Lab

Mindful Wisdom & Compassion Lab

About the lab

MWC Lab is an unofficial forum created to promote cooperation and coordination between Czech students of psychology who are interested in mindfulness and compassion research.

Featured projects (1)

Project
The aim of this project is to develop and validate the Czech versions of selected scales and to examine their psychometric properties.

Featured research (10)

Objectives: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate if mindfulness is developed in some therapy or intervention programs, that are not explicitly focused on its development. Method: Randomized controlled trials were searched from Scopus database that investigated the effect of non-mindfulness-based therapy or intervention programs on the levels of mindfulness. The search was limited to studies which have used the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire for measuring mindfulness. Results: A total of 24 trials met inclusion criteria. Among the assessed programs, two had large effects for change in mindfulness (0,8 ˂ d), seven had medium effects (0,5 ˂ d ˂ 0,8), ten had small effects (0,2 ˂ d ˂ 0,5) and five had either no effect or negative effect (d ˂ 0,2). The weighted mean of effect sizes of all 24 programs on mindfulness development was d = 0,41. Conclusion: Many non-mindfulness-based therapy or intervention programs do have an effect on the increase of mindfulness.
Článek představuje integrativní psychoterapii zaměřenou na všímavost a soucit. Popisuje vliv maladaptivních vztahových schémat na vznik psychopatologických symptomů a také mechanismus rekonsolidace paměti, který tato schémata vytvořená v dětství mění. Ilustruje účinek korektivní vztahové zkušenosti na příkladě konkrétního klienta. A vysvětluje vliv všímavosti a soucitu v procesu psychoterapeutické změny. Dokládá, že všímavost a soucit lze rozvíjet v individuální psychoterapii i bez využití meditace. Nabízí transdiagnostický a transteoretický model psychoterapeutické změny, který lze využít v jakékoliv psychoterapii.
Článek popisuje, jak nám může všímavost (angl. mindfulness) pomoci v každodenním životě, v náročných nebo stresujících situacích. Představuje akceptaci emocí, k níž dochází díky všímavosti, jako svébytnou strategii regulace emocí spojenou s deaktivací konkrétních částí tzv. defaultní sítě v našem mozku. Ilustruje účinek všímavosti na příkladě z partnerského života. A upozorňuje dále na zvláštní význam tzv. sebevztažných emocí, na jejichž vzniku se podílejí naše jádrová přesvědčení. Článek nabízí čtenářům jednoduchou techniku rozvíjející schopnost všímavého sebepřijetí ve chvílích napětí. A zamýšlí se nad dalšími perspektivami všímavosti v současné psychologii a psychoterapii.
Objectives: The lack of self-compassion and shame-proneness may both be associated with a wide range of mental disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of compassionate self-responding and shame-proneness in samples of patients with borderline personality disorder, eating disorders, alcohol-addiction and in healthy controls.Methods: All three clinical groups and healthy controls were administered scales measuring self-compassion (SCS) and shame-proneness (TOSCA-3S). Differences in compassionate self-responding and shame-proneness were analyzed and effect sizes were calculated.Results: All three clinical groups were found to have significantly lower compassionate self-responding and significantly higher shame-proneness than healthy controls. The magnitudes of difference in compassionate self-responding and shame-proneness, between all clinical groups and healthy controls, were moderate to large.Conclusions: We hypothesize, that implicit belief in self as a permanent entity together with the lack of self-compassion leads to increased shame-proneness, which causes various psychopathological symptoms. We assume, that clients suffering from all these disorders may benefit from treatments or particular interventions that facilitate the development of self-compassion or shame management.
The purpose of this pilot study was to develop and validate the Czech Version of the 7-item Nonattachment to Self Scale (NTS-CZ) and to examine its psychometric properties. The NTS was translated into Czech with a back-translation procedure and then administered through an online survey. 782 participants (165 men, 617 women) completed the NTS-CZ, the 15-item version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ-15-CZ), and the Sussex-Oxford Compassion for the Self Scale (SOCS-S-CZ). The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the one-factor structure of the NTS-CZ (SRMR = 0.037, RMSEA = 0.082, CFI = 0.972, TLI = 0.950). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the NTS-CZ was α = 0.85. As expected, the NTS- CZ demonstrated high positive correlations with mindfulness and self-compassion questionnaires. The results support further use of the NTS-CZ in psychological research.

Lab head

Jan Benda
Department
  • Department of Psychology
About Jan Benda
  • My research focuses on the role of self-referential processing and self-compassion in maintaining mental health and in the etiopathogenesis of mental disorders (see www.mindfulness.cz).

Members (9)

Daniel Korinek
  • Charles University in Prague
Antonín Vyhnánek
  • Palacký University Olomouc
Pavel Kadlečík
  • Charles University in Prague
Marika Dvořáková
  • Charles University in Prague
Tatiana Nemlahova
  • Charles University in Prague
Jiří Žitník
  • Charles University in Prague
Eliška Dvorská
  • Palacký University Olomouc
Anna Reichova
Anna Reichova
  • Not confirmed yet
Kateřina Hamrová
Kateřina Hamrová
  • Not confirmed yet
Tatiana Zítková
Tatiana Zítková
  • Not confirmed yet
Lucie Havlínová
Lucie Havlínová
  • Not confirmed yet