PINISI Discretion Review

Published by Universitas Negeri Makassar
Print ISSN: 2580-1309
Publications
The Covid-19 pandemic has plunged the world into a global economic crisis. The recession has hit businesses, including small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Some SMEs are successfully capitalizing on economic crises by turning crises into opportunities.. This study aims to determine the role of eWOM in mediating the influence of social media and brand image on purchase intention of SMEs products. A survey was conducted from customers who experienced to purchase a product online. The data were analyzed using the SEM-PLS approach. This study revealed that brand image and social media had positive and significant direct effect on purchase intention, and indirect effect on purchase intention mediated by EWOM. This study approved that brand image, social media and EWOM are key factors to increase product purchase intention during the covid-19 Pandemic.
 
The Sinjai Regency Government in optimizing the handling of Covid-19 implemented a policy in five stages of handling the corona virus, namely the prevention stage, the handling stage, post-covid-19, stimulant assistance to affected SMEs and the fulfillment of social safety nets. The purpose of this study was to find out how the village head's strategy in handling covid-19 in Palae Village, South Sinjai District, Sinjai Regency. The research method used is qualitative research. Data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. The types of data used are primary and secondary data. The informants in this study were the Head of Palae Village; Village Consultative Body (BPD); Village officials; Covid Safe Village Volunteers; and Community Leaders. Data analysis techniques used are data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of this study describe the Village Head's strategy in handling covid-19 through the application of PERBUP Sinjai Article 9 Number 27 of 2020. Then form a management called Covid-19 Safe Village Volunteers, conduct socialization related to handling Covid-19, and prepare village alert cars. Distribution of aid in the form of goods, namely the distribution of masks to residents, while cash assistance, namely Direct Cash Assistance (BLT).
 
SWOT Matrix at Hotel Basana Inn
The pandemic has paralyzed global tourism. In Biak Papua, the impact of the pandemic on the tourism industry is enormous. Almost all hotels stop operating, even if one is open, that also opens up for the quarantine of Covid sufferers. This article examines the condition of hotels in Biak and the survival marketing strategies adopted during the outbreak. This research uses a descriptive qualitative approach using in-depth interviews and literature studies on books, scientific journals, and online news. This study focuses on Basana Inn and Manna Inn, on the grounds of the level of representation of the Jasmine Hotel and customer types. The research results show that the impact of the pandemic has resulted in almost empty hotel occupancy. The strategy carried out is almost the same, namely by terminating employees permanently and temporarily, limiting the use of hotel facilities, spending efficiency, selling non-room products online, and refusing to refund bookings by changing visit schedules. During the Covid 19 pandemic, a marketing strategy is very important to do. In obtaining optimal results, strategies in marketing are carried out which have a very broad scope, including analytical strategies to face competition, price strategies, product strategies, service strategies and so on. The Covid 19 outbreak has given service companies a sense of worry or discomfort, especially the Basana Inn Hotel which is engaged in accommodation services. Seeing the results of the identification of problems in this study, researchers are interested in researching the title "Hotel Marketing Strategies in Biak Papua to Survive the Covid-19 Pandemic." The purpose of this research is to find out and analyze the most appropriate strategy in the Covid 19 Pandemic situation.
 
Multiple Linear Regression Test Results
Every company always requires working capital that will be used to finance the daily activities of the company. This study aims to determine the effect of working capital and liquidity on the profitability of PT. Nippon Indosari Corpindo Tbk, both partially and simultaneously. The research method used by the author in preparing the descriptive thesis is quantitative, which is conducting research that describes the financial condition of the company expressed in the form of numbers. The data used is secondary data from the financial statements of PT. Nippon Indosari Corpindo Tbk, for a period of 9 years from 2009 - 2017 obtained through the IDX (Indonesia Stock Exchange). The analytical method used is the classic assumption test, multiple linear regression analysis, coefficient of determination and hypothesis testing. Based on the t-test partially working capital on profitability there is an effect where tcount -3,341> ttable 2,447 and a significance value of 0.016 <0.05 and partial liquidity on profitability has no effect where tcount 1.535 <ttable 2.447 and a significance value of 0.176> 0.05 and based on the f test simultaneously working capital and liquidity affect profitability where Fcount 5.953> Ftable 5.14 with a significant value of 0.038 <0.05
 
The company wants an optimal profit for the business being run. This study aims to determine the effect of the current ratio (CR) on return on equity (ROE), the effect of debt to equity ratio (DER) on return on equity (ROE), and to determine the effect of current ratio (CR) and debt to equity ratio (DER) simultaneously on return on equity (ROE) at PT Aneka Tambang, Tbk in the period 2010 - 2017. The research method used is descriptive quantitative. The data used are secondary data in the form of PT Aneka Tambang, Tbk's financial statements for the period 2010-2017. The analytical method used is the classic assumption test, multiple linear regression analysis, correlation coefficient, coefficient of determination, and hypothesis testing with t-test and F test using SPSS version 20.0. The results showed no significant effect of the current ratio (CR) on return on equity (ROE), there was no significant effect of debt to equity ratio (DER) on return on equity (ROE), and there was no significant effect between the current ratio (CR) and debt to equity ratio (DER) together against return on equity (ROE). Current ratio (CR) and debt to equity ratio (DER) have a very strong relationship to return on equity (ROE). The contribution rate of the variable current ratio (CR) and the debt to equity ratio (DER) to return on equity (ROE) is 61.9%.
 
Results Correlation Coefficient Return On Equity Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio Simultaneously Against Price to Earning Ratio.
The development of the capital market in Indonesia has encouraged companies to sell their shares to the public so that more companies are listed on the Indonesian stock exchange. This study aims to determine the effect of Return On Equity Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio on Price to Earning Ratio in Galvalum Companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange Period 2014-2018. The method used is explanatory research with a sample of 5 years of financial statements. The analysis technique uses statistical analysis with regression testing, correlation, determination, and hypothesis testing. The results of this study Return On Equity Ratio significantly influence the Price to Earning Ratio of 47.8%, the hypothesis test obtained significance of 0,000 <0.05. Debt to Equity Ratio has no significant effect on Price to Earning Ratio of 0.01%, the hypothesis test obtained significance of 0.900> 0.05. Return On Equity Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio simultaneously have a significant effect on Price to Earning Ratio of 49.2%, hypothesis testing obtained significance of 0,000 <0.05.
 
