Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences

Online ISSN: 1672-7347
Publications
Article
Objective: To evaluate the cytotoxicity of a new type of titanium alloy Ti-25Nb-10Ta-1Zr-0.2Fe by studying the induced proliferation of L929 cells in contrast with other titania widely used in clinical practice. Methods: The cell line was treated with extracting liquid containing different concentrations of titanium alloys. The number and morphology of cells was observed under an inverted phase contrast microscope. MTT was used to measure the relative growth rate (RGR) and judge the cytotoxicity grade. Flow cytometry was used to observe cell cycle progression. Results: The RGR of TNTZ group cells at the 3 time points was (93.7±0.8), (100.6±0.4), and (106.4±0.3); the cytotoxicity grade was 1, 0 and 0 after treating for 1, 3 and 5 days; with influence on neither the cell morphology nor the cell cycle. The flow cytometry showed that the sequence of S phase cells was Ti>TNTZ>TC4>blank control >TC4ELI, with no significant difference (P>0.05). None of the 4 materials inhibited the cell proliferation. Conclusion: The cell morphology and proliferation are not affected by TNTZ. The new titaniu alloys shows good cyto-compatibility. The cytotoxicity is grade 0, meeting the clinical application standard.
 
Article
To investigate the relationship between MICA*008/A5.1 allele and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in kidney transplanted donees of Hunan Han nationality. The MICA*008/A5.1 allele based on 91 kidney transplanted donees and 81 unrelated normal individuals of Han nationality in Hunan Province were analyzed by PCR/SSP assay. At the same time, anti-HCMV antibody IgM was detected in the serum by ELISA method. The positive rate of MICA*008/A5.1 allele was significantly higher in the control group (56.79%) than that in the kidney transplanted donee group (34.07%) (P <0.05). The infection rate of HCMV in those individuals whose genotype was MICA*008/A5.1 (-) was significantly higher than that in the MICA*008/A5.1(+). The individual whose genotype is MICA*008/A5.1 (+) is not liable to HCMV infection, but the individual whose genotype is MICA*008/A5.1 (-) is liable to HCMV infection.
 
Article
Objective: To determine the application of serum thymidine kinase 1 (STK1) in general health screening for early detection of premalignant/early malignant tumors. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in 26 055 health screenings from 8 centers of Changsha in 2011. The concentration of STK1 was determined by a sensitive chemiluminescent dot blot ECL assay. Results: In the elevated STK1 group 60.35% showed diseases with a higher risk of premalignant/ early cancerous progression. The positive rate of elevated STK1 (>2.0 pmol/L) was 2.61%. There was a significantly higher rate with moderate/severe type of hyperplasia of breasts and prostate with elevated STK1 than people with normal STK1 values. Conclusion: STK1 may be a reliable marker for risk assessment of premalignant/early malignant tumors.
 
Article
To assess the value of fiberoptic ductoscopy (FDS) in the diagnosis of nipple discharge. Clinical records of 1,025 patients with nipple discharge undergoing FDS from February 2006 to March 2008 were reviewed. There were obviously differences in the FDS diagnosis of various nipple discharge traits. The diagnosis by FDS was pathologically confirmed in 93.7%of patients with nipple discharge (404/431). FDS can effectively improve the diagnosis of nipple discharge,and has great clinical significance.
 
Article
To analyze the etiology and the relevant factors such as age, sex, blood pressure, outcomes and causes of death in end stage renal disease (ESRD) with hemodialysis (HD) in some hospitals in Hunan province. The retrospective analysis included 1,622 ESRD with HD patients. Data on the etiology, demographic and epidemiologic aspects of these patients were examined, and life expectancy and mortality rate were calculated. In 1,622 ESRD with HD patients, the average age at the start of HD was 46.91 +/- 15.41, and the male/female ratio was 1.45/1. As the leading cause, chronic glomerulonephritis accounted for 56.43%, followed by hypertensive nephropathy (12.58%), obstructive nephropathy (9.13%) and diabetic nephropathy (8.85%). In recent years, the constituent ratio of diabetic nephropathy rose. The number of ESRD maintenance HD (MHD) patients was 581. Among them, 43.7% remained MHD, 13.0% received renal transplantation, 19.9% were transferred to other hospitals for HD, 7.2% became peritoneal dialysis, 14.8% died, and 1.4% ceased treament for economic reasons. The longest MHD was 13 years. The 1st-year, 3rd-year and 5th-year survial rate of MHD patients was 93.53%, 68.92% and 62.51%, respectively. The leading cause of death was cardiovascular incidence. In this group of ESRD with (53.6%), and then cerebrovascular disorder (21.0%). HD patients, the age of starting dialysis was 30 approximately 70. The first cause was chronic glomerulonephritis. As the age increased, the constituent ratio of diabetic nephropathy rose. In MHD patients, the 1st-year, 3rd-year and 5th-year survial rate of maintenance hemodialysis patients was 93.53%, 68.92% and 62.51%, respectively. The first cause of death was cardiovascular accidence, and then cerebrovascular disorder.
 
Article
To investigate the expression of the matrix metalloproteinase-1, -9 (MMP-1,9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-4 (TIMP-4), extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) in the myocardium of congestive heart failure in patients with rheumatic heart diseases. The papillary muscle specimens of the left ventricle were obtained from 18 patients with heart failure during rheumatic heart valve replacement, and the normal specimens were obtained from the autopsy of 10 adults without heart disease. The specimens were stained to examine the expression of MMP-1, MMP-9, TIMP-4, and EMMPRIN by the EnVision immunohistochemical assays. The expressions of MMP-1, MMP-9, and EMMPRIN in the myocardium of the patients with the cardiac function classes III and IV (NYHA III and IV) were significantly higher than those the normal cardiac function (NYHA I) (P<0.05) except MMP-1 expression between NYHA III and I. The TIMP-4 level was significantly lower in patients with NYHA III and IV than that of the NYHA I ( P<0.05). The expression of MMP-1, MMP-9, and EMMPRIN was significantly higher in patients with atrial fibrillation than those in the control group with regular sinus rhythm (P<0.05), whereas the TIMP-4 level was obviously lower in patients with atrial fibrillation than that in the control group with regular sinus rhythm (P<0.05). The expressions of MMP-1, MMP-9, and EMMPRIN were positively correlated with each other, but were negatively correlated with TIMP-4. MMPs, TIMP, and EMMPRIN were significantly unbalanced in the myocardium of congestive heart failure patients with rheumatic heart diseases. They may play an important role in congestive heart failure through myocardial remodeling.
 
Article
Objective: To observe the changes of blood pressure and S-100B, neuron specific enolase (NSE) protein in hypertensive dogs with high fat diet after catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation. Methods: Twelve Beagles were divided into an interventional group (n=6) and a sham-operation group (n=6). After baseline measurements, the Beagles were fed with lard oil for 3 months. After 3 months, the interventional group had renal sympathetic denervation by percutaneous catheter based radiofrequency ablation and the control group had renal angiography. The blood pressure, plasma S-100B, and NSE before the operation and 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months and 3 months after the operation were measured. Results: The dogs had significantly higher levels of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean arterial pressure (MBP) compared to its baselines (P<0.05). The SBP, DBP and MBP in the interventional group were significantly lower than those in the control group 1 month and 3 months after the operation (P<0.05). Three months after the operation, renal angiography in all dogs revealed no sign of renal artery stenosis. Plasma S-100B and NSE expression in the interventional group were higher than those in the control group 3 days, 1 week and 2 weeks after the operation (P<0.05). Conclusion: Renal sympathetic denervation can significantly reduce the SBP, DBP and MBP in hypertensive dogs. The plasma S-100B and NSE may be used as indicators for assessment of renal nerve injury after renal sympathetic denervation.
 
