (but without personal pronouns).
● Use past tense for procedures and present tense for results.
● The content of the abstract of an empirical study is as follows:
▪ The problem under investigation, in one sentence if possible.
▪ Information about the participants’ of the study, including their age, sex, ethnic and/or racial group, and proficiency level.
▪ The essential features of the method of the study, including instrument, treatment, etc.
▪ The basic findings, including effect sizes and confidence intervals and/or statistical significance levels.
▪The conclusions and the implications of the study.
Introduction
● The body of the manuscript opens with an introduction but as it is identified by its position in the manuscript, introduction is not typed; instead, retype your title and center it at the top of the introduction.
● The main purpose of this section is to tell the reader why you performed the study.
● A good introduction answers the following questions:
▪ Why is the stated problem important?
▪ How does the study relate to previous studies?
▪ What are the differences between this study and previous studies?
▪ Why does the problem deserve new research?
 
● It starts out broad and becomes more and more specific.
● The content of the introduction should contain the following:
1.       the general introduction (e.g., defining the  key words); the importance of the problem;
2. the literature review (summarizing earlier
    works, avoiding nonessential details, 
    emphasizing important findings, and 
    including relevant methodological issues 
    and major conclusions);
3. the connection of the present study to the 
    Literature;
4. the controversy or the gap in the field of 
    the study, and
5. the explicit statement of purpose.
5 Recommendations
29th Aug, 2016
Syamsul Nor Azlan Mohamad
Universiti Teknologi MARA
TQ Mahnaz Saeidi. 
28th Nov, 2016
Mohand Lagha
Saad Dahlab University
The abstract must reflect the main contribution of the authors
28th Nov, 2016
Hisham K. Hisham
University of Basrah
By reviewing many of the published research.
1 Recommendation
29th Nov, 2016
Agevi Humphrey
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
An abstract is summary of a thesis but speaks volume. It clearly highlights what contained in the thesis. The abstract must have statement of the problem, the need for doing research-justification,objectives, methodology, key results and summary. it must end with a statement of the relevance   of the research
29th Nov, 2016
Agevi Humphrey
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
29th Nov, 2016
Dilip Kumar Kundu
Central Research Institute for Jute & Allied Fibres
Dear Syamsul,
You should follow these steps to write a good and effective abstract,of thesis:
 write the abstract after you have finished the thesis
 identify the aims, methods, scope, results, conclusions, and recommendations of your thesis in key words
 use your headings and table of contents as a guide to writing your abstract
 when you have finished use spellcheck software
 show the abstract to someone who has not read your thesis and ask him / her if the
abstract makes good sense
2 Recommendations
29th Nov, 2016
Saeed Naif Turki Al Rashid
University of Anbar
Dear 
you can writ a good abstract by a short background ,aim and important results of your work
regards 
1 Recommendation
Deleted profile
3 Recommendations
29th Nov, 2016
Ahmed Madi Waheed Al-Mayahi
University of Basrah
Syamsul Nor Azlan Mohamad
The abstract is an important component of thesis. The abstract is a summary of the whole thesis. It presents all the major elements of work in a highly condensed form.
Abstracts give readers a chance to quickly see what the main contents . They enable readers to decide whether the work is of interest for them.
2 Recommendations
13th Dec, 2016
Maytham Alabbas
University of Basrah
It can be best to write the Abstract last, once you are sure what exactly you are summarizing.
Please have a look at the below link about: "HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT: Tips and Samples"
HTH.
3 Recommendations
22nd Dec, 2017
Abdrie Seid Hassen
Wuhan University of Technology
Dear syamsul .
I hope all the answers are relevant for your question, If you get some thing pleas see the link below .
2 Recommendations
13th Jul, 2018
Sasidhar Jangam
National Aerospace Laboratories
A good abstract can vary from 750 - 1000 words for doctoral thesis and 300-500 words for masters and bachelors thesis. A thesis or
dissertation should contain the following.
