Globalization and liberalization increasingly provide opportunities for each country to increase regional and global cooperation. Socio-economic integration is also increasing, along with community cooperation in the regional and global scope. This study aims to determine the effect of remittances and other macroeconomic variables such as FDI, inflation, and export-import on GDP per capita in ASEAN 6 countries. The panel data analysis method used is regression using panel data sourced from the World Bank and ASEAN datasets in the form of annual data. The estimation results from FEM found that exports and remittances showed a significant positive effect on GDP per capita in ASEAN 6. In addition, imports showed a significant negative effect on GDP per capita in ASEAN 6. Meanwhile, several macroeconomic variables that were not significant were FDI, which showed a significant negative effect. Positive but not significant, inflation has a negative but not significant effect on GDP per capita in ASEAN 6. The emphasis on the positive effect of remittances on GDP per capita proves that the flow of remittances into developing countries will help increase income per capita. Vice versa, a crisis that hinders the increase in the enthusiasm of emigrants. The COVID-19 pandemic delays the emigrant's production activities and increases that will hinder the flow of remittances into the country of origin, such as in ASEAN 6 countries.
This article discusses the efforts of the East Kalimantan Government handling cases of development of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) during the COVID-19. The handling strategy can be assessed by understanding the measures, steps, and policies formulated and implemented by the East Kalimantan government. A deliberative policy analysis approach was used to analyze this case. This approach analyzes the narratives and arguments of the authorities to understand decision-making and policy implementation. The writing of this article uses a qualitative approach by utilizing the descriptive analysis method. The data collection technique used is a literature study using books, journal articles, newspapers, online news, and traditional institutions' websites. First, this paper's essential findings are reallocation and refocusing of the Covid-19 Budget for the cost of economic stimulus to strengthen capital for affected businesses and small industry players. Second, relaxation and credit restructuring. Third, the temporary closure policy for cafes or restaurants is due to residents' ignorance or non-compliance with government calls regarding health protocols. As a result, efforts to deal with it have stalled because the wider community does not support it. Combining these three factors complicates the provincial government's efforts to deal with MSMEs' development during the COVID-19 pandemic in East Kalimantan. Policy recommendations for the recovery of MSMEs in East Kalimantan Province, namely increasing the role of Indagkop through fostering and educating MSMEs in utilizing technology to sell online and the one-door policy for MSMEs.
Deposit money banks thrives on financial intermediation. Funds lending constitutes the largest income-earning asset in the portfolio of most deposit money banks generally. Hence, banks deploy huge resources to estimate, monitor and manage the quality of their loans and advances. This study aims at investigating the determinants of lending of deposit money banks in Nigeria. Secondary data was used to justify the relationship between commercial banks and lending in Nigeria. More so, the model used was estimated using Nigeria deposit money banks loans and advances (LOA) as dependent variable, and determinants (independent variables) such as volume of deposit (Vd), Interest rate (Ir), liquidity ratio (Lr) and annual average exchange rate (ExR) for the period of 1990 - 2014 (25 years). The techniques used in this investigation were : Augmented Dickey-fuller (ADF) test), multiple regression analysis and Granger causality test. The estimated result revealed that there is a positive relationship between loans and advances and volume of deposit and annual average exchange rate of Naira to dollar, while interest rate and liquidity ratio has a negative relation: all conform to the approri expectation. The study then suggests that commercial banks should focus on mobilizing more deposits as this will enhance their lending performance, and should formulate critical, realistic and functional plans that will ensure its profitability, liquidity and solvency. The government should ensure it uses monetary policy such that will create enabling environment for the deposit money banks to generate more deposits so as to channel it to investors for investment
Public-Private Partnership (PPP) is one of the schemes that have inspired many countries in infrastructure development. One of the most discussed PPP topics by researchers is the concept of Critical Success Factors (CSF). Therefore, this study examines CSF publications for PPP projects from selected journal sites from 2000-2019. The results showed that research on CSF in PPP began to increase in 2012. The most identified CSFs were appropriate risk allocation and sharing, competitive and transparent procurement processes, favorable and efficient legal frameworks, commitment and responsibility of the public and private sectors, and a robust and reliable private consortium. Furthermore, it was also found that most countries that were the objects of research on PPP CSF were China, followed by Hong Kong and Australia. The results also show that the dominant research focuses on multi-sector types of infrastructure where CSF can be applied to all infrastructure sectors. The findings obtained in this study can provide an overview of CSFs for projects with PPP schemes in the future. Besides, the identified CSFs can be applied to any PPP infrastructure sector. They can assist stakeholders in increasing the likelihood of PPP project success and can be adopted for further research
The objective of this study is to analyze the spatial distribution of monetary and non-monetary poverty in Cameroon. The identification of poor households by the monetary dimension is done using the thresholds defined by national institute of statistics. While in the non-monetary, dimension we use multiple correspondence analysis to construct composite indicators of well-being. After calculating the composite indicators, we use the formula developed by Ki et al. (2005) to calculate the poverty line. The data used in this study is from the second, third and fourth Cameroon household surveys. The results show that the incidence of monetary poverty declined from 40.2% in 2001 to 39.9% in 2007 to reach 37.5% in 2014. Non-monetary poverty stagnated between 2001 and 2007, with the incidence going from 60.65% to 61%. In 2014, the incidence declined to 53.84%. The proportion of individuals affected by both monetary and non-monetary poverty increased from 34.34% in 2001 to 35.59% in 2007, and stood at 33.49% in 2014. The rural areas are the most affected by monetary and non-monetary poverty. The region of the country most affected by monetary and non-monetary poverty is the Far North. Taking into account these results, poverty reduction policies in Cameroon should give priority to rural areas. Thus specific measures should be taken to improve access to basic infrastructures in rural areas. The Cameroonian government can also reduce taxes on construction materials.
High Frequency Trading (HFT) is automation of the conventional securities trades in exchanges that begins by placing limit buy or sell orders, connecting the buyer to the seller and executing the transaction for profit. HFT began in the wake of the millennium and rapidly grew till 2005, later dropping after the 2007-2009 financial crisis; igniting a huge debate. I argue that HFT neither caused the 2007-2009 financial crisis actually occasioned by mispricing of subprime mortgages nor the May 6, 2010 flash crash actually caused by the immediacy problem. That HFT is just an algorithm that attracted mistrust by a section of exchange stakeholders by reason of high speed trade execution. I finally forecast that HFT can only gain more ground after reaching its lowest in 2014, but that it requires regulation to operate in stability.
This study aims to estimate (the possibility) the inflation convergence among regionals in Indonesia and also analyze the determinant/source factor of the regional inflation. The population of this study consists of 31 provinces by using secondary data of the 2008-2017 period. Consumer Price Index becomes the dependent variable while Gross Regional Domestic Product, Provincial Minimum Wage, credit and Open Unemployment Level become the independent variable. This research uses panel data analysis and Fixed Effect Model regression estimation approach. The result showed that inflation convergence happened among regionals in Indonesia that can be seen through the X1 variable coefficient value of -0.635457 since the value of β < 0. While for the convergence speed calculation, the measurement result showed that the duration needed by the inflation to return to the initial balance or its natural value is 68 months. The study result also showed that Gross Regional Domestic Product, Provincial Minimum Wage, credit and Open Unemployment Level have significant influence on the Indonesia’s regional Inflation in 2008-2017.
This study aims to analyze stock performance credibility using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) method, the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) method, the Fama-French Three-Factor Model (FFTFM), and the 2013-2017 LQ-45 Stock Performance rating. The technique used for sampling is purposive sampling. The samples in this study are 23 companies. The results show that the CAPM model is more accurate in stock credibility assessment than the APT model and the FFTFM.
Accountability of assets is an unfinished problem in almost all local governments in Indonesia. It is proved by the high number of audit findings from the State Audit Agency regarding asset management issues. The aim of this study is to analyze the implementation of the accountability of fixed assets of local government. The method used is qualitative method. Questionnaires and interviews were done for data collection. The respondents of the research are government officials and apparatus who are actively involved in managing regional assets. The result shows that the implementation of the legal and process accountability for fixed asset management in Jambi City is categorized as good.
Regional autonomy allows regions to hold the authority to manage their own regions. It also raises the responsibility that must be fulfilled by the regional government, namely financial reporting as a means of accountability. Reliability and timeliness are two important elements in financial information for the right decision making. There are several factors that can influence reliability and timeliness. This study aims to examine the effect of accounting internal controls and human resources capacity on the reliability and timeliness of financial reporting in local governments. The object of this research was the head and staff of the Regional Financial and Asset Agency (BKAD) in the Special Region of Yogyakarta province. Data collection was done through questionnaires, which were then analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that accounting internal control and human resources capacity have a significant influence on the reliability and timeliness of financial reporting in the local governments in the Special Region of Yogyakarta Province.
Many factors influence the success of a business, either internal or external factors. This study aims to examine the interrelationship of internal factors in the form of creativity and innovation to the success of the businesses of traditional cake. Using quantitative methods, data was collected through questionnaires to 37 traditional cake entrepreneurs in Kuala Tungkal City, Tanjung Jabung Barat Regency, Jambi Province. Analysis was done by using path analysis. The results show that creativity and innovation both simultaneously and partially have a positive effect on the success of traditional cake businesses. Innovation has more dominant influence than creativity in the success of businesses. From the descriptive analysis it was found that the success of the business in the form of increasing income was not followed by the addition of new customers. Therefore it is recommended for the entrepreneurs to innovate in product, process, place and design to be able to attract new customers.
This study is aimed to investigate the determinants of finance companies’ acquisition. During the last 15 years, there were more than 30 mergers and acquisition deals happened in the finance company industry. We have analyzed six micro financial ratios which are productivity ratio, profitability ratio, equity capitalization, leverage ratio, asset composition ratio, and firm size. The dependent variables are dummy variables of acquisition. The financial ratios are OER (operating efficiency ratio), ROE (return on equity), leverage, asset allocation ratio, equity size and firm size. The samples are the 90 finance companies who issued financial report from 2001-2015. Data were analyzed using panel data regression. The results of the study found that only company size had a significant effect on finance companies acquisition
This paper aims to provide comparative information on mergers & acquisition activities in the banking sector of Pakistan. This study used accounting ratios to analyze the financial performance of banks in Pakistan after merger and acquisitions. The study utilized secondary data which were taken from Thomson Financial Services Worldwide M&A database, financial statements of bank’s corporate website and Pakistan stock exchange. In this study, financials for eleven years (2005-2016) were analyzed by using ratios. In spite of certain limitations, accounting ratios are still reflected as an easy and reliable analytical tool. Ratio analysis, being a time-tested method, is most frequently employed in all financial decision-making processes. The results show that the financial performance of banking sector of Pakistan in the capacities of profitability, and leverage, has been quite satisfactory before the merger deal. It means that merger deal fails to improve the financial performance of the bank, and banks merge with other small or equal size banks only to capture market share, to open Islamic window, for cost-cutting, to create synergy, to gain efficient resources and to unlock hidden values
The objective of this paper is to discuss the concept of good university governance and the structure of university in Indonesia. In particular, the paper focuses on the structure of university in order to improve the good university governance in Indonesia. Good University Governance is basically setting the organizational structure, the process of business, as well as program and activities in the planning procedure. Leaders are different from managers. The leader is chosen and earned the academic leadership and the authority. Academic leaders are mandated to lead and a combination of academic leaders and managers. A university should apply academic leadership in every level. It is necessary to implement the checks and balances of executive authority, which can be performed by the university and faculty academic senate. Avoid conflicts of interest as well as multiple positions in implementing good governance in a university.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of price of rice, flour prices, population, income of population and demand of rice for a year earlier on rice demand, demand rice elasticity and rice demand prediction in Jambi Province. This study uses secondary data, including time series data for 22 years from 1988 until 2009. The study used some variables, consist of rice demand (Qdt), the price of rice (Hb), the price of wheat flour (Hg), population (Jp), the income of the population (PDRB) and demand for rice the previous year (Qdt-1). The make of this study are multiple regression and dynamic analysis a Partial Adjustment Model, where the demand for rice is the dependent variable and the price of rice, flour prices, population, income population and demand of rice last year was the independent variable. Partial Adjustment Model analysis results showed that the effect of changes in prices of rice and flour are not significant to changes in demand for rice. The population and demand of rice the previous year has positive and significant impact on demand for rice, while revenues have negative and significant population of rice demand. Variable price of rice, earning population and the price of flour is inelastic the demand of rice, because rice is not a normal good but as a necessity so that there is no substitution of goods (replacement) of rice with other commodities in Jambi Province. Based on the analysis, it is recommended to the government to be able to control the rate of population increase given the variable number of people as one of the factors that affect demand for rice.It is expected that the government also began to socialize in a lifestyle of non-rice food consumption to control the increasing amount of demand for rice. Last suggestion, the government developed a diversification of staple foods other than rice. Keywords: Demand, Rice, Income Population
There has been many significant research efforts that have been devoted to understand the effects of macroeconomic factors on the agriculture sector in Nigeria. In addition to the macroeconomic factors, Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) over the period 1981 to 2017 will be included into the scenario of this study to examine the effects of these factors on agricultural output in Nigeria. This paper employed co-integration analysis and multivariate Granger causality which is carried out using VECM approach to analyse the causal links among all the variables considered for estimation. The findings showed relationship that exists between the agricultural output which is the dependent variable and the independent variables. It also revealed the variations between the dependent and independent variables which are Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate, interest rate, foreign direct investment (FDI), commercial bank loan on agriculture, SAP and inflation rate. In conclusion, commercial loan on agriculture, FDI, interest and inflation rate were macroeconomic variables that contributed to agricultural output in Nigeria within the period examined.
The main purpose of this research is to examine the speed strategy of public administration services in fulfilling the basic rights of citizens in rural areas in Indonesia. The method in this research is descriptive type with quantitative approach and use explanatory survey. The target of the research was villagers in four districts in Jambi Province. The instrument used to collect the data is by using a structured questionnaire given to the sample respondents. The statistical tool to examine the hypotehsis is by using Partial Least Square (PLS) method with smart-PLS as the software. The study found that the speed strategy of public administration services has a positive and significant influence on fulfilling the basic rights of citizens in rural areas. However, these positive and significant effect towards fulfilling the basic rights of citizens are mediated by public administration services. These suggest that the role of public administration services in rural areas should be transparent, accountable, and it needs to accommodate public participants and public right equally.
Assessment of public satisfaction with an agency's performance that organizes public services needs to be assessed by involving all service attributes because service attributes cannot stand alone, and performance improvement cannot be made separately. Assessment of service attributes is one way to track consumer ratings so that service providers can understand the causes of service problems. This study uses the Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) method. From this study, it was found that the priority that needs to be improved to improve public satisfaction with population administration services is to increase the discipline of officers in serving the community, certainty of service costs, and speed of service.
This study aims to analyze the conditions and the level of information technology (IT) adoption in micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in Jambi City and its factors. The data was obtained by carrying out a sample survey on MSMEs in Jambi City. The study uses descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The results of the study found that: 1) the level of IT adoption in MSMEs in Jambi City is still relatively low. About one third of MSMEs is still using IT only for internally oriented functional integration. On the contrary, only 1.89 percent of MSMEs have been in the stage of business scope redefinition under influence of IT; 2) Behavior intention has a significant effect on the level of IT adoption in MSMEs. Furthermore, there are five variables that influence behavioral intention of MSMEs related to the use of IT. Those are effort expectance, social influence, hedonic motivation, price value, and habit.
Increasing technology adoption among smallholder farmers has a big potential to uplift living standards of poor through increasing production and consumption pattern. The objective of this study was analyzing determinant of smallholder teff farmer’s chemical fertilizer technology adoption and its intensification in Southern Ethiopia, in case of Gena district in Dawro Zone. The study used data from 180 respondents from four selected teff dominant kebeles of Gena districts in Dawro Zone, through structured questioner. The descriptive statistics and Heckman two stage econometric methods were employed to analyze data collected from sampled household. The significance of coefficient of inverse Mill’s ratio ( ) indicates the presence of selection bias and the effectiveness of applying Heckman two stage model. In the 1st stage of probit regression results of study show that the adoption decision of chemical fertilizer use were driven by factors such as farm size, size of family, family labor, education, access to credit; access to information, distance to near market place. In the second stage, the intensification of chemical fertilizer application was influenced by membership to cooperative, availability of extension service, access to credit, size of farm land, size of family member, family labor, educational status, sex of head. The policies which expand the accessibility of credit service, dissemination of productive agricultural technology information, and creating opportunity of education for farm house hold has potential to increase the chance of chemical fertilizer adoption decision and strengthen the level of adoption among smallholder farmers.
This study examines the possible challenges and prospects of the recent signing of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement on South-South trade. The recent ratification of the agreement by the African Union (AU) Heads of Government and the establishment of the mega-regional trade agreements (MRTAs) by the major global trading economies are the biggest since the establishment of the WTO. One of these regional and continental agreements' principal objectives is to further strengthen trade terms and balance of trade statistics between member nations. Whereas almost all the regional and continental blocs have to a large extent, achieved the purpose of their trade agreements, Africa stands out as the only region whose intra-trade value still constitutes less than 15% of global trade share. Many reasons have been adduced to be responsible for the weak trade performance, one of which is weak regional integration. This study, therefore, concludes that for Africa to achieve significant improvement in global trade, the region needs to encourage regional trade, which will act as a catalyst for transforming the domestic economies and lay a robust foundation for healthy regional competition and integration
The purpose of this research are: 1) to investigated the tendency of budget absorption to regional working units (SKPD in Indonesian) expenditure in the provincial government of Jambi; 2) to analyze factors that influence the SKPD’s budget absorption in the provincial government of Jambi; 3) to examine the effect of budget absorption on agency performance in the provincial government of Jambi. The data used in the research are secondary data in the form of budget realization reports, and primary data by using questionnaires. The population in this research are all SKPD in the environment of the provincial government of Jambi. The data analysis tools used in this research is Partial Least Square (PLS). The research finding shows that 1) all SKPD in the environment of the provincial government of Jambi tend to be delayed in budget absorption. About 82.61% SKPD tend to be delayed in budget absorption of personnel expenditure. All SKPD tend to be delayed in budget absorption of goods and services expenditure, and 43.90% SKPD tend to be delayed in budget absorption of capital expenditure; 2) budget planning and budget execution are the factors that affect the budget absorption significantly, while capacity of human resources has no effect on the budget absorption, and 3) the budget absorption has a positive and significant impact on the agency performance in the provincial government of Jambi
This study aims to analyze; 1) the profile of informal sector workers in Jambi Province; 2) The development of informal sector employment in Jambi Province; 3). the effect of economic growth, population, and income per capita on informal sector employment. The data used microdata of National Labor Force Survey, Jambi Province 2015. The results showed; 1) Informal sector workers in Jambi Province 81.5 percent are in rural areas, dominated by male workers, mostly poorly educated, and work in agriculture; 2). During the period 2005-2015, the average growth of the informal sector was 1.3 percent per year, and 3) Simultaneously the economic growth, population, and income per capita had a significant effect on informal sector employment.Keywords: informal sector, economic growth, population, and income per capita
As an agricultural country, Indonesia still imports soybeans to meet domestic soybean needs. The gap between national soybean production and consumption causes the government to import. Based on this, this study aims to analyze the factors that influence soybean imports in Indonesia. The data used are time series data for the period 2003-2018. Data is sourced from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations International Trade Statistics Database (UN COMTRADE), the Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Indonesia, World Bank, Bank Indonesia, and the Ministry of Trade of the Republic of Indonesia. The analysis method uses SEM-Partial Least Square (PLS). The results showed that the macroeconomic conditions directly affect soybean production and consumption. On the other hand, consumption has a direct effect, but production has no direct effect on soybean imports. Macroeconomic conditions do not have a direct effect on soybean imports. Nevertheless, the total effect (combined direct and indirect effects) is significant from macroeconomic conditions on soybean imports.
Nowadays, studies argued that international difference in prosperity across a country is the matter institutional quality. Thus, the poor economic performance of African’s is linked to their weak institutional quality. The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which institutional quality affect economic performance of 14 selected East African Countries; Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Mauritius, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe, over the period 2005-2016, using fixed effect and System GMM methods. The finding of this study confirms with the existing empirical study that economic institutions matter for economic performance among which control of corruption and government effectiveness has positive impact on economic performance, while rule of law has adverse impact. The finding of this study implies that that Eastern Africa with better institutions has a higher economic performance. Therefore, the Eastern Africa countries should improve those institutions that have positive impact, and promote and change those institutions that have adverse effect in way that it can promote economic development.
This study examines the role of education in the nexus between foreign direct investment (FDI) and market size in sub-Saharan African countries from 2005 to 2015 using a panel of 30 countries. Market size is proxy by gross domestic product and population while two variables are used to measure education; primary school enrolment and secondary school enrolment. Difference Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) is used as the estimation technique. The result shows that education and market size have positive and significant effect on foreign direct investment. The interactive effect of market size (population and gross domestic product) and education (both primary and secondary school enrolment) has positive effect on foreign direct investment. The study concludes that policy maker in the region should focus more on the quality of education rather than quantity of education.
The focus of this study, is to empirically investigate the nexus between oil price collapse and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa oil based economies, specifically from Angola, Nigeria and Sudan between January, 2010 and December, 2015, through panel random effects model (REM): Economic growth rate (GDPR) and independent variables: Oil price (OPR), Exchange rate (EXR), Industrial Output (IND) and Terms of Trade (TOT. REM result showed that there is negative link between oil price collapse and the economic growth in the case of Angola, Nigeria and Sudan, which confirmed the nexus between oil price collapse and economic growth. Post estimation tests such as Hausman and Breusch and Pagan Lagrange Multiplier Test were adopted to empirically show the consistency and efficiency of the model. Interestingly, the two key variables (GDPR and OPR) disclose how unprecedented oil price fall disrupts economic growth of the selected economies. Meanwhile, poor institutional quality in the oil sector coupled with poor fiscal measure among others, further expose these economies to unprecedented external shocks that was characterized by skyrocket exchange rate, hence destabilize growth within the period under review. Therefore, the need for a robust fiscal measure is pertinent in order to sustain economic growth
Branding is among the activities that seek new ways to balance competition in the business environment to sustain organizational competitive advantage. Hence, this study aims to identify how the concept has been considered in the literature and its evolution in the marketing literature. To achieve the objectives of the systematic study review was conducted from 2010 to 2021 years and identified 98 articles. The collected data were documented in Microsoft Word and retained in Mendeley referencing software. The study revealed that brand and product management lacks conceptual clarity, which influences their measurement and subsequently their management. The review also demonstrates as economic, identity, consumer-based, personality, relational, community, cultural, and sensory approaches, respectively, are the respective evolutions of the concepts.
Agribusiness sub terminal development intends to enable the commodity handling system of the agricultural products covered by one agribusiness management. In addition, farmers and related stakeholders can gain benefits from the development of creating mutual prosperity. This research aims at; 1) analysing the feasibility of agribusiness subterminal in integrated agriculture program area based on financial non-financial aspects, such as market, organizational management, technical operation, and social economy including technical side of agribusiness sub terminal; and 2) generating a policy in supporting the establishment of agribusiness subterminal in integrated agriculture program area in Bone Bolango regency. This descriptive quantitative and qualitative research employs mix method, which consists of exponential comparison method, to determine the technical feasibility of agribusiness subterminal in the integrated agriculture area in Bone Bolango regency. The results reveal that: (1) based on the technique of location determination exponential comparison method, decent sub-districts for the development of agribusiness sub terminal, in sequence, are Tapa, Suwawa, Kabila, and Tilongkabila; (2) From the analysis of economic feasibility of agribusiness sub terminal, Bone Bolango regency shows its worthiness and therefore has potential to advance further; (3) The most potential site is Tapa district; (4) Based on the financial feasibility, specifically the economic aspect, the prospect of, implementing agribusiness sub terminal is high in Bone Bolango regency. Keywords: Agribusiness Sub Terminal, Feasibility, Policy
This study examines the determinant contribution of conventional bank lending for the agricultural sector in Indonesia. The analysis method used in this research is the Vector Correction Model (VECM). The results showed that in the short term, there was no significant effect