Article
To summarize the experience of diagnosis and surgical treatment of ventricular septal defect with patent ductus arteriosus. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 102 cases of ventricular septal defect combined with patent ductus arteriosus who underwent surgical treatment. Preoperative ultrasonic cardiogram (UCG) showed ventricular septal defect combined with patent ductus arteriosus in 82 cases and ventricular septal defect in 20 cases. The hospital mortality was 4.9% (5/102). The reasons for death included low cardiac output syndrome (1 case), pulmonary hypertension crisis (2 cases) and respiratory failure (2 cases). In the remaining patients,the perioperative complications included lung infection (7 cases), pulmonary atelectasis (5 cases), hydrothorax (1 case), and pulmonary hypertension crisis (2 cases); and all the 15 patients recovered lastly. The pulmonary hypertension of all living patients decreased to some degree. The therapeutical effectiveness was satisfactory. Ventricular septal defect with patent ductus arteriosus is easy to be confused with ventricular septal defect clinically. At the same time,it is diffcult to form a correct diagnosis in some patients by UCG preoperatively. To prevent the occurrence of perfusive lung, it is important to reinforce preoperative diagnosis and exploration during operation. Because pulmonary hypertension in patients with ventricular septal defect with patent ductus arteriosus emerges early and develops quickly, it tends to result in organic pulmonary hypertension which can make patients lose operation chances and influence the long-term therapeutical effect. Surgical operation should be performed as soon as possible. Optimal operative timing and proper perioperative management play important roles in surgical results.
 
Article
To study the efficacy of allogeneic hemotopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for hematological malignancy. A total of 104 patients with hematological malignancy, who underwent allo-HSCT in Xiangya Hospital from December 1999 to January 2010, were retrospectively analyzed. Of the patients, the transplantation related mortality (TRM), relapse rate (RR), 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The unfavorable prognostic factors were also statistically examined. Hematopoietic reconstitution was achieved in 101 patients. At the last data of follow-up, the incidences of severe acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) and extensive chronic GVHD were 15.38% and 25.53%, and the TRM and RR were 15.66% and 21.76%, respectively. The estimated 5-year OS and DFS for all patients were (73.49±4.59)% and (63.10±5.32)%, respectively. Those for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients were (63.00±9.51)% and (49.30±9.96)%, and those for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients were (83.87±5.06)% and (74.55±6.79)%, respectively. The survival analysis suggested the poor prognostic factors for allo-HSCT recipients including female sex, severe aGVHD and refractory hematological malignancy. Further multivariate analyses revealed that severe aGVHD and refractory hematological malignancy were the independent risk factors of poor prognosis for the recipients (P<0.05). The 5-year DFS of severe aGVHD and refractory hematological malignancy patients was (48.22±12.69)% and (42.09±12.31)%, respectively. The TRM of severe aGVHD, HLA-mismatched graft and unrelated donor transplant was significantly higher than that of the corresponding control groups (57.14% vs. 4.81%, 33.33% vs. 10.41%, 26.09% vs. 9.28%; P<0.05). The RR of refractory hematological malignancy was significantly higher than that of the control group (41.09% vs. 15.63%, P<0.05). The treatment of allo-HSCT can improve the disease free survival of patients with hematological malignany and is an important therapeutic method for hematological malignancy. Severe aGVHD and refractory hematological malignancy are the independent risk factors of poor prognosis for the allo-HSCT recipients with hematological malignancy.
 
Article
To investigate the distribution of aldose reductase (AR) C-106T genetic polymorphism in Chinese Han population and its association with the risk for essential hypertension (EH). The AR C-106T polymorphism was genotyped in 148 Chinese EH patients and 137 controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The genotype distribution between groups was contrasted by Χ(2)- test and the degree of genetic association was evaluated by 95% confidence interval (CI). Frequency of the variant AR C-106T allele was 13.9% (95% CI: 11.2%-16.6%) in the controls, which was significantly lower than that in the Japanese (18.4% in 712 individuals, P=0.0063), the Australians (37.9% in 240 individuals, P<0.0001) and the Brazilians (34.7% in 62 individuals, P<0.0001). The frequency of AR C-106T allele was 11.7% (95% CI: 7.9%-15.5%) in the EH patients. No significant difference in the allele frequency was observed between the EH patients and the controls (P=0.147). There is obvious racial difference in the distribution of AR C-106T polymorphism. The polymorphism is not associated with the risk for EH.
 
Article
To compare the proteome difference of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines 5-8F and 6-10B, and to screen these proteins associated with NPC metastasis. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) was used to separate the total proteins from NPC cell lines 5-8F and 6-10B with different metastatic potentials and same genetic background, respectively. PDQuest software was applied to analyze 2-DE images, and the differentially expressed protein spots between 5-8F and 6-10B were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The expression levels of partial identified proteins in the 2 cell lines were detected by Western blot. 2-DE maps of total proteins from 5-8F and 6-10B were established. A total of 65 differential protein spots in the 2 cell lines were found, and 15 non-redundant differential expression proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS. Western blot showed that Annexin A1 and 14-3-3 protein sigma were differential expression proteins in 5-8F and 6-10B, which was consistent with the Results from the comparative proteomic analysis. Fifteen non-redundant differential expression proteins are useful for studying the metastatic mechanism of NPC.
 
Article
To explore the effect and toxicity profile of recombinant human interleukin 11(rhIL-11) on the platelet after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with leukemia. Twenty-four patients with acute or chronic leukemia treated by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) were randomly divided into a test group and a control group. The patients in the test group were treated with rhIL-11 since the 13th day after PBSCT (1.5mg/d),while the control group were given symptomatic treatment. The average time for the platelet to recover to the level of 20 x 10(9)/L was 20.8 days in the test group, and 26.0 days in control group respectively, there was significant difference (P<0.01). The average time for the platelet to recover to the level of 50 x 10(9)/L was 25.7 days in the test group, and 32.3 days in the control group respectively, there was also significant difference (P<0.01). The average time for the platelet transfusion was 2.2 in the test group, 4.1 in the control group, and there was significantly different (P<0.01). The average number of megakaryocytes was 12.2 in the test group, 4.8 in the control group on 30th day after the transplantation,and there was significant difference(P<0.01). The main side effects of rhIL-11 were nausea, vomit, debility, headache, dizzy and pain of injection site, and the degree was all Iapproximately II grade. rhIL-11 has definite recuperative effect on the recovery of the platelet after PBSCT. There is little side effect, and it can be accepted.
 
