The Journal of Academic Librarianship

Published by Elsevier
Online ISSN: 0099-1333
Publications
Article
This study investigated pre-college (K–12) and present day library use and perceptions of research for 105 U.S.-educated first-year Latino undergraduates (generation 1.5). Data were collected through focus groups and an electronic survey. Results suggest K–12 library use and information literacy development are correlated. Research skills were underdeveloped for the sample as a whole, and correlated with students’ low levels of K–12 library use.
 
Article
Thirty-one chat reference conversations were linguistically analyzed, compared to twenty-three instant messaging (IM) conversations held between students, and further correlated to students' satisfaction with the reference interaction. Conversations between librarians and students in chat reference are more formal than those solely involving students, and the use of some linguistic patterns is correlated to user satisfaction.
 
Article
New ways to evaluate libraries are needed. The SERVQUAL is a diagnostic tool to measure service quality, defined as the difference between customer perceptions and expectations of service. This article discusses implications for library management and future explorations of a tool applicable to academic libraries.
 
Article
To examine the evolving role of the Master of Library Science (MLS) degree in academic libraries, pooled cross-sectional data were collected from job advertisements in College and Research Library News. Beginning with 1975 and continuing at 5-year intervals through 2005, pertinent information from all job advertisements in each monthly issue were compiled. The data produced many interesting facts, such as job openings requiring an MLS peaked in the early 1990s, and that there is a significant drop in a prerequisite MLS beginning in the year 2000.
 
Article
This study analyzes position announcements to determine the requirements, characteristics, and qualifications for those positions. Findings include salary information and comparisons, primary responsibilities, and required and preferred education and skills. Results show that salaries are higher than average and increase above inflation. Technology-related skills are increasingly important.
 
Article
Large scale statewide library cooperation using information technology and wide area networks dates back to the early 1980s with efforts such as the Florida Center for Library Automation and, more recently, the LOUIS Project in Louisiana (see JAL January 1994) and OhioLink (see JAL September 1995). Early efforts were usually focused on the implementation of library information management systems and the provision of shared access to locally held collections, and they often still are. In the 1990s, though, we are witnessing a shift in statewide cooperative use of networks to provide principally access to bibliographic and full-text resources not held locally and usually provided by commercial vendors for use by libraries. As the case studies in this column illustrate the development of funding sources, the technical implementations and support, and the management organization differ from state to state. They reflect, though, the incremental shift in the information landscape towards “electronic libraries”. I choose the word incremental intentionally to reflect that this change has not (at least so far) been anywhere near as rapid or revolutionary as many expected. Nevertheless, what has happened in about 15 years is quite dramatic. It portends a different kind of academic library.—CBL, University of Maryland, College Park.
 
Article
Use of the physical collections and services of academic libraries continues to plummet, with some exceptions, while use of electronic networked resources skyrockets. This article frames the extent of this decline with a focus on circulation and reference among ARL University, Medical, and Law Libraries, the Ivy League, other associations, systems, and individual libraries.
 
Article
This study explores Web 2.0 technologies in an academic library through focus groups with undergraduates at Kent State University. Results reveal that students, despite being heavy users, are less sophisticated and expressive in their use of Web 2.0 than presumed. Students set clear boundaries between educational and social spaces on the Web, and the library may be best served by building Web 2.0 into its site and extending its services into course management systems.
 
Article
Survey and semi-structured interviews were conducted in this study to examine the adoption of the Web 2.0 technology in information literacy instruction. Findings suggest that librarians use Web 2.0 tools in three different levels, and overall it has a positive impact on teaching and learning.
 
Article
Visits to 81 academic library websites in the New York State reveal that 42% of them adopted one or more Web 2.0 tools such as blogs while implementation of those tools in individual libraries varies greatly. We also propose a conceptual model of Academic Library 2.0 in this report.
 
Article
This study investigates the adoption of Library 2.0 functionalities by academic libraries and users through a knowledge management perspective. Based on randomly selected 230 academic library Web sites and 184 users, the authors found RSS and blogs are widely adopted by academic libraries while users widely utilized the bookmark function.
 
Article
The corporate literature on reengineering has much to offer academic libraries. This article describes how reengineering can be applied in library settings, trends affecting library user services operations, and the reengineering effort that is ongoing at Rice University where user services operations have been transformed through collaborative reengineering efforts between the library and computing.
 
Article
In a large-scale user survey, respondents rated current services, print materials, and electronic resources, and prioritized those services and resources in terms of importance to their work. Respondents also ranked services and resources that might be offered. User profiles were developed for faculty, graduate assistant, and undergraduate student users.
 
Article
As globalization tests the effectiveness of many human institutions, e-education evolves from an emerging to a growth industry. Accreditation commissions, government, and foundations, themselves coping with change, become active players in the environment. Institutions that adopt models from our networked economy may successfully transition, but both viable and unworkable models will emerge.
 
Article
The University of British Columbia (UBC) Education Library used information about library opening hours world-wide and the results of an in-house 4-week survey of students exiting the Library between 9 and 10 p.m. to decide on new hours of operation that would better meet the needs of graduate students and eliminate confusion over changing seasonal hours.
 
Article
This study investigates user preferences for reference and technical support, services, and facilities featured in an academic library and Learning Commons through a 23-item questionnaire distributed to building entrants during one 24-hour period on March 14, 2006. Results revealed a strong preference for face-to-face assistance (including roving), suggested enhancements, and documented user demographics.
 
Article
American graphic novels are increasingly recognized as high-quality literature and an interesting genre for academic study. Graphic novels of Japan, called manga, have established a strong foothold in American culture. This preliminary survey of 44 United States university libraries demonstrates that Japanese manga in translation are consistently collected at a lower rate than American graphic novels.
 
Distribution of whether a user viewed an abstract only, an article only or an abstract or an article in a session by method of navigation.
Article
Utilizing transactional log data taken from digital journal libraries and attitudinal and demographic data derived from a questionnaire survey, the article pieces together evidence concerning the use, users, and role of abstracts in a digital environment. It shows that abstracts are used in large quantities, even when full-text viewing facilities are available. The ‘popularity’ of abstracts is partly a function of how users navigate towards content in cyberspace, through search engines and gateways, and partly because they provide a quick and effective means of assessing relevance of content.
 
Article
Field guides are common in libraries but are generally not considered scholarly. This study examines citations to fifty field guides to determine how they were used in scholarly publications, finding that field guides are frequently cited as a source of data on the ranges, habits, and descriptions of plants and animals.
 
Article
Reports a 1995 survey of Wisconsin academic libraries regarding collection development practices in the subjects of languages and literature. In general, libraries rely heavily on faculty selections and course- relatedness, buying almost exclusively current English language material. An analysis of OCLC holdings indicates that Choice's 1993 "Outstanding Academic Books" are not widely held, confirming the survey results showing an emphasis on local demand over presumed quality. © 1997 JAI Press Inc. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.
 
Article
Research indicates significant levels of burnout in academic teaching librarians. This article describes parallels with other “helping professions” and examines characteristics, causes, and solutions of burnout, inside and outside the classroom. Solutions should be sought in research on similar professions and their effectiveness should be measured.
 
Skeletal Bibliographic Record
Bibliographic Information Imported from the Web
Biographical Information Extracted from the Web
Work Information Extracted from the Web
Article
This paper examines how future metadata capabilities could enable academic libraries to exploit information on the emerging Semantic Web in their library catalogues. Whereas current metadata architectures treat the Web as a simple means of interchanging bibliographic data that have been created by libraries, this paper suggests that academic libraries could use the Semantic Web as a source of rich metadata that can be retrieved and inserted into bibliographic records to enhance the user's information searches and to expand the role of the academic library catalogue as a research tool rather than a mere locating device. The paper uses examples from the fields of rare books, literary criticism, and film studies to illustrate how academic libraries, by shifting their emphasis from cataloguing standards to Web information evaluation, can play a new and exciting role in the development of electronic information services.
 
Article
In an effort to establish benchmarks for comparison to national trends, a web-based survey explored the research, publication, and service activities of Florida academic librarians. Participants ranked the importance of professional activities to the tenure/promotion process. Findings suggest that perceived tenure and promotion demands do influence research productivity.
 
Article
This study explores differences in the academic library use of Asian American, African American, Latino, Native American and White undergraduates. The results indicated that students of color reported more academic library use, while all undergraduates, regardless of ethnic group, who engaged in writing activities and read more non-assigned books also reported greater academic library use.
 
Article
Academic libraries which follow affirmative action, equal opportunity regulations often receive many applications from individuals who do not survive the search committee's initial screening. Data from three searches are presented and discussed as case studies which illustrate many applicants fail to meet the advertised minimum requirements.
 
Article
The results of an extensive survey of the senior academic staff of the Israeli universities on their use of electronic journals and databases are presented. The major findings are that the use of electronic sources is already widespread among the respondents and more than 50% found the electronic services indispensable. Disparities were found between the usage patterns in the different disciplines.
 
Article
Learning is not an electronic process. Technology has become so imbedded in library services that few college students have a memory of a pre-electronic database world of research. Nonetheless, most users experience frustration in trying to negotiate resources or retrieve focused, useful information. Technology and its partner, information literacy, equip students with the tools needed for a proactive role in their own education and for lifelong learning. Independent learners must master the ability to access, evaluate, organize, and present information from all types of sources existing in today’s information-rich society. Yet, the technological and electronic options available are overwhelming, and true information literacy goes beyond a mere knowledge of software and specific interfaces. Without professional instruction users are left in a maze unable to manage the deluge of electronic options or to evaluate the flood of information retrieved
 
Article
An online survey was sent to academic libraries and consortia with an integrated library system (ILS) migration project, based on review of press releases from major U.S. ILS vendors. This study takes a systematic approach to provide a snapshot of the academic ILS market and key factors affecting the outcome of an ILS migration project. It reveals the challenges and opportunities facing academic libraries and ILS vendors in an environment with rapidly changing technology and increasingly sophisticated academic users.
 
Article
Librarians need to explore their individual creativity. Creative thinking is an underutilized problem-solving skill that can be learned and applied to any situation. This article explains how librarians can understand, develop, and use their creative thinking abilities and skills in the workplace.
 
Article
Following a 2003 survey that benchmarked the research and publication activities of Florida librarians, administrative support for these efforts was investigated. Library administrators were asked to identify various types and funding levels of travel and research assistance. Results suggest that Florida librarians receive support comparable to national and regional trends.
 
Article
Government agencies are adopting electronic information dissemination strategies which both challenge established dissemination structures and offer new access opportunities for all libraries. This article explores the implications of this change and describes the initiative of one medium-sized, non-depository library to become a government information center.
 
Article
Using an electronic shelf-reading system a cost-benefit analysis was conducted of an inventory/shelf-reading project in a medium-sized academic library. Analyses include time spent, cataloging discrepancies, books found with active statuses, mis-shelving rate and distance, and subsequent use of found books. Correctly re-shelving “missing” materials was found to be more cost-effective and service oriented than repurchase.
 
Article
Although academic librarians may not be fully aware of how student artists use library collections, information obtained from focus group interviews reveals how student artists use academic libraries to support their artwork, what these students seek, and how they feel about their experiences.
 
Article
Internationalization is a major concern for many universities, and library faculty exchanges have increased in importance for the participants and their academic communities. This article reports on a survey of academic library directors and exchange participants from both the United Kingdom/Ireland and the United States/Canada.
 
Article
This article reviews the recent history of academic libraries' responses to the needs of visually impaired patrons and offers suggestions to ease the impact of libraries' enforcement of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
 
Article
This study surveys 138 librarians in 21 medium-sized academic libraries to identify time on tasks and value of tasks to address problems between the expectations of library administrators and the perceptions of librarians to their job descriptions. The results validate that the administration's expectations are within the norm.
 
Article
This study was performed to analyze characteristics of a team-based organization introduced lately to many academic libraries in South Korea. The major areas of exploration included the introduction of the team approach, team empowerment, leadership of team leaders, open communication, and the director's commitment. The study used a survey design with a questionnaire delivered to staff who worked at thirty-seven academic libraries in South Korea. The findings indicate that the staff of the academic libraries undertaking a team-based approach had a comparatively negative image of the team-based system, and that these libraries have provided insufficient training and support for their staff in the process of adopting to a team-based system.
 
Article
This article critiques the usual process for selecting academic librarians from the perspective of research on selection methods. The author concludes that academic library methods could be improved by employing some of the approaches presented in human resources management and psychology literature on personnel selection.
 
Article
Academic libraries face unprecedented competition from on campus units, private companies, and outsourcing firms. Using the theme of outsourcing, this article applies key concepts from competition theory to understand how new competitive forces are shaping the campus library, and how that theory can assist the library in making tactical decisions.
 
Article
In the contemporary library environment, the presence of the Internet and the infrastructure of the integrated library system suggest an integrated internal organization. The article describes the example of Douglass Rationalization, a team-based collaborative project to refocus the collection of Rutgers' Douglass Library, taking advantage of the networked environment and providing distributed communication allowing for the operation to be seamless. Discussion also includes the impact of technology in library operations and how the improvement of internal functionality can positively influence the libraries' ability to serve the user community.
 
Article
The traditional hierarchical administrative structure in academic libraries is in internal conflict with its own culture and is ineffective in dealing with a rapidly changing environment. This structure must become a more balanced type, a proposal for which is made here, based upon the literature in organizational behavior and leadership.
 
Article
A number of investigations into misconduct related to proposing, performing, and reporting research have resulted in research and researchers being discredited. The research reported in this article links misconduct to librarian's perceptions of service quality and explores the implications of fraud for library collections and information services.
 
Article
Although issues related to the role of librarians have long been discussed in the literature on academic librarianship, there has been little attempt to incorporate the extensive psychological theory and research on role-related issues. In the current article we review the empirical literature on the role of librarians, with a particular focus on the link between role-related issues and job stress, recruitment and selection, and training and development. We then discuss relevant psychological theory and research in these areas, and we conclude with a recommendation for more collaborative efforts between research psychologists and scholars in the field of librarianship.
 
Article
Given the presence of other networks and recent advances in communication, academic libraries need to examine their membership in regional library systems. In a survey of academic libraries and regional systems in Ohio, continuing education and strong local connections were found to be the main reasons for maintaining membership.
 
Article
This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were observed as they interacted with information retrieval (IR) systems. The analysis of search logs uncovered the characteristics of research tasks and the corresponding search strategies.
 
Participant universities
Importance and satisfaction values
Use of services
Article
This research explores the extent of service quality in Spanish university science and technology libraries, based on the expectations and perceptions of their users: faculty and researchers. Users' information behavior is analyzed with the specially designed BiQual tool, which reveals specific needs such as the greater importance of electronic collections and improved electronic access.
 
Article
This article discusses the methodology used at the University of Arizona Library to grapple with the access/ ownership issue and to ascertain options to that challenge. These options guide the Library in decision making, policy formulation, and the provision of services.
 
Article
Changing the way that academic libraries operate is necessary to accommodate increasing demands for resources with shrinking materials budgets. This article demonstrates how one library administration is managing change. It also shows that these methods can be adapted to fit the specific needs of other institutions.
 
Availability of Books in the Amazon.com Database Based on Patron Acceptability
Article
In 1999, Steve Coffman proposed that libraries form a single interlibrary loan based entity patterned after Amazon.com. This study examined the suitability of Amazon.com’s Web interface and record enhancements for academic libraries. Amazon.com could not deliver circulating monographs in the University at Albany Libraries’ collection quickly enough to satisfy undergraduates.
 
Article
In recent years libraries and academia have become increasingly interested in customer service and Total Quality Management issues. Reflecting these interests, academic librarians have implemented a variety of customer-service training programs. This article profiles selected customer-service training programs and popular customer-service videos.
 
Top-cited authors
Angela Lee
  • Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)
Danuta A. Nitecki
  • Drexel University
Laura Saunders
  • Simmons University
Sei-Ching Joanna Sin
  • Nanyang Technological University
Karen Coyle
  • University of California, Berkeley