Lab

Philosophical Antropology Lab

Institution: Independent Researcher

About the lab

The aim of the project is to explore the current transformation of the victim anthropological role, its current socio-cultural functions, focusing on three interrelated aspects of the victim social construction process: sacralization, management, design. The basic hypothesis: the main function of the victim is to produce solidarity, which in archaic societies was achieved within the framework of legitimate sacrificial ritual directly instituting the social order. But in the modern space of biopolitics, there is a distinction between the sacrificial victim and the victim-sufferer, whose vain suffering should be compensated as much as possible, and the second meaning, which is absolutely not typical for the archaic, today prevails symptomatically over the former.

Featured projects (1)

Project
The aim of the project is to explore the current transformation of the victim anthropological role, its current socio-cultural functions, focusing on three interrelated aspects of the victim social construction process: sacralization, management, design. The basic hypothesis: the main function of the victim is to produce solidarity, which in archaic societies was achieved within the framework of legitimate sacrificial ritual directly instituting the social order. But in the modern space of biopolitics, there is a distinction between the sacrificial victim and the victim-sufferer, whose vain suffering should be compensated as much as possible, and the second meaning, which is absolutely not typical for the archaic, today prevails symptomatically over the former. Today, the path to solidarity lies largely through the negative affects of imputed compassion to the victims and imputed anger towards the perpetrators, and largely depends on whether a quasi-sacral aureole will arise around the victim. In this sense, society remains the addressee of sacrifice, but the very act of sacrifice became largely discredited. However the victims are subject to appropriation and responsibility can be imposed for them. Therefore, in addition to studying the sacralization process, which is rather problematic in the contemporary context, the study will be aimed at analyzing the biopolitical management of victims. Victim management, including the design process, is now immersed in the media environment and is subject to media representation, which allows us to talk not just about constructing, but about design of the victim, which guides us to explore the visuality, performativity and projectivity of this process. Thus sacralization, management and design as aspects of the victim phenomenon will be investigated in interrelation with each other. The relevance of the study is due to the severity of social problems associated with such an ambiguous phenomenon of contemporary victim, the problems that urgently require study. So, in spite of the fact that terror is generally condemned as an absolute evil and is countered, since it is purposefully oriented towards the production of victims, terrorism becomes an everyday threat, influencing social order, relations, identities etc. The issues considered in the research project are not abstractly metaphysical, but they also have practical and ethical meaning, therefore the study is in the logic of a practical turn in philosophy and will contribute to the formation of a new methodological optics that is in demand for philosophical analysis of the actual problems of our time. The novelty of the project is to develop and substantiate the idea that the heterogeneity of both the phenomenon of the contemporary victim and the concept of the victim (sacred victim and victim-sufferer) is the key to understanding how the anthropological characteristics are transformed in the biopolitical context. The project will allow to enter into the new semantic horizon the concept of cultural trauma, as well as victimological research, and also to associate with the victim problem such effects of contemporary cultural and media spaces as design , Hypes, Produces, Snuff, etc., which will open up new research horizons and create an additional scientific space for both media philosophical studies and philosophical anthropology, opening the way for the introduction of such concepts as the design of the victim, the collective body of the victim, the economy of the victim, etc. The study involves a phased study of the phenomenon of the victim in the three stated aspects: sacralization, management, design. An intermediate result will be a series of articles that consistently answer the questions posed. The work will resulted in the preparation of the collective monograph. On the whole, the study will allow us to move forward in the direction of effective counteraction to sociocultural threats, terrorism and ideological extremism, and other sources of danger to society, the economy and the state. Project funded by RFBR. RFBR research project No. 19 011 00872 "Philosophical anthropology of the victim: sacralization, management, design".

Featured research (1)

The article is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of victim blaming and pursues a threefold goal. Firstly, to show the insufficiency of psychological and sociological explanations of the victim blaming practice. Secondly, to demonstrate that victim blaming and the concept of belief in a just world have a common context related to theology, namely, the theodicy doctrine, which postulates the goodness of the world, despite the presence of evil in it. And thirdly, to show the importance of precisely collective affectiveness associated with victim blaming.

Lab head

Marina Koretskaya
Department
  • Chair of Philosophy
About Marina Koretskaya
  • Marina Koretskaya currently works at the project 'Philosophical anthropology of the victim: sacralization, management, design'.

Members (3)

Helen Ivanenko
  • Samara Academy for the Humanities
Andrei Serikov
  • Samara National Research University
Elena Savenkova
  • Аssociate professor