Asked 20th Apr, 2011
  • statistical centre of IRAN

HI economist

I am researchin about SAM(social accouning matrix).how can i download SAM of countries.please help me

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Are Rostow’s 5 Stages of growth still ideal for today’s economies? Must an economy follow these 5 stages to achieve sustainable economic growth?
34 answers
  • Makuachukwu Gabriel OjideMakuachukwu Gabriel Ojide
Can technology transfer or technology acquisition enable an economy skip early stages stipulated by Rostow and still achieve sustainable growth?
Please, see summary of Rostow's 5 Stages below:
Below is a detailed outline of Rostow's 5 Stages:
• Traditional society
o characterized by subsistence agriculture or hunting & gathering; almost wholly a "primary" sector economy
o limited technology;
o A static or 'rigid' society: lack of class or individual economic mobility, with stability prioritized and change seen negatively
• Pre-conditions to "take-off"
o external demand for raw materials initiates economic change;
o development of more productive, commercial agriculture & cash crops not consumed by producers and/or largely exported
o widespread and enhanced investment in changes to the physical environment to expand production (i.e. irrigation, canals, ports)
o increasing spread of technology & advances in existing technologies
o changing social structure, with previous social equilibrium now in flux
o individual social mobility begins
o development of national identity and shared economic interests
• Take off
o Urbanization increases, Industrialization proceeds, Technological break through occurs
o the "secondary" (goods-producing) sector expands and ratio of secondary vs. primary sectors in the economy shifts quickly towards secondary
o textiles & apparel are usually the first "take-off" industry, as happened in Great Britain's classic "Industrial Revolution"
• Drive to maturity
o diversification of the industrial base; multiple industries expand & new ones take root quickly
o manufacturing shifts from investment-driven (capital goods) towards consumer durables & domestic consumption
o rapid development of transportation infrastructure
o large-scale investment in social infrastructure (schools, universities, hospitals, etc.)
• Age of mass consumption
o the industrial base dominates the economy; the primary sector is of greatly diminished weight in economy & society
o widespread and normative consumption of high-value consumer goods (e.g. automobiles)
o consumers typically (if not universally), have disposable income, beyond all basic needs, for additional goods

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