Featured projects (1)
Objectives: 1. To determine if the Valedo Sensors are a reliable measurement tool to assess trunk movement during the SWMFT. 2. To determine if trunk support decreases the trunk range of movement during the SWMFT
Featured research (2)
Ethical, legal and societal implications (ELSI) in the development of wearable robots (WRs) are currently not explicitly addressed in most guidelines for WR developers. Previous work has identified ELSI related to WRs, e.g., impacts on body and identity, ableism, data protection, control and responsibilities, but translation of these concerns into actionable recommendations remains outstanding. This paper provides practical guidance for the implementation of ELSI in WR design, development and use. First, we identify the need for domain-specific recommendations against the context of current ELSI guidance. We then demonstrate the feasibility and usefulness of taking a domain-specific approach by successively transforming currently identified ELSI into an action-guiding flowchart for integration of ELSI specific to the different stages of WR development. This flowchart identifies specific questions to be considered by WR development teams and suggests actions to be taken in response. By tailoring ELSI guidance to WR developers, centring it on user needs, their relation to others and wider society, and being cognizant of existing legislation and values, we hope to help the community develop better WRs that are safer, have greater usability, and which impact positively on society.
Background: the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale-8 (ASES-8) is one of the most commonly used scales to measure patient-reported arthritis-specific self-efficacy. However, evidence about the validity and reliability of ASES-8 in an Arabic-speaking arthritis population is lacking. Objective: this study aimed to cross-culturally adapt and assess aspects of validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the ASES-8. Methods: the ASES-8 was translated into the Arabic language using the back-translation method, and administered to 67 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Construct validation methods used exploratory factor analysis and correlating the ASES-8 scores with disease-related variables expected to be related to the arthritis self-efficacy construct. An internal consistency test was conducted. Floor and ceiling effects were considered present if more than 15% of patients achieved high (=10) and low (=1) scores on the Arabic ASES-8 for both the scale and item scores. Results: exploratory factor analysis demonstrated a one-factor solution (factor loadings: 0.54-0.81). ASES-8 scores were correlated with all measures assessed (r=−0.24 to −0.57 and r=0.06 to 0.66), demonstrating construct validity. Internal consistency was acceptable for measures of Cronbach’s alpha (0.86 to 0.88). The scale did not exhibit ceiling or floor effects. Conclusion: the Arabic version of ASES-8 is valid and reliable for evaluating self-efficacy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis<br/