Article
To investigate the pathogenesis and treatment of high myopia in patients with angle-closure glaucoma. Clinic data of 692 patients with angle closure glaucoma were analyzed retrospectively. Eleven patients with high myopia and angle closure underwent surgery. Eleven patients with high myopia in the 692 angle-closure glaucoma were identified: 3 Weill-Marchesani syndrome, 1 plateau iris configuration and syndrome, 5 primary pupillary block, and 2 iris cyst. Intraocular pressure in 19 eyes of the 11 patients was successfully controlled after receiving phaco or filtering surgery. Angle closure can occur in eyes with high myopia, and pupillary block may be the main cause of angle closure.
 
Article
To investigate the genetic polymorphism of 15 short tandem repeat(STR)loci on chromosome 2 and chromosome 11 in Shaanxi Han people in China. Fluorescence-based gene scan technique was used to examine the genetic polymorphism of 15 STR loci in 175 unrelated individuals from Chinese Han population in Shannxi province. The number of alleles D2S335, D2S396, D2S338, D2S2382, D2S305, D2S151, D2S2368, D2S391,D11S912, D11S4090, D11S4147, D11S4190, D11S4149, D11S4126, and D11S4094 was 11,11,11,10,8,8,9,12 ,7,11,8,10,5,5, and 6. The distribution of allele frequencies of the 15 STR was consistent with Hard-Weinberg equilibrium (P > 0.05). Heterozygosity (H) value was 0.4216 to approximately 0.8517, the average power of discrimination (DP) was 0.6568 to approximately 0.9598, polymorphism information content (PIC) was 0.4078 to approximately 0.8366, and probability of paternity exclusion (EPP) was 0.3135 to approximately 0.8537. The 15 STR loci have relatively high genetic polymorphism in Shaanxi Han population, which provides the genetic structure of Chinese Han groups, and is also useful in anthropology and forensic science.
 
Article
To establish a high-performance liquid chromatography with visible wavelength detection method for rhodamine 123 in cell lysate. The HPLC separation was performed on a Kromasil C(18) (5 microm, 4.6 mm x 250 mm) column, using water (15 mmol/L potassium acetate and 1.2 mmol/L tetrabutylammonium bromide) - acetonitrile (65:35) as the mobile phase. The wave length was 390 nm, the internal standard was rhodamine B. Protein in the sample was precipitated by trichloroacetic acid. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 3 - 300 microg/L. The intra-day and inter-day RSDs were less than 5%. The method is accurate,sensitive, simple, and reliable for determining rhodamine 123 in cell lysate.
 
Article
To determine the clinical feature of lichen planus in Hunan, and to provide references for correct diagnosis and treatment. The clinical data from 124 outpatients with lichen planus attending Dermatology Department of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2000 to April 2008 were analysed retrospectively, including data on sex, age of visit or onset, course of disease, clinical manifestation, histopathology, and so on. In these 124 patients, male to female ratio was 1:1. Most patients were in 30-60 age group when they first visited the Out-patient Department. There were 2 onset peaks, one in 14-29 age group and the other in 40-60 age group. Most (35.5%) of the lesions were chronic localized subtypes. The limbs were the most common site to be involved, and they were also the most prevalent site for onset of lichen planus(74 cases, 59.7% ). The second common site was the trunk (29 cases, 23.4%). Fifteen patients (12.1%) had genitalia lesions, and 9 (7.3%) accompanied with oral mucosal involvement. Most of the eruptions were half-distributed (44.3%), 64 patients (51.6%) had pruritus,which ranged from mild irritation to severe intolerable itching, 56 (45.2%) had no subjective symptoms, 4 (3.2%) had spontaneous pain or tenderness, and 2 had positive family history of lichen planus. The diagnostic accordance rate was 50.8%. Some characteristics exist in sex, age, and clinical manifestation of lichen planus in Hunan province. Systemic and/or local treatment should be taken according to the lesion morphology, localization and subtypes of lichen planus.
 
Article
To evaluate the diagnostic value of examining endometrial biopsy specimens for aromatase cytochrome P450 and CA125 for endometriosis. The expression of aromatase cytochrome P450 in endometrium was detected by immunohistochemical analysis for 36 endometriosis women and 22 non-endometriosis but subfertility or pelvic pain women served as controls; the serum CA125 levels were measured by chemical radiation method. By measuring serum CA125, the sensitivity of the serum CA125 assay was 44%, the specificity was 82%, the positive predictive value was 80%, and the negative predictive value was 47%; the sensitivity of aromatase cytochrome P450 in biopsy endometrium of endometriosis was 82%, the specificity was 59%, the positive predictive value was 76%, and the negative predictive value was 67%. The combination assay of aromatase cytochrome P450 in eutopic endometrium and CA125 can be used as a diagnostic test for endometriosis, especially for the early stage of endometriosis, which is superior to the assay of CA125.
 
Article
Objective: To investigate whether miR-125b regulates the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by modulating Smad4, a predicted target in silicon. Methods: Smad4 3'-UTR-luciferase vector was constructed and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was employed to examine the effect of miR-125b on luciferase activity. MSCs were isolated and cultured from human bone marrow, and then transfected with miR-125b mimics followed by induction of osteogenic differentiation. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expressions of Smad4 mRNA and protein. MSCs were induced into the osteoblasts after transfecting with Smad4 siRNA, and the effect of Smad4 downregulation on osteogenic differentiation was observed by AKP activity and RUNX2 mRNA levels. Results: miR-216b bound Smad4 3'-UTR and inhibited the luciferase activity (P<0.05). Smad4 mRNA and protein expressions were significantly down-regulated in the MSCs induced into osteogenic differentiation when miR-125b was overexpressed. Downregulation of Smad4 suppressed the AKP activity and RUNX2 mRNA expression, indicating that Smad4 siRNA simulated at least in part the function of miR-125b as the regulator of MSCs osteogenic differentiation. Conclusion: miR-125b can suppress MSCs osteogenic differentiation by directly targeting Smad4.
 
Methylation status of 29 CpG pairs within miR-126 gene sequence in CD4 + T cells. A: Normal controls; B: SLE group;  
Methylation status of 15 CpG pairs in the 256 bp (-307 to -51 bp) fragment of the EGFL7 promoter in CD4 + T cells. A: Normal controls; B: SLE group; C: Comparison of methylation level of 15 CpG pairs within EGFL7 gene in CD4 + T cells. The methylation level of the EGFL7 promoter region in SLE CD4 + T cells was significantly decreased compared with controls.  
Article
Objective: To explore the mechanisms by which DNA methylation regulates miR-126 and its host gene EGFL7 in CD4+ T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: We analyzed the expression and the DNA methylation status within promoter region of EGFL7 and miR-126 by real-time qPCR and bisulfite genomic sequencing analysis. Results: miR-126 and EGFL7 mRNA expression was upregulated in CD4+ T cells from SLE compared with that from healthy controls (P<0.01). EGFL7 mRNA level was positively correlated with miR-126 expression in CD4+ T cells from SLE (r=0.538, P=0.015). The average methylation level of EGFL7 promoter in CD4+ T cells from SLE was lower than that from healthy controls (P<0.05). Conclusion: The upregulation of miR-126 and its host gene EGFL7 expression in CD4+ T cells from SLE is associated with the hypomethylation of the EGFL7 promoter.
 
