Lab

Clemens Greiner's Lab

Featured projects (1)

Project
As part of the CRC 228 "Future Rural Africa: Future-making and social-ecological transformation" this project explores the impact of geothermal energy development and its infrastructure on pastoral livelihoods in Baringo County, Kenya. Based on case studies in areas in proximity to geothermal energy development, the project aims to assess the risks & opportunities, land-use changes and governance of infrastructure. https://www.crc228.de/projects/project_c02/

Featured research (2)

The ongoing fragmentation of pastoral drylands is a matter of concern throughout Africa. Using the example of rangelands in northern Baringo County, Kenya, that were under uniform pastoral use until the late 20th century, we trace land-use and land-cover changes (LULCCs) since the 1980s and beyond. Based on ethnographic, historical, and remote sensing data, we show how bush encroachment and dryland farming have led to the increasing modification and conversion of formerly open rangelands and the diversification of livelihoods. These LULCC dynamics are related to and driven not only by internal processes of socioeconomic change (e.g., sedentarization, changing rangeland management practices, growing markets for small stock, increasing stratification and cultural differentiation) but also by ecological processes such as wildlife defaunation and ecological invasions. Based on our findings, we suggest that a socioecological approach to Kopytoff’s notion of the internal African frontier can be helpful in framing these LULCC-related dynamics.
Based on a study of Kenya’s geothermal-energy development in Baringo-Silali, we explore how and with whom government actors and local communities in rural and peripheral areas interact when planning and implementing large-scale power plants. Starting from a comparison of decentralized and centralized energy systems, we demonstrate that the development of this large-scale infrastructure project and the associated investor-community relations are governed by various cross-scale linkages. To this end, we adapt the concept of cross-scale linkages from the literature on natural-resource governance to explore actors, rules, and practices at local, regional, national, and international levels.

Lab head

Clemens Greiner
Department
  • Global South Studies Center (GSSC)

Members (2)

Chigozie Nweke-Eze
  • University of Bonn
David Greven
  • University of Cologne
Britta Klagge
Britta Klagge
  • Not confirmed yet