Discussion
Started 4th Jan, 2019

Difference between technical textile and smart textile

As I am currently working on a literature review about technical textile in the apparel industry and their procurement process, I came across different articles that confuse me a little.
Is there a difference between Technical textile and smart textile or they're just different names for the same concept?
Thanks for your help !

Most recent answer

17th Mar, 2022
Jagdish Patil
SVKM’s NMIMS School of Pharmacy and Management
a smart textile, generally, an external functionality is added like electronic components, special polymeric substances, special finishing. In technical textile, textile materials are designed in specific ways (nonwovens, wovens, braiding, composites, etc) such that it can be used for a specific technical application. Certain smart textile material can be used for certain technical applications, however, at the core they are different.

All replies (10)

7th Jan, 2019
Neji Ladhari
University of Monastir
Often the name technical textiles is used for textiles for technical applications (agriculture, road, etc.), while the name smart textiles is used instead for textiles that react with the environment (temperature, light, heartbeat, etc.).
9th Jan, 2019
Abdur Rahim Munna
Shyamoli Textile Engineering College Dhaka
Technical textile means the textile materials which are used for technical issue not for clothing or fashion. For example, when Sewing thread is used in garments making it is not a technical textile. But when it is used as surgical suture then it is called technical textile. Besides, when a braid (draw-string) is used in a hoodie it is not a technical textile. But when it is used for a load bearing purpose it is called technical textile. etc. Moreover, there are a lot example for technical textiles regarding their definition. As: Agrotech, Geotech, Meditech, Automotive tech, etc.
Smart textile means the textile materials which are environmentally sensitive. Textile materials which can react in the presence of various stimuli are called smart textiles. For example, when a textile material can change its behavior in the presence of acidic and alkaline medium individually it is called smart textile. Besides, some textiles can change its behavior in the presence of temperature, light, blood circulation, air pressure, water pressure, etc. are called smart textiles.
2 Recommendations
9th Jan, 2019
Neji Ladhari
University of Monastir
I agree with Md. Abdur Rahim .
10th Jan, 2019
Abdur Rahim Munna
Shyamoli Textile Engineering College Dhaka
Thanks Neji Ladhari sir
10th Jan, 2019
Savana Valavoum
ESCE International Business School
Ok thanks a lot for your answers Abdur Rahim Munna and Neji Ladhari !!
So can we define a link between technical and smart textile? Like smart textile can be seen as a subcategory of technical textile?
10th Jan, 2019
Savana Valavoum
ESCE International Business School
Are all the clothes dedicated to sportwear that are breathable, waterproof etc considered as technical textile from Sportech segment?
24th Jan, 2019
Sigrid Rotzler
Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM
If you characterize technical textiles with their use in technical, not fashion/garment applications (as stated by Abdur Rahim Munna), then you can't put smart textiles as a subcategory of technical textiles as they can also be used for non-technical applications in the form of smart clothing/garments. Rather, smart texiles can be technical textiles and technical textile can be smart textiles but not all smart textiles are technical textiles and vice versa.
In addition, I would add that although most definitions of smart textiles only require a (predictable) response to external stimuli, other sources only include those with digital components (also labeled e-textiles), for example a report by the european commission found here:
If you want to form a link between smart textiles and other textile categories, instead of smart textiles being a subcategory of technical textiles, they are a subcategory of functional textiles - textiles that possess additional functions apart from the basic textile functions of (basic) protection, wellbeing and fashion.
1 Recommendation
27th Jan, 2019
Md. Yeasin Ali
Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology
In simply,
smart textile are the textiles which can sense its surrounding and can react with it by changing its shape, state, color, or other behaviors on the other hand, technical textile are the textiles used for fulfillment of specific purpose(s) rather than aesthetic appearance or use like textiles use for transporting energy, geotextiles, agrotech, sport-tech etc.
2nd Jul, 2020
Piyush Pandey
NIFT
Self functionality clothing such as color changing fabrics are Smart Textiles, while technical textiles is a broad field which also includes smart textiles, any fabric not naturally originated, created for purpose is known as technical textiles, for example if we are doing wet extrusion for Polyester and mixing it with spandex fiber its a technical textile, whereas if we mix same polyester with electro-luminicent category now it became smart textile, self sensing.

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