Article
Objective: To explore the expression pattern and function of miR-126 in human colon cancer and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: The expression pattern of miR-126 in high-density human colon cancer tissue microarray was analyzed by in situ hybridization. Further more, the biological function of miR-126 in colon cancer in vitro was investigated by establishing a stable miR-126 over-expression cell lines. Result: The expression of miR-126 was lower in the tumor tissue, especially in metastasis tissue. The down-regulation of miR-126 was more obvious in the patients who displayed bad prognosis (P=0.025). Over-expression of miR-126 in colon cancer cell was able to inhibit cell proliferation, promote cell apoptosis and reduce the invasive ability. MiR-126 significantly enhanced the sensitivity of the colon cancer cell to chemotherapeutic drug. It has been shown that IRS1, SLC75A and TOM1 were the potential target genes of miR-126 in colon cancer. Conclusion: MiR-126 was able to inhibit the development of colon cancer and its level was closely related with the prognosis of patients with colon cancer. The potential target genes for miR-126 might include IRS1, SLC7A5 and TOM1. Therefore, miR-126 might be a therapeutic target for colon cancer diagnosis and treatment.
 
Article
To determine the clinical characteristics of diabetic outpatients and their classification,and to provide some suggestions for diagnostics, education and follow-up of outpatients. We analyzed the data of 2 128 outpatients recorded in the past year, and studied the clinical characteristics, distribution of types and relation between glutamate decarboxylase antibody (GADA) and age, sex and duration. Of all the patients, 918 (43.1%) were new-onset, and 1883 (88.6%) aged 40 or older. Altogether 782(36.7%) of the patients were done with GADA examination and 4.2% of them were GADA positive. Twelve patients were type 1 diabetes and 764 were type 2 diabetes, respectively with 33.3% and 3.8% GADA positive. The prevalence of GADA positive was 5.1% for men and 3.2% for women (P > 0.05). The frequencies of GADA positive in patients with different duration (1 year, 5 years, 10 years and more) were 4.4%, 4.8%, 1.7% and 4.9% (P >0.05) respectively. The new-onset population of the studied patients is dominated by 40-year olds or older. Type 2 diabetes is the main type in the diabetes spectrum. The frequency of GADA positive is irrelevant to sex and duration.
 
Smad signaling pathway.  
BMPs members and their known function 
Article
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to TGF-β superfamily and are a group of important cytokines involved in cell differentiation, proliferation and embryonic development. Multiple BMPs play important roles in several functions of vertebrates. Signaling pathway of BMPs is known to be mediated by Smad proteins, which include 8 members while Smad1, Smad5 and Smad8 are involved in BMPs signal transduction while Smad2 and Smad3 are mediated TGF-β signal transduction. Although several BMPs such as BMP4 and BMP9 have been documented in the liver, BMP13 has not been examined in the liver. BMP13 also known as growth differentiation factor (GDF)-6 or cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein (CDMP)-2 is one of the BMPs family members. Function of BMP13 has been investigated in bone and tendon repair. It can stimulate tendon-like cell proliferation. However, our recent findings revealed that there was expression of BMP13 in the liver and its expression was modulated during metabolic disorders. The current article is to understand biological function of BMP13 especially in the liver.
 
Article
To observe the in vitro effect of leptin, alone or in combination with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on inducible nitric oxide(NO)and on inducible matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) in rabbit articular chondrocytes. The chondrocytes from the articular cartilage of 2-month-old rabbits were cultivated and identified, and the second filial generation chondrocytes were cocultured on plates with different concentrations of leptin alone or in combination with TNF-alpha for 48 h or 96 h after 12 h starvation. The concentration of NO and MMP-13 was measured in the chondrocytes culture supernatant fluid. The results were statistically analyzed. There was no significant difference in the concentrations of NO between the different concentrations of leptin alone groups and the blank control group (P>0.05). In combination with the same concentration of TNF-alpha (10 ng/mL), leptin could dose-dependently increase the concentration of NO in the chondrocytes culture supernatant fluid in vitro. There was significant value in average concentration of MMP-13 on the main effect of both time and dose (P<0.05). No MMP-13 was detected in the blank control group. Leptin can induce MMP-13 and have synergistic induction effect on NO with TNF-alpha in rabbit articular chondrocytes in vitro.
 
Article
To explore the inhibitory effect of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the underlying mechanism. In cultured rat cardiomyocytes,apoptosis was induced by the incubation of isoprenaline (10(-5) mol/L) for 48 h. CGRP (10(-8) or 10(-7) mol/L) was administrated for 1 h before incubating isoprenaline to evaluate its effect on cardiomyocyte apoptosis. At the end of the drug treatment,the rate of apoptotic cells and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined,and RNA was extracted to examine the expression of microRNA-1 and microRNA-133a. Isoprenaline significantly increased the rate of apoptotic cells and intracellular ROS production concomitantly with the increased microRNA-1 expression and the decreased microRNA-133a expression,which were inhibited by pretreatment with CGRP. The effects of CGRP were reversed by CGRP receptor antagonist. CGRP can inhibit the isoprenaline-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The beneficial effect of CGRP is related to regulating microRNA-1 and microRNA-133a expression through the prevention of isoprenaline-induced ROS production.
 
Article
Objective: To investigate pregnancy complications and related determinants, and provide scientific evidence for maternal health care. Methods: A total of 13669 pregnant women who planned to deliver in the hospital were randomly identified and surveyed by questionnaire. Chi-square test and logistic regression models were used to screen the influencing factors for pregnancy complications. Results: The incidence of pregnancy complication was 13.94%. The following diseases had higher incidence than others: anemia (2.95%), premature rupture of membranes (2.51%), diabetes (1.92%), severe preeclampsia (1.43%), mild preeclampsia (1.27%), and hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (1.27%). Data from logistic regression models showed that pregnancy complications were related to maternal age, education level, number of caesarean sections, ways to terminate pregnancy, gestation weeks and number of fetuses. Conclusion: The rate of pregnant complication is high, which should be treated in time to ensure the safety of pregnant women.
 
Article
To analyze the clinic and pathologic data of thymic epithelial tumor (TET) and to explore its prognostic factors. From June 1997 to September 2007, 137 patients with TET were surgically treated in our hospital. The data included age, gender, symptoms, histological type, stage and grade, pathological findings, and operation reports. The patients were followed up by telephones and mails. The patients were divided into Masaoka I/II group and III/IV group, and WHO A/AB/B1 group and B2/B3/C group. Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and COX regression model were used to analyze the prognostic factors for TET. Among the 137 patients, 124 (90.5%) received complete resection, 9 (6.6%) incomplete resection, and 4 (2.9%) surgical biopsy. The rate of complete resection was significantly higher in Masaoka stages I/II than that in stages III/IV (P<0.001). The overall 5-year and 10-year survival rate was 71.4å and 50.1å, respectively. Patients in stage I/II had better long-term survival than those in stage III/IV (P<0.001). According to WHO histological classification, the 5-year and 10-year survival rate in patients with Type A/AB/B1 TET was significantly higher than that in patients with Type B2/B3/C TET (P<0.001). The 5-year and 10-year survival rate in patients with complete resection was significantly higher than that in patients with incomplete resection and biopsy (P<0.001).Cox regression analysis showed that the prognosis of patients with TET was related to Masaoka stage, WHO histological classification, extent of resection, and age at operation. Masaoka stage, WHO histological classification, extent of resection, and age at operation are important prognostic factors in patients with TET.
 
Article
To investigate the relationship between the gene polymorphism of TLR3c.1377,TLR9-1486,and TLR9 2848 and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis(MS)in Han people of south China. A total of 123 unrelated MS patients from South China with a clinical or laboratory definition MS according to 2005 Revisions to the McDonald Criteria were studied. Another 126 controls were randomly selected from hospital staff of non-autoimmune diseases and healthy individuals. Toll like receptor (TLR) 3 and TLR 9 genotypes were determined by PCR and digested by specific restriction enzymes. There was significant difference in genotype and allele distribution of TLR3c.1377 polymorphism between the MS patients and the controls (P<0.05), and the MS patients with T allele had a lower risk (OR=0.532, P=0.014). There was no significant difference in genotypes and allele distribution of TLR9-1486 polymorphism between the MS patients and the controls. There was higher TLR9 2848 A allele frequency in the MS patients than in the controls (39.8% vs. 30.6%;P=0.037), and higher risk in MS patients with A allele than those without (OR=1.837, P=0.020). There was no significant interaction among the TLR3c.1377, TLR9-1486 and TLR9 2848 allele. Strong linkage disequilibrium was found between TLR9-1486 and TLR9 2848, but there was no significant interaction between the polymorphism of TLR9-1486 and TLR9 2848 in the MS patients. TLR3c.1377 and TLR9 2848 polymorphisms may be related to MS in Han people in south China. TLR3c.1377 and TLR9 2848 may be linked with susceptibility genes.
 
Article
To study the STR genetic structure of an Ewenki Ethnic minority Group of Inner Mongolia, and analyze the genetic relationship among Ewenki and other 14 groups. Genetic distribution for 9 STR loci (D3S1358, vWA, FGA, TH01, TPOX, CSF1PO, D5S818, D13S317, and D7S820) were determined based on gene scan marked by fluorescence. Principle component analysis was performed using SPSS. Sixty-four alleles and 158 genotypes were observed in 90 unrelated Ewenki individuals. The corresponding gene frequency and genotype frequency was 0.0056 to 0.4722 and 0.0111 to 0.3, respectively. The expected and observed genotype frequency of the 9 STR loci were in accordance with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P>0.05). The principle component analysis showed that Ewenki clustered with groups of Mongolian and Tujue language branch. Nine of the STR genetic structure of an Ewenki Ethnic minority Group of Inner Mongolia were obtained. Those ethnic groups in subfamilies of Altaic language family clustered as their geographical location and those with close genetic relationships use similar language.
 
Article
To investigate the direct effects of recombinant matrix metalloproteinase-14 (MMP-14) catalytic domain (RMC) on cultured human osteoblastic SaOS-2 cells. Western Blotting was used to analyze the expression of MMP-14 in cultured media. The effect of RMC on activation of proMMP-2 was measured by gelatin zymograms analysis, and the influence of RMC on cells adhesion was analyzed as well. The apoptosis was detected by acidine orange/ethidium bromide staining and ELISA. RMC activated proMMP-2 secreted into media by SaOS-2 cells, and this process was blocked by EDTA treatment. RMC inhibited the adhesion of SaOS-2 cells to immobilized Type I collagen in a dose-dependent manner, which was also abolished by EDTA. RMC induced SaOS-2 cells apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, and apoptosis-inducing activity of MMP-14 catalytic domain was blocked by EDTA. Since adhesion of cells to extracellular matrix serves as a survival mechanism in osteoblasts, the catalytic activity of recombinant MMP-14 catalytic domain on matrix proteins contributes to its apoptosis-inducing activity.
 
Article
To detect the 278 bp region of gene of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) in mitochondral DNA (mtDNA) of sarcosaphagous flies, identify the species of sarcosaphagous flies, and provide reference for forensic application. Samples were collected in Baotou and Chifeng of Inner Mongolia, Tianjin, Nanning, Fuzhou, Linyi of Shandong, Shijiazhuang, Yinchuan, Lanzhou, Huairou of Beijing, Xinxiang and Nanyang of Henan, Datong of Shanxi, Wuhu of Anhui, Quzhou of Zhejiang, Changsha, Zhuzhou and Yongzhou of Hunan. A total of 38 flies were randomly collected from rabbits, dogs and pigs which were set outdoors, then the flies' mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were extracted by the improved small insects DNA homogenate method. Amplification was conducted by Perkin-Elmer 9600 thermal cycler, then vertical non-denaturing 7% polyacrylamide gelectrophoresis. PCR products were purified using the nucleic acid purification kit. Sequences of both strands were obtained by direct sequence of the double-stranded PCR product using one of the PCR primers and the ABI PRISM big dye terminator cycle sequencing dit. Sequence reactions were electrophorsed on ABI Model 3730 DNA Sequencers. A UPGMA tree was contrasted using the maximum composite likelihood method in MEGA4. The 38 sarcosaphagous flies belonged to 3 families(Muscidae, Calliphoridae, and Sarcophagidae), 10 genuses (Musca Linnaeus, Hydrotaea Robineau-Desvoidy, Aldrichina Townsend, Hemipyrellia Townsend, Achoetandrus Bezzi, Protophormia Townsend, Chrysomya Robineau-Desvoidy, Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy, Helicophagella Enderlein, and Boettcherisca Rohdendorf), and 12 species [Musca domestica (Linnaeus), Hydrotaea (Ophyra) capensis (Wiedemann), Lucilia caesar (Linnaeus), Lucilia illustris (Meigen), Aldrichina graham (Aldrich), Hemipyrellia ligurriens, Achoetandrus (Chrysomya) rufifacies (Macquary), Protophormia terraenovae (Robineau-Desvoidy), Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), Lucilia sericata (Meigen), Helicophagella melanura (Meigen), and Boettcherisca peregrine (Robineau-Desvoidy)]. The genus of the sarcosaphagous flies can be identified by 278 bp gene sequence analysis of CO I in mtDNA. This method is rapid, convenient and precise.
 
Article
Objective: To examine the expression of microRNA-140 (miR-140) in osteoarthritis (OA) graded by X-ray diagnosis criteria of Kellgren and Lawrence and to provide a theoretical basis for further studing the role of miR-140 in OA development. Methods: Knee synovial fluid specimens were collected in 40 OA patients (the OA group), the OA group was divided into 4 subgroups according to X-ray diagnosis criteria of Kellgren and Lawrence: gradeIsubgroup (n=10), gradeII subgroup (n=10), gradeIII subgroup (n=10), and grade IV subgroup(n=10). Twenty patients served as a control group (the control group), including meniscus injury, cruciate ligament injury, trauma patients. The expression level of miR-140 in the knee synovial fluid was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (stem-loop RT-qPCR, TaqMan). U6 snRNA was used as the reference control, and Ct value was calculated. Results: MiR-140 was detected in all knee synovial fluid specimens. The expression level of miR-140 in the OA group was much lower than that in the control groupb (P<0.05). There was significant difference in the expression level of miR-140 between the grade IV subgroup and the gradeI, gradeII and gradeIII subgroups (all P<0.05). The expression levels of miR-140 was negatively related to the severity of OA (r=-0.917, P<0.05). Conclusion: MiR-140 in human knee synovial fluid can be detected conveniently by real-time PCR. The expression level of miR-140 decreases in the knee synovial fluid in OA patients, and is negatively related to the severity of OA. This may be related to the occurrence and development of OA, and can provide early potential diagnostic molecular target.
 
Article
To evaluate the association between D2 dopamine receptor gene -141C Ins/Del polymorphism and heroin dependence in Chinese Han population. Chinese and foreign databases were searched for relevant articles published from the establishment of database to March 2014. Case-control studies on D2 dopamine receptor gene -141C Ins/Del polymorphism with heroin dependence in Chinese Han population were gathered with Meta-analysis by Stata 12.0 software after data abstraction. Seven case-control studies on association between D2 dopamine receptor gene -141C Ins/ Del polymorphism and heroin dependence were included, which covered 3 211 heroin dependence patients and 1 979 controls. Meta-analysis results showed that the pooled odds ratio (OR), the 95% confidence interval (CI) and P value after combining genotypes were as follows: Ins/Ins vs Del/Del: OR=0.51, 95% CI: 0.27-0.96, P=0.017; Ins/Ins vs Ins/Del+Del/Del: OR=0.82, 95% CI: 0.72-0.94, P=0.448; Ins/Ins+ Ins/Del vs Del/Del: OR=0.53, 95% CI: 0.28-0.98, P=0.019; Ins/Del vs Del/Del: OR=0.59, 95% CI: 0.32-1.07, P=0.045; Ins vs Del: OR=0.79, 95% CI: 0.71-0.89, P=0.101). D2 dopamine receptor gene -141C Ins/Del polymorphism is associated with heroin dependence in Chinese Han population, and Chinese Han population with Ins allele gene deletion are at lower risk of heroin dependence.
 
Article
Objective: To design short hairpin RNA (shRNA) interference sequence to silence glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene of androgen independent prostate cancer cell line DU145, and to explore its effect on proliferation and sensitivity to chemotherapeutics. Methods: The target sequence was picked up to form the shRNA, and the 3 shRNA expression vectors were shRNA255, shRNA554 and shRNA593. The DNA template was cloned to plasmid pGPU6/GFP/Neo. The shRNA was identified by enzyme digesting and gene sequencing. The screening experiment was done to pick up the shRNA expression vector with the highest transfection ratio and best gene silencing results. DU145 cells were divided into a blank plasmid group and a shRNA transfected group. According to the chemotherapeutics the DU145 cells were divided into a fluorouracil (FU) group and a paclitaxel (PA) group, and the 2 groups were subdivided into 4 subsets according to the chemotherapeutic concentrations (FU: 30, 60, 120, and 240 μg/mL; PA: 0.2, 2, 10, and 20 μg/mL), meanwhile a blank control group was included respectively. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to evaluate the proliferation after the transfection. MTT and terminal de-oxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay were used to detect the inhibition effect of different concentrations of 5-FU or PA on the proliferation and induction of apoptosis of DU145. Results: The transfection ratio of the 3 shRNA expression vectors (shRNA255, shRNA554, and shRNA593) was (63.30±1.04)%, (76.20±0.68)%, and (72.70±0.33)%, and the transfection ratio of shRNA554 was the highest. there was significant difference among the above 3 shRNA expression vectors (P<0.01). After the transfection, the mRNA was 128.31±2.50, 43.24±4.30 and 85.62±6.30, the GSTP1 protein was 163.92±12.40, 65.38±9.30 and 114.25±16.70. After the transfection of shRNA554, the mRNA and protein of GSTP1 were the lowest level. there was significant difference among the above 3 shRNA expression vector (P<0.01). MTT analysis showed that before the transfection, the survival ratio of cells under different concentrations of FU (30, 60, 120, and 240 μg/mL) was (95.60±2.11)%, (90.20±0.86)%, (83.10±3.12)% and (74.60±1.32)%; however after the transfection, the survival ratio of cells was (91.30±1.43)%, (84.60±2.13)%, (73.20±1.52)%, and (65.5±0.942)%. TUNEL assay showed that before the transfection, the apoptosis ratio of cells under different concentrations of FU (30, 60, 120, and 240 μg/mL) was (5.50±0.88)%, (10.20±1.64)%, (15.20±2.39)%, and (25.10±2.59)%; however after the transfection, the apoptosis ratio of cells was (10.8±0.62)%, (15.7±1.32)%, (20.4±1.89)%, and (34.9±2.54)%. After the transfection, the cell survival ratio decreased under the same concentration of FU, and the apoptosis ratio increased, with statistical significance (both P<0.01). MTT analysis showed that before the transfection, the survival ratio of cells under different concentrations of PA (0.2, 2, 10, and 20 μg/mL) was (98.50±2.34)%, (95.20±1.32)%, (89.40±0.68)%, and (82.70±1.73)%; after the transfection the survival ratio of cells was (94.20±0.78)%, (86.50±2.13)%, (78.70±1.34)%, and (70.10±0.76)%. TUNEL assay showed that before the transfection, the apoptosis ratio of cells under different concentrations of PA (0.2, 2, 10, and 20 μg/mL) were (2.40±1.07)%, (5.20±1.33)%, (10.50±2.41)%, (20.70±1.92)%; after the transfection the apoptosis ratio of cells was (5.46±2.13)%, (13.80±1.24)%, (21.20±2.39)%, and (29.20±2.21)%. After the transfection, the cell survival ratio decreased under the same PA concentration, and the apoptosis ratio increased, with statistical significance (both P<0.01). Conclusion: gene GSTP1 silence via shRNA transfection to androgen independent prostate cancer cell line DU145 can inhibit its proliferation in time dependent manner, and induce apoptosis and raise its sensitivity to chemotherapeutics.
 
Article
To evaluate the efficacy of dural tenting suture and epidural drainage in craniotomy. In 145 cases of intracranial lesions, dural tenting suture and epidural drainage were performed to prevent epidural hematoma. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) showed no epidural hematoma required surgery in both groups. Both dural tenting suture and epidural drainage are effective in preventing epidural hematoma. Hemostasis is the key step. Dural tenting suture without epidural drainage relieves psychological stress. It decreases the risk of intracranial infection and avoids some unusual complications.
 
Article
To investigate the effect of CD147 monoclonal antibody (mAb) on the natural resistance to paclitaxel (TAX) in the human cervical cancer line (HCE1) multicellular spheroid (HCE1/MCS) model and if CD147 mAb can reverse the HCE1/MCS resistance to TAX. HCE1/MCS was obtained by liquid overlay and rotating technique. HCE1/MCS morphological changes were observed before or after the interference of CD147 mAb. The effects of TAX on HCE1/MCS (including inhibition ratio, IC50 and index of multicellular resistance) before or after CD147 mAb treatment were determined by the method of WST-1 and the inhibition ratio curve was mapped. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometer (FCM). The expression of CD147 and P-gp of both HCE1/MC and HCE1/MCS was detected by immunocytochemistry. HCE1/MCS was established successfully. CD147 mAb could inhibit HCE1/MCS from forming spheroids. CD147 mAb could enhance the sensitivity of HCE1/MCS to TAX. IC50 in different concentrations of CD147 mAb (5,10,20 μg/mL) HCE1/MCS group were (40.31 ± 3.73), (32.43 ± 1.56), and (30.69 ± 1.01) μg/mL. CD147 mAb resulted in G1/G0 arrest in HCE1/MCS. CD147 mAb of low concentrations (0-10 μg/mL) caused a dose-dependent inhibition of HCE1/MCS (P<0.05). Combined with TAX, CD147 mAb could also induce HCE1/MCS cell cycle arrest in both G1/S and G2/M stage. The expression of CD147 and P-gp was consistent in HCE1/MCS groups. CD147 plays an important role in muliticellular resistance of cervical cancer and inhibition of CD147 can synergistically reverse the multicellular drug resistance (MCR) in cervical cancer. The MCR of HCE1/MCS mediated by CD147 is related to P-gp.
 
Article
To investigate the effect of pSUPER/CD147siRNA on the formation, proliferation, and angiogenesis of malignant melanoma in nude mice. The nude mouse subcutaneous xenotransplantation models of malignant melanoma were constructed and observed using morphological analysis. The protein expression of PCNA and CD31 in tumors was detected using immunohistochemical technique. Tumoral proliferative activity in the nude mice was quantitatively evaluated by proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Microvessel density( MVD) was counted based on the endothelial cells positively stained with anti-CD31 antibody. The subcutaneous tumors appeared in all the nude mice 5 days later after the transplantation, but the volume of malignant melanoma in the experiment group significantly decreased compared with the control group (P<0.01). PCNA expression and MVD were significantly lower in the experiment group than those in the control group ( P<0.01). CD147 siRNA inhibits the growth and angiogenesis of malignant melanoma in vivo, suggesting that CD147 might be a new gene therapy target molecule for malignant melanoma.
 
Article
To investigate the function and mechanism of miR-149 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The expression of miR-149 was examined by real-time PCR and calculated by 2(-▵▵Ct) method. The cell proliferation was analyzed by MTT assay. The cell migration and invasion were shown by the wound healing assay and transwell migration assay, and the expression of E-cadherin was detected by Western blot. The expression of miR-149 was higher in NPC cell lines 5-8F and 6-10B than that in normal immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial NP69. MTT assay showed that miR-149 promoted the proliferation of NPC cell lines. The wound healing assay showed miR-149 promoted the mobility and invasion of NPC cell lines. Inhibition of miR-149 reduced the ability of NPC cell lines to proliferate and invade. miR-149 downregulated the expression of E-cadherin, whereas antagomir which mediated knockdown of miR-149 significantly upregulated the expression of E-cadherin. miR-149 might be involved in the invasion and metastasis of NPC through regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).
 
Article
Objective: To determine the role of miR-155 in the pathogenesis of generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) and the effect of dexamethasone (DXM) on miR-155. Methods: The expression of miR-155 in B cells from the GMG patients and healthy controls was analyzed by qPCR. The B cells were cultured with DXM and PBS. The B cell proliferation was examined by MTT; CD80 and CD86 frequencies were detected by flow cytometry; and anti-AChRIgG and isotypes anti-AChR-IgG1, 2, 3 in the supernatant were detected by ELISA. Results: qPCR revealed that the expression of miR-155 in the B cells was much higher than that in the controls, and the miR155 expression decreased after DXM treatment. flow cytometry showed that there was no significant difference in the proliferation and the expressions of CD80 and CD86 in the B cells between the DXM group and the PBS group. The concentration of anti-AChR-IgG1 was obviously lower in the DXM group than in the PBS group, but the concentration of anti-AChRIgG, anti-AChR-IgG2, and anti-AchR-IgG3 was similar. Conclusion: high expression of miR-155 may be associated with myasthenia gravis progression. DXM may disturb the antibody class switch of B cells by suppressing the expression of miR-155 and improve the symptom of MG patients.
 
Article
To summarize the characteristics of reoperative valve surgery after previous open-heart valve surgery. From 1996 to 2010, 155 patients who underwent reoperative valve surgery, either valve replacement or tricuspid annuloplasty or the repair of perivalvular leakage were included in the study. The reoperative interval was 1-266 (94.82 ± 85.37) months. All surgeries were carried out with extracorporeal circulation under moderated hypothermia. The cardioplegic solution in cold crystal or blood was used if heart beating was stopped during the surgery. The total in-hospital mortality was 5.81%, while it was 2.75% from 2005 to 2010. The end-diastolic dimension, size of atrium and ventricles were reduced after the reoperation. Ventricular arrhythmia and low cardiac output were the most frequent complications. The success rate of reoperative valve surgery can be improved by the distinctive therapeutic strategies based on the clinical characteristics and therapy principles obtained from practice experiences.
 
Article
To determine the efficacy of subarachnoid space protection in intracranial operation. Data collected from 156 consecutive cranial operations, in which subarachnoid space protective technology was prophylacticly used, were analyzed. Fourteen patients had a postoperative fever for more than 1 week and 16 patients who required lumbar puncture to release blood contaminated cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) or exclude meningitis. All except 3 patients were discharged as expected. No patients had symptomatic vasospasm and hydrocephalus. The subarachnoid space protective technology has good effect on preventing postoperative fever and improving the outcome of patients.
 
Article
To explore the effect of length-width ratio (LWR)on partial necrosis in distally based sural neurofasciocutaneous flap. Clinical data and operative pictures of 157 distally based sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps were reviewed and analysed. LWR of the flaps ranged from 2.83:1 to 7.14:1. Based on the LWR of the flaps, the flaps were divided into 5 groups: Group A(LWR≤3:1), Group B(3:1<LWR<4:1), Group C(4:1≤LWR<5:1), Group D(5:1≤LWR<6:1) and Group E (LWR≥6:1). The flaps were harvested by antegrade-retrograde combined method. Of the 157 flaps, 125 survived uneventfully, 8 had distal epidermical necrosis, wound dehiscence occurred in 6 flaps, 18 flaps(11.5%) had distal partial necrosis. Partial necrosis occurred in none of the 6 flaps in Group A(0%), 4 of 26 flaps in Group B(12.5%), 2 of 56 flaps in Group C (3.6%), 8 of 50 flaps in Group D (16.0%), and 4 of 19 flaps in Group E(21.5%). There were no statistical differences in partial necrosis ratio between Group A and B, Group B and C, Group D and E(P>0.05). Partial necrosis ratio was higher in Group D than that in Group C(P<0.05). It was lower in the LWR<5:1 group (Group A+Group B+Group C) (6.8%, 6/88) than that in the LWR≥5:1 group (Group D+Group E) (17.4%, 12/69) (P<0.05). When LWR of the flap is less than 5:1, probability of partial necrosis occurring in distally based sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps is low, and the flap can survive more reliably. The maximum LWR of the surrival flaps can reach 6-7:1.
 
Article
To introduce clinical experience for living-related donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) by reviewing LDKT clinical data. A total of 158 patients underwent LDKT. Expect for 7 patients donated by their spouses, the others had blood relationship donors. Donor-recipient HLA matching showed 2 patients had 5-loci mismatch, 5 with 4-loci mismatch, 88 with 3-loci mismatch, 50 with 2-loci mismatch, 12 with 1-loci mismatch, the other 1 with 0-loci mismatch. All of the 158 donors underwent open nephrectomy, 35 of whom donated the right kidneys and the other 123 donated the left kidneys. Triple immunosuppressive regimen consisted of calcineurin inhibitors or FK506, MMF or AZa, and steroid. All donors were healthy after the operation. All donors were followed up for 6 to 12 months and blood exams showed that inosine levels were normal. The longest kidney transplant functional survival time was 10 years to up June 2008. The one year patient/graft survival rate was 95.5%. Delayed graft function (DGF) occurred in 5 patients, 4 of whom recovered in 2-5 weeks. Five patients died, 4 of whom died of post-operational pulmonary infection within 3-5 months, with no transplantational complications. The other one died of pulmonary bleeding during dialysis while treating for DGF. One patient received a second deceased kidney transplant because of hyperacute rejection during the surgery. Five developed acute rejection 1 month after the operation (incidence rate 3.16%), 4 of whom were cured by administration of methylprednisolone, and the other one returned to dialysis because of renal toxicity of cyclosporine. Three patients had positive chronic rejection, 2 of whom lost graft function in 1.5-3.5 years. Eight patients developed pulmonary infection and 4 of them were cured. Sufficient LDKT pre-operational assessment, satisfactory tissue matching and reduced ischemia time may result in lower incidence of DGF, acute rejection and higher patient/graft survival rate. In LDKT, importance should also be attached to the prevention of DGF and graft rejection. Rational dosage of immunosuppressants is advocated to prevent secondary infective complications. Donor specifications and all around evaluation of the living-related donors should also be emphasized to minimize the harm to the donors. Long term follow-up is also essential to ensure donors' post-operational healthy life.
 
Article
Objective: To determine the correlation between p16 gene CpG methylation sites in the promoter region and HPV16 infection in cervical squamous cell carcinoma in Xinjiang Uyghur women. Methods: MALDI-TOF MS was used quantitatively to analyze p16 gene promotor methylation status of CpG islands in 20 cervix squamous cell carcinomas and 20 corresponding non-cancerous tissues in Uyghur women. HPV16 infection was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in both groups. Results: Among the 16 CpG sites in the p16 gene promoter region, CpG1-2 and CpG 6 sites were different between the 2 groups, and the levels of CpG1-2 and CpG6 methylation sites in the cervical squamous cell carcinoma were higher than those in the control group. The presence of HPV16 infection was significantly different between the cervix squamous cell carcinoma tissue and non-cancerous tissues (P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between p16 gene CpG methylation sites and HPV16 infection of cervical squamous cell carcinoma in Uyghur women. Conclusion: P16 gene CpG 1-2, CpG 6 hypermethylation and HPV16, which are independent of one another, play an important role in cervical squamous cell carcinogenesis in Uyghur women.
 
Article
Objective: To detect the expression of miR-16 in the hippocampus of a rat depression model induced by maternal deprivation, and to explore whether miR-16 is involved in the pathological process of maternal deprivation-induced depression. Methods: Newborn SD rats were randomly divided into a maternal deprivation group (n=17) and a control group (n=17). Rats in the maternal deprivation group experienced maternal deprivation for 6 h per day from 1st to 14th postnatal day, while rats in the control group rats received no treatment. When the rats were 13 weeks old, depression-like behaviors were assessed by forced swimming test and sucrose consumption test, and the expression of hippocampal miR-16 in rats was detected by real-time RT-PCR. Results: Maternal-deprived rats exhibited significantly longer passive floating time and lower sucrose preference rate than rats in the control group (P<0.05). Maternal-deprivation rats expressed higher level of miR-16 in the hippocampus than rats in the control group, and the expression level of miR-16 was significantly associated with the passive floating time (r=0.65, P<0.05) and the sucrose preference rate (r=-0.59, P<0.05). Conclusion: Maternal deprivation can induce depressive behaviors in rats and increase the expression of miR-16 in the hippocampus in rats. MiR-16 may be involved in the pathological mechanism of the maternal deprivation-induced depression.
 
Article
Objective: To evaluate the fertility of infertile males of large samples by the routine semen examination, and to provide a scientific basis for clinical treatment of male infertility and improve efficacy. Methods: We collected 16 835 semen specimens of infertile man in our hospital (the infertility group), and 1 567 semen specimens of sperm donating candidates from the sperm bank of our hospital (the control group). Semen routine examination was performed by computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) technology, and the data of semen routine examination were analyzed statistically. Results: The infertile patients with semen abnormalities in our hospital mainly suffered asthenospermia. The proportion of azoospermia, asthenospermia and oligoasthenospermia in the infertility group was higher than that in the control group, while the proportion of oligozoospermia was lower than that in the control group (P<0.001). Conclusion: Azoospermia, asthenospermia and oligoasthenospermia are related to infertility, but simply oligozoospermia is not necessarily related to infertility.
 
Article
To evaluate the genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in patients from gynecology clinic, and to investigate the association of persistent HPV infection with cervical lesions. From January, 2009 to December, 2013, clinical data of 16 320 patients in Th ird Xiangya Hospital were collected. A retrospective analysis was carried out to evaluate the overall prevalence of HPV infection. Th e prevalence of HPV infection in diff erent ages and subtypes were compared. Th e prevalence of persistent HPV infection and results of cervical cytology were analyzed. The overall HPV prevalence was 26.54%. The lowest overall and high-risk HPV prevalence were found in women at the age of 30-39 years old (P<0.05); the highest ones were found at the age of over 60 years old, with significant difference among the aged groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in low-risk HPV prevalence among the aged groups (P=0.693). The clearance rate of HPV was 87.65% one year later. There was no significant difference in high-risk and low-risk HPV infection between the non-persistent positive group and the persistent positive group (P=0.545), but the difference in single and multiple subtypes infection between these 2 groups was significant (P<0.05). In the persistent positive group, the most common genotypes were HPV 16, 52, 58, CP8304, and 33. The incidence of ASC-US, HSIL or SCC was significantly increased in the persistent positive group. Persistent HPV infection mainly consists of multiple and high-risk HPV infection. It is necessary to focus on the prevention of HPV 16, 52 and 58 persistent infection in our region.
 
Article
To summarized the experiences from our basic experimental and clinical research on peritoneal dialysis. In the past 16 years, peritoneal fibrosis rat models and rabbit models of peritonitis were first established successfully in our laboratory in China. Peritoneal mesothelial cells were also separated and identificated. Besides, we assessed the biocompatibility of peritoneal dialysis fluid and analyzed the molecular mechanism of peritoneal mesothelial cell injury. We demonstrated the key role of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and peroxisome proliferative activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) in the pathogenesis of peritoneal fibrosis, as well as their regulation of molecular mechanism. Furthermore, we transfected the plasmids encoding TGF-beta1-shRNA or pCTGF-shRNA into peritoneal cells and tissues by nanocarrier technologies. In clinical research, the positioning of peritoneal dialysis catheters, peritoneal dialysis treatment modalities and the prevention and treatment of its complications were studied. The characteristics and mechanism of solute transport in peritoneal dialysis was also explored.
 
Top-cited authors
Lu Shen
  • Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR)
Qian Pan
  • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
Hong Jiang
Jingping Zhao
  • Central South University
Zhaoqian Liu
  • Central South University