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Occupational Therapy International

Published by Hindawi
Online ISSN: 1557-0703
Discipline: Occupational Therapy
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Aims and scope

Occupational Therapy International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal which publishes original research articles and review articles reflecting the practice of occupational therapy worldwide. Priority for publication will be given to research articles that provide recommendations for evidence-based occupational therapy practice and demonstrate the effectiveness of a specific occupational therapy intervention.

 

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Recent publications
Article
  • Qian ZhangQian Zhang
It is aimed at studying the role of parenting style on the career planning of vocational students in the context of information technology. This design takes the first-year and second-year students of two higher vocational colleges as the survey objects. From the perspective of educational psychology, firstly, the parenting style scale of these students is constructed, and meanwhile, the dimension design of career planning is carried out. Secondly, through the questionnaire survey, the career planning of students and the status quo of parenting styles are investigated, and the sample data are statistically analyzed by data analysis methods such as standard deviation analysis, cluster analysis, and correlation analysis. Finally, hypotheses are formulated and justified. The results reveal that the total score for career planning and the average score of each dimension are more than 3 points, indicating that vocational students have certain plans for their future careers. There are great differences in the gender of parenting styles, and the parental acceptance/involvement ( t = 3.389 , p < 0.01 ) dimension of the parenting style of the first-year students is greatly higher than that of the second-year students. On the dimension of psychological autonomy ( t = − 2.066 , p < 0.05 ), the score of second-year students is distinctly higher than that of the first year. There are obvious differences in grades from the dimensions of parental acceptance/participation and psychological autonomy. There is no observable difference in whether it is an only child ( p > 0.05 ) and the place of origin ( p > 0.05 ). In terms of the total score and each dimension of career planning, the authoritative type scored the highest, and the neglect type scored the lowest. Parents’ participation and acceptance behavior of vocational students are markedly related to their career planning. Parental punishment and acceptance are distinctly positively correlated with the career planning of these students and their two dimensions. Psychological autonomy is memorably associated with the domain of exploration.
 
Article
This paper presents an in-depth study and analysis of the correlation between satisfaction with rural residents’ income and mental health well-being in the context of industrial structure upgrading. Most of the studies on residents’ subjective well-being from the perspective of relative income or income inequality have started from the happiness of rural residents and the satisfaction of rural residents’ life, and few scholars have focused on the psychological health of rural residents. Subjective well-being is significantly related to external and internal goals in desire. Life satisfaction is significantly and positively correlated with external and internal goals, as well as the six dimensions of desire, except for social identity; positive emotions are significantly and positively correlated with internal goals; negative emotions are only negatively correlated with self-acceptance, and there is a significant positive correlation between income level and desire. In vertical income, there is also a process of judging whether the expected income is achieved. If the expected income growth level is achieved, the income satisfaction will increase. Desire mediates the effect of income level on subjective well-being. Income level influences subjective well-being through internal goals; income level influences life satisfaction and positive emotions through external goals. The relationship between income inequality and mental health is influenced by the characteristics of the population, with women and middle-aged people being the most negatively affected. This relationship is also influenced by income level, with the effect of income inequality on mental health showing a negative effect in the lower and middle-income groups but a positive effect in the higher income groups. Income inequality affects residents’ mental health through the mediating effects of a sense of social justice, life stress, and trust in government. Inequality in household wealth can exacerbate the negative effects of income inequality on mental health.
 
Article
The value of pathological linguistics in children’s cognitive development has attracted more and more experts’ attention. Based on pathological linguistics, this paper establishes an intervention system for children’s cognition-language assessment and cognitive education, guided by a set of fixed procedures, which can quickly collect children’s speech data in a short period of time. Based on this evaluation paradigm, the lab collected a large number of speech data of children aged 2-14 in the process of verbal communication. Based on the six linguistic dimensions of phonology, productivity, fluency, grammar, semantics, and logic, the corpus was subdivided into 16 indicators for manual annotation and machine recognition. A cognitive-language assessment database is established for language ability assessment and language barrier screening, and on this basis, the children’s language assessment and cognitive education intervention system is completed based on six modules: user, assessment, scale, resources, teaching, and data. Through experimental research, this paper proves that there are differences in the contribution rates of six language dimensions to the screening of children’s language disorders, and the top three are fluency (29.6%), pronunciation (25.7%), and productivity (19.3%). By analyzing the contribution rates, the development of children’s comprehensive speech ability can be evaluated more accurately. The early intervention education of children’s cognition has a great relationship with their comprehensive language ability. The intervention education before the age of 3 is beneficial to the language development of children with disabilities. Children’s cognitive education has improved in cognitive performance, cognitive generalization level, emotional cognition, and language expression, indicating that the use of cognitive education system has a good effect, improving the level of children’s cognitive education.
 
Article
The related literature is studied to explore the psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency groups and implement their psychological characteristics model for the intervention of health behavior. Drawing on the results of current literature research, the Youth Psychological Characteristics Crime Prevention Questionnaire (YPPQ) was compiled, which can be simply referred to as the Crime Prevention Questionnaire. The whole psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency are analyzed by means of a questionnaire. Firstly, the YPPQ scores of different groups were compared, and a structured interview was conducted on the reasons for the crime of the problem youth group. Secondly, data analysis was carried out on the results of questionnaires and interviews, and the psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency were summarized. A “mixed hierarchical intervention model” was proposed to intervene in the mental health behavior of juvenile delinquency groups, and corresponding intervention strategies were also proposed. The results reveal that through the questionnaire survey, the educational background of juvenile subjects was generally distributed in middle school, the number of juveniles with primary school education was less than 30% of the juvenile delinquency groups, the middle school education accounted for more than 60% of the juvenile delinquency groups, and the approximate age was about 18 years old. The largest number in each group were adolescents with secondary school education, indicating the importance of psychological education on crime prevention for adolescents in secondary school. By comparing the YPPQ test scores of different groups, the adolescent group has higher test scores than the juvenile delinquency groups in five of the dimensions. Through the comparative analysis of the YPPQ test results of the juvenile delinquency groups, the problem youth group, and the normal youth group, it is found that the YPPQ has high reliability and validity, so its detection and evaluation are highly feasible. By comparing the odds ratio (OR) of each question in the YPPQ test between the experimental group and the control group, it is found that the psychological characteristics of the experimental group are significantly affected by family, school, and even society. Finally, it proposes a “mixed hierarchical intervention model” for juvenile delinquency to intervene in health behaviors. The purpose is to provide some research ideas for the study of the psychological characteristics of juvenile delinquency groups and to put forward some suggestions for the prevention of juvenile delinquency and the intervention of health behavior.
 
Article
This work intends to combine neural network technology with occupational therapy to fully acquire employees’ emotional information by constructing an effective emotion recognition network. Firstly, the psychological state of employees is discussed from three aspects of leadership narcissism, organizational identification, and the emotional contagion effect, and the corresponding model is implemented. Secondly, based on the convolutional neural network technology, the facial feature recognition and the body feature recognition are combined, and the employees’ emotions can be accurately identified by establishing a multilearning emotion recognition network. Finally, a questionnaire survey is carried out on the employees of enterprises in the coastal areas of Zhejiang. Descriptive statistical analysis, reliability and validity analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis, mediation effect tests, and other methods are used to analyze the questionnaire data. The results reveal that leadership narcissistic organizational identification plays a mediating role in the process of employees’ emotional contagion perception affecting employees’ psychology. Compared with younger employees, older employees have better psychological quality and mental health. There are also significant differences in emotion and work enthusiasm among employees with different educational backgrounds and positions. Employees’ perception of emotional contagion to pretending expressions, indifferent expressions, contempt expressions, and sincere expressions has an obvious positive impact on the psychological impact of other employees. The classification accuracy and regression error rate of the constructed multilearning emotion recognition network are 28.5% and 9.8%, respectively, which can accurately identify the emotional performance of employees. This work helps enterprises better understand the mental health of their employees.
 
Distribution of respondents.
Mediating effect of interpersonal trust on the relationship between self-esteem and social anxiety.
Article
This study attempts to disclose the relationship between self-esteem, interpersonal trust, and social anxiety of college students and provide an empirical reference for enhancing their self-esteem, cultivating their interpersonal trust, and reducing their social anxiety. Specifically, 673 college students were randomly sampled and measured against the self-esteem scale (SES), interpersonal trust scale (TS), and interaction anxiousness scale (IAS). The results show that self-esteem does not vary significantly with genders and origins; social anxiety does not vary significantly with origins but differs significantly between genders; the social anxiety of males is much lower than that of females; interpersonal trust differs significantly between genders and between origins. Self-esteem is significantly correlated with interpersonal trust ( r = 0.22 , p < 0.01 ). Social anxiety has a significant negative correlation with self-esteem ( r = − 0.17 , p < 0.01 ) and with social anxiety ( r = − 0.26 , p < 0.01 ). Interpersonal trust partly mediates the relationship between self-esteem and social anxiety. These findings provide a theoretical basis for enhancing and improving mental health education of college students.
 
Article
This paper analyzes the actual functions of the labor education and occupational therapy phase through an in-depth study of labor education and occupational therapy for college students and explores the strategies of organic integration of labor education and occupational therapy for college students. This paper carries out a holistic theoretical construction of labor education in schools and systematically analyzes the components of labor education objectives in colleges and universities, labor education contents in schools, labor education implementation in schools, and labor education evaluation in schools. The main goal of labor education in colleges and universities is to guide students in establishing a scientific concept of labor and constructing a labor education resource system. It focuses on strengthening the construction and improvement of the labor education theoretical system, promoting the construction of labor education disciplines and professional courses, and attaching importance to the training of labor education teachers in the new era to contribute to the perfection of labor education. The system of labor education practice should be innovated. Of course, the labor practice activities based on institutionalization should be implemented. The cycle of labor activities based on the principle of continuity should be strengthened, and the effectiveness of labor education should be improved totally from explicit and implicit instructions. The core of occupational therapy is to help college students adapt to social work, give full play to their self-worth, obtain economic resources, and improve self-confidence. The organic integration of labor education and occupational therapy shows that it can help students ease their social adaptability and adapt to social functions, improve the reemployment rate, and improve students’ overall health. Therefore, the practical research on labor education and occupational therapy should be strengthened.
 
Article
Introduction: Practices of occupational therapists, particularly those supporting older persons with physical impairments, remain overly focused on remediating impairments, and implementation of occupation-centered practices remains fraught with difficulties. In Japan, this issue exists across the continuum from acute care to rehabilitation settings and into the community. This is despite the existence of international models and frameworks that place occupation at the core of the profession. Accordingly, there is a need to better understand how occupational therapists respond to the call for occupation-centered practices across the said continuum of care with this population. The aim of this study was at exploring and understanding occupational therapists' experiences of supporting the resumption of occupations among older persons with physical impairments, in Japan. Methods: Embedded in a constructivist world view, this was a qualitative focus group study. Four focus groups (two in urban areas and one each in rural and semirural areas), consisting of seven or eight occupational therapists with at least three years of relevant practice experience, convened twice to narrate and explore their support of older persons. All were participating voluntarily with confidentiality of their participation being guaranteed by the researchers. They met for a third time to verify emerging analytic results. Data were analysed using a reflective thematic analysis. Results: Identified were three themes, namely, calling forth powers of occupations, imagining client's future, and cocreating plots, which we synthesized into recurring cocreations from emerging opportunities. Discussion. Supporting the resumption of occupations among older persons with physical impairments hinges on repeated processes of identifying possibilities for occupation, followed by actions to bring these (e.g., images of clients' future) into reality. Occupations' healing properties (i.e., occupations' powers) can be used to assist clients in experiencing health and well-being. The results suggest a reframing of occupational therapy practices as recurring processes of recognizing opportunities for occupation, followed by actions whereby these possibilities are turned into reality. Occupational therapy effectiveness might be enhanced when goals and methods are repeatedly and creatively aligned with the evolving plots cocreated between the client, therapist, and stakeholders.
 
Article
At present, the mental health of college students in China is relatively poor. This work is aimed at analyzing the correlation between family parenting style and college students’ mental health and providing a realistic basis for improving the mental health level of college students. Firstly, this work detailed the family parenting style, the influencing factors of family parenting style, and the theoretical basis of personality traits. Then, 300 college students in Anhui Province were selected as the research objects who answered the questionnaire on parenting style and the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short for Chinese. Finally, statistical software was used to visually analyze the personality characteristics of college students, the overall situation of mental health, the impact of parents’ education on college students’ mental health, and the family parenting style of college students. According to the score of anxiety, the top 27% of the research objects are classified as the high-anxiety group, while the bottom 27% are classified as the low-anxiety group. The results show significant gender differences in the psychoticism and neuroticism dimensions of personality traits (P
 
Number mining process based on decision tree algorithm.
Running times of the algorithms DiffMR-PCCDT and Diff-PCCDT on several datasets.
Article
With the development of society, psychological health becomes a basic standard for a college student to grow into a qualified person. This study is aimed at using data mining principles and methods to excavate the factors that lead to psychological problems of college students, to purposefully carry out psychological interventions, use visual art design methods to promote college students’ psychological health treatment, and build a perfect system of college students’ psychological treatment. Based on the theories of data mining, we built a data analysis model, elaborated the data preprocessing method, and applied the Apriori algorithm to analyze the data of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and interpersonal sensitivity symptoms, and various psychological problem attributes extracted the strong association rules and analyzed the results. Take advantage of the corresponding unique school environment and educational advantages, to build a set of mental health education methods suitable for modern college students, and truly enable them to obtain satisfactory psychological interventions in a reasonable art design treatment phase. Based on the above association pattern mining results, a series of preprocessing operations were performed on the data, and then, the Apriori algorithm was applied to discover the potential association relationships among 9 psychological dimension factors of college students, and then, the ID3 decision tree algorithm was used to construct a decision tree and pruning process, from which the classification rules of students’ psychological problems were analyzed and discovered. These studies provide some practical reference basis for school counseling work.
 
Article
With the continuous satisfaction of material life, teenagers’ physical health has been generally improved, and all aspects of competition have posed a challenge to teenagers’ mental health. Therefore, both at the family level and at the school level, teenagers’ mental health education has been paid more and more attention. The school cooperative education model came into being, which has had an important impact on the mental health education of teenagers. Family education is the first level of education for teenagers. Parents’ role model, family education concept, and education model all play a key role in the development of children’s mental health. Based on this, this paper will focus on optimizing the home-school cooperation strategy, further clarify the main responsibilities of the school, teachers, and parents in the home-school cooperation education in the strategy, establish and improve the home-school cooperation mechanism based on this, and focus on the cultivation of parents’ mental health education and teachers’ mental health guidance professional skills in this process. Based on the current situation of network home-school mental health coordination and mental health education, this study takes teenagers as the research object, aiming at the common psychological problems in learning, social adaptation, and interpersonal communication, and tries to study the problems of promoting teenagers’ mental health from the perspective of integrity and development. The developed home-school collaboration method is to verify that the network home-school collaboration method is more effective than the traditional home-school collaboration method in promoting the mental health development of primary school students, so as to provide a reference for the theory and practice of home-school collaboration under the network environment to carry out mental health education. According to the corresponding network information intelligent algorithm, this paper constantly adjusts the coordination strategy between family and school and guides teenagers to internalize the corresponding excellent behaviour into their own habits. In the experimental part, the psychological assistance treatment scheme proposed in this paper is verified and analysed. The experimental results show that the psychological assistance treatment program for adolescents proposed in this paper has obvious effects. School education has a special mental health counseling center and special psychological teachers, which can carry out mental health education more scientifically. The unity and cooperation between family education and school education can combine the educational power of parents and schools to fully develop the mental health of teenagers.
 
Article
This paper presents an in-depth study and analysis of the relevance of early childhood education to occupational psychotherapy using a virtual-assisted affective interaction approach. Starting from the educational theory of interactive cognitive psychology, the theoretical basis for parent-child picture book education for interactive learning is explored, as well as the theoretical development after the introduction of AR technology. Firstly, the analysis of young children’s emotions involves massive image processing, and the use of cloud computing architecture leads to high latency, while young children’s safety is a latency-sensitive service. Secondly, face recognition accuracy based on static images is not high due to problems such as inconspicuous facial features of toddlers and low-quality kindergarten surveillance videos. In this paper, a face identity correction model based on location features is proposed and the superiority of the model is demonstrated through experiments. Finally, this paper analyzes and mines the emotional data of young children. The level of kindergarten teachers’ awareness of early childhood mental health education generally showed an upward trend as their titles rose, and there were significant differences in the seven dimensions of early childhood mental health, the purpose and meaning of early childhood mental health education, implementers, targets, content, pathways, and effects; significant differences existed between teachers of different kindergarten natures, and there were significant differences in the purpose and meaning of early childhood mental health education, implementers, targets, content, pathways, effects, and mental health education for young children. Therefore, this paper proposes a face identity correction model based on position information, which considers both the correlation between pixel values in the spatial domain and the correlation between frames in the temporal domain. This paper has developed an emotion analysis system for kindergartens and put it into use in kindergartens to meet the needs of monitoring the safety of young children and evaluating early childhood education and has received good feedback from users, demonstrating the effectiveness of the system.
 
Article
In order to explore the physical exercise and psychological changes of college students, this study adopts the method of multidimensional data mining, taking 23,146 undergraduates from a university in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, as the research object. On the basis of summarizing and analyzing the previous research literature, this study expounds the development background, current situation, and future challenges of multidimensional data mining technology. This paper introduces the methods and principles of sample selection and multidimensional assessment of the physical and mental depression of college students, analyzes the physical health status of college students, summarizes the psychological changes of college students before and after the intervention, and discusses the relationship between physical exercise and mental health of college students. In addition, this paper analyzes the influencing factors and psychological changes of college students’ physical exercise and puts forward suggestions for improving the physical and mental health of college students. The results of this study show that with increasing age, college students have a lower risk of moderate anxiety and mild depression; girls are more prone to mild depression than boys; rural college students are more prone to mild, moderate anxiety; college students with nonmedical backgrounds were more likely to experience moderate anxiety than college students with medical backgrounds. During the intervention control period, continuous connection with others may encourage college students to actively use internal resources to actively cope with obstacles and setbacks, and as a protective factor, psychological resilience can appropriately weaken the association between risk factors in life and anxiety and relieve anxiety. The results of this study can provide a reference for further research on the physical exercise and psychological changes of college students.
 
Article
The purpose is to reduce students’ psychological pressure and improve their quality of study and life. Here, 400 language-impaired students in the public elective psychology course at Northwestern University and the undergraduate psychology class at Xi’an Foreign Studies University in the 2018-2019 academic year are randomly selected as the research objects for this music psychology experiment. The students were divided into different experimental groups using the Questionnaire Survey (QS) method to analyze the students’ psychological reactions to Baroque, classical, and romantic music styles. Then, it further discusses the students’ emotional response and audiovisual synaesthesia, as well as their recognition and choice of music style. The results show that there are significant differences in the same emotional response intensity of the subjects to different styles of music creation. The music expression is consistent with the actual feelings of the subjects. The tonality and color density of audiovisual synaesthesia vary with the style of music creation. Different music creation styles generate different associations in students’ minds, thus showing different psychological reactions. The QS results indicate that soft and soothing music can relieve students’ learning pressure most, while music with a strong sense of rhythm and vitality has no significant effect. Therefore, different music creation styles affect students’ learning pressure differently. This work discusses the influence of different music creation styles on the mental health of contemporary college students and provides a reference for music therapy to relieve students’ learning pressure in the future.
 
Score statistics of multivoice chorus feedback.
Comparison of SCL-90 assessment results before and after psychological counseling.
Comparison of t value and P value of SCL-90 assessment results before and after psychological counseling.
Comparison of SCL-90 assessment results before and after music education and psychological counseling.
Comparison of t value and P value of SCL-90 assessment results before and after music education and psychological counseling.
Article
Objective: As a type of music therapy, multipart chorus does not have high requirements for participants, and the basic level can be high or low. For college students, it is more likely to participate. Exploring the effect of multivoice chorus intervention on college students' mental health can provide reference for school psychological correction work. This study uses multivoice chorus as a means, combined with certain group psychological counseling techniques, to try to explore a new model for improving the mental health of college students. Method: Fifty college students in prison were selected as subjects and randomly divided into the control group and experimental group. The multivoice chorus method was used to conduct an intervention test on the mental health of the college students in the experimental group, and the observation was carried out for 3 months. Before and after the intervention, the anxiety self-rating scale, the trust scale, the social avoidance and distress scale, the shyness scale, the UCLA loneliness scale, and the college student psychological test personality subtest were used for psychological testing and evaluation. Results/Discussion. College students can actively recognize and reflect on their own behavior, and objectively evaluate others. Through the cognition and management of emotions, college students can handle personal emotions well in interpersonal communication. In the later stage of multivoice chorus, they can help each other, establish a mutual assistance system, help each other, and discuss and learn interpersonal communication skills together, so that college students can learn good interpersonal communication experience and skills from others in various interactions, achieve self-help, and promote college students to work together. In the process of interfering with interpersonal communication disorder, simple psychological counseling has also improved the phenomenon of interpersonal communication disorder, but the experimental effect is far from the effect of the combination of music education and psychological counseling, and it is relatively unstable in the stability test. In the specific operation, in the purely psychological counseling process, college students with interpersonal barriers do not actively cooperate with the intervention, the operating atmosphere is relatively dull, and the teachers are time-consuming and labor-intensive during the psychological counseling process, but the results are minimal. The only effect is also worn out within a few weeks, and the stability is poor. It can be seen that music education has played a pivotal role as a medium in the intervention of interpersonal communication disorders, which can make the intervention process easier, more effective, and more stable.
 
Article
The purpose of this paper is to provide a group music therapy intervention for elementary and middle school students with mood disorders through music therapy. To explore the improvement of group music therapy on the dysphoria and state of adolescent patients with mood disorders and to explore the relationship with self-identity. A music activity-based mental health education curriculum was designed based on the results of the current survey, while two homogenous classes were selected as the experimental and control classes; subsequently, the experimental teaching of the music activity-based mental health education curriculum was conducted in the experimental class, and the regular school mental health education curriculum was conducted in the control class, and the pre- and postexperimental scale tests were used to analyze that the curriculum of this study had a positive effect of this study’s curriculum on elementary school students’ positive emotions analyzed through pre- and postexperimental scale tests. The music activity-based mental health education program had a significant positive effect on the overall level of positive emotions of elementary school students, especially in the positive emotion index, happiness index, mental toughness, goal focus, and interpersonal assistance factor. The positive psychology-oriented music activity-based mental health education curriculum is well suited for elementary and middle school students, especially for upper elementary and middle school students. The music activity-based mental health education curriculum realizes the value of applying positive psychology to mental health education efforts at the elementary school level and flexibly uses a variety of related theories to promote positive emotional experiences for elementary and middle school students.
 
Article
The Target. The purpose of this study is to explore the reduction of sports injury risk and verify the effective methods and means of athlete’s muscle injury rehabilitation. Methods. In this study, 80 sanda athletes from a university were randomly selected as subjects, and the main parts of injury of all subjects were counted. After 12 weeks of muscle injury rehabilitation intervention, the pain, acute injury, and technical and tactical evaluation levels of subjects in the intervention group and the control group were compared. Results/Discussion. The overall performance of the 80 subjects’ basic exercise ability was at a moderate level, and there was no significant difference between male and female subjects (P >0.05). After 12 weeks of rehabilitation intervention, there was no significant difference in the scores of shoulder joint flexibility, supine straight leg raising, and trunk stable support between male and female subjects in the intervention group in more than 7 sports (P >0.05). In the control group, there were significant differences in the scores of shoulder flexibility and trunk stability of male and female subjects (P<0.05). Future research should further explore the effect of muscle injury rehabilitation on effectively reducing potential sports injuries and introduce advanced and effective medical rehabilitation methods.
 
Study process.
(a) BRS 3 stage, cleaning the table; (b) BRS 4 stage, washing dishes; (c) BRS 5 stage, setting the table; (d) BRS 6 stage, reading a book.
(a) BRS 3 stage, cleaning the table; (b) BRS 4 stage, washing dishes; (c) BRS 5 stage, setting the table; (d) BRS 6 stage, reading a book.
(a) BRS 3 stage, cleaning the table; (b) BRS 4 stage, washing dishes; (c) BRS 5 stage, setting the table; (d) BRS 6 stage, reading a book.
(a) BRS 3 stage, cleaning the table; (b) BRS 4 stage, washing dishes; (c) BRS 5 stage, setting the table; (d) BRS 6 stage, reading a book.
Article
CBT has a beneficial effect on depression and anxiety; however, the number of cases where therapy was used in patients with stroke was rare. In addition, there is still a lack of research on the effects of occupation-based training and the effects of bilateral upper limb training that provides an intervention based on patients’ state of hemiplegic upper limb function. This study investigated the effects of combining CBT and occupation-based bilateral upper limb training on the depression, anxiety, upper limb function, and occupational performance. The experimental group was given 30-min cognitive behavioral therapy and occupation-based bilateral upper limb training, while the control group was given 30-min conventional occupational therapy and occupation-based bilateral upper limb training. For both groups, the intervention was given as a 30-min session once a day and five times a week for 4 weeks. Following intervention, the experimental group showed significant within-group variance for automatic thoughts, depression, anxiety, upper limb function, and occupational performance only (p<0.01). For between-group variance, a significant difference was found for automatic thoughts, depression, anxiety, and occupational performance (p<0.01), however, not for upper limb function (p>0.05). In this study, it is meaningful that this author provided good guidelines for therapists and caregivers by organizing and providing actual programs in a very rare situation where cognitive behavioral therapy was applied to stroke patients.
 
Article
In this paper, we construct a model of convolutional neural network speech emotion algorithm, analyze the classroom identified by the neural network with a certain degree of confidence together with the school used in the dataset, find the characteristics and rules of teachers’ control of classroom emotion nowadays using big data, find the parts of classroom emotion, and design a classroom emotion recognition model based on convolutional neural network speech emotion algorithm according to these characteristics. This paper will investigate the factors and patterns of teachers’ emotional control in the classroom. In this paper, the existing neural network is adapted and improved, and some preprocessing is performed on the current dataset to train the network. The network used in this paper is a combination of convolutional neural network (CNN) and recurrent neural network (RNN), which takes advantage of both CNN for feature extraction and RNN for memory capability in the sequence model. This network has a good effect on both object labeling and speech recognition. For the problem of extracting emotion features of whole-sentence speech, we propose an attention mechanism-based emotion recognition algorithm for variable-length speech and design a spatiotemporal attention module for the speech emotion algorithm and a convolutional channel attention module for the CNN network to reduce the contribution of the spatiotemporal data of the speech emotion algorithm and the unimportant parts of the CNN convolutional channel feature data in the subsequent recognition by the attention mechanism. In turn, the weight of core key data and features is increased to improve the model recognition accuracy.
 
Article
As the competition between enterprises intensifies, employees have witnessed a decline of psychological health year by year and severe anxiety and depression. To ensure the normal work of employees, it is important to implement psychological occupational therapy intervention (POTI). The previous studies on corporate occupational values focus on the behavioral variables and attitude variables related to occupations. The research paradigm does not suit a specific group of employees. Therefore, this paper explores the individual differences in POTI guided by the realization of occupational values. For a specific group of employees, the correlations of the psychological problems with job attitude, job involvement, and psychological health level were reasoned logically, a theoretical model was established, and the full-model map was plotted to illustrate the influence of the realization of occupational values over POTI. Then, the evaluation data on the psychological intervention effect of 2,800 employees were explored based on multikernel learning, and an individual difference prediction model was constructed through multikernel learning. Finally, the predicted results of different groups of employees were compared, revealing the effectiveness of our algorithm.
 
Results of the evaluation of the effectiveness of in-water rehabilitation tools for knee injuries.
Composite MQ interrater reliability and intrarater reliability.
Binary logistic regression analysis of MQ and SS as predictor variables.
ROC curves of MQ and SS to distinguish the damage history of LQ.
Article
This paper provides an in-depth study of occupational therapy and the prevention of common sports injuries in special physical training. The issue of sports injuries and rehabilitation has always been a hot topic in special training. With the continuous development of sports, the increasing intensity of competition, and more stringent requirements for special techniques, the increase in difficulty and intensity of training has led to the increasing frequency of sports injuries, so how to prevent injuries in special physical training and rehabilitation and recovery of athletes after the injury is particularly important. Since the most common musculoskeletal injuries occur in the lower quadrant, this paper proposes a lower extremity functional test (LEFT) model as a means of identifying injury risk and guiding the implementation of training programs to prevent sports injuries. In this paper, a knee injury is used as an example, and an occupational therapy program of TCM physical therapy+aquatic rehabilitation is adopted for the already occurred sports injuries. Through interviews and clinical examinations of athletes, coaches, and medical personnel, this paper summarizes the sites, types, characteristics, and probability of occurrence of common sports injuries in special physical training. Experiments were conducted through clinical rehabilitation of common sports injuries with the addition of TCM manual massage. A series of effects of this modality on the rehabilitation of sports injuries were examined by monitoring physiological and biochemical indexes and by comparative analysis before and after testing physical function indexes using the Omega Wave system. Sports injuries are diverse. Traditional Chinese medicine physical therapy+water rehabilitation therapy is an effective physical therapy method. According to the relevant theories of traditional Chinese medicine treatment, diagnosis and treatment through meridians and related acupuncture points have significant curative effects. Traditional Chinese medicine, massage, and acupuncture have irreplaceable roles in the rehabilitation and treatment of sports injuries and can effectively improve and cure sports injuries.
 
Article
Family’s academic cognition influences the family’s academic concept, rearing fashion, and academic participation. It is no longer solely associated to kid’s bodily and intellectual development; however, additionally associated to household concord and social progress. With the development of the times, the complicated traits of training proceed to pose new challenges to parents. Exploring the composition and operation mechanism of family training decision-making cognition is envisioned to stop up the key to promote parents’ orderly coaching participation and home university cooperation. However, the associated lookup of usual cognitive mannequin has terrible steadiness and prediction charge in focus results. This paper constructs a cognitive model of family training decision-making principally based totally on neural network. Through the assessment of relevant data, they have an effect of the cognitive model of family coaching decision-making mainly based totally on neural neighborhood evaluated from the accuracy, root suggest rectangular error RMSE, and AUC curve. The experimental effects exhibit that the prediction accuracy of the cognitive mannequin of household training decision-making primarily based on neural community is 15% greater than that of the standard model, and the cognitive balance of the mannequin is 8.2%. This paper demonstrates the effectiveness, feasibility, and practicability of the mannequin in realistic teaching.
 
Article
Objective: Under the background of the policy of caring for the healthy growth of left-behind children, the purpose of selecting the topic is to study some common negative emotional problems of left-behind children in rural areas, focusing on the guidance of negative emotions of left-behind children in rural areas. In emotional problems, we analyze and find out the reasons for these negative emotions through observation and research. Method: In this paper, a platform for acquiring emotional semantic data of scene images in an open behavioral experimental environment is designed, which breaks the limitations of time and place, and thus acquires a large amount of emotional semantic data of scene images and then uses principal component analysis to evaluate the validity of the data analysis. Psychological testing was used to measure parent-child affinity, adversity beliefs, and positive/negative emotion scales, respectively, to examine children whose parents went out, children whose fathers went out, and non-left-behind children. The characteristics of parent-child affinity, adversity beliefs, and positive/negative emotions in three types of children were examined, and the direct predictive effects of parent-child affinity and adversity beliefs on the positive/negative emotions of the three types of children were examined. Results/Discussion. Adversity beliefs played a partial mediating role between children's parent-child bonding and positive emotions. The predictive effect of adversity beliefs on children's emotional adaptation differs by emotional type. The main effects of the left-behind category were significant for both positive and negative emotions. The gender main effect of negative emotion was significant, and the negative emotion level of girls was significantly higher than that of boys. The main effect of the left-behind category of adversity beliefs was significant, and the adversity belief levels of children whose parents went out to rural areas were significantly lower than those of children whose fathers went out and non-left-behind children. The negative emotions generated by left-behind children in rural areas are channeled, and to a certain extent, they are improved and alleviated. Through the emotional counseling and improvement of the rural left-behind children in the research site in the article, the service objects can have better emotions, promote mental health, make them happy and grow up healthily, and also provide a certain theory for the establishment of the local left-behind children care system.
 
Article
This paper analyzes the modeling of a computer-aided piano music automatic notation algorithm, combines the influence of music on psychological detachment, and designs the piano music automatic notation algorithm in psychological detachment model construction. This paper investigates the multiresolution time-frequency representation constant Q-transform (CQT), which is common in music signal analysis, and finds that although CQT has higher frequency resolution at low frequencies, it also leads to lower temporal resolution. The variable Q-transform is introduced as a tool for multibasic frequency estimation of the time-frequency representation of music signals, which has better temporal resolution than CQT at the exact frequency resolution and efficient coefficient calculation. The short-time Fourier transform and constant Q-transform time-frequency analysis methods are implemented, respectively, and note onset detection and multibasic tone detection are implemented based on CNN models. The network structure, training method, and postprocessing method of CNN are optimized. This paper proposes a temporal structure model for maintaining music coherence to avoid manual input and ensure interdependence between tracks in music generation. This paper also investigates and implements a method for generating discrete music events based on multiple channels, including a multitrack correlation model and a discretization process. In this paper, the automatic piano music notation algorithm can play an influential role in significantly enhancing the actual effect of psychological detoxification.
 
Article
Childhood is an essential length for the formation and improvement of people’s quite a number of psychological abilities; however, due to the damaging consequences of heredity, disease, surroundings, and education, it will carry poor outcomes to the ordinary improvement of kid’s psychology. Good body satisfactory and wholesome psychology are vital which ensure to adapt to social competition. Carrying out suitable body exercise can decorate students’ horrible psychological conditions, alter kid’s negative emotions, promote students’ intellectual enchantment, and enhance students’ willpower. This paper researches the relationship between kid’s gaining knowledge of motivation and psychological cognition and sports activity education occupational therapy, tries to discover out the influence of kid’s studying motivation and psychological cognition on kid’s sports activity coaching occupational therapy, analyses kid’s sports coaching motivation from inside causes, and focuses on how to make college students extra inclined from controlling motivation to self-sustaining motivation, so that college students are inclined to take part in finding out about sports activities and structuring a robust activity in body education.
 
Article
This paper conducts an in-depth study and analysis of the practice and application of teaching English pronunciation to children using AR (augmented reality) game assistance. The article analyzes the design of AR educational games based on the concept of learning behavior input, clarifies and determines the factors influencing students’ learning behavior input in AR gamified teaching environment, and proposes the design principles of AR educational games based on learning behavior input. By analyzing the characteristics of experiential learning and AR, the model of AR-based English experiential learning activities for elementary school is established. Based on certain demand analysis, the AR software that can be used for teaching pronunciation in elementary school English classrooms was designed and developed using Unity3D and 3ds Max software. The experimental method was used to compare and apply the software in the target school, and the students of elementary school X were selected as the experimental subjects. The data were analyzed with the help of SPSS and NVivo software, and the questionnaire was used to measure the “ease of use,” “usefulness,” and “satisfaction with the software.” The questionnaire was used to measure students’ acceptance of AR software in three dimensions: “ease of use,” “usefulness,” and “satisfaction with the software.”
 
Article
Objective: Therapeutic intervention can improve the overall level of mental health of American postmodern fiction writers by improving their social communication skills and overall well-being. This paper discusses the application of art therapy in the mental health education of American postmodern novel creators and proves that expressive art therapy intervention is effective in improving the mental health level of American postmodern novel creators. Method: This article attempts to help American postmodernist novel creators understand their own mental health status by means of individualized assessment and therapeutic intervention and to analyze and discover their own potential mental health problems. The writers of postmodernist novels in the USA were measured and screened by means of scales and questionnaires, and the members who met the experimental intervention were divided into experimental group and control group, and the experimental group received a 30-day reception music therapy intervention. After the intervention, the data will be counted, and the quantitative and qualitative aspects will be analyzed to comprehensively evaluate the effect of the intervention. Results/Discussion. Receptive music therapy intervention has a significant effect in relieving the anxiety of American postmodernist novel creators and plays a positive role in helping American postmodernist novel creators better adapt to study life and build good emotional psychology and interpersonal relationships. Psychological counseling relies more on external forces to correct cognition and adjust psychology, while music therapy intervention, as a nonsemantic art, can arouse inner functions and mobilize the self-healing potential of American postmodern novel creators. Practice has proven that when the language intervention of traditional psychotherapy encounters resistance and silence, music as a special language plays a vital role. The nonlinguistic nature of music, through a mode of reproduction of sounds in nature, makes the beautiful and soothing melody stimulate a pleasant and peaceful psychological experience through human hearing.
 
Article
The construction direction of Japanese teaching evaluation system based on hybrid teaching mode is to give full feedback to teaching process, diversify evaluation subjects and evaluation methods, and obtain comprehensive and objective evaluation results. Compared with most similar studies, more EEG data of teachers’ emotional stress relief and healthy people in Japanese teaching process were collected, and a large number of features were extracted. An experiment of teachers’ emotional stress relief recognition in Japanese teaching process based on EEG signal was designed. The feature selection algorithm was used to screen the EEG feature combinations of teachers’ emotional stress relief and healthy subjects, and the classification experiment was carried out to verify the difference. Finally, this paper uses the feature selection algorithm of tree model and the random forest model classifier to establish the recognition model of teachers’ emotional stress discharge in Japanese teaching process based on EEG signals and achieves the effect of more accurate recognition of teachers’ emotional stress discharge in Japanese teaching process. First, the connotation, value, and influencing factors of teachers’ emotion management ability are logically integrated and systematically expounded. Second, based on emotional psychology, emotional intelligence theory, psychotherapy theory, and management theory, teachers’ emotional management ability is constructed according to the three-dimensional structure theory of intelligence and information processing theory. It is constructed from three dimensions: object dimension (teachers themselves, students, and students), content dimension (positive and negative emotions), and operational dimension (emotional perception, emotional understanding, emotional expression, and emotional regulation).
 
Structure diagram of the CNN model used in this paper.
Emotional machine evaluation variance of different human evaluation levels.
Comparison of the reliability of human-machine evaluation between the two groups.
Distribution of human-machine ratings.
Error between human rating and machine rating.
Article
Traditional English classroom teaching is difficult to meet the oral learning needs of most learners. Thanks to the continuous advancement of speech processing technology, computer-assisted language learning systems are becoming more intelligent, not only pointing out learners’ pronunciation errors but also assessing their overall pronunciation level. Method. This paper uses the method of tree kernel function to measure the similarity of two ontology trees. According to the features of nodes in ontology tree, methods to calculate the external features and internal features of nodes are proposed, respectively. External features are mainly obtained by calculating the hierarchical centrality, node density, and node coverage of nodes in the ontology tree; internal features are mainly obtained by measuring the richness of internal information. According to the similarity of ontology tree and the external features and internal features of nodes, the calculation formula of structural comprehensive similarity is improved, and the features of ontology itself can be fully considered in the calculation. According to the difference of the structure, the weights of the corresponding features during the calculation are adjusted autonomously, so that the calculation results are closer to reality. In spectral image preprocessing, endpoint detection utilizes the harmonic characteristics presented by narrowband spectrograms with high frequency resolution and eliminates useless nonspeech segments by detecting the presence of voiced segments. When building the neural network model, four convolutional layers, two fully connected layers, and one softmax output layer were conceived, and dropout was used to randomly suspend the work of some neurons to avoid overfitting. Results/Discussion. Through the data analysis of mean and variance and verified by one-way analysis of variance, it proves that the sentiment evaluation method in this paper is effective. The traditional multiple linear regression method is not suitable for the corpus and application scenarios of this paper. This paper proposes a decision tree structure, which is similar to the overall scoring process of raters, and uses the Interactive Dicremiser version 3 (ID3) algorithm to build a comprehensive evaluation decision tree for pitch, rhythm, intonation, speech rate, and emotion indicators. It is proved by experiments that the accurate consistency rate of the human-machine evaluation in this paper is 93%, the adjacent consistency rate is 96%, and the Pearson correlation coefficient value of the human-machine evaluation results is 0.89. The data results prove that the evaluation method in this paper is credible.
 
Article
Background: In recent years, with a large number of rural people going out to work, the mental problems of left-behind children have been widely concerned by people from all walks of life. Objective: The purpose is to improve the teaching quality of music education of left-behind children and solve their unique mental problems. Methods: Based on the questionnaire survey, the mental state of left-behind children is studied, and the mental problems of left-behind children are intervened based on musical practice classes. First, the left-behind children's mental status is studied. Second, through the questionnaire, the left-behind children's music classroom status is studied and analyzed. Then, the musical classroom intervention experiment is designed to prevent and adjust the left-behind children's mental problems. Results: The results show that more than 90% of left-behind children spend less than one month with their parents every year. Most of the left-behind children are supervised by their grandparents, and 68% of them have been accompanied by their grandparents for more than nine months. Due to the lack of parents' company, most of the left-behind children are lack of self-confidence and timid and tend to care about others' opinions. Musical practice classes have a good effect on the regulation and prevention of left-behind children's mental problems. Conclusions: This study uses a questionnaire survey method to explore the new form of left-behind children's music classroom, preventing and regulating left-behind children's mental problems, which provides a reference for the research in related fields.
 
Iceberg model.
Distribution of the gender structure of the sample.
Fragmentation diagram of the factor.
The situation related to the innovation and entrepreneurship ability of college students.
Article
This paper constructs an evaluation model of occupational competency in rehabilitation therapy and applies it to the improvement of college students’ innovative and entrepreneurial competencies. Based on clarifying the connotation of college students’ entrepreneurial competency, this study carries out research on the evaluation system of college students’ entrepreneurial competency. First, the method of qualitative research is used to conduct in-depth interviews with college students and entrepreneurial mentors to understand the views of these groups on college students’ entrepreneurial competency, and the coding of the interview contents is carried out by applying the rooting theory, and finally, a theoretical model of the composition of college students’ entrepreneurial competency is derived. The front-line position of talent cultivation is the construction of faculty, because the faculty with high-quality vocational ability is an indispensable prerequisite for the development of universities, and the teaching level of the faculty is the key factor for the effectiveness of teaching to appear. Based on the perspective of role theory, we analyze the problems and reasons for the lack of competency in the role-playing process; integrate the three stages of understanding the role, playing the role, and adjusting the role with the competency model; and propose strategies to improve the competency of youth social workers in the process of playing the role, to help workers accurately understand the role, correctly play the role, and reasonably adjust the role. The curriculum is designed to cultivate the competency of college student nursing positions, which is conducive to improving the professional quality of college student nursing service providers and regulating college student nursing practice so that they can actively respond to problems. This will strengthen the entire teaching faculty and enhance the professional competence of full-time teachers.
 
Median of scores of items of the LDSR in a descending order. (1) Not a problem at all, (2) mild problem, (3) problem, (4) serious problem, and (5) very serious problem.
Numbers and percentages of participants as arranged by subgroups.
The code system contemplated throughout the IPA. Core themes are bolded.
Article
Background: There have been a limited number of studies that have focused on factors which shape the experiences of resettlement and occupational injustice among refugee populations. Purpose: To explore the factors that shape the living difficulties of Syrian refugees who were lawfully admitted into the United States and ways whereby they might interfere with shaping occupational injustice. Method: Mixed methodologies were incorporated. The living difficulty scale for refugees (LDSR) was disseminated. Semistructured interviews were conducted, and fieldnotes were collected as sources of qualitative data. Results: 254 participants (mean age 36.2 ± 9.6 yrs; 159 females and 95 males) completed the survey, and nine of them participated in the semistructured interviews. Age (p < 0.01), region (p < 0.001), and time in the United States (p < 0.05) had significant effects on the experiences of the participants, but not gender (p = 0.308). Occupational injustice is an outcome of an interaction between interpersonal and contextual factors. Practice Implications. Occupational therapists need to assume a vital role in maximizing opportunities of engagement in meaningful occupations for Syrian refugees to counteract occupational injustice and difficulties associated with resettlement.
 
Article
English reading occupies a large proportion of English test papers, and English reading ability is crucial for college students. However, in the actual teaching process, teachers often neglect the cultivation of students’ reading ability. Influenced by the new crown epidemic, various schools actively carry out online teaching. Through online teaching, we found that students’ interest in English classes has significantly increased, and the flipped classroom teaching model is a teaching model that combines online and offline teaching. Therefore, this study attempted to apply the flipped classroom model to college English reading instruction to stimulate students’ interest in English reading, increase students’ participation in class, and improve students’ ability to cooperate with each other and ultimately improve students’ reading performance. In this study, independent and paired sample t -tests were conducted using SPSS on the results of two reading tests to analyze the effect of this teaching method on the reading level of college students. The data collected from the questionnaires were quantitatively analyzed to understand the changing status of college students’ interest in reading and their perceptions of this instructional model. The study found that the flipped classroom can improve the reading level of college students. As for the survey of students’ cultural knowledge in the classroom, 56% of them know more about it, and 44% of them have almost no relevant background knowledge. In summary, we can conclude that students do not do enough prereading before class, their participation in class is low, and they know less about the corresponding cultural background knowledge. In the process of flipped classroom teaching, teachers should focus on adapting to their role change in time and selecting high-quality resources to push to students. At the same time, they should also strengthen the cultivation of students’ independent learning ability before class, improve students’ initiative, communicate more with students in class, find students’ problems in time and give corresponding guidance according to students’ specific conditions, and pay attention to the evaluation mode after class. Finally, we give teachers and students corresponding suggestions for the problems that appear in the experimental process, so as to promote the flipped classroom teaching to better serve the college reading teaching.
 
Article
The main semantic symbol systems for people to express their emotions include natural language and music. The analysis and establishment of semantic association between language and music is helpful to provide more accurate retrieval and recommendation services for text and music. Existing researches mainly focus on the surface symbolic features and association of natural language and music, which limits the performance and interpretability of applications based on semantic association of natural language and music. Emotion is the main meaning of music expression, and the semantic range of text expression includes emotion. In this paper, the semantic features of music are extracted from audio features, and the semantic matching model of audio emotion analysis is constructed to analyze ethnic music audio emotion through feature extraction ability of deep structure. The model is based on the framework of emotional semantic matching technology and realizes the emotional semantic matching of music fragments and words through semantic emotional recognition algorithm. Multiple experiments show that when W = 0.65 , the recognition rate of multichannel fusion model is 88.42%, and the model can reasonably realize audio emotion analysis. When the spatial dimension of music data changes, the classification accuracy reaches the highest when the spatial dimension is 25. Analysing the semantic association of audio promotes the application of folk music in occupational therapy.
 
Decision tree associated with high levels of caregiver burden inducing depressive symptoms. BI: Barthel index.
Article
This study was aimed at determining the cutoff values of activities of daily living (ADL) and the combination of related factors associated with high caregiver burden that induces depression among caregivers. The study participants included 50 pairs of home-based rehabilitation users and their primary caregivers. They were classified into two groups: high-burden and low-burden groups according to the short version of the Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview score of ≥13 or ≤12, respectively. The cutoff values of ADL and the combination of related factors associated with high caregiver burden were examined using the receiver operating characteristic curve and decision tree analyses. The cutoff value associated with high caregiver burden was 5 points for the controlling bladder item of the Barthel index (BI) (sensitivity: 90%, specificity: 70%). Regarding the decision tree, the controlling bladder item of BI (≤5 or 10 points) was selected as the first layer and the recipient’s age (≤78 or ≥79 years) as the second layer. High caregiver burden was identified in 85.7% of the caregivers in whom the score of controlling bladder of BI was ≤5 points and the patient was aged ≤78 years. A score of ≤5 points for the controlling bladder item of BI along with young recipient age was associated with high caregiver burden that induces depression among caregivers. This approach is useful to identify caregivers with high caregiver burden who are at risk for depression.
 
The hypothesis model. A hypothetical model of recovery process in severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) includes the direct effect of “difficulties in daily life” to “recovery process” without mediating variables, and the indirect effect of “difficulties in daily life” to “occupational dysfunction” to “recovery process” via mediating variables.
Structural relationship between the recovery process and difficulties in daily life mediated by occupational dysfunction using Bayesian structural equation modeling. The values in this figure indicate the standardized path coefficients (95% confidence interval).
Article
Background: This study is aimed at verifying a hypothetical model of the structural relationship between the recovery process and difficulties in daily life mediated by occupational dysfunction in severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Methods: Community-dwelling participants with SPMI were enrolled in this multicenter cross-sectional study. The Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule second edition (WHODAS 2.0), and the Classification and Assessment of Occupational Dysfunction (CAOD) were used for assessment. Confirmatory factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, and Bayesian structural equation modelling (BSEM) were determined to analyze the hypothesized model. If the mediation model was significant, the path coefficient from difficulty in daily life to recovery and the multiplication of the path coefficients mediated by occupational dysfunction were considered as each the direct effect and the indirect effect. The goodness of fit in the model was determined by the posterior predictive P value (PPP). Each path coefficient was validated with median and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The participants comprised 98 individuals with SPMI. The factor structures of RAS, WHODAS 2.0, and CAOD were confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis to be similar to those of their original studies. Multiple regression analysis showed that the independent variables of RAS were WHODAS 2.0 and CAOD, and that of CAOD was WHODAS 2.0. The goodness of fit of the model in the BSEM was satisfactory with a PPP = 0.27. The standardized path coefficients were, respectively, significant at -0.372 (95% CI: -0.586, -0.141) from "difficulty in daily life" to "recovery" as the direct effect and at -0.322 (95% CI: -0.477, -0.171) mediated by "occupational dysfunction" as the indirect effect. Conclusions: An approach for reducing not only difficulty in daily life but also occupational dysfunction may be an additional strategy of person-centered, recovery-oriented practice in SPMI.
 
Topology of interactive vocal guidance mechanism.
Disproportionately specific classification of emotion recognition.
Coding distribution of interactive vocal guidance channel parameters.
Value distribution of artistic physiological coherent balance signal.
Prediction distribution of interactive vocal signals under emotion recognition.
Article
The research on artistic psychological intervention to judge emotional fluctuations by extracting emotional features from interactive vocal signals has become a research topic with great potential for development. Based on the interactive vocal music instruction theory of emotion recognition, this paper studies the design of artistic psychological intervention system. This paper uses the vocal music emotion recognition algorithm to first train the interactive recognition network, in which the input is a row vector composed of different vocal music characteristics, and finally recognizes the vocal music of different emotional categories, which solves the problem of low data coupling in the artistic psychological intervention system. Among them, the vocal music emotion recognition experiment based on the interactive recognition network is mainly carried out from six aspects: the number of iterative training, the vocal music instruction rate, the number of emotion recognition signal nodes in the artistic psychological intervention layer, the number of sample sets, different feature combinations, and the number of emotion types. The input data of the system is a training class learning video, and actions and expressions need to be recognized before scoring. In the simulation process, before the completion of the sample indicators is unbalanced, the R language statistical analysis tool is used to balance the existing unbalanced data based on the artificial data synthesis method, and 279 uniformly classified samples are obtained. The 279 ∗ 7 dataset was used for statistical identification of the participants. The experimental results show that under the guidance of four different interactive vocal music, the vocal emotion recognition rate is between 65.85%-91.00%, which promotes the intervention of music therapy on artistic psychological intervention.
 
Article
With the rapid development of economy, politics, science, and technology and the improvement of living material level, people pay more attention to personal physical and mental development. The incidence of mental illness is on the rise. Psychological education curriculum learning and psychological counselling are based on communication; there are still many limitations. The art media enables patients to reveal their subconscious and potential emotional needs, so that interveners have the opportunity to explore these issues and build a bridge of communication with patients. In this paper, oil painting therapy of nonverbal communication is proposed as a way of psychological therapy. The patients in the psychological department of a hospital are served by six stages of therapy, each stage of treatment has different arrangements, and continuous service and treatment are adopted. Based on the art analysis principle of oil painting creation, the therapeutic experience obtained from oil painting creation and the experience gained from oil painting were divided into groups to compare the therapeutic effect and explore the role of oil painting art therapy. The results showed that the scores of the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 4 weeks and 6 weeks after the art therapy of oil painting creation, showing a significant downward trend overall. Oil painting art therapy may alleviate anxiety, providing data support for the application of oil painting art therapy in patients with depressive episodes.
 
Column line diagram clinical decision curve.
Schematic diagram of the Pearson correlation coefficient.
AUC values of the mildly mixed model compared with the mixed model.
Article
With the continuous updating and advancement of artificial intelligence technology, it gradually begins to shine in various industries, especially playing an increasingly important role in incremental music teaching and assisted therapy systems. This study designs artificial intelligence models from the perspectives of attention mechanism, contextual information guidance, and distant dependencies combined with incremental music teaching for the segmentation of MS (multiple sclerosis) lesions and achieves the automatic and accurate segmentation of MS lesions through the multidimensional analysis of multimodal magnetic resonance imaging data, which provides a basis for physicians to quantitatively analyze MS lesions, thus assisting them in the diagnosis and treatment of MS. To address the highly variable characteristics of MS lesion location, size, number, and shape, this paper firstly designs a 3D context-guided module based on Kronecker convolution to integrate lesion information from different fields of view, starting from lesion contextual information capture. Then, a 3D spatial attention module is introduced to enhance the representation of lesion features in MRI images. The experiments in this paper confirm that the context-guided module, cross-dimensional cross-attention module, and multidimensional feature similarity module designed for the characteristics of MS lesions are effective, and the proposed attentional context U-Net and multidimensional cross-attention U-Net have greater advantages in the objective evaluation index of lesion segmentation, while being combined with the incremental music teaching approach to assist treatment, which provides a new idea for the intelligent assisted treatment approach. In this paper, from algorithm design to experimental validation, both in terms of accuracy, the operational difficulty of the experiment, consumption of arithmetic power, and time cost, the unique superiority of the artificial intelligence attention-based combined with incremental music teaching adjunctive therapy system proposed in this paper can be seen in the MS lesion segmentation task.
 
Polarization distribution of role cognitive variable set.
Component structure of mitigation mechanism.
Descriptive cognitive distribution of emotional stress.
Distribution of reliability coefficients of emotional stress hypothesis.
Random data distribution of emotional stress relief.
Article
The emotional stress of English translation practitioners is an important research content of psychological organization counseling behavior. Based on the theory of role cognition, this paper adopts the perspective of emotional stress experience, integrates the construction theory and the self-determination theory, and builds an emotional stress relief mechanism for English translation practitioners. On the basis of sorting out psychological capital, emotional commitment, and behavioral variables of organizational practitioners, the article summarizes the concept, dimension, measurement, and causes and effects of variables and solves the problem of quantitative analysis of emotional stress. In the simulation process, the role cognitive variables and local cognitive variables are extracted separately using the dual-branch mitigation mechanism structure to enhance the diversity of the extracted cognitive variables; in the local branch, a loss function of emotional stress overlapping partial penalty mechanism is constructed. This mechanism is used to select a suitable destination sink node for the sensor nodes around the sink node with heavy load to transmit data and effectively relieve the data collection pressure of the original sink node. The experimental results show that by using role cognitive variables and local cognitive variables in the training of classification loss and triple loss, respectively, the mitigation mechanism can mine subtle and significant cognitive variables from the local area and finally integrate role cognitive cognition. The accuracy rate of obtaining 297 questionnaires reached 91.4%, which effectively promoted the mechanism research of emotional stress on the behavior of English translation practitioners.
 
Scores for the executive function according to SCWT.
Scores for the executive function according to WCST.
List of the three goals of each child and rating of children in performance and satisfaction according to the COPM.
Article
Background: Children with a specific learning disability (SLD) have deficits in everyday occupations along with executive function in addition to academic issues. Objective: The present study is aimed at investigating the effectiveness of Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) and the Four-Quadrant Model of Facilitated Learning (4QM) interventions on the participation in occupational performance and executive function skills in children with SLD. Method: This study was a single-case experimental design (multiple baselines) in which six children with SLD were randomly assigned to three groups. In the baseline phase, three groups of children underwent repeated executive function assessments using the Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT) and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in the multiple baselines. In the intervention phase, all six mothers of children with SLD individually received OPC and 4QM interventions once a week for 14 sessions of 60 minutes and during this period, children were evaluated six more times for executive function skills according to SCWT and WCST. In addition, The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) at the beginning and the end of the baseline phase and the end of the intervention phase were completed by mothers of children with SLD. Results: More than 50% PND of the SCWT and WCST in the visual analysis graph's information along with significant changes in COPM scores and large effect size of BRIEF subscales (Cohen's d ≥ 0.8) in pre- and postintervention showed the effectiveness of OPC and 4QM on the participation in occupational performance and executive function skills in children with SLD. Conclusion: The results of the study support the effectiveness of OPC and 4QM interventions on children with SLD. However, research with more participants and experimental methods can provide further evidence.
 
The cognitive process of the subject of erotic movies.
The influence of the Lacanian unconscious on the subject.
The correlation between object a’s residual pleasure and different subjects.
The correlation between human desire and the desire of the big other.
The duration of the desire of the subject’s desire for nothing.
Article
Jacques Lacan is a famous French psychoanalyst, but his influence has long gone beyond the scope of psychoanalysis and has affected almost all fields of “human science.” Film and psychoanalysis coincided almost simultaneously and influenced each other. But with the development of film, researchers found that film studies in the period of classic film and film semiotics have come to an end. It has certain theoretical value to explore the construction of the subject and the mental model of the erotic film based on Lacan’s desire theory. Method. The body in the film and video described in this paper includes both the material body as an aesthetic object and the spiritual body with aesthetic consciousness. The so-called artistic presentation of the body element means that the beauty of the body form displayed by the actor’s body in the film video is perceived by the audience, and the desire to stare is captured by the audience, thereby completing the audience’s entire body composed of eyes, body, and mind. The body is not only an aesthetic object but also an aesthetic subject, and the human cognitive system is not just a closed brain. Because the nervous system, body, and environment are constantly changing and interacting, true cognition is a unified system of all three. The main part of this paper uses Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory to deeply analyze the relationship between the characters shown in the film. From the cognitive impairment of the self to the failure of communication between characters, the language of uncertainty entangled by desire is removed, and the behavior and facial expressions of the movie characters are used as the analysis basis to fully interpret the inner world of the characters. This includes love, hatred, pain, struggle, and many other contradictory emotions. In addition, this paper also analyzes the metaphor of the relationship between the characters from the perspective of semiotics and discusses the description of the relationship between the characters from the lens language from the perspective of cinematography. The special meaning conveyed by the recurring elements in the film is emphasized, and the correlation between the pictures is explained from the less mentioned photographic aspect of the film. Results/Discussion. Looking at Lacan’s theory, the subject, the other, and desire are linked by the subject spirit, which is the core of the connection between the three, and only through the resistance and struggle of the subject spirit can the illusion of the subject be broken. Bewilderment and the suppression of the other and desire finally become the self. And the embodiment of this true self is particularly prominent in film art. Lacan’s purpose is not merely to dissolve the subject but to seek a stand in the midst of destruction, pursuing the ultimate transcendence of man’s desire for the external other and internal desire.
 
Psychological data analysis framework.
Theme distribution map.
The proportion of time spent on each element of teacher A’s TPACK.
Relevance results.
Article
This paper adopts the method of psychological data analysis to conduct in-depth research and analysis on the correlation between teachers’ classroom teaching behaviors and students’ knowledge acceptance. Firstly, this paper proposes a health factor prediction model, which is specifically divided into clustering and then classification model and a clustering and classification synthesis model. The classroom learning process is coded, sampled, and quantified to obtain data on students’ learning behaviors, and a visualization system based on classroom students’ learning behaviors is designed and developed to record and analyze students’ behaviors in the classroom learning process and grasp students’ classroom learning. These two models use algorithms to fine-grained divide the dataset from the perspective of subject users and mental health factors, respectively, and then use decision tree algorithms to classify and predict the mental health factor information by the subject user base information. Second, based on the collected datasets, we designed comparison experiments to validate the clustering-then-classification model and the integrated clustering-classification model and selected the optimal model for comparison. Teachers should increase effective praise and encouragement behaviors; teachers should increase meaningful teacher-student interaction behaviors; teachers should be proficient in teaching media technology to reduce unnecessary time wastage. Strategies to enhance teachers’ TPACK include enriching teachers’ knowledge base of CK, TK, and PK; developing teachers’ integration thinking; and enriching teachers’ types of activities for integrating technology.
 
Article
Workflow fine control is an important research tool for the mediating effect of teacher burnout. Based on the fine control theory of workflow, this paper constructs a mediating effect model of teacher burnout in primary and secondary school teachers from the perspective of informal learning. The model designs a measurement scale based on the results of fine control, and the scale is revised through informal learning pretests to form the logical frame analysis loop of this paper. The scale uses Likert 5-point scoring, from 1.5 to represent never, rarely, occasionally, often, and always, which solves the difficulty of quantitative analysis of teacher burnout data. During the simulation process, SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 7.0 were used to conduct empirical analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis on the survey data, and the measurement scales were tested. The empirical analysis results show that this paper uses cluster sampling and random sampling to carry out a questionnaire survey on 1022 primary and secondary school teachers. The measurement scale includes 19 items. Through exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, the control method is determined. In two dimensions, the revised control style questionnaire has a reliability of 0.951, and items with factor loadings less than 0.5 are eliminated, which effectively improves the control performance of informal learning.
 
Flowchart for the study.
effect of interventions using occupational engagement compared to other or no intervention.
Article
Background: Healthy lifestyle is important to decrease health risks in individuals living with chronic pain. From an occupational therapy perspective, human health and lifestyle are linked to occupational engagement in meaningful everyday activities. This study is aimed at investigating the effect of including occupational engagement in chronic pain interventions on lifestyle. Methods: In this systematic review (PROSPERO reg. CRD42020159279), we included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on interventions involving occupational engagement (i.e., occupational performance based on involvement, choice, positive meaning, and commitment) and assessing modifiable lifestyle factors: physical activity, body anthropometrics, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, and sleep. We sought the databases Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, OTseeker, ClinicalTrials.gov, OpenGrey, and the web engine Google Scholar and citations and references of relevant publications. We evaluated methodological quality with the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool 2.0, determined the overall evidence certainty using the GRADE methodology, and performed meta-analysis when two or more trials reported on the outcomes. Results: Of the 9526 items identified, 286 were full text screened. We included twelve articles with eleven RCTs comprising 995 adults and assessing physical activity, sleep quality, stress, and Body Mass Index. Sufficient data for meta-analysis was only available for physical activity and sleep quality. The meta-analysis suggested a moderate increase in physical activity after behavioral interventions for fibromyalgia and musculoskeletal pain (SMD = 0.69 (0.29; 1.09)) and a small increase in sleep quality up to 6 months after multidisciplinary self-management of fibromyalgia (SMD = 0.35 (95% CI 0.08; 0.61)). The overall certainty of the evidence was deemed low. Conclusion: Including occupational engagement in chronic pain interventions may increase short-term physical activity and long-term sleep quality. Due to the few available RCTs including occupational engagement in chronic pain treatment for adults living with chronic pain, further high-quality RCTs are needed and will likely change the conclusion.
 
Article
This paper presents an in-depth analysis and study of the role of piano performance in alleviating psychological trauma in people with psychological isolation disorder. In this paper, we designed a music modulation system based on EEG signals of people with isolation disorder and designed an interface with real-time emotion recognition. MATLAB is responsible for data processing and classification, while Python is responsible for communication and real-time transmission between modules, EEG signal collection, and processing. For the EEG signals in the DEAP emotion database, a Butterworth bandpass filter is used to denoise the signals, and then, a wavelet packet decomposition reconstruction is used to remove the artifacts and complete the preprocessing of the signals. Finally, the support vector machine with optimized parameters of the genetic algorithm was used to classify the positive, neutral, and negative samples with 89.23% accuracy. In this study, all subjects were divided into experimental and control groups by experimentally measuring the changes in heart rate, skin electrical conduction, skin temperature, and EEG signals before and after the experimental group, and statistical analysis was also performed on the data tabulation of the experimental and control groups. The experimental results proved that piano playing has a significant effect on relieving the psychological trauma of people with psychological isolation disorder when the training frequency of piano playing therapy reaches a certain intensity. This study provides a certain theoretical basis for clinical, educational, and health services.
 
Article
In order to explore the public administration and resource allocation based on blockchain and structured occupational therapy, this paper takes the public affairs in the prevention and control of the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic as an example to conduct research. On the basis of summarizing and analyzing the previous published literatures, this study expounded the research status and significance of public administration and resource allocations; elaborated the development background, current status and future challenges of blockchain, and structured occupational therapy; introduced the methods and principles of data quality collaboration model and multiparty collaboration standard management; analyzed the case background of public administration and resource allocation in the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic; discussed the public administration mechanism based on blockchain and structured occupational therapy; established a resource allocation method based on blockchain and structured occupational therapy; fathomed the role of the distributed ledger established by blockchain to increase the information symmetry of public administration activities; proposed a blockchain-established special machine trust for resource allocation; and finally, anatomized the data security sharing and access control mechanism based on blockchain and structured occupational therapy. The research results show that the public administration and resource allocation in this paper can effectively realize the data integration of the whole process and all departments and show the whole data and realize the traceability of the whole process. The blockchain revolutionizes the hierarchical leadership method of traditional resource allocation, shortens the distance between superiors and subordinates, makes information dissemination more fluent, and handles things more efficiently, making resource allocation ultimately form a flatter organization structure. In the original trust system of resource allocation, the blockchain and structured occupational therapy realizes the reconstruction of the trust system by preventing information tampering, using information encryption technology, and using information traceability technology. The results of this paper provide a reference for further research on the public administration and resource allocation based on blockchain and structured occupational therapy.
 
Article
Objective: On the basis of inheriting the classical aesthetic orientation of Japanese literature, contemporary Japanese literature changes the creative methods of traditional Japanese writers, strives to transcend the national limitations of Japanese literature, and strives to capture literary materials with a "modern feel." Combined with modern western literary techniques to express the "modern self," and integrating popular literature with pure literature, Japanese writers created a "healing" literature that is popular all over the world. There is some value in exploring the correlation between Japanese literature and the influence of psychotherapy. Method: In this paper, an equation diagnosis algorithm based on iterative learning for a class of linear discrete systems is studied, and the existing discrete iterative learning diagnostics are improved. We exchange the order of time domain and iterative domain to achieve the purpose of point-by-point equation diagnosis. On this basis, a virtual influence initial value estimation algorithm with a sliding window is proposed. The impact that has not been diagnosed is estimated and used as the initial value of the impact, so as to reduce the number of iterations and improve the efficiency of equation diagnosis. This paper takes the public and readers as different perspectives, based on the use and satisfaction theory and prospect theory, and uses interviews and questionnaires to study the communication effect of Japanese literature from the three dimensions of cognition, emotion, and behavior. The cognitive part includes the public's understanding and readers' understanding and reading; the emotional part includes the public's and readers' impressions and emotional attitudes; the behavioral part includes the public's reading situation and readers' behavior changes. Results/Discussion. In the survey of loyal readers, although readers' understanding of Japanese literature has improved compared with the general public, it is not high, and their liking and influence on behavior are slightly lower than the preset level. This paper believes that the existing problems of Japanese literature dissemination are mainly concentrated in three aspects: the market is somewhat biased, which narrows the cognitive scope of users; as a cross-cultural literary work, Japanese literature still makes readers feel that it exists; there is some sense of estrangement, which will affect their enjoyment in reading; as a niche interest, readers lack timely communication and sharing objects after reading, so it is difficult to enhance their sense of identity.
 
A brief description of music-assisted reliance on browsing information.
Virtual reality-assisted interactive music element data pooling.
Distribution of deep fit of music-assisted interactive teaching.
Extraction of virtual reality network environment factors.
Interactive teaching virtual display data editing.
Article
Virtual reality technology has attracted researchers’ attention because it can provide users with a virtual interactive learning environment. Based on the theory of virtual reality technology, this paper proposes the system model design and architecture of virtual interactive music-assisted interactive teaching and realizes key technologies such as modeling, music-assisted interactive teaching scene interaction, and database access. In the simulation process, based on the VRML/X3D bottom interactive system template, after comprehensive application research, comparative analysis of various modeling methods, the system verified the use of digital cameras combined with the modeling technology based on music elements to collaboratively establish VRML virtual model connections. For inline node function, we combined it with Outline3D to realize VRML integration and then use VizX3D, X3D-Edit to build X3D model and realize the conversion from VRML to X3D, which solves the system completeness problem of music-assisted interactive teaching. The experimental results show that, according to the statistical analysis of the data after the experiment, when the position changes in the virtual 3D music-assisted interactive teaching scene, it will be displayed in the plane layer, and the real-time coordinates of the virtual music-assisted interactive teaching scene displayed in HTML have case. By analyzing the scenes and dynamic effects in the works, the effects of the virtual world can be better displayed through the performance of details. The better accuracy and delay error reached 89.7% and 3.11%, respectively, which effectively improved the effect and feasibility of applying virtual reality technology to music-assisted interactive teaching.
 
Effect of active meditation practice on hair cortisol. (a) Hair cortisol was measured in basal conditions and after a 3-month meditation intervention (POST). (b) Individual hair cortisol differences between posttreatment and basal values. Data represent median±range; Mann–Whitney test was performed; ∗∗∗p=0.0003.
Effect of active meditation practice on hair cortisol. (a) Hair cortisol was measured in basal conditions and after a 3-month meditation intervention (POST). (b) Individual hair cortisol differences between posttreatment and basal values. Data represent median±range; Mann–Whitney test was performed; ∗∗∗p=0.0003.
Article
Methods: Undergraduate students from the University of Chile's health careers were divided at random into control (n = 7) and treated groups (n = 15). The treated group participated in an active meditation program once a week for three months. This treatment included different techniques such as Chakra Sounds, Nataraj, Mandala, Kundalini, Devavani, Gourishankar, and Nadabrahma. Hair samples were taken before and after the treatment period to measure cortisol. Results: The control group increased cortisol level 168.9 ± 76.8 pg/mg compared with initial levels. The treated group shows a decrease of initial cortisol values in 28.5 ± 12.8 pg/mg after meditation protocol application. Conclusions: Blending active meditation in students' daily routine through occupational therapy intervention might prevent undergraduate students' stress in healthcare careers.
 
Journal metrics
28 days
Submission to first decision
144 days
Submission to final decision
19 days
Acceptance to publication
30%
Acceptance rate
$1,450
APC
1.565 (2021)
Journal Impact Factor™
2 (2021)
CiteScore
Top-cited authors
Isobel Hubbard
  • University of Newcastle
Leeanne M Carey
  • The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Cheryl Neilson
  • La Trobe University
Virgil Mathiowetz
  • University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Byoung-Hee Lee
  • Sahmyook University