1.What the thesis is about - Paragraph1
2. The problem & the main argument - Paragraph2
3. What you did (methods or techniques adopted, data collection and analysis of data) - Paragraph3
4. findings & results - Paragraph4
5. conclusion & future challenges (if possible) - Paragraph5
3 Recommendations
30th Jul, 2018
Nayan Kadam
Hochschule Ravensburg-Weingarten
An abstract is a concise summary of a research paper or entire thesis. It is a well-developed single paragraph of approximately 250 words in length, which is indented and single spaced. The function of the abstract is to outline briefly all parts of the paper.
All abstracts generally cover the following five sections:
1. Reason for writing: What is the importance of the research? Why would a reader be interested in the larger work?
2. Problem: What problem does this work attempt to solve? What is
the scope of the project? What is the main argument,
thesis or claim?
3. Methodology: An abstract of a scientific work may include specific
models or approaches used in the larger study. Other
abstracts may describe the types of evidence used in
the research.
4. Results: An abstract of a scientific work may include specific data
that indicates the results of the project. Other abstracts
may discuss the findings in a more general way.
5. Implications: How does this work add to the body of knowledge on
the topic? Are there any practical or theoretical
applications from your findings or implications for future
research?
P.S. For more information & examples, please find attached the file 'Writing an abstract - University of Melbourne'
2 Recommendations
29th Aug, 2018
K. Sasikumar
Defence Research and Development Organisation
Make sure that your keywords come in first two lines of the abstract.
No literature survey or introduction in abstract
Be precise to the work done, outcome and possible applications/impact of the work.
Word count as per the journal guidelines.
3 Recommendations
30th Aug, 2018
Kenneth Lui-ming Ngie
The University of Newcastle, Australia
The following publications may further help, particularly: the guidance in writing title and abstract as per Bern (2009, pp. 188-190); the abstract template (Biggam, 2008, pp. 162-169); checklist for writing abstract (Derntl, 2014, p. 110).
  • Andrade, C. (2011) How to write a good abstract for a scientific paper or conference presentation, Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 2, pp. 172-175.
  • Bern, D. J. (2009) Writing the empirical journal, in Zanna, M.P. and Darley, J.M. (eds.) The Compleat Academic: A Practical Guide for the Beginning Social Scientist. 2nd ed. London: Psychology Press, pp. 171-201.
  • Biggam, J. (2008) Succeeding with Your Master's Dissertation: A step-by-step handbook. England: Open University Press.
  • Derntl, M. (2014) Basics of research paper writing and publishing, International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 6, 2, pp. 105-123.
  • Neill, U. S. (2007) How to write a scientific masterpiece, The Journal of clinical investigation, 117, 12, pp. 3599-3602.
3 Recommendations
19th Oct, 2018
Osei Yaw Akoto
Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology
Generally, an abstract has four/five 'moves'/steps(or components). These include the background (1), purpose of the study (2), methodology (3), key findings (4) and implications of the findings (5). The first 'move'/step/component is considered optional. You may refer to Bitchener, J. (2009). Writing an applied linguistics thesis or dissertation: A guide to presenting empirical research. Macmillan International Higher Education.
5 Recommendations
16th Sep, 2019
Madhusudhana Kamath
Manipal Academy of Higher Education
Based on the research question, samplesize,material and method and result and discussion you can write good research abstract.
Dr Kamath Madhusudhana
2 Recommendations
31st Mar, 2020
Ali Raza
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Have a look at this great example. How to write a constructive abstract?
2 Recommendations
31st Mar, 2020
Oluwafemi Samson Balogun
University of Eastern Finland
It should summarise what the work is all about
2 Recommendations
1st Apr, 2020
Rose Asayas Arceño
Palompon Institute of Technology (PIT)
Here is a good guide in writing a research abstract - OMRC. Objectives, Methodology, Results, and Conclusion.
Please refer the link below as a sample
4 Recommendations

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