Featured projects (1)
The aim of the project is to develop expertise and infrastructure for the research and application of SMART City concept, SMART Region and SMART Community addressing the long-term social needs of the population, improving the quality of life and competitiveness in the Usti nad Labem Region. The project consists of four research intents: • SMART Public Administration • SMART Public Services and Infrastructure • SMART Quality of Life and the Environment • SMART People SMART Public Administration is focused on Public Participation and Smart City Management – Smart regulations (participatory decision making, behavioral approaches to public administration, using new technologies, analytical support, open data etc.) SMART Public Services and Infrastructure is focused on demand approach to providing public services aimed at increasing the efficiency, quality, and public participation. There are several areas involved: Smart Energy, Water Management, Resource Management, and Smart Mobility and Transportation. SMART Quality of Life - an environment is focused on creating tools for adapting climate change, green infrastructure and the relationship between nature and society. Research intent SMART People is focused on the quality of public space, image of the city and the region and Smart education.
Featured research (13)
The COVID-19 crisis has forced many people to work from home, rather than at their regular workplace. This paper aims to assess the impact of the pandemic on telecommuting and commuting behavior after the end of the crisis: Will people embrace teleworking and reduce commuting, even to some extent, or will they resume their pre-pandemic work patterns? This study, implementing a cross-country survey from Israel and Czechia, combines data regarding revealed preferences about work habits before and during the pandemic and stated intentions data regarding anticipated work patterns when life returns to “normal” after the pandemic. Two models were used for the data analysis, one addressing factors that affect the increased/decreased teleworking trend and the other addressing factors that affect the frequency of actual commutes. The results reveal that most respondents (62% in Israel and 68% in Czechia) will maintain the same telecommuting/working from home balance. About 19% of respondents in both countries expressed their intention to reduce the number of commuting days, while 6% stated they would increase out-of-home days. However, these estimates rely only on workers’ expectations not accounting for employers’ point of view and other constraints they may have. Not accounting for potential bias, a moderate reduction of 6.5% and 8.7% (in Israel and in Czechia, respectively) in the number of commuting trips is expected in the post-pandemic era. The anticipated decrease in commuting days is accompanied by an increase in teleworking: from 10% to 14% among those who work more than 20 hours a week (in both countries) and a drop in the rate of those who telework five hours or less a week (down from 73% to 63% in Israel and from 76% to 70% in Czechia). Self-employment, travel time to work, working solely on premise during the lockdown, and personal preferences regarding telework versus working away from home were found to significantly contribute to a decrease in the number of commuting days and to an increase in teleworking. An interesting finding is the high probability of increased teleworking among people who teleworked for the first time during the lockdown or who increased their teleworking time during the lockdown. This indicates that the teleworking experience due to the pandemic has enabled some people to view working from home as viable. Although, overall, the change in working habits does not seem dramatic, our results suggest that hybrid schemes for combining on premise and telework are expected to be adopted by some sectors.
Předkládaná metodika přináší místním a krajským samosprávám návod pro evaluaci dopravních politik a strategií a dále dílčích dopravních opatření. Je přizpůsobena potřebám měst a krajů ČR, reflektuje nejnovější poznatky z problematiky dopravního plánování směrem k rozvoji udržitelné mobility a dále moderní přístupy k evaluaci. Metodika se také věnuje roli a postupu evaluace při přípravě a implementaci Plánů udržitelné městské mobility (tzv. SUMPů). Metodika je doplněna webovým nástrojem pro pomoc při výběru a vyhodnocení vhodných dopravních opatření PLUMM.
Kniha nabízí charakteristiku jednotlivých druhů evaluace nástrojů městské mobility a popisuje jejich hlavní postupy. Problematiku evaluace zasazuje do širšího kontextu městského dopravního plánování na základně nejnovějších odborných pramenů a vychází také z aktuální praxe českých měst. Ambicí publikace je podpořit evaluaci v Česku jako nezbytnou součást dopravního plánování na místní i krajské úrovni a přiblížit celý proces čtenáři. Zájemcům o udržitelnou městskou mobilitu dále přináší řadu inspirativních a inovativních příkladů z domácího i zahraničního prostředí.
The protected areas in Czechia have been challenging a sharp increase in the number of visitors and the associated growth of negative effects of tourism, such as high car intensities, related emissions, and noise over the last years. As a result, the relevant authorities are confronted with a conflict between the protection of the natural environment and the requirements of tourists to build new transport infrastructure, namely new parking lots. Our research focuses on three case study areas – Czech Switzerland, Giant Mountains, and Moravian Karst – which represent very attractive protected areas dealing with different transport problems. Our paper aims to analyse the transport behaviour of visitors of these areas and the potential to make sustainable transport modes more attractive. We also address possible solutions for sustainable mobility in these valuable natural areas. The data used were collected during a sociological survey (CAPI) in the case study areas during summer 2021 (N=1173). The paper discusses possibilities of how to strengthen sustainable mobility specifically in nature areas. The presented research makes part of a wider project aiming at developing guidelines on the preparation of mobility plans for large environmentally sensitive areas.
- Transport and Mobility Competence team
About Hana Bruhova Foltynova
- Hana Brůhová Foltýnová works as a senior researcher at the Faculty of Social and Economic Studies of Jan Evangelista Purkyne University in Usti nad Labem. She coordinates an interdisciplinary competence team "Transport and Mobility". She is concerned in sustainable urban mobility, above all in economic and environmental impacts of transport regulation, sustainable transport policies and measures and their monitoring and evaluation, and active transport support.