Lab

Laboratorio de Sociología Territorial. Universidad de Chile

About the lab

Featured projects (1)

Project
A partir del 18 de Octubre Chileno, discutimos sobre las limitantes dele estado para canalizar el conflicto, y también, sobre el rol de las políticas pública en la construcción del malestar social.

Featured research (17)

The present photo essay seeks to visualize the resilience of a transport system and how it exposes deep social differences in Chile. On the 18th October 2019 a social outbreak started, first in Santiago of Chile, to then expand the rest of the country. This seemed a moment of transformation, a turning point to address many unjust features of Chilean society, many of them related to inequalities and among them, to the experience of discomfort in public transportation. In reaction to the massive protests, subway stations were closed, train schedules were adjusted and train frequency reduced. As public transport service was temporarily reduced bikes started to emerge, people forgot the underground world and started walking the streets, appropriating bus lanes and car lanes. Due to the COVID19 pandemic that started shortly after, the city slowed down even more and urban mobility came to a halt in many ways. Paradoxically, once mandatory quarantine ceased, the dynamics of transport were re-established. The uncomfortable daily ride that was a topic of demonstrations has been resumed unchanged, in the same inhumane fashion already perpetuated for decades. The only appreciable post-COVID19 and post-demonstrations transformation is the obligation to wear face masks, as a new addition in people’s outfits. The first and the third set of photographs reconstruct the timeline of a subway ride, starting with images of the platform and continuing onto the subway wagons. The second set of photographs captures the demonstrations on Plaza Baquedano -or as the protesters dubbed it Plaza de la Dignidad (Dignity Square)- and the pedestrian and bicycles traffic, following overground the underground route of Line 1, the main line of Santiago’s subway which was suspended during demonstrations. We offer a general introduction to each section and then we present the photographs, hoping to encourage the reader’s own reflection on the complexities, fictions, and inertias experienced in the global south.
Using a conceptual distinction between prospective and retrospective research, we analyze the international high-impact literature on tailings. This distinction differentiates between investigations concentrated on specific case studies, where the socio-environmental consequences of tailings are addressed or specific actions on them are documented, and the investigations that model interventions on tailings, propose new forms of design, management and remediation applicable to tailings. Using Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools, we covered all the publications registered in the Scopus database between 2010 and 2020 on mining tailings. Our research question ask for the temporal orientations in the international publication on mining tailings deposits between 2010 and 2020? Our results show an increase in the number of prospective investigations, which practically double the retrospective ones. However, at the level of citations, this difference is reduced and the most cited investigations in the retrospective perspective outnumber the most cited ones in the prospective perspective. We conclude by discussing the need to address the impact of prospective research on mining companies and overcoming resistance to innovation in the industry when there are no regulatory or legal obligations. In the same way, we call for an increase in the public contribution to maintain the independence of retrospective research, without neglecting the necessary construction of updated evidence on the socio-environmental consequences of mining tailings.
Resumen del libro: Este libro se enmarca en la voluntad de alimentar un diálogo interdisciplinar entre múltiples esferas sociales, culturales y territoriales en relación al extractivismo, su estudio y vivencia. El libro se constituye en un instrumento que expresa un entrelazamiento entre actores, redes y realidades territoriales que dan forma a la riqueza y a la diversidad de los territorios amenazados actualmente por el extractivismo. Permitiendo una reflexión sobre el presente y el futuro del modelo de desarrollo actual, la presente publicación integra diversos tipos de textos y escritos para construir un material a la vez de información y de análisis, pero también como material de divulgación sobre las múltiples dimensiones y facetas del extractivismo en el sur. La idea consiste en poder hacer coexistir múltiples lenguajes y formas de interpretación de la realidad que den cuenta de los diversos sentidos de experiencia local frente al extractivismo
This visual essay uses accompaniment methodology to address the urban experience of a digital platform delivery guy in Valdivia, in the south of Chile. Through images, we question the notion of "place of production", which is fundamental for Labor Process Theory (LPT) studies. In this sense, this perspective has identified the place of production as a physical, unitary, and stable space for both traditional industries and services economies. Our urban journey, accompanying a digital platform delivery guy, observes the place of production as the attempt to suppress the physical space between the customer and the desired product, which can only be done by activating a vast urban experience by those who transport the products.
The present text, from an interpretative and essayist perspective, exhibits transversal elements of the approach to dependency and also of the discussion on marginality in Latin America. From now on, it is argued that it is necessary to recover that approach from a relational, complex, and integrative approach, in which the internal and external dialectic includes economic, political, social, and cultural aspects. This is in order to enrich global knowledge on the processes of power distribution nowadays, which have generated new modes of marginality. Among them, the marginality related to extractivism, relevant to understand the confluence of discom fort that converge in social outbreak.

Lab head

Fernando Campos
Department
  • Institute for European Urbanism

Members (5)

Ivan Ojeda Pereira
  • Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Josefa Mattei
  • University of Chile
Andreas Laffert
  • University of Chile
Miguel Cares
  • University of Chile
Cristobal Ortiz Vilches
  • University of Chile
Milena Faiguenbaum
Milena Faiguenbaum
  • Not confirmed yet