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Asked 11th Nov, 2010

Designing an Institutional Change Management Approach for Women Emancipation in Politics

What are the strategies for Designing an Institutional Change Management Approach for Women Emancipation in Politics. What are your countries' experiences?

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Are Rostow’s 5 Stages of growth still ideal for today’s economies? Must an economy follow these 5 stages to achieve sustainable economic growth?
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  • Makuachukwu Gabriel OjideMakuachukwu Gabriel Ojide
Can technology transfer or technology acquisition enable an economy skip early stages stipulated by Rostow and still achieve sustainable growth?
Please, see summary of Rostow's 5 Stages below:
Below is a detailed outline of Rostow's 5 Stages:
• Traditional society
o characterized by subsistence agriculture or hunting & gathering; almost wholly a "primary" sector economy
o limited technology;
o A static or 'rigid' society: lack of class or individual economic mobility, with stability prioritized and change seen negatively
• Pre-conditions to "take-off"
o external demand for raw materials initiates economic change;
o development of more productive, commercial agriculture & cash crops not consumed by producers and/or largely exported
o widespread and enhanced investment in changes to the physical environment to expand production (i.e. irrigation, canals, ports)
o increasing spread of technology & advances in existing technologies
o changing social structure, with previous social equilibrium now in flux
o individual social mobility begins
o development of national identity and shared economic interests
• Take off
o Urbanization increases, Industrialization proceeds, Technological break through occurs
o the "secondary" (goods-producing) sector expands and ratio of secondary vs. primary sectors in the economy shifts quickly towards secondary
o textiles & apparel are usually the first "take-off" industry, as happened in Great Britain's classic "Industrial Revolution"
• Drive to maturity
o diversification of the industrial base; multiple industries expand & new ones take root quickly
o manufacturing shifts from investment-driven (capital goods) towards consumer durables & domestic consumption
o rapid development of transportation infrastructure
o large-scale investment in social infrastructure (schools, universities, hospitals, etc.)
• Age of mass consumption
o the industrial base dominates the economy; the primary sector is of greatly diminished weight in economy & society
o widespread and normative consumption of high-value consumer goods (e.g. automobiles)
o consumers typically (if not universally), have disposable income, beyond all basic needs, for additional goods

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