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Published by Scientific Research Publishing, Inc.
Online ISSN: 2380-7571
Abstract In previous paper Circumcision: History, Scope, and Aim: Part I (Brondz & Aslanova, 2019), was clearly presented by archeological and mythologic-historical evidences that custom of circumcision existed in Ancient Egypt for thousand years or more before Abraham’s time. It also was evidence from Semitic mythology that God Il or El (abbreviation for (ʼĒl or ʼIl, Hebrew: אל; Syriac: ܐܠ ; Arabic: إل or إﻟﮫ; Romanized: ilu) is a Northwest Semitic word with meaning is “God”, “Lord” or “Deity”. God Il have appeared in Northwest Semitic tradition from Ugarit (maybe even earlier from the one of Phoenician traditions). The word ʼila, is the derivative form the old Akkadian and has roots in the Proto-Semitic archaic biliteral ʼ‑l, meaning “God”. The Hebrew form אל is a word meaning God, it could be used for any God, including Hadad, Moloch, or Yahweh. The name Ēl, used in the singular, it means the supreme God, and by this it is referred to Yahweh. Yahweh for Jews is the supreme God, because other gods are supposed to be either nonexistent or insignificant, even they are existing. Yahweh have not denied existence of other Gods or Goddesses. Semitic Gods or Goddesses had not required from their followers to be circumcised before it has happened with Abraham. Abraham was circumcised, if he was at all was circumcised, by the order of God Il or El, or other Semitic Gods or Goddesses. In the present paper will also be explained the real meaning Goi (גוי), presented analysis will support the theory why the choice of Abraham as Patriarch by Jews was done, why in the Old Testament was described his circumcision and the arguments in opposition to the description of Abraham’s circumcision by order given by God Il or El, or other Semitic Gods or Goddesses at the time. The name used in the paper Abram and Abraham is referred to the same man as it is in the Torah, or in the Bible, or in the Koran.
This paper will explore the causes of and the main players in this formidable human tragedy, the tragedy of Sunni Arabs and their resistance to the dominance of the Alawite heretics and Iranian Shias. The Syrian war is a crime against Sunni Arabs because the war’ main goal is an ethnic cleansing to remove the Sunni Arabs from Syria. This paper argues that the key reason for the war is ethnic cleansing based on the Sunni Arabs’ religion and ethnicity and the resistance of Semitic Sunni to the invasion of the Alawite-Iranian-Hezbollah-Russian coalition in Syria. Some geopolitical, geo-military, and geo-economic reasons for the invasion will also be presented. During the course of this long, bloody war, nearly all the participants have changed their aspirations, aims, and objectives. Close to the end of the war, it is evident that the aspirations and aims that dominate the end phases contrast sharply with those held at the beginning of the war.
The silver drachm of Arsaces I from Nisa (247-211 B.C.).
Caucasian Albania (III-VI century A.D.).
The escalation of the Karabakh conflict during late 2020 and the resumption of the second Karabakh War—as a result of the provocative actions by the Armenian government and its puppet regime, the so-called “Artsakh Repub�lic”—have aroused the renewed interest of the scientific community in the historical origins of the territory over which Azerbaijan and Armenia have been fighting for many years. There is no consensus among scientific experts on this conflict’s causes or even its course, and the factual details and their interpretation remain under discussion. However, there are six resolutions by the United Nations Security Council that recognize the disputed territories as Azerbaijan’s national territory. This paper presents the historical, linguistic, and juridical facts that support the claim of Azerbaijan to these territories.The second war in Nagorno-Karabakh is a national liberation war for Azer�baijan. Keywords Karabakh, Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Arshakids, Arsak, Albania, National Liberation War.
Cities and their people have their own fate, and sometimes it is tragic. Often tragic events lead to the death and oblivion of a city, and traces of them only remain in the pages of historical chronicles. ?lesund has had both a tragic and a happy fate. A conflagration in 1905 became a turning point in the history of the city. ?lesund was destroyed, and only ashes were left. This tragedy changed its outlook, and made it world famous because ?lesund was completely rebuilt in an Art Nouveau style.
In this series of papers, we will present the appearance of antibiotics in general, from the original animal and microbial natural peptides and proteins, metabolites of molds and yeasts, and bacterial metabolites, to a new generation of plant-based antibiotics. The focus will be on the discovery of hyperforin and its curative properties as a new multitarget antibiotic with unique properties and possibilities for the development of a multitarget medical tool. Chromatography and mass spectrometry of hyperforin, together with its antibiotic, antiprotozoal, and anticancer activities, will be presented in this series. A description of chromatographic/mass spectrometric evidence of the passage of hyperforin through the blood-testis barrier (BTB) and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) will be provided in part II. This antibiotic is a useful tool in the struggle against Neisseria gonorrhea and Neisseria meningitides because of its free passage through the BTB and BBB and its immunomodulatory effects, together with antibacterial and detoxification effects. This paper is the first in a series that addresses the problems of using antibiotics in general and the need for the development of a new generation of antibiotics. The advantages and disadvantages of using antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine will be discussed, as will the possible associated epidemics in general and the epidemics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in particular.
This article proposes guidance on how academic researchers can publish maintaining research quality, research excellence, impact and ethics principles. The three features of artificial intelligence (AI (intentionality, intelligence, and adaptability) have been applied towards developing the foundation of publishing like “thinking machine”. By revisiting the notions of “publish or perish”, Research Excellence Framework (REF), academic pathways of teaching and research (T&R) or Teaching, Scholarship and Professional Practice (TSPP), this article develop propositions on achieving high-quality, impactful and compliant research. Also, the article reveals ethical dilemmas such as abuse of data, unconsented acknowledgements, the oligopoly of major publishers, “all authors have contributed equally”, a decline in the quality of publications, “add my name”, “ghost authorship” and gifted authorship. Finally, the article develops ethics rules and 12 simple guidelines on how to publish like AI but obey the rules of the game.
Porphyrin vanadate, redrawn from (Xu Zhao, Quan Shi, Murray R. Gray & Chunming Xu (2014) New Vanadium Compounds in Venezuela Heavy Crude Oil Detected by Positive-ion Electrospray
A fractionating column used in refining (scheme).
A fractionating column with three plates (scheme).
Abstract X5 and 335d model diesel cars built by Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft (BMW AG) between 2009 and 2011 were sued in a USA court in New Jersey for creating more pollution on the roads than in laboratory tests. BMW AG used testing methods similar to those admitted to by Volkswagen AG for cheating authorities (https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-27/bmw-sued-for-install ing-defeat-devices-in-u-s-diesel-cars) [1]. Other manufacturers of diesel driven cars, for example, Ford Motor Co., Mercedes-Benz, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV, General Motors Co., and Volkswagen, have also produced diesel driven cars with higher levels of environmental pollution caused by sulfur oxides and NOx in exhaust gasses than is permissible. These companies have also met with similar problems and legal accusations. Was all this only the fault of the diesel car manufacturers, or was it perhaps a well-prepared attempt to discredit the diesel cars as they are or maybe the diesel motor as it is? Was it an attempt to favor the electric driven cars by undermining the manufacturers of diesel driving cars, and even possibly by undermining all manufacturers of cars driven by internal combustion engines (ICEs)? Diesel driven vehicles as a type of motor driven means are very powerful and economical and can be environmentally cleaner than other motor driven media, including electrically driven vehicles, if the total pollution produced by such vehicles is taken into account. The total manufacturing pollution from motor driven means, the handling, and the production of the driving force (e.g., benzene, kerosene, gasoline, diesel, and electricity) should all be taken into account. The environmental safety of the utilization of motor driven means and parts thereof after such vehicles have been decommissioned is also a very important consideration. The health hazards and environmental safety associated with the production, handling, and decommissioning must be considered as significant factors in the ranking of motor driven vehicles as a contributor to environmental pollution and health hazards.
In order to increase food production it is necessary to better understand all the factors underlying short term operations and long term strategies that lead to improve food security. In this regard any good effect deriving from agricultural research is strictly connected to a more accurate estimation of crops resources requirements, to major improvements in the use of irrigation and drainage systems, to a better understand of climatic variability. All the variables involved show strong dependency on both place and time. The failing of past, present and future systems can be essentially attributed to poor agricultural research planning, to incorrect agricultural systems design and resource allocation and to a not complete capacity to cope with short and long-term global climatic behavior.
With China’s export trade launches extensively, and the relevant trade systems obtain the unceasing development, but the credit insurance system is not perfect, such as the speed and the scale of China’s export credit insurance system are far from the requirements of the international trade development and the related legal system requires to be further strengthened. This article analyzes the export credit insurance’s concept, characteristics and functions as well as problems of the related legal system of China’s export credit insurance at the present stage, and proposes some suggestions to strengthen China’s export credit insurance system in order to promote the improvement of related legal system, better for China’s export trade services.
Abstract V-valent elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, and several others fulfill requirements for chirality. In the system on Earth, and with the present thermodynamic conditions—pressure, temperature, radiation, and others—the carbon atom’s chirality is the primary factor in the creation of living creatures. However, even in our galaxy and surely elsewhere in the universe, there are places with very different temperatures, pressure, radiation and other conditions for life that differ from our model. Life on Earth in its present forms would not be imaginable if the average temperature was above 60°C because of instability in DNA, RNA, and protein molecules at such a temperature. Humankind is stuck in the doctrine that life must look like the model we are familiar with or be similar. However, other elements with the ability to create a stable chiral molecule can create an array of stable substances that can exist at higher temperatures and pressure, a different radiation level, and even in a sulfuric acid environment. The mentioned conditions do not exclude low solar radiation, low temperatures, high/low pressure or an acidic nitrogen/basic nitrogen environment. The universe is endless, but our imagination is limited by religious or materialistic indoctrination. The necessity to study V-valent chiral elements that are part of complex stable molecules even in our system and to examine their stability or that of similar molecules at extreme conditions is clear. This paper presents several stable chiral substances with V-valent nitrogen. Intelligent life based on chirality besides that of chiral carbon is possible. Keywords Chirality, V-Valent Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Stable Chiral Substances with V-Valent Nitrogen
The issue of circumcision has been vigorously discussed throughout human history. Discussions about its origin, history, purpose, and religious and social meanings have been ongoing since the first human civilizations, occurring within primitive tribes, slave-based societies, fortified cities, slave kingdoms, and empires (e.g., the Roman Empire). The topic has been taken up across feudal and modern kingdoms, and within modern capitalist and socialist societies. For example, the Nazis stand out for having used circumcision in their propaganda against Jews, and as an identifier to segregate Jews from others during their extermination. However, despite such prolonged and vigorous discussion, no consensus has been reached on the issue. Many well-based explanations for specific aspects of circumcision have been advanced (e.g., its origin, history, purpose, and religious and social meanings), yet each has contradicted the others. The aim of this paper is to determine the most plausible explanations for circumcision, within the context of various forms of genital manipulations that have been conducted across human history. It is difficult to cover all aspects of this topic in a relatively brief paper—indeed, it would also be difficult to cover the entire story in a voluminous book. In addition to the evidence available from other sources, special attention is paid to the passages from the Torah, the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, and the Koran.
From the "Yunnan information news" January 21, 2015 A02 version.
From the "Yunnan information news" January 21, 2015 A04 version.
From the "Yunnan information news" January 27, 2015 A12 version.
From the "Yunnan information news" January 27, 2015 A18 version.
With the development of communication technology, media integration has been a main trend in today’s media development. As the active Metropolitan news in the reform of Chinese newspaper industry, it is worth exploring how to survive and develop under the background of media convergence. The writer thinks different Metropolitan news with different cultural backgrounds and media powers has different integration features. The article regarded “Yunnan information news” digital 2015 redesign as the observed sample to analyze the development path of regional metropolis daily in the background of media integration.
This paper is a development of ideas presented in a previous publication , “ To be or not to be … ? Part I. Does global climate change a future reality ?” The events that occurred in the world after the publication of Part I in this series have supported the idea that celestial influences on the earth’s climate prevail above all other influences. Some negative influence on the climate may arise from the destruction of air streams that have naturally existed for thousands of years in the Atlantic by the growing number of wind power plants. This development , which is harmful for the environment , was propagated by hysteria relating to “global climate change”. This will be discussed in this paper , in addition to the issues already presented previously in Part I , regarding the harm created by “ fire - stick farming ”. The hysteria relating to “global climate change” is mainly propagated by , and for , the big business corporations—which are “the State” and “the Law” on Earth—to drain the world’s population and some of the oil producing countries of money. This hysteria commenced as a social , geopolitical , and economic event , directed against militarization of the Russian Federation by using the oil money , and against some socially undesirable regimes as it was in Venezuela. Generally , big money-holders govern beyond the laws and the national governments. They would like to impose an additional economical yoke on the population of the earth.
A wild boar. 
To date, many influential religious leaders from both Judaism and Islam have attempted to provide answers to the question of why both these religions prohibit eating pork. The most straightforward answer is that the Lord has prohibited the eating of pork and all unclean meat, including unclean fish, birds, mammals and other creatures. Followers of Judaism and Islam, respectively, must eat only kosher or halal food. Prohibitions on eating unclean food are written in the Torah and in the Koran: “He hath only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah. For Allah is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful” (Surah the Cow 2: 173), and “He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and any (food) over which the name of other than Allah has been invoked. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (Surah the Bee 16: 115). In principle, the laws governing kosher food in the Torah are the similar. Their traditional prohibition on eating pork and unclean food has often been used as an excuse to spark hatred of Jews and Muslims. In this paper, we attempt to study the possible sources of the prohibition to provide evidence-based answers as to why the prohibition exists, and to counter the xenophobic misrepresentations and slurs on these subjects. As it is not possible to cover all aspects of kosher and halal food in a short paper, we focus on examining the prohibition on Jews and Muslims on eating pork, human flesh and blood from all sources and, particularly, using the blood of mammals in the preparation of food.
Top-cited authors
Ilia Brondz
  • Scientific Research Publishing Inc.
Kuo-Chen Chou
  • Gordon Life Science Institute
Boris I. Sedunov
  • Russian New University
Nils-Axel Mörner
  • Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics Institute
Xin Wang
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences