About the lab

DAda Lab – Drawing Architecture Document Action works for research, training and transfer of knowledge within Drawing, Communication and Representation for Architecture.

Research activities include: Applications of documentation technologies for conservation and management of urban landscape, historic parks and green areas, urban environment, historic and monumental architecture; Development of appropriate methodologies for preliminary cognitive investigations in order to provide reliable metric and documentary basis for design, restoration, planning and protection of urban space, landscaping and assessments in terms of environmental and diagnostic impact.

Website: www.dadalab.unipv.it

Featured projects (27)

The city of Jerusalem presents itself as a very complex historical and urban reality. Its heterogeneity, which derives from the succession of historical events, is also repeated on the architectural and urban level. One of the most interesting neighborhoods is just outside the gate of Herod, in the urban area of ​​East Jerusalem: Bab Azhar. The design and construction of these two roads derives from the development of an urban plan of the ’70s that was going to encourage trade outside the walls, creating an active and dynamic neighborhood that could push the population to live the city even outside the walls of the city. old City. This is the reason why today the Bab Azhar district is one of the busiest during the day: its proximity to the old city, in particular to the Muslim quarter, and its very varied commercial facilities have become important factors for the development and the growth of this place. In this territorial and cultural context, it has been proposed by the United Nations, in particular the section for the protection of the Palestinian Territories – U.N.D.P. – the P.U.R.E. program -Productivity and Urban Renewal Program in East Jerusalem- aimed at revitalizing the complex, so as to develop renewal proposals, thus re-launching the neighborhood’s economy. The program developed was the starting point for this thesis that presents the documentation project of the main streets of the district of Bab Azhar, Sultan Sulemain Street and Salah Eddin Street, and of the monumental cemetery that is located in the area delimited by these roads, through integrated survey methods for the creation of interactive databases aimed at the management, use and understanding of the urban spaces in question. In particular, we focused on the use of virtual reality, which is aimed at a better understanding of space. Digital databases increasingly require the development of “narrative” systems for the use of information. In the digital space the user can interface with the structural elements of the database to develop critical analysis models.
The research, conducted by DAda LAB Laboratory in collaboration with University of Milan, Municipality of Calvatone, “Gina and Ferruccio Del Re Foundation” of Calvatone, “Anemos” Association, is co-financed by Regione Lombardia, through the call for tenders for the promotion of archaeological area enhancement projects for sites registered or candidated for the UNESCO list and cultural itineraries in Lombardy. The activities concern the development of a three-dimensional database able to describe the archaeological site of Calvatone. Through surveying and redrawing operations conducted during the excavation campaigns over the last 20 years, a cognitive picture of the excavation actions is determined, which will be accessible through multimedia information systems. Three-dimensional models will support stratigraphic analysis for the development of reconstructions of hypothetical models that will allow thematic maps to be updated, and information tools can be created to promote the archaeological heritage through a Visitor Center setted in Calvatone.
Documentation of monumental complexes:Certosa of Pavia and Certosa of Galluzzo.
“3D Bethlehem. Management and Control of Urban Growth for the Development of Heritage and Im-provement of life in the city of Bethlehem” aims to implement a technological process of analysis of the urban form for the definition of useful tools for the planning of the future city. In this context, it is ex-tremely important to “design the future”, plan the development, initiate investment and transformation policies, improve quality of life, influence city planning and develop strategic plans for “adaptation to the future”. Through the digital documentation of the historic center, the physical and material restructu-ring of the municipal archives and the training of administrative personnel for planning tools, the design of the “smart city” is realized. This is fundamental to create the appropriate context for planning actions, urban development and for plans on the quality of life. The development of a cognitive path aimed at creating an organic system of documentation for the management of the stratified city requires a con-trol of data acquisition and information processing practices in order to guarantee the reliability of the system. In this sense, the cooperation aims to train the technical staff of the Municipality of Bethlehem so that it acquires both a technical-specialist capacity in relation to the surveying and design practices of the historic city, and an awareness of territorial governance policies regarding urban planning practices that goes to the advantage of a better management practice, protection and safeguard of the city and its inhabitants

Featured research (18)

The Complex of the Scaliger Arks comprises sev- eral Gothic-style funerary monuments built by the Della Scala family, lords of Verona, to keep the memory of the illustrious dynasty. Among the tombs of the open-air funerary complex, lo- cated in the very historic core of the city, the arks of Cangrande I, Mastino II and Cansignorio stand out for their magnificence. Mastino II Della Scala, who ruled from 1329 to 1351, chose the current area as the family’s graveyard and its Ark is argu- ably the most important of the complex. It consti- tutes a singularity not only for its remarkable decorative apparatus, but also for its role of powerful communication tool in the urban context. Structural criticalities and material issues prompted the start of a knowledge process that aims at supporting restoration practices on the monument, but goes beyond that by proposing an innovative strategy for its valorisation based on a serious game. The research established a digital documentation protocol for the monument, achieving a high lev- el of completeness without harming its precari- ous state of conservation. Then, from the results achieved, the activities pursued a virtuous process of dissemination in order to valorise one of the most important witnesses of the history of Verona.
In the context of non-invasive documentation for the prevention of built heritage, digital surveying and the development of 3D models are widely applied. They have highlighted, with increasing reliability, the opportunities for knowledge and mapping on emerging damages related to safety and structural integrity. However, these processes can reach high-quality results on morphological structural detail, useful as source data for static analysis on the built structures. In this way, 3D models serve as source data for preliminary diagnostics on the causes of drift and deformation mechanisms.The research aims to validate the proposed strategy on the case study of a masonry historical building damaged by the 2016 earthquake in Central Italy, to configure the mesh modeling strategy as a scientific example capable of orienting 3D modeling practices for structural non-invasive diagnosis, also in emergency requirements of intervention. The analysis of the damage mechanisms was performed by exploiting the morphological detail of the virtual surfaces to operate a direct segmentation, automated through the recognition of Feature Regions entities. It was based on the collaboration among professionals and technicians of the Emergency Support Department of EUCENTRE and DAda-LAB researchers of University of Pavia, to evaluate appropriate procedures of digital documentation for on-site survey in sites affected by emergency conditions of post-earthquake damage.
The application of digital survey practices on Built Heritage has to face in different cases with singular typologies of architectural systems that have an out-of-scale proportion (as tower bells, minarets, civil towers), facing also with uncommon phenomena of structural instability and decay, due to their specific geometry. Their study shows intrinsic instability systems related to their singular structural form, the unusual dimension and the low frequency of ordinary maintenance and restoration, which tend to increase throughout the lifecycle of the building and the exposition to agents of its construction materials. In this cases, the aim to monitor the conditions of conservation influences the methodological purposes and pipeline of survey, bridging the practices of rangebased and image-based survey through new standards of density, resolution and reliability of data necessary to assess the analysis of such type of monuments. A reflection on the quality of morphological databases to derive digital elaborations and maps for the analysis of instabilities and the monitoring of risks in out-of-scale buildings is presented.
The civil towers in Pavia are a distinctive element of the city’s architectural heritage, dating back to the Medieval Age as a statement of the lordship’s power and wealth. They constitute singularities in the urban landscape, with out-of-scale vertical development, whether in the original morphology or altered by subsequent actions. Furthermore, they are embedded in a dense urban fabric and therefore they are naturally associated with local risks for the safety of the urban setting and of its users. These peculiarities require accurate and complex documentation practices, and they foster monitoring and morpho-material mapping as preliminary actions to their conservation. The knowledge analysis that has been developed on the case study of the Clock Tower aims to systematize a documentation strategy for delivering an accurate and updated conservation status of the wall surfaces. Digital survey outputs are then developed as diagnosis tools to support intervention procedures, by highlighting deformations and deteriorations that could cause structural instability.
The urban reality of Middle East cities defines a close coexistence between their resilient historical center and the contemporary areas of expansion. The case study of the city of Bethlehem identifies a complex social reality in which remarkable architectural complexes and building construction features emerge as unique traditional examples of the stratified city. The presented research belongs to the cooperation project "3D Bethlehem - Management and control of urban growth for the development of heritage and improvement of life in the city of Bethlehem'', co-financed by the Italian Agency for Cooperation and Development AICS.

Lab head

Sandro Parrinello
  • Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture
About Sandro Parrinello
  • Sandro Parrinello is Associate Professor, afferent to the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Pavia. He is born in Florence in May 9, 1981, and he graduated with honors in Architecture in 2005, University of Florence, discussing the thesis: Methodologies for the protection and analysis of historical centers: the filing of Montepulciano (SI). Since 2006 he holds a Research Fellow at the Department of Architecture, Drawing, History and Design of University of Florence. Since 2010 he is European Ph.D. in Sciences of Representation and Survey with a thesis entitled Surveying urban green areas. Strategies for representing and understanding data acquisition systems and urban vegetation informations. Since 2011 he is Researcher at the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture of University of Pavia; in 2015 he is called by the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture of University of Pavia as Associate Professor. Since 2012 he is Visiting Professor at Perm National Research Polytechnic University(Russia) and in 2015 he received an honorary degree from State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture of Odessa (Ukraine). Since 2005 he is member of Forum UNESCO with Expert title; in 2011 he is appointed Expert and Voting member, as representative for Italy, to the International Scientific Committee ICOFORT (ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Fortifications and Military Heritage). He is director of the joint Laboratory University-Enterprise “Landscape Survey Design” (headquarters of Pavia) and Laboratory “DAda-Lab, Drawing Architecture and DocumentAction”, University of Pavia. Research grants Coordinator of the European Project for Marie Curie Actions - International Research Staff Exchange Scheme, FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES “Wooden Architecture”. The project involved the interchange of ten researchers from Finland, Russia and Italy, for the realization of survey protocols and wooden architecture documentation, working on study cases of traditional Karelian architecture. Responsible of Heritage documentation projects on monumental and UNESCO sites in Europe, Middle East (Jerusalem, Acre, Jericho, Masada), cooperation projects for Italian Ministry (Bethlehem) and the analysis offortified architectural complexes in Central America (Cuba, Panama, Cartagena de Indias, Santo Domingo).

Members (8)

Raffaella De Marco
  • University of Pavia
Francesca Picchio
  • University of Pavia
Anna Dell'Amico
  • University of Pavia
Silvia La Placa
  • University of Pavia
Elisabetta Doria
  • University of Pavia
Francesca Galasso
  • University of Pavia
Alessia Miceli
  • University of Pavia
Hangjun Fu
  • University of Florence