Companies often view tax as a burden that reduces net profit, resulting in them tending to take action to minimize the tax burden or what is called tax aggressiveness. Several factors that can influence tax aggressiveness are leverage . liquidity , and profitability. The aim of this research is to determine the influence of Leverage , Liquidity and Profitability on Tax Aggressiveness in Consumer Goods Industry Sector Companies Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2019 - 2022. Leverage is measured using the debt to assets ratio calculation , liquidity is measured using the current ratio calculation , profitability is measured using the return on assets calculation , and tax aggressiveness is measured using the effective tax rate . This type of research is quantitative research with a sampling technique, namely purposive sampling consisting of 30 samples from 51 populations and using multiple linear regression analysis with data processing via IBM SPSS 26. Partial and simultaneous research results show that leverage , liquidity and profitability have an influence against tax aggressiveness.
School Operational Assistance Funds are funds provided by the government to schools. Financial management must be accounted for with transparency and accountability in accordance with BOS principles. This research aims to analyze in more depth the implementation of the School Operational Assistance (BOS) fund management system implemented by SD Inpres Nanas, South Wasile District, East Halmahera Regency Based on PERMENDIKBUD No. 6 of 2021 concerning Technical Guidelines for Managing School Operational Assistance Funds. The type of research used is qualitative with a descriptive approach. The results of research regarding the management of School Operational Assistance (BOS) funds at SD Inpres Nanas, South Wasile District regarding implementation and reporting have been carried out well in accordance with the Technical Instructions for PERMENDIKBUD No. 6 of 2021. However, planning has not been in accordance with the Technical Instructions for PERMENDIKBUD No. 6 of 2021. 2021 because the preparation of the school budget or RKAS has not been carried out in a transparent manner without involving parents and guardians of students, and the school has not published a joint decision regarding the preparation of the RKAS
The issue of changes in inflation and interest rates from January to April 2023 is likely to have an impact on trading activity in the capital market. The purpose of this study is to analyze the risk-return performance, especially on accelerated trading boards related to changes in inflation and interest rates. This study finds that stock returns on accelerated trading boards throughout the observation period have not achieved optimal performance with low systematic risk. Individually, this study finds that IPAC and RUNS have optimal returns along with inflation and interest rate issues.
The issue of the global crisis in early 2023 is likely to have a certain impact on changes in world oil prices. As a result, this impact tends to become an issue that can affect stock price movements in the capital market. This study aims to determine the impact of oil prices on stock prices, especially in the transportation and logistics sector in the context of global crisis issues. The data used as a sample were obtained through observations from January 1 to April 30, 2023. This study finds that there is a tendency for the stock market price to decline in the transportation and logistics sector, even though world oil prices tended to be more stable. In addition, this study also finds that the stock market prices for the transportation and logistics sector tended to be more varied. Other findings show that the relationship between the share price of the transportation and logistics sector and world oil prices is insignificant even though it is weak and unidirectional.
The tendency of the IDR exchange rate to strengthen against the USD until the end of April 2023 implies conditions for good economic growth in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the exchange rate and sector indices in Indonesia with an observation period from 1 January 2023 to 30 April 2023. This study finds that COMPOSITE, IDXINDUST, IDXPROPERT, IDXFINANCE, and IDXTRANS had a significant non-unidirectional relationship with changes in exchange rates. Other findings also show that IDXINFRA and IDXHEALTH have a significant unidirectional relationship with changes in exchange rates. However, the findings also show that IDXBASIC, IDXCYCLIC, IDXENERGY, IDXNONCYC, and IDXTECHNO tend to be more stable with changes in exchange rates.
Global issues are a challenge, especially for stocks in the technology sector. Tech stocks, especially on the “new economy” trading boards, are stocks that investors tend to be interested in because they are on par with the main trading boards. This study aims to examine the probability of return and risk-return tradeoff from BELI, BUKA, and GOTO in order to determine optimal returns with measured risk. This study finds that GOTO has the highest Sharpe Ratio. The result indicates that GOTO has a better risk-return tradeoff compared to other firms. In addition, the results of the probability distribution analysis show that GOTO tends to have a small chance of obtaining a low rate of return compared to other firms.
Religious holidays such as "Ramadhan" and "Idul Fitri" are one of the economic events that contribute significantly to economic growth in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the growth and performance of the non-primary consumer goods sector, the primary consumer goods sector, and the transportation and logistics sector from 21 March 2023 to 28 April 2023. This study finds that the transportation and logistics sector is a sector that has a high rate of return with high risk. In addition, this study also finds that the transportation and logistics sector generated good growth and performance of returns on risk during the “Ramadhan” and “Idul Fitri” period.
The downward trend in US inflation tends to have a certain impact on market conditions in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the market index in the US on the market index in Indonesia during the phenomenon of declining inflation in the US. This study uses data from the observation period 1 December 2022 to 1 March 2023 as the sample and uses simple linear regression for hypothesis testing. This study finds that the pattern of the market index in Indonesia tends to decrease during the observation period. In addition, this study also finds that the market index in the US tends to have a positive and significant impact on the market index in Indonesia. This finding implies that the decline in inflation in the US tends to result in a positive interaction between the two markets.
The issue of the global food crisis since the COVID-19 pandemic is still rife in the Indonesian capital market until early 2023. The purpose of this study is to analyze systematic risk and stock return performance. The sample for this study is stocks in the food sub-sector in Indonesia with an observation period from 1 January 2023 to 30 April 2023. This study finds that the performance of returns on risk is still not optimal for all samples where the average stock returns and systematic risk are still low. Individually, GZCO is a high-risk and return asset and has optimal stock performance.
Investor reactions in the capital market are often triggered by several factors. One of the most dominant factors influencing the psychology of investors is information on issues related to economic events. The aim of this study is to examine the daily closing prices of market indices within a confidence interval. This study finds that most of the market indices tend to be less than the lower limit except for the IDXTRANS. These findings imply that the issue of liquidation of several banking businesses in the US tends to result in market shocks in Indonesia, especially during the observation period.
The thrifting phenomenon is an issue that spread in the textile and garment industry. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of religious holidays in the thrifting phenomenon on stock returns, especially for firms engaged in the textile and garment business. The observation period of this study is November 21, 2022, to April 18, 2023, which is divided into three sub-periods, which are period leading up to Christmas and New Year 2022-2023, the non-holiday period, and the period leading up to Lebaran. This study finds that the returns of the firms in the textile and garment business are less than optimal in the three sub-periods. The findings of this study imply that religious holidays in the thrifting phenomenon contribute enough to the performance of returns even though it has an insignificant impact.
In addition to impacting world oil prices, global inflation conditions at the beginning of 2023 also triggered changes in the national inflation rate and tended to have an impact on the transportation and logistics index. This study aims to examine the relationship between national inflation, world oil, and transportation and logistics index. This study finds that neither the rate of return of world oil prices nor the national inflation rate has an insignificant relationship with the transportation and logistics index. These results imply that increases or decreases in world oil prices tend not to be followed by fluctuations in the transportation and logistics index. At the same time, these results also imply that changes in the national inflation rate will not be accompanied by changes in the transportation and logistics index.