The research is aimed to determine the factors of interest in learning, and learning disciplines that affect student learning outcomes accounting expertise. This type of research is qualitative research using qualitative descriptive analysis tools and multiple regression analysis to determine how much these factors influence. The sample is 76 students using proportional random sampling technique. This study means that the interest variable (X1) has a positive effect on learning outcomes (Y). This indicates that if the interest variable increases one unit, while the student learning discipline variable is considered constant it will cause an increase in learning outcomes by 0.480. This indicates that when the learning discipline variable has increased by one unit and the interest variable is considered constant it will cause an increase in learning outcomes. learning outcomes of 0.477. The results of the correlation coefficient analysis obtained a value (r) of 0.640, which means that the relationship between student learning outcomes and student learning interest and student learning discipline is in the strong category. Where the correlation value is in the coefficient interval 0.60 - 0.799. While the coefficient of determination (r2) is 0.410 or 41 percent, which means that the effect of student interest in learning and learning discipline on student learning outcomes is 41 percent, while the remaining 59 percent (100% - r2) is determined by other factors not included in this study. The results of the t-test show that the significant value is smaller than the alpha value, where the significant value = 0.002 <alpha = 0.05, which means that it is significant, so the hypothesis proposed is that: "It is assumed that interest in learning and student learning discipline has a significant effect on learning outcomes. students in the Accounting Skills Program of SMK Negeri 1 Pangkep are declared "accepted".
 
Determination Coefficient Test
The sales process at a distribution or retail company cannot be separated from the influence of the inventory held by the company. This study aims to analyze the effect of Accounts Receivable Turnover and Inventory Turnover on Return on Assets (ROA) of the company. The data used in this study are secondary data sourced from financial data on the Indonesia Stock Exchange contained in the company's financial statements. This research was conducted at PT Sumber Alfaria Trijaya Tbk in the period 2011-2017. The statistical analysis used in this study is the classic assumption test, multiple linear regression, coefficient of determination, and hypothesis testing using the t-test and f test. Partially (t-test) obtained receivables turnover (X1) has no effect but is not significant on Return on Assets (ROA), while inventory turnover (X2) has an effect but not significantly on Return on Assets (ROA) (Y). Simultaneously (test f) obtained Receivables Turnover (X1) and inventory turnover (X2) have a significant effect on Return On Assets (ROA). Based on the results of R2 the independent variable Accounts receivable turnover and inventory turnover have an effect of 80.1% on the dependent variable that is Return on Assets (ROA), while the remaining 19.9%, is influenced by other variables not examined in the study.
 
Test Results Correlation Coefficient Promotion and Distribution Accuracy Simultaneously on Consumer Buying Interest.
Test Results for Promotion Determination Coefficient on Consumer Buying Interest.
Test Results for Promotion Determination Coefficient and Accuracy of Distribution of Consumer Buying Interest.
The implementation of promotional activities carried out by the company includes advertising, sales promotion, personal sales, and publicity. This study aims to determine the effect of promotion and accuracy of distribution of consumer buying interest at PT. Enzym Biotechnology Internusa. The method used was explanatory research with a sample of 96 respondents. The analysis technique uses statistical analysis with regression testing, correlation, determination and hypothesis testing. The results of this study have a significant influence on consumer buying interest of 41.1%, hypothesis testing obtained significance 0,000 <0.05. The accuracy of the distribution has a significant effect on consumer buying interest by 39.1%, the hypothesis test obtained a significance of 0,000 <0.05. Promotion and accuracy of distribution simultaneously have a significant effect on consumer buying interest of 50.2%, the hypothesis test obtained significance of 0,000 <0.05.
 
Model Summary
Level of Achievement Score Variable Implementation of School Operational Assistance Policy (BOS)
The government issued a policy of BOS (School Operational Assistance) aims to maximize the performance of schools to meet all school needs that can support student learning achievement which ultimately results in good and quality educational goals. The purpose of this study was 1) to find out the implementation of the School Operational Assistance (BOS) policy at SMK Negeri 5 Pangkep in Pangkejene and Kepulauan Regency, 2) to determine the level of student achievement in SMK 5 Pangkep in Pangkejene and Kepulauan Regency, 3) to determine the effect of the policy School Operational Assistance (BOS) on the level of student achievement in SMK 5 Pangkep in Pangkejene and Kepulauan Regency. This research uses a quantitative approach, with a population of 305 people and a sample of 62 respondents. Data collection techniques through observation, angekt, interviews and documentation. Data analysis techniques in this study used descriptive analysis and inferential statistical analysis. The results showed that 1) The implementation of BOS policy of the four indicators ranging from communication, resources, disposition, and bureaucratic structure as a whole was considered to be going well which reached a percentage of 77.33 percent, 2) Student achievement in SMK Negeri 5 Pangkep from cognitive, psychomotor, and affective indicators which overall of the three indicators reached report card which is 4 or 82.17 percent considered good. 3) The implementation of BOS policy has a moderate and positive influence on student achievement with an R square (r2) score of 42.10 percent. The influence of the management of BOS funds on student achievement in SMK 5 Pangkep has a positive impact because of the availability of facilities needed by students even though it is not adequate or complete as a whole, but its management has been maximally used in improving student achievement. In addition, with the BOS funds the costs incurred by parents of students are also aided so that there is encouragement so that their children can increase education at school and develop the talents and interests of the students.
 
This study aims to determine and explain the effect of teacher pedagogical competence on students achievement in the Office Management Automation Department of YAPIS Biak Vocational High School. This study uses an associative approach with descriptive statistical data analysis techniques with percentage, mean and standard deviation and statistical analysis of inference by using data normality tests, product moment correlations, and simple linear regression. The results of this study state that teacher’s pedagogical competence significantly influences the students achievement, therefore it is recommended that school personnel, especially school principals and teachers, should improve the quality of teacher pedagogical competencies, so that student achievement can be better for the achievement of educational goals at school.
 
