Cross-Cultural Psychology Research Centre CSWU

About the lab

We work on studing self-enhancement in the cross-cultural perspective basing on the network of international collaborators. Our research interest focuses on narcissism, entitlement, and related phenomena, like cynicism or trust. We combine social and personality psychology approach, employing self-report data, experimental design and cross-cultural methodology.

Featured projects (1)

There are three main research goals: to examine the (1) role of individual-level factors in adopting beliefs in just war ; (2) universality (vs. cultural specificity) of beliefs related to just war; and (3) macro-level factors moderating the concept of just war across national and religious backgrounds. To examine the concept of just war we use three-dimensional model of beliefs in just war: (1) just war – restricted view on reasons and means of war, as self-defensive and targeted only toward military goals; (2) utilitarian war – unrestricted view on war reasons, accepting war as a way of intergroup conflicts resolutions; (3) dirty war – unrestricted view on war means, accepting any means useful in defeating the enemy.

Featured research (9)

Cross-cultural assessment of affective well-being among adolescents has received scarce attention in positive psychological research. The present study investigated cross-cultural measurement invariance of the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) among adolescents from three countries (India, Poland, and Serbia). The sample included a total of 1080 adolescents (53.6% female; Mage = 16.75, range = 15-19 years). Surveys were administered online in each country. Measurement invariance testing provided evidence for partial scalar invariance of the SPANE across cultures, with item “afraid” showing nonivariance across the three countries. Latent factor correlations between positive and negative emotions were stronger in Serbia compared to Poland and India. Positive emotions and life satisfaction had strong positive associations in all three countries (ranging from .68 to .75). The inverse correlations between negative emotions and life satisfaction were -.27, -.54, -.69 in India, Poland, and Serbia, respectively. Polish adolescents demonstrated the lowest levels of affective well-being, whereas Indian and Serbian adolescents did not differ substantially in levels of positive and negative emotions. The present study demonstrated that the SPANE is a reliable and useful tool for the assessment of positive and negative emotions among adolescents from different cultural settings. Keywords: positive emotions; negative emotions; life satisfaction; culture; adolescence; measurement invariance. Author statement: “We unanimously condemn the unprovoked aggression of the Russian and Belarusian regimes toward Ukraine, toward our friends and colleagues from Ukrainian universities, their students, and other innocent civilians. As a team of cross-cultural psychologists, we value the right to life, liberty, and security, which are currently being violated by Russian and Belarusian governments.”
COVID-19 has been a source of fear around the world. We asked whether the measurement of this fear is trustworthy and comparable across countries. In particular, we explored the measurement invariance and cross-cultural replicability of the widely-used Fear of COVID-19 (the FCV-19S) scale, testing community samples from 48 countries (N = 14,558). The findings indicate that the Fear of COVID-19 scale has a somewhat problematic structure, yet the one-factor solution is replicable across cultural contexts and could be used in studies that compare people who vary on gender and education level. The validity of the scale is supported by a consistent pattern of positive correlations with perceived stress and general anxiety. However, given the unclear structure of the FCV-19S, we recommend using latent factor scores, instead of raw scores, especially in cross-cultural comparisons.
Research on the positivity of collective narcissists’ in-group evaluation is scarce. So far, only one published study has shown that collective narcissists favorably evaluate their in-group at the explicit level but have negative (or, less positive) implicit in-group evaluations (Golec de Zavala et al., 2009, Study 4). The present preregistered replication study used a larger sample (N = 481), carefully constructed implicit association measures, and examined agentic and communal facets of collective narcissism and implicit collective self-esteem. Yet, our study did not replicate the core finding of Golec de Zavala et al. (2009, Study 4). Although our study does not support the mask model of collective narcissism, it provides further evidence for the distinctiveness of agentic and communal collective narcissism.
People from societies with increased individualism are assumed to be more narcissistic, yet previous research has produced highly contradictory results. Using a large international convenience sample (N = 2754) of English speaking adults and taking measurement invariance into account, we examined latent mean differences in the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and its facets across five different world regions. Results revealed that two out of three NPI facets, Leadership/Authority and Grandiose Exhibitionism, were invariant across cultures (while Entitlement/Exploitativeness was not). Crucially, we found that individuals from more collectivistic cultures (i.e., Asia and Africa) reported higher levels in these facets than individuals from more individualistic cultures (i.e., USA, Europe, and Australia/Oceania). Together, results challenge the common view that narcissism is a central feature of Western societies.
In the Polish community sample (N = 662), we examined the relationship between three facets of grandiose narcissism (agentic, antagonistic, and communal) and loneliness, mediated by the social support. Data was collected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Agentic narcissism was unrelated to loneliness and social support. People characterized by a high level of antagonistic narcissism reported getting less social support and therefore feeling more lonely. People characterized by a high level of communal narcissism reported getting more social support, protecting them from feeling lonely. Our study points to different consequences of social restrictions posed by the COVID-19 pandemic to people characterized by higher agentic, antagonistic, and communal narcissism levels. This research expands current knowledge about grandiose narcissists and their social functioning, also during forced isolation. Antagonistic narcissism seems to be maladaptive, communal narcissism has no adverse consequences, while agentic narcissism is unrelated to reactions toward forced isolation. Keywords: grandiose narcissism; social support; loneliness; COVID-19

Lab head

Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
  • Institute of Psychology
About Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
  • I`m interested in broadly defined social and cross-cultural psychology. My research interest is focused on entitlement, narcissism and self-esteem in cross-cultural context. I`m interested also in the studies on subjective well-being.

Members (9)

Jarosław Piotrowski
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
Artur Sawicki
  • University of Gdansk
Paweł Brzóska
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
Bartłomiej Nowak
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
Michał Sękowski
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
Łukasz Subramanian
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
Martyna Sioch
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
Weronika Gąsiorowska
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw