Lab

Oyewole Simon Oginni's Lab

Featured projects (1)

Project
The project aims to develop a real-time mapping tool that identifies stabilization vectors in the regions affected by IS and Boko Haram in Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger plus Mali and Burkina Faso.

Featured research (4)

Since over a decade of conflicts in the Lake Chad Basin region, different measures have been adopted to regulate the mobility of displaced persons in border cities. Mubi—like other transit sites—is both a place of care and control, of incentivization and eviction and of inclusion and exclusion. To nuance these contradictions, I argue that we might have to pay attention to arrival practices in transit sites, particularly the encounter with infrastructures, which are intertwined and profoundly co-constitutive of the displaced persons’ realities. In transit sites, arrival is practised and lived temporally and relationally among the displaced persons, despite the conditions of exile and immobility. Urban infrastructures (such as marketplaces, transit camps and living rooms) transform and enact the strategy adopted by the displaced persons to navigate daily life and to ‘move on’ from conditions of exile and confinement. Moving on, in this sense, is a strategy to overcome the disruption of the temporality of arrival practices from the Nigerian state regulation of mobility through incentivization and encampment policies. I demonstrate that both incentivization and encampment aim towards a common goal, which is to render displaced persons invisible in urban centres while becoming a raw material for capital production. The regulation enables a new form of unplanned spaces to emerge that are hyper-visible and super-precarious at the urban margins. This paper calls for a critical perspective on humanitarian urbanism in the Global South.
For a decade, the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) region, which is at the intersection of four countries and home to ethnic groups in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, has been occupied by Boko Haram. The lax borders and deprivation in the region contributed to the emergence and expansion of Boko Haram's insurgency. While much is known about the human casualties of the invasion, little is known about the accessibility of healthcare for the displaced persons. This qualitative study adopted Penchansky and Thomas' ([1981]. “The Concept of Access: Definition and Relationship to Consumer Satisfaction.” Medical Care 19 (2): 127–140) theory of access as its conceptual framework (with the following components: geographical accessibility, availability, financial accessibility, acceptability and accommodation) to explore the experiences of the displaced persons in the LCB with respect to access to healthcare. One-on-one interviews (n = 51) and two focus group discussions (n = 16) were conducted with 67 refugees and internally displaced persons recruited from nine host communities in Nigeria and Cameroon, who shared their perceptions of their healthcare access. The displaced persons faced barriers to their access to the healthcare in the LCB. It was found that for each of the components of the theory of access, the study participants encountered barriers to healthcare access. For example, with regard to financial accessibility (affordability), poverty was identified as the main personal barrier to the displaced persons’ healthcare access, and with regard to acceptability, it was communication that was reported to be a barrier. The limitations of the study, the recommendations for future research and the implications of the findings are discussed in detail.
The extant literature has reported on human rights violations perpetrated by state security systems against citizens during counterterrorism efforts. This has contributed to discussions on effective strategies to protect human life and property in the wake of terrorist attacks from insurgent groups such as Boko Haram. It is widely recommended that states adopt a combination of strategies to combat terrorism. However, in the African context, there have been few explorations of the nature and effectiveness of counterterrorism strategies adopted by states. Drawing on a multifa-ceted approach to fighting terrorism as the framework of analysis, this qualitative study explores people's perceptions of the effectiveness of counterterrorism efforts and their human rights implications in Cameroon in the wake of attacks from Boko Haram. One-on-one interviews were conducted with 51 participants recruited from Yaound e, the capital of Cameroon. The participants mentioned that security measures instituted by the state have had adverse impacts on their fundamental human rights. The human rights violations are manifested in several ways, including extortion, unlawful arrest, and restrictions on movement. Study limitations, recommendations for future research, and the need for the Cameroon government to create economic opportunities and involve citizens in the fight against terrorism are discussed.
Inclusive education has become a ‘buzzword’ in the contemporary discourse on equal access to education. It has been argued that different stakeholders play a crucial role in an effort to implement inclusive education. Although teachers are key ‘architects’ who are expected to support the learning of all students in the classroom, the decisions of parents of children with and without disabilities are critical to successful implementation. In the Nigerian context, despite efforts at implementing inclusive education, only few studies have attempted to document parental perspectives. Employing Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behaviour, this study explored parental attitudes, knowledge and perceived social norms in influencing the implementation of inclusive education. A total of 708 parents completed the Parents’ Attitudes towards Inclusive Education (PATIE) survey questionnaire in two states in Nigeria. The study found that parents were ambivalent in their attitudes and had limited knowledge and slightly positive perceived social norms. The implications of the findings for policymaking are also discussed.

Lab head

Oyewole Simon Oginni
Department
  • ZEF A - Department of Political and Cultural Change
About Oyewole Simon Oginni
  • Oyewole currently works on everyday urbanity in post-conflict context, looking at the humanitarian-security-development nexus and the implications for recovery and resilience building in the Lake Chad Basin and the Sahel region.

Members (3)

Maxwell Peprah Opoku
  • United Arab Emirates University
Beatrice Atim Alupo
  • Griffith University
Phillip Garjay Innis
  • University of Bonn