Educational institutions in Indonesia , so Indonesian is included as one of the fields of study that is taught from elementary school to university, so that the success of its teaching will determine its further development. To find out success can be done in various ways, including through assessment or evaluation activities, both orally and in writing. In general, what teachers do at school is a written test consisting of an objective test and an essay test. The population taken in this study were students of class s XI AK and class XI TKJ. The data collection technique used is the experimental method and the test method, because basically this research will compare two forms of objective tests and essay tests for class XI students of SMK Gita Kirtti I Jakarta. While other methods are helpful. The hypothesis in this research is that learning achievement in Indonesian using objective tests is better than those using essay tests for class XI students at SMK Gita Kirtti I Jakarta for the 2020/2021 academic year. Analysis of the data used is statistical processing techniques, using the t test formula. After the two data obtained are entered into the formula, it can be seen that to = 3.037 with a significance level of 5% t table = 2.093. Meanwhile, with a significance level of 1% t table = 2.861. This means that to is greater than t table, so the hypothesis can be accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that learning achievement in the field of Indonesian language studies by evaluating the form of an objective test is better than the evaluation of the form of an essay test for class XI students of SMK Gita Kirtti I Jakarta.
 
How to teach teachers more or less will motivate students to absorb knowledge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of learning motivation and teaching style on student achievement in the MA Muhammadiyah. The method used is descriptive method with an associative approach. The sampling technique used was proportional random sampling using a sample of 76 respondents. The analysis tool uses validity test, reliability test, classic assumption test, regression analysis, correlation coefficient analysis, coefficient of determination analysis and hypothesis testing. The results of this study are Learning Motivation has a positive and significant effect on student learning achievement by 42.7%. hypothesis testing is obtained tcount> ttable or (7.428> 1.993), so that H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted, meaning that there is a positive and significant influence between learning motivation on student learning achievement at the MA Muhammadiyah Office. Teacher teaching style has a positive and significant effect on student learning achievement by 36.0%. Hypothesis testing is obtained tcount> ttable or (6.454> 1.993) so that H0 is rejected and H2 is accepted meaning that there is a positive and significant influence between the teacher's teaching style on student learning achievement on. A simultaneous test of teacher motivation and teaching style has a positive and significant effect on student learning achievement with an influence contribution of 48.4%, while the remaining 52.0% is influenced by other factors. Hypothesis testing obtained the value of Fcount> Ftable or (39.505> 2.730), thus Ho is rejected and H3 is accepted. This means that there is a positive and significant effect simultaneously between learning motivation and teacher teaching style on student achievement in the MA Muhammadiyah
 
This study aims to (1) describe and analyze marketing performance through digital marketing for micro business actors in the trade sector at South Sulawesi (2) describe and analyze the dominant factors that affect marketing performance through digital marketing on micro businesses in the trading sector at South Sulawesi. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research with data collection techniques were carried out by interviews, observation, and documentation. Validation of data using credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. Data analysis used is data collection, data condensation, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of the data analysis as well as those that have been described show the three indicators which as a measure in analyzing Marketing Performance Improvement through Digital Marketing show very good results.
 
The ability to use and develop certain periods of societal skills of using and developing information and communication technologies greatly influences the fate and uses of these technologies in the economic, political, social and cultural spheres of society in the developmental and democratic indices of the world. Today, institutions need important information and data to maintain an efficient and productive life. Likewise, digitalization of information and data reveals new management understandings. Organizations are changing organizational structures and using hierarchical structures more flexibly and more efficiently. However, the benefits of progressively non-confidentiality of data and information are increasing in different fields, of which many social and cultural cataclysms can also follow. In particular, inequality in society is caused by the mutilation of privacy and trust In the Digital era, virtual action loses value and raises ethical issues. The inability to develop appropriate ethical principles for the virtual society deepens the effect of these problems on society. In this study, ethical perspectives of public administration in the Digital age are positively or negatively related to the situation.
 
This work attempt to apply ethics to the field of administration. Philosophy, when analysed for its social nature have the potential of shaping the foundation of social nature and forming a more rational outcome. However, much as been said on the ethics of public administration, this work joins the discussion by analyzing several philosophical arguments concerning the ethics of public administration. This work restricts its scope to the application of the standard normative theories which has been advocated by a selected number of philosophers which this work holds in esteem. This research was carried out with the philosophical method of textual analysis.
 
Metaphysics, as we understand, is a philosophical enterprise that deals with the nature of the ultimate reality. However, this is a sweeping conception; we can say metaphysics, is concerned with the nature of reality as well as problems of existence which is more appropriately considered under ontological discussions. Thus, there have been questions on whether ontology has vital importance in human practical dealings. This paper aims to show the importance of ontology in administration. The work analysis some existing philosophers' postulation on the importance of ontology in public administration. This work agrees with most philosophers on the ontological abstract theories that have some bearing on the ethical and practical issues. It defends this position by analysing unique cases of humane administration; that metaphysical thesis, theories, and conceptions are equally important in resolving real-life cases. The research is carried out with the philosophical method of textual analysis.
 
Cloud computing answers some of the challenges in the ICT world, including the high investment that must be spent. This study aims to examine the adoption of the Roadmap for Cloud Computing Adoption model used for cloud computing implementation at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. This research model uses cloud computing analysis along with each phase of ROCCA and compared with conditions in Non-Ministry Government Institutions (LPNK). The results of this study are a modification of the adoption model of ROCCA, which consists of 5 (five) stages, namely the Analysis, Design, Adoption, Migration, and Management stages. Then it resulted in the implementation of cloud computing with the implementation model of Private Cloud as a service and Infrastructure as a Service service for research institutions at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. The implementation of cloud computing at LIPI can run well
 
Bureaucracy in Indonesia is currently a very important issue in the era of downsizing and implementing a sound bureaucratic reform system. The purpose of writing this article is to provide constructive ideas and suggestions and build objective thinking. The method used in this writing or research is through the SWOT analysis method. The findings that we get in writing this paper or article are an effort that has been made by the government in an effort to simplify and improve the bureaucratic system in Indonesia through an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of public services, as well as turning these strengths and weaknesses into opportunities and minimizing threats. The value of this study shows that the recruitment of civil servants by the government has a significant impact on improving the quality of services that have been produced through a long-term process to produce future leaders who are accountable, transparent, and able to demonstrate the art of leading from an early age and become a communication bridge between the government and the community.
 
