Sign Language Studies

Published by Project MUSE

Online ISSN: 1533-6263


Deafness in the 17th Century: Into Empiricism
  • Article

January 1984


63 Reads

R Conrad


Barbara C. Weiskrantz
Recounts the history of deaf education in Britain and of studies into the abilities of those born deaf, beginning with the influence of Kenelm Digby's "Treatise on the Nature of Bodies" published in 1644 to about 100 years later when Henry Baker became the first professional teacher of the deaf in Britain. (SED)

An Examination of Some Personal Characteristics & Abilities of Sign Language Interpreters

January 1986


160 Reads

A study of 30 sign language interpreters (N=30) attempted to isolate cognitive, perceptual, psychomotor, and affective factors predictive of effective interpretive skills. Analysis revealed that family background (hearing or deaf family members) significantly affected certain personality traits and interpretive skills. (Author/CB)

Academic Acceptance of American Sign Language

January 1988


62 Reads

Although American Sign Language (ASL) has a long and rich history in America and scholarly research on ASL is in its third decade, ASL has been slow to garner any degree of status in the academic community, although some higher education institutions are beginning to consider ASL for their foreign-language curriculum. (CB)

Acquisition of ASL and Spoken English by a Hearing Child of a Deaf Mother and a Hearing Father: Phase II, Early Combinatorial Patterns

January 1981


44 Reads

Studies the simultaneous language development in American Sign Language and spoken English by a hearing girl. Findings show: (1) a mixture of oral and manual babbling, (2) a code-switching ability across modalities, and (3) a single syntactic system incorporating rules from both languages but with two separate lexicons. (Author/PJM)

The Acquisition of Classifiers in American Sign Language

January 1980


122 Reads

Studies the developmental stages deaf children pass through in acquiring the adult forms of pronominal classifiers in American Sign Language. Data were obtained on production, comprehension, and imitation from nine children aged 3 to 11. Complexities of classifier usage influence the learning strategies used. (PJM)

Simultaneous Acquisition of ASL and Spoken English (In a Hearing Child of a Deaf Mother and Hearing Father)

January 1979


28 Reads

Reports on an experiment describing the lexical development of a hearing child with a deaf mother and hearing father. Data confirm previous findings that (1) sign emerges before spoken word, (2) acquisition stages are similar in ASL and spoken English, and (3) the child initially develops one lexical system. (Author/AM)

Early Communication Acquisition by Autistic Children: Signing & Mouthing vs. Signing & Speaking

January 1981


23 Reads

Compares the effectiveness of a visual only approach (mouthing and signing) with a simultaneous visual and auditory approach (signing and speaking) in teaching autistic-like children to communicate. Results suggest the simultaneous approach may be superior. In addition, receptive abilities precede expressive. Implications of therapeutic intervention with low-functioning autistic children are discussed. (Author/PJM)

Language Acquisition in Two Modalities: The Role of Nonlinguistic Cues in Linguistic Mastery

January 1989


30 Reads

A longitudinal study investigated how a hearing child of deaf parents simultaneously acquired American Sign Language and spoken English. Neither of two unique properties of signed language (personal pronouns or "negative" sign markers) facilitated acquisition of English, suggesting that children's acquisition of grammar is relatively unaffected by nonlinguistic clues. (Author/CB)

Towards a Description of East African Gestures

January 1977


33 Reads

This paper describes the gestural behavior of four tribal groups, Kipsigis, Luo, Gusii, and Samburu, observed and elicted in the course of two and one-half years of field work in Western Kenya in 1970-72. The gestures are grouped into four categories: (1) initiators and finalizers of interaction; (2) imperatives; (3) responses; (4) qualifiers. (CFM)

Perceptual Confusions of the Manual Alphabet by Naive, Trained, and Familiar Users

January 1980


5 Reads

An investigation of the confusion resulting from reliance on visual perceptual teachers in the identification of dactylemes (handshapes) in the American Manual Alphabet (MA) is reported. A hierarchy of errors varying with subjects' degree of expertness in the MA is established. This can help manual communication teachers develop techniques for differentiation among hard configurations. (PMJ)

When is a Pidgin Not a Pidgin?: An Alternate Analysis of the ASL-English Contact Situation

January 1983


38 Reads

Recent sociolinguistic research is used to show that the American Sign Language (ASL)-English contact situation does not result in the emergence of a pidgin as supposed. Variation along the ASL-English continuum can be accounted for by interplay of foreigner talk, judgments of proficiency, and learners' attempts to master the target language. (Author/MSE)

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