Studies in religion. Sciences religieuses

Published by SAGE Publications
Print ISSN: 0008-4298
A presentation and an analysis of the Islamic concept of emancipation of women as it is proposed by Bint al-Shati (1913-1998), an Egyptian specialist of Qur'anic exegesis, will illustrate her exegetical method. thereafter, some difficulties of her interpretation will be raised, shedding light on contradictions that her exegesis, which seeks to be both Islamic and modern, cannot avoid.
Le théologien protestant Olivier Bauer réfléchit sur la manière dont les actions liturgiques bâtissent des espaces cultuels et sur les identités qu’elles construisent ainsi. Ses réflexions sont nourries par son expérience des cultes sur 3 continents, en Europe, en Océanie et en Amérique du Nord. Dans une première partie, il détaille ce que font les officiants et les célébrants – célébrer, regarder, bouger, écouter, s’exprimer, toucher, manger, sentir… – pour faire apparaître les représentations de l’espace cultuel qu’elles créent. Dans une seconde partie, il met en évidence les conséquences de l’aménagement d’un territoire cultuel sur l’identité religieuse de celles et ceux qui le fréquentent : sur leurs relations à Dieu, à l’Église et au culte lui-même. As a protestant theologian, Olivier Bauer explains how liturgical performances build liturgical spaces and what kind of identities they construct doing so. He feeds his thoughts by his experience of worship on three continents: Europe, Oceania and North America. In his first part, he precisely relates what both liturgists and people are doing during worship – celebrating, looking, moving, hearing, speaking, touching, eating, smelling… – in order to let appear the pattern of the liturgical space these actions create. In his second part, he emphases how the construction of a liturgical space affects the religious identity of those who enter in it, especially in their relation with God, with the Church and with the worship itself.
This article uses current developments in cognitive science to explore the emergence of early Christian religion. In particular, it considers Sperber's epidemiology model, Rubin's serial recall model, ritual form theory, and Boyer's theory of religious concepts for understanding the transmission of early Christian thought. Whereas Sperber's approach focuses on ideas (internal representations), Rubin concentrates on the transmission of texts (public representations). Two preliminary hypotheses are put forward in an attempt to apply cognitive scientific research the formative Christianity: the cognitive relevance hypothesis about core christological concepts, and the optimal transmission hypothesis addressing the balance of tradition and conceptual innovation.
In this article, we present the state of research about the source criticism and the structural and literary analysis of Qohelet 10,16-20. Then, we show how the irony of Qohelet borrows the ways of the semantic and structural ambiguity, the hyperbole and the parody.
The author presents the state of research about source criticism and the structural and literary analysis of Qoheleth 10,8-11. He pursues his inquiry further, showing how the irony of Qoheleth depends upon semantic ambiguity and of parody.
Top-cited authors
Lorne L. Dawson
  • University of Waterloo
Francois Gauthier
  • Université de Fribourg
Karen Richman
  • University of Notre Dame
Elizabeth McAlister
  • Wesleyan University
Donald Schweitzer
  • University of Saskatchewan