The Total of Restaurant (Big and Middle Scale) in Indonesia
Result of Testing the Hypothesis Coefficients a
The purpose of this study was to measure the strategy implementation of cost leadership and differrentiation to its competitive advantage in the SMEs culinary business. The design or method which is used in this study is a multiple linear regression statistical analysis by the independent variable (X) products Nasi Bakoel as Cost leadership (X1) and product Dimsum as Differrentiation (X2). While the dependent variable (Y) Total Sales as its competitive advantage. The findings of this study is simultaneously cost leadership and differentiation positive and significant impact on the competitive advantage, while individually the effect is greater than the cost leadership differentiation to competitive advantage. This research is also expected to be a reference for further studies with similar problems in the future.
 
In this paper, we discussed Creative Cultural Synergy: Towards the Africa of the Future in ensuring an enduring development in a competitive and globalized world. Africa today is far from being a viable continent – as most social institutions that should regulate socio-political life are weak and human instincts predominate individual conduct. As a result, the task of nation building has become a mirage. Rather than see these problems within their larger social and cultural context, people tend to place hope on reforms with narrow economic focus. The issue of the African future in African philosophy is that of how best to achieve freedom and development in Africa without compromising the African identity. Defining the African project today is situated in the cultural confusion generated by the assault on the consciousness of its people. Several narratives have been put forward to explain this malaise. This paper concludes that there is need for a cultural and reconstructive examination as a tool in African philosophy to set up the Africa of the future. A creative cultural synergy using some aspects of the African culture with that of others would guarantee its cultural autonomy without setting apart from others in their quest for development. Textual and content analysis approaches are adopted in this research.
 
Consumptive behavior carried out at adolescence is more likely to be impulsive and sudden. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of self-control and economic literacy on students' lifestyles on the MA Islamiyah Ciputat. The method used is descriptive method with an associative approach. The sampling technique used was proportional random sampling using a sample of 75 respondents. The analysis tool uses validity test, reliability test, classic assumption test, regression analysis, correlation coefficient analysis, coefficient of determination analysis and hypothesis testing. The results of this study are self-control and a significant positive effect on student lifestyle by 40.7%. Hypothesis testing is obtained tcount> ttable or (7.082> 1.993), so that H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted, meaning that there is a positive and significant influence between self-control of students' lifestyles at the Ciputat MA Islamic Office. Economic literacy has a positive and significant effect on student lifestyle by 36.2%. Hypothesis testing is obtained tcount> ttable or (6.438> 1.993) so that H0 is rejected and H2 is accepted meaning that there is a positive and significant influence between economic literacy on students' lifestyles. A simultaneous test of self-control and economic literacy has a positive and significant effect on students' lifestyles with a contribution of 48.4%, while the remaining 50.3% is influenced by other factors. Hypothesis testing obtained the value of Fcount> Ftable or (36.384> 2.730), thus Ho is rejected and H3 is accepted. This means that there is a positive and significant effect simultaneously between self-control and economic literacy on the lifestyle of students at MA Islamiyah Ciputat.
 
The use of electronic government (e-gov) of face and finger access control has been implemented at PT. PLN Tello Sector Makassar City and is expected to be able to streamline employee performance. The purpose of this study, is to analyze the effectiveness of the use of face and finger access control at PT. PLN Tello Sector Makassar City. This research method uses quantitative research types with quantitative descriptive research types. Data collection techniques using questionnaires in the form of a checklist and using descriptive analysis techniques. The results showed that the effectiveness of the use of face and finger access control at PT. PLN Tello Sector Makassar City is in quite good category, based on the analysis of target achievement indicators, adaptability, job satisfaction, and responsibility.
 
Summary Model
Simple Regression Coefficient
The purpose of this study was to determine the Effect of Shallot Price Fluctuations on Farmers' Welfare Improvement in Pekalobean Village, Anggeraja District, Enrekang Regency. This type of research is quantitative with a simple linear regression analysis. The research data were obtained from the results of distributing questionnaires to shallot farmers in Pekalobean Village, Anggeraja District, Enrekang Regency, as many as 50 respondents. The results of this study indicate that the fluctuations in the price of shallots affect the welfare of farmers in Pekalobean Village Anggeraja District Enrekang Regency by 12% with a tcount of 2.520 greater than the table of 2.010 with a significance of 0.015 less than 0.05.
 
The purpose of this research paper is to determine the development of Apparatus Resources through education and training in the Gowa Regency Secretariat Office Scope viewed from the aspect of competence and motivation. The data sources in this study were obtained by giving questionnaires or questionnaires to respondents at the Gowa Regency Secretariat . The research design used in this study is a quantitative approach. The research used by the researcher is field research, namely by examining directly the object under study.The results obtained from the comparison of the value of sig. to the level of significance: sig. = 0.002 < 0.05. Because sig. < , the training variable partially (individually) has a significant effect on employee performance. the tcount value is 5.075 and the ttable value is known to be 2,000. By comparing between tcount and t - table, it is found that tcount > ttable = 5.075 > 2,000, because the value of t - count is greater than t - table, it can be concluded that the regression coefficient of the motivation variable is significant. And the results obtained from the comparison of the value of sig. with the level of significance: sig. = 0.000 < 0.05. Because sig. < , it can be concluded that H2 is accepted and H0 is rejected, meaning that the regression coefficient on the Motivation variable partially (individually) has a significant effect on Employee Performance s. The coefficient obtained by the tcount is 2.365 and the ttable value is known to be 2,000. By comparing between t - count and t - table , it is found that t-count > t - table = 2.365 > 2,000, because the value of t-count is greater than t - table.
 
This study aims to develop a Human Resources competency strategy at the Barru Regent's Office. This research specifically focuses on the development of Human Resources competencies used by the Barru district government in developing Human Resources apparatuses in order to perform high. This study uses a phenomenological approach, the main data collection techniques are interviews, observation Data analysis techniques used are data analysis techniques descriptive qualitative. The analysis was conducted after data collection through interviews and direct observation in the field. The results of the study include a strategy for developing resource management where competency-based apparatus people are realized by referring to the vision, mission, and goals through the remuneration mechanism as a form of appreciation for apparatus that has good performance. Development system and apparatus fulfillment system to improve apparatus competence, maintain productive human resources, improve welfare and create more positive competition. The whole process is carried out by referring to the principles of (a) human control control (b) recruit activity train, educate, develop, (d) manage Human relations performance, (e) reward and discipline action (f) manage redeployment, and (g) negotiation for working conditions.
 
Coefficients a
A company is required to have a disciplined view and attitude to increase employee productivity, work discipline is the most important human resource management function and is closely related to the management of resources for a company. The purpose of this study was to determine the work discipline at the Public Appraisal Service Office Herly Ariawan and Partners, to determine the performance of employees at the Public Appraisal Service Office Herly Ariawan and Partners, to determine the work discipline on employee performance at the Public Appraisal Service Office Herly Ariawan and Partners. The research method used is quantitative associative. The data was obtained by distributing questionnaires using a saturated sample to 30 employees at the Public Appraisal Services Office Herly Ariawan and Partners. Analysis of the data used is a simple linear regression equation, simple correlation, coefficient of determination, and significance test. The population is 30 respondents with a sample of 30 respondents. There is a positive influence, between Work Discipline on Employee Performance at the Office of Public Appraisal Services Herly Ariawan and Partners based on hypothesis testing using t test that tcount> ttable or 2,053> 1,701 then show significant results. Or in other words, H0 is rejected and Ha is accepted. So it can be concluded that there is a significant influence between Work Discipline on Employee Performance at the Office of Public Appraisal Services Herly Ariawan and Partners.
 
The Nigerian commonwealth has been bastardized by our national political and economic managers. This has given rise to the current cry in search of unity, peace and patriotism of Nigerians. It can be said again that things have fallen apart and the centre seems not to hold any longer. The current wave of corruption, bloodshed, ethnic militia and communal and political subdivisions and carpet crossing at our political arena are clear signs of the deteriorating state of our Nigerian commonwealth. Good Nigerians desire to see Nigeria return back to her former glory of oneness, prosperity and pride. That is why this research explored the ethos of Confucius for the rebuilding of the Nigerian commonwealth. This work which is anchored on the sociological theory of “Structural Functionalism” propounded by Emile Durkheim (1850-1917) and adopted the qualitative or exploratory research method in gathering information. It employed the content analysis approach in examining available printed materials on the subject matter. The findings from the research showed that Nigerians have deviated from the ethical values that had initially been the source of strength and toe the path of selfishness, ethnicity and division. This new path became a path to corruption and disintegration. The research recommends an inclusiveness of human responsibility for improving life; adoption of an ideal political system founded on “ideals of personal conduct” rather than on formerly enacted laws; and adoption of a viable religious ethos that will revitalize the ailing economic, social and political status of the Nigerian commonwealth.
 
The library as it exists and is developing, has now been used as a center for information, a source of knowledge, research, recreation, preservation of the nation's cultural treasures, as well as acting in other services. The purpose of this study was to determine how the performance of library observers at the Sinjai Regency Library and Archives Service in encouraging and increasing interest in reading for the younger generation. This study uses a qualitative descriptive type of research to provide a clear description and overall description of the performance of the Library Observer in encouraging and increasing the reading interest of the younger generation. Data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. The informants in this study were the Head of the Office of the Library and Archives of Sinjai Regency, Library Observer Management, and Library Visitors. Data analysis techniques used are data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of data analysis show that the performance of Library Observers at the Library and Archives Service of Sinjai Regency in encouraging and increasing reading interest of the younger generation is less effective, because its contribution is less than optimal in carrying out its duties and functions.
 
Internal Rate of Return
One form of entertainment that is currently being developed and in demand by the people of Jakarta and its surroundings is karaoke. This study aims to determine the results of the investment assessment of Karaoke Taxi using Capital Budgeting techniques in knowing the level of investment feasibility. The results of calculations with the Net Present Value method value of Rp. 92,061,946,333 with an initial capital of Rp. 80,000,000,000. While based on the feasibility analysis using the Profitability Index, the Karaoke Taxi business project got a value of 2.15, this result exceeds the number 1. Based on the feasibility analysis using the Internal Rate of Return a value of 40.18 percent was obtained. For the feasibility analysis using the Discounted Payback Period, the result of the Karaoke Taxi business project will return in the year 3,872, the return of investment is faster than required by the company (4 years).
 
Every human society is pruned to one kind of crisis or the other. Nigeria as a nation is not exempted. In Nigeria since her independence in 1960, it has been bedeviled with one crisis or the other, among which are ethnic, political and religious crisis. To resolve these crises, different methods of conflict resolution have been employed without lasting success. This paper is a critical examination of the functions of religion in ensuring peaceful coexistence in Nigeria. From the earliest time of human existence on earth, humans in every generation have encountered divergence typology of religious experiences which makes man to be pruned to experience more. Looking at it from a sociologically perspective, religion is a complex phenomenon that is mixed with culture yet, constituted by cultic practices of rituals and worship; and also, of a doctrine and an institutional organization. The dogmatic sphere of a given religion is inevitably difficult to ascertain, because it consists of a complicated and expansive system of beliefs that are organized throughout the generations of believers. The findings of this research have shown that the problems of religious disharmony, disunity, intolerance and non-peaceful coexistence among the numerous adherents of religions in Nigeria can be resolved by the positive roles religion plays. The paper concludes that Nigeria as a country has reached a philosophical and historical epoch where it is necessary to abandon the negative and anachronistic aspects of her culture and religion and integrate the positive elements of religion.
 
Banks are known as financial institutions whose main activities are collecting funds from the public, channeling funds to the public, and performing other services in the banking sector. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Net Interest Margin (NIM) and Operational Income Operating Costs (BOPO) Against Return On Assets (ROA). The sample of this study is the financial statements of PT. Bank Rakyat Indonesia (Persero) Tbk. from 2008 to 2017, this research uses the Multiple Linear Regression Analysis method using an SPSS test. The results showed that Net Interest Margin has a positive effect on Return On Assets, with a tcount greater than ttable (3.021> 2.365) and a significance level of 0.019 less than a significant level of 0.05 (0.019 <0.05) and Operating Income Costs Operations have a negative effect on Return On Assets, with a tcount greater than ttable (-7,166> 2,365) and a significance level of 0,000 less than a significant level of 0.05 (0,000 <0.05). Net Interest Margin (NIM) and Operational Costs Operating Income (BOPO) has a positive effect on Return On Assets (ROA), with a Fcount greater than Ftable (26.298> 4.46) and a significance level of 0.001 smaller than a significant level of 0, 05 (0.001 <0.05). The coefficient of determination that can be equal to 0.849 or 84.9% means as much as 15.1% is likely influenced by variables not examined.
 
The role of finance in a company is very important and is needed both in large and small companies, both private and state-owned companies. This study aims to determine the effect of the current ratio, quick ratio and net profit margin on return on assets at PT. Hero Supermarket Tbk 2014-2018 period. The method used is explanatory research with a sample of as many financial statements. The analysis technique uses statistical analysis with regression testing, correlation, determination, and hypothesis testing. The results of this study the current ratio does not significantly influence the return on assets of 1.5%, the hypothesis test obtained significance 0.817> 0.05. The quick ratio does not significantly influence the return on assets of 30.3%, the hypothesis test obtained significance of 0.258> 0.05. Net profit margin has a significant effect on the Return on assets of 97.6%, the hypothesis test obtained a significance of 0,000 <0.05. The current ratio, quick ratio, and net profit margin simultaneously have a significant effect on the Return on assets of 99.8%, the hypothesis test obtained significance of 0.003 <0.05.
 
Company management must be able to manage everything that can affect the entire process in the company. This study aims to determine the effect of operational costs on Return on Assets at PT. Sinar Harapan in Jakarta. The method used was explanatory research with a sample of 5 years of financial statements. The analysis technique uses statistical analysis with regression testing, correlation, determination, and hypothesis testing. The results of this study variable operational costs obtained a minimum variance of 71.2 billion and a maximum variance of 89.8 billion with an average of 84.44 billion with a standard deviation of 75.11 billion. Return on Assets obtained a minimum variance of 0.7% and a maximum variance of 0.9% with a rating score of 8.04% with a standard deviation of 0.551%. Operating costs have a significant effect on Return on Assets with a regression equation Y = 17.517 + 0.0565X, and a correlation value of 0.885 or strong with a determination of 78.3%. Hypothesis testing obtained a significance of 0.046 <0.050.
 
This study aims to determine the influence of leadership and employee motivation on employee performance at PT. Astra Credit Companies TB Simatupang either partially or simultaneously. The method in this study is a quantitative method. Data analysis in this study uses validity test, reliability test, correlation coefficient analysis, classical assumption test, linear regression test, coefficient of determination analysis and hypothesis testing. The results showed that leadership (X1) had an effect on work performance (Y), with a simple linear regression equation Y = 15,743 + 0,528X and a significance value of 0.00 < 0.05. The correlation coefficient value is 0.605, which means that leadership (X1) has a strong level of relationship strength to employee performance (Y), with a coefficient of determination of 36.6% and from the t-test the value of tcount> ttable or 7.089 > 1988. Work motivation (X2) has an effect on work performance (Y) with a simple linear regression equation Y = 18,064 + 0.470X and a significance value of 0.00 <0.05. The correlation coefficient value is 0.512, which means that the work motivation variable (X2) has a moderate level of relationship strength on employee performance (Y), with a coefficient of determination of 26.2% and from the t-test, the value of tcount > ttable or 5,552 > 1,988. Leadership and work motivation simultaneously have a significant effect on employee performance with the regression equation Y = 15.638 + 0.515X1 + 0.017X2. The correlation coefficient value is 0.605, which means that leadership (X1) and work motivation (X2) simultaneously have a strong level of relationship strength on employee performance (Y), with a coefficient of determination of 36.6% and from the f test, the value of Fcount > Ftable or 24,849 > 3,100. This means that there is a simultaneous significant influence between leadership and work motivation on employees on employee performance at PT. Astra Credit Companies TB Simatupang.
 
Calabar, a coastal town in South-South Nigeria, has had a long-standing history of cultural tourist-oriented theatre performances. And today, its image as a tourist city has grown in leaps because of the Christmas Festival (A 32-day entertainment art and cultural events) it hosts annually plus other tourism products or attractions that complement the festival. Carnival seems to be a major attraction. Other attractions are not emphasized. This study explored how tourism-oriented theatres can be developed to add to existing attractions and increase varieties for tourists. The study used a combination of research methods including experiential theatre performances, participant observation, and focus group discussion. Findings show that local culture and arts and creative industries i.e., theatre can be used to promote destinations and enhance their attractiveness. They can help build the image of the city and promote indigenous arts and culture. This research significantly models the utility of theatre in the service of tourism and urban development. Some key recommendations this research makes include, the collaboration of the tourism industry, the performing arts sectors, and private business owners. Creating demand and market for specially packaged theatre products for tourists working with travel agencies to ensure that theatre is taken from the mainstream to the tourists.
 
Land is a place of welfare for the community, plays a strategic role in human life. Every legal action related to land, such as making land certificates, requires agents to take care of it, such as sub-district heads, village heads, PPAT (Land Deed Officials) and BPN (National Land Agency). This study aims to determine the efforts of the Saotanre Village government in increasing public awareness of the making of land rights certificates in Saotanre Village, Central Sinjai District, Sinjai Regency. This research is a qualitative research with the type of qualitative descriptive research. Data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. The informants in this study are Head of Saotanre Village; Saotanre Village officials; Saotanre Village Community; BPN (National Land Agency). Data analysis techniques are collecting data, reducing data, presenting data, and concluding.The research results show that The Saotanre Village Government has carried out socialization or counseling to the community regarding legal awareness of land registration. The inhibiting factor for the Village Government in increasing public awareness of making land title certificates is the lack of public knowledge about the importance of land registration, and caused by the existence of administrative costs that are considered burdensome to the community.
 
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of Supervision the management of hazardous and toxic waste / bahan berbahaya dan beracun (B3) at the RSUD (Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah) Labuang baji in Makassar City, which can be identified through indicators of measuring tools (standards), assessment and repair. This type of research is qualitative research with data collection techniques, namely interviews, observations and documentation. The data validity was checked by triangulation and member check. Data analysis techniques use data condensation, data presentation and conclusion drawing. The results of this study indicate that the supervision carried out by the Makassar City Environmental Agency on B3 waste management at Labuang Baji Hospital is running effectively. This can be seen from the determination of B3 waste management standards that do not cross the limit of B3 waste produced by Labuang Baji Hospital. In addition, the implementation of assessments in the form of direct visits conducted by the Makassar City Environment Office to Labuang Baji Hospital every year and the improvement actions carried out by the Makassar City Environment Office in the form of a direct reprimand to labuang baji hospital.
 
AutoCorrelation Test
Customer service plays an important role as the frontline in achieving the remittance business unit target. Bank Syariah Mandiri must be able to guarantee that customer service has adequate competence and high motivation in serving customers. This study aims to analyze the effect of competence and motivation of customer service on the performance of the remittance business unit. The object of research is 124 customer service in the region II Bank Syariah Mandiri. The method used in this study is Ordinary Least Square (OLS) on the SPSS 21 program. The results of this study indicate that the variable of competence and customer service motivation has a positive and significant impact on the performance of the remittance business unit.
 
Simple Disciplinary Linear Regression Results (X1) Coefficients a
Results of the Work Discipline Determination Coefficient (X1)
Simultaneous hypothesis test results ANOVA a
Human resources are one of the factors directly involved in carrying out company activities. This study aims to determine the effect of work discipline and motivation on employee performance at PT. Bank Mandiri Ciledug Branch. The method used in this research is descriptive method with an associative approach with proportional random sampling technique. Methods of data analysis using descriptive and verification with regression analysis, determination, and hypothesis testing partially or simultaneously. The results showed that partially the independent variables affect the dependent variable. Simultaneously testing the influence also concluded work discipline, and motivation had a positive and significant effect on employee performance with an influence contribution of 41.1%. Hypothesis testing obtained a probability statistic value <0.05 thus H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted.
 
Results Correlation Coefficient Return On Equity Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio Simultaneously Against Price to Earning Ratio.
Banks develop KUR (Kredit Usaha Rakyat) to improve the competitiveness of the people's small businesses which are expected to have an impact on increasing the income and standard of living of the people towards prosperity. This study aims to determine the effect of working capital and the provision of KUR credit to the level of UMKM income at PT. Bank Rakyat Indonesia Branch of Bintaro. The method used was explanatory research with a sample of 86 respondents. The analysis technique uses statistical analysis with regression testing, correlation, determination, and hypothesis testing. The results of this study work capital have a significant effect on UMKM income levels of 20.3%, hypothesis testing obtained significance of 0,000 <0.05. The granting of KUR credit has a significant effect on UMKM income levels of 21.7%, the hypothesis test is obtained at a significance of 0,000 <0.05. Working capital and KUR credit distribution simultaneously had a significant effect on the UMKM income level of 32.9%, the hypothesis test obtained a significance of 0,000 <0.05.
 
The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of e-Trust to e-Loyalty, the relationship of e-Service Quality to e-Loyalty and the relationship of e-trust to e-Service Quality. The research method used in this research is quantitative research and explanatory survey. The data used in this study is primary data obtained by distributing online questionnaires to 566 bank customers who use the e-Banking application. The number of respondents was 566 respondents who were selected by simple random sampling of e-Banking application users in Tangerang. To analyze the data from the measurement results of the independent and dependent variables through an online questionnaire. The statistical data processing tool used in this research is SmartPLS 3.0. Based on data analysis, it can be concluded that e-Trust has a positive and significant effect on e-Loyalty, e-Service Quality has a positive and significant effect on e-Loyalty, e-Trust has a positive and significant effect on e-Service Quality.
 
Data on Tourist Visits to Pandeglang Regency in 2017
This research is about the Sharia-Based Tourism Industry, the aim is to describe how the Sharia-based Tourism Industry Development Model is implemented in Banten Province. The method used is descriptive qualitative, with data collection techniques interview, observation, documentation, and literature study. The results showed that: 1) Banten Province has good tourism potential. This can be shown by the number of tourism objects (ODTW) as many as 526 objects which are divided into several categories, namely 84 natural attractions, 34 historical and cultural objects, 24 man-made tourism objects, 9 living culture objects and 48 art attractions. . 2) The Provincial Government's efforts towards a sharia-based tourism industry, namely through fulfilling the provision of facilities towards sharia (such as toilets, prayer rooms), preparing WEB tourist destinations as tourism information material for the community, revitalizing the Sultanate of Banten because currently this place is synonymous with community icon about religious tourism in Banten 3). The sharia tourism development model in Banten Province is actually already in the preparation stage, but it has not yet been fully implemented towards sharia but has begun to be introduced through religious tourism. In the future the development model is through clear sharia regulations, after which a more intense introduction is made to the geographic contours in Banten Province, then a tourism zoning mapping is carried out according to the Provincial RJMD and PERDA No.6 of 2019 concerning the development master plan, after which the Provision is made. facilities towards sharia by paying attention to A3 (Amenitation, Attractions, and Accessibility), Provision of WEB Tourism Destinations as Promotions, Revitalizing several buildings that can be carried as sharia tourist destinations, Providing understanding, coaching and training to the community and several tourism industries both hospitality , transportation, food, transportation, tour gate, ekraf.
 
The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of public services at the Bara Permai Health Center, Palopo City. To achieve this goal, qualitative methods are used with descriptive data elaboration. A data collection technique is carried out by observation, interviews and documentation using qualitative descriptive analysis techniques. The results of the research show that in terms of (1) Tangible Dimensions, the assessment of the quality of public services at the Bara Health Center in the tangible dimension shows that the quality of service is still low. This is caused by the inconvenience of the service place. The discomfort is caused by a fan that is still lacking. (2) Dimension of Reliability, the results of quality measurements carried out on the dimension of reliability show that the quality of service is good. This is due to the skill of employees in using service tools such as using computers. (3) Dimensions of Responsiveness, the assessment of service quality at the Bara Permai Health Center in the dimension of responsiveness shows that the officers in providing services have responded to all service users. The officers have also provided fast, precise, and careful service. (4) Dimension of Assurance, the assessment of service quality at Bara Permai Health Center in the dimension of assurance shows that officers in providing services have provided guarantees on time, cost and legality in services. (5) Dimensions of Empathy the assessment of service quality at the Bara Permai Health Center, the dimensions of empathy indicate that the quality of service is good. This is due to the friendliness of employees in serving the community, namely the empathetic attitude of service officers shown by giving smiles, greetings and greetings to the community when doing services.
 
Efforts to expedite the financial administration of an office certainly require a good payment system. An efficient payment system certainly realizes the implementation of financial administration that is able to facilitate every activity. The purpose of the study was to determine the payment system for the Jeneberang Saddang River Basin and Protected Forest Management Center (Indonesia: Balai Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai dan Hutan Lindung Jeneberang Saddang / BPDASHL). The research approach uses descriptive qualitative. The financial administration management of business travel applies two payment systems, namely the first official travel payment system is the Lumpsum payment system where employees traveling on business will receive a certain amount of money which is paid at once. And the second is the At-Cost System where employees take official trips and receive a certain amount of money in accordance with the available evidence and must follow procedures that are in accordance with their respective official travel expense payment systems so that official trips run effectively and efficiently.
 
Village funds are a form of assistance from the government as a means of supporting and stimulating development and community empowerment in the village. The purpose of this study was to determine the supervision of village funds by the village consultative body in Batumatoru village, Lariang district, Pasangkayu Regency. The research method used is a qualitative research method by adopting escort theory. According to Sondang P Siagian there are two indicators of supervision namely direct supervision and indirect supervision. Data collection techniques are carried out through field research which includes observation, interviews and documentation. Analysis of the data used is data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. By using a purposive technique with a total of 7 informants. The results showed that the implementation of supervision of village funds in Batumatoru Village was still not optimal. Due to lack of supervision in the implementation of the use of village funds, both directly and indirectly. This was heard by complaints from the public regarding the government's performance in implementing the use of village funds.
 
This research is to answer the management strategy for visits tourists as well as f -factors which required for increasing the implementation of the Beautiful Malino Festival as a Tourist Attraction a. Surveys and documentation were carried out before and during the Beautiful Malino festival which took place in September in Malino, Tinggimincong District, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi. The research approach uses descriptive qualitative , data collection through the distribution of questionnaires, interviews and literature study. The implementation of the Beautiful Malino Festival was able to attract an increase in the number of tourist visits to Malino since 2017 the number of tourists reached 20,000 people, in 2018 it reached 20,000 people. 50,000 people and in 2019 up 300% or reaching 80,000 people . The results of the study revealed that the strategy adopted in increasing tourist visits was due to the development of tourist destinations through offering affordable tour packages , collaboration with relevant agencies through funding and sponsorship assistance and promotions carried out regularly by the Gowa district government through social media, attracting influencers, banners, billboards, and print media. This study recommends improving the accessibility of tourist movements in Malino destinations and providing accommodation facilities that can accommodate large numbers of tourists.
 
The sector developed in Indonesia at this time is the tourism sector. The purpose of this study is to find out how the development of attractions, supporting and inhibiting factors, and formulate strategies in the development of tourism objects in Rejang Lebong Regency. This research uses descriptive research method with a qualitative approach. Data in this study were collected through interviews, documentation, observation and data triangulation. The analysis technique used in writing uses the SWOT analysis and Litmust Test to be reduced, presented and concluded. The results of research strategies for developing tourism objects in Rejang Lebong Regency are still not maximal, because there are many weaknesses in each component in the tourism area which become a benchmark for the development of Bengkulu Province tourist destinations, Rejang Lebong. The influencing factors are internal factors, namely strengths and weaknesses and external factors, namely opportunities and threats. Based on these factors, researchers can reformulate the strategy in the development of attractions in Rejang Lebong Regency, Bengkulu Province
 
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of village fund management in Bone District, South Sulawesi. Based on the research problems stated earlier, the basic methods used in this research are descriptive research. Regarding the descriptive method, it describes how the process of economic development planning in villages in Bone District, South Sulawesi. The types of data used in this study are primary and secondary data obtained by direct observation at the research site and conducting interviews with relevant stakeholders, while secondary data is obtained from literature studies, reports from related agencies and data from the village office or other sources. support this research. Interview technique was used to collect data from respondents by means of questions and answers that were carried out systematically and based on research objectives with tools in the form of questionnaires and interview guidelines (in-depth interviews). Then observation is in the form of data collection techniques where the researcher makes observations directly related to empirical data from research variables. Based on the results of the research and discussion that have been described, it can be concluded that the management of village funds in Bone Regency is categorized as effective.
 
Performance is the work achieved by every employee so that they can make a positive contribution to the company. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of work discipline and motivation on employee performance at PT. Pos Indonesia Pondok Aren Branch. The method used in this research is descriptive with an associative approach, the sampling technique used is proportional random sampling with a sample of 60 respondents. The analysis tool uses instrument testing, classical assumption testing, regression testing, determination coefficient testing and hypothesis testing. The results of the study concluded that there was a positive and significant effect both partially and simultaneously between work discipline and motivation on employee performance with a contribution of 0.546 or 54.6% while the remaining 45.4% was influenced by other factors. Hypothesis testing obtained F count> F table (34,339> 2,770) thus H0 is rejected and H3 is accepted meaning that there is a positive and significant simultaneous influence between work discipline and motivation on employee performance at PT. Pos Indonesia Pondok Aren Branch.
 
Top-cited authors
Andi Anto Patak
  • Universitas Negeri Makassar
John Edor
  • University of Calabar
Risma Niswaty
  • Universitas Negeri Makassar
Edisua Merab Yta
  • University of Calabar
Peter Oghenefavwe Ottuh
  • Delta State University, Abraka