Chevalier de la Camara was a collector of plants in Australia in the 1870s and 1880s, and at least three species were named in his honour. However, nothing has been recorded of his life or work. In this paper as much as can be gleaned about him is set out, including his origins, birth, marriage, family, honours, botanical and agricultural activities, and death.
This paper reviews and summarises the important contributions made to the study of aquatic angiosperms by the Australian botanist Surrey W. L. Jacobs, based largely on the personal experiences of the author. His field-oriented research resulted in the publication of more than 75 technical books and papers on aquatic and wetland plants, 38 newly named aquatic plant taxa, and a legacy of important botanical specimens collected from many remote localities. His field assistance and willing collaborative spirit also substantially enhanced the productivity of a significant number of professional colleagues and students who conducted research on aquatic plants.
Aidia gyropetala A.J.Ford & Halford is described, illustrated and diagnosed against the two other species in Australia, Aidia cowleyi and A. racemosa. Notes on habitat, distribution and conservation status are provided. A key to the species of Aidia in Australia is presented.
This paper lectotypifies four Acacia species that were represented by a number of syntypes or confusing type designations. Collections were examined at NSW and MEL, while mainly images and specimen data were assessed for collections held elsewhere, including AD (data only), BM, BRI (data only), K, PERTH and US. The location and assessment of herbarium specimens that potentially represented types was assisted by searching records in Australia’s Virtual Herbarium (AVH 2013) and Global Plants (2013). The latter site enabled the examination of images of a number of type specimens and their label details. Type citations by other authors for these species were also addressed.
Acacia × mangiiformis Maslin & L.A.J.Thomson, hybrida nova, is described. Its parents are Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. ex Benth. and A. mangium Willd., two well-known and important plantation species in Asia and elsewhere. Acacia × mangiiformis arose naturally in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea and in recent decades has become widely cultivated in southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam), India, and to a lesser extent in China and Taiwan. The tree has often been referred to as “Acacia hybrid” in forestry literature. Acacia × mangiiformis has morphological and other characteristics that are intermediate between its parents. Furthermore, it often has a faster growth rate, superior bole form and is more drought-tolerant than its parent species The hybrid is used primarily for pulp production but also has uses as solid wood products and fuelwood. The wood is similar to that of A. mangium but has a higher density and is more suitable for products where strength is important; it is also less susceptible to termite attack than are its parent species. Ten high-performing commercial clones of Acacia × mangiiformis have been developed in Vietnam and more are being selected. The formal naming of this important hybrid is dedicated to Professor Le Dinh Kha (formerly of Forest Science Institute of Vietnam), an outstanding researcher, supervisor, and authority on tree breeding who conducted much of the original research and promotion of Acacia × mangiiformis in Vietnam.
Two new species, Acacia alaticaulis Kodela & Tindale and A. kulnurensis Kodela & Tindale, belonging to Acacia section Botrycephalae and allied to A. terminalis (Salisb.) J.F.Macbr., are described and illustrated. Both species are rare with restricted distributions north of Sydney, from the Howes and Mangrove Mountain areas, into the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales, Australia.
Kodela, P.G. (National Herbarium of New South Wales, Royal Botanic Gardens, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney, N.S.W. 2000, Australia) 1998. Notes on types of some Acacia species (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) at the National Herbarium of New South Wales (NSW). Telopea 7(4): 419–423. The typification of eight species of Acacia is discussed, and lectotypes are here selected for six of these species: Acacia adsurgens, A. ancistrocarpa, A. cambagei, A. caroleae, A. rhodoxylon and A. shirleyi. The previously designated neotype of A. cambagei is now unnecessary.
Acacia yalwalensis Kodela (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae sect. Botrycephalae) is here described from the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. It was previously confounded with Acacia oshanesii F.Muell. which occurs in the North Coast region of New South Wales and southeast Queensland.
Kodela, Phillip G. and Tindale, Mary D. (National Herbarium of New South Wales, Royal Botanic Gardens, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia) 2001. Acacia dealbata subsp. subalpina (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae), a new subspecies from south-eastern Australia. Telopea 9(2): 319–322. Acacia dealbata subsp. subalpina (Acacia sect. Botrycephalae), is described from south-eastern New South Wales and northeastern Victoria. It occurs at higher altitudes of the tablelands, being distinguished from subsp. dealbata mainly by its smaller stature and leaves.
Acacia atrox Kodela subsp. planiticola Kodela & L.M. Copel., a new, rare and threatened subspecies, is described and illustrated. Notes are also given on its distribution, habitat, etymology and conservation status. The subspecies is known only from a single population in Kirramingly Nature Reserve on the North Western Plains of New South Wales, Australia. With its unusual, sharply pungent-pointed, sessile, basally dilated phyllodes, subsp. planiticola appears to be closely related to typical Acacia atrox Kodela, and both taxa are thought to be clonal with plants spreading vegetatively beneath the ground via root suckers. Although all plants are in a conservation reserve, Acacia atrox subsp. planiticola is considered threatened due to its small population size and its vulnerability to stochastic events.
The rare moss Acaulon schimperianum (Sull.) Sull., formerly known only from North America, is reported from China and represents a new record to East Asia. Distinctive features of this Acaulon species are the presence of teeth on the margin of the upper leaves and the laminal cells are strongly papillose abaxially. In China this species was found on exposed dry soil, a microhabitat similar to that of the known North American occurrences of the species.
An overview of the debate surrounding the correct generic name for the triggerplants (Stylidium Sw., Candollea Labill., Ventenatia Sm.; Stylidiaceae) is provided. The authorship of Stylidium and the four species published in Willdenow's Species Plantarum in 1805 is here attributed to Swartz in Willdenow rather than Swartz ex Willdenow, since Willdenow clearly credits these taxa to Swartz; however, the month of publication of these taxa could not be verified. The nomenclatural implications of a publication date subsequent to that of Candollea, also published in 1805, are discussed. Stylidium graminifolium Sw., previously thought to be based on a gathering by Banks and Solander, is shown to be based on a collection by Dr John White, first Surgeon-General of New South Wales. The type of S. lineare Sw. was similarly collected by White. A revised type citation and synonymy are provided for both species and lectotypes selected for Stylidium graminifolium van angustifolium Mildbr., Ventenatia major Sm. and V. minor Sm.
Critical studies with protologue and type specimens of Vernonia anaimudica B.V.Shetty & Vivek., Vernonia pothigaiana Chellad. & Gopalan and Vernonia pulneyensis Gamble shows the diagnostic features of Acilepis rather than Vernonia sensu stricto. Hence, they are transferred from Vernonia Schreb. to Acilepis D.Don.
Twelve species of Acromastigum (Lepidoziaceae) are recognised for Australia including three new species from Tasmania, Acromastigum prismaticale sp. nov., A. interstisiale sp. nov. and A. fumosum sp. nov. The new species A. interstisiale also occurs in New Zealand on the Denniston Plateau. Acromastigum tenax is a new record for Australia from the Wet Tropics Bioregion, and Acromastigum divaricatum is recorded for Tasmania and New Zealand. The enigmatic New Zealand endemic. Acromastigum brachyphyllum is synonymised with A. anisostomum, which is excluded from the Australian flora as all Australian records are based on misidentifications, primarily of A. interstisiale but also of A. mooreanum and A. fumosum. Acromastigum furcatifolium and A. fumosum are geographically restricted and sparsely distributed, the former on sandstone in rainforest in the Blue Mountains west of Sydney, the latter on peat in rainforest and shrublands in Tasmania. Acromastigum exiguum and A. marginatum are retained as separate species distributed either side of the Tasman Sea. Descriptions, illustrations and associated observations for Australian species of Acromastigum are presented, as is a key including Australian and New Zealand species.
Nuttallanthus texanus (Scheele) D.A.Sutton (Plantaginaceae) has been identified as occurring in southern Queensland and eastern New South Wales, Australia. This species had not previously been distinguished from Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D.A.Sutton. Both species are naturalised and spread by seed. The two species can be distinguished by floral and seed morphological differences.
Eight new taxa are added to the Philippine moss flora: Acroporium rigens (Broth. ex Dixon) Dixon, Braunfelsia plicata (Sande Lac.) Broth., Brotherella fauriei (Cardot) Broth., Bryoerythrophyllum recurvirostrum (Hedw.) P.C.Chen, Gammiella pterogonoides (Griff.) Broth., Oxyrrhynchium hians (Hedw.) Loeske, Pterogonidium pulchellum Hook. and Vesicularia ferriei (Cardot & Ther.) Broth. The genus Pterogonidium is new to the Philippine flora.
The genus Mesochaete Lindb. is known from tropical to temperate regions of the east coast of mainland Australia and Lord Howe Island. It includes two species, M. undulata Lindb. and M. taxiforme (Hampe) Watts & Whitel. Leaf size, leaf cell dimensions and aspects of leaf cross-sectional anatomy appear to be the most reliable morphological features to distinguish the species and new information is given in support of their retention as separate species. Incorrect statements in the Flora of Australia and other Australian treatments are rectified. As there are no previous illustrations of the sporophyte of M. taxiforme, or descriptions of the peristome and spores of either taxon, complete illustrations of the two Mesochaete species are presented with a supplementary description of the sporophyte and, where available, SEMs of peristomes and spores. One of the taxa, M. taxiforme, was represented by very little fruiting material. Consequently, only one sporophyte was sacrificed for the SEM work. Morphologically, peristomes and spores of both taxa appear almost identical.
Pertusaria lacerocarpa Q. Ren (diagnostic characters for the species are a grey or ash-grey thallus corticolous; disciform apothecia with pink discs of which are slightly pruinose; a K– epihymenium; 1-spored asci with cylindric or ellipsoid spores, the walls of which are smooth and not trimmed; and the presence of hypothamnolic acid), P. montana Q. Ren (diagnostic characters for the species are a white or whitish-grey thallus muscicolous; disciform apothecia with pink discs of which are epruinose or slightly pruinose; a K– epihymenium; 1-spored asci with ellipsoid or cylindric spores, the walls of which are smooth and trimmed; and the presence of gyrophoric acid) and P. yulongensis Q. Ren (diagnostic characters for the species are a grey to black-grey thallus corticolous; verruciform apothecia with concave and black apices; a K+ violet epihymenium; 8-spored asci with dominantly biseriate spores, the walls of which are smooth and not trimmed; and the presence of fumarprotocetraric acid) from high mountains in China are described and illustrated as new to science.
Five new species, Pertusaria dayi, P. glabra, P. heinarii, P. montoensis, P. stenospora and a new combination, Pertusaria aphelospora, are reported from Australia. In addition, Pertusaria phulhuangensis described from Thailand, P. karkarensis, described from Papua New Guinea, and P. virensica, described from Florida, are reported from Australia for the first time.
An additional variant of Jubula hutchinsiae (Hook.) Dumort. subsp. javanica (Steph.) Verd. is reported for Thailand based on a 2009 collection from the Nakhon Sri Thammarat province. A detailed description and illustrations are here provided.
Revised keys to the Bryaceae flora of Australia and its offshore islands are presented, including new keys to genera and to species within each genus. Sixty named species and two undetermined taxa are included in the treatments. Leptostomopsis pulchra (Hook.) Ochyra & Bedn.-Ochyra is reported from near Melbourne, Victoria as a new genus and species to Australia. Notes on each species are included, and comparisons made with the closely similar Bryaceae of New Zealand.
One new record and new locality information for fifteen species of Philippine mosses are reported for Luzon and Mindanao islands. Of these Physcomitrium eurystomum Sendtn. and Syrrhopodon prolifer var. albidus Schwägr. are new records for Luzon island. The former taxon is also new for the Philippines. The remaining taxa: Barbella convolvens (Mitt.) Broth., Chaetomitrium pseudoelongatum Broth., Clastobryum caudatum, M. Fleisch., Distichophyllum osterwaldii, M. Fleisch., D. tortile Dozy & Molk. ex Bosch & Sande Lac., Gemmabryum exile (Dozy & Molk.) J.R. Spence & H.P. Ramsay, Macrothamnium hylocomioides M. Fleisch., Meteoriella soluta (Mitt.) S. Okamura, Plagiomnium integrum (Bosch & Sande Lac.) T. J. Kop., Racomitrium subsecundum (Hook. & Grev.) Mitt. & Wilson, Rhamphidium dixonii E.B. Bartram, Schlotheimia mac-gregorii Brroth. & Geh., Scopelophila cataractae (Mitt.) Broth., and Taxithelium planissimum Broth. are new records for Mindanao island.
The history of regional treatments of the genus Adenostemma in the Australasian region is reviewed, and differing opinions on the taxonomy and nomenclature of taxa thought to occur in Australia and adjacent regions are summarised. In particular, the competing claims of the names A. viscosum and A. lavenia for Australian species are discussed. Examination of most available collections in Australian herbaria has led to the conclusion that the variation is best summarised by recognising three taxa: A. lavenia (L.) Kuntze var. lavenia, A. lavenia var. lanceolatum (Miq.) Koster and A. macrophyllum (Blume) DC. A key, brief diagnostic notes, ecology and distribution are provided for these taxa.
The taxonomy of the Australian species of Cheilanthes has been further revised following the availability of a much greater number of specimens, especially from northern Australia, since the revision of this genus in Australia by Quirk et al. in 1983. New data on variability in spore number and spore size suggest that both hybridization and apomixis are occurring in some populations and variation from hybridization is contributing to the difficulty of defining some species. -from Authors
The moss flora of Camiguin Island, based on a 2007 expedition conducted by the author, totaled 129 species in 66 genera and 29 families. This represents 17.36% of the 743 moss species and 26.83% of the 246 genera of mosses reported for the Philippines (Linis & Tan 2008). Of these, one taxon, Aerobryopsis cochlearifolia Dix., is reported for the first time in the archipelago. Floristically, Camiguin moss flora is identified more with Mindoro and Luzon within the Philippine archipelago. Likewise, the presence of moss taxa such as Glossadelphus hermaphroditus Fleisch. and Orthomnion javense (Fleisch.) T. Kop. highlights the role of Mindanao in enriching the moss flora of Camiguin Island. Finally, the importance of remaining forests on the island as a proposed protected area is discussed.
The taxonomic history and relationships of Loranthaceae and Viscaceae in Australia are reviewed, with tables summarizing three different taxonomic schemes. The Loranthaceae is suggested to exhibit Gondwanan links, and Viscaceae to represent a Laurasian family. Endemism, dispersal and effectiveness of sea barriers of these mistletoe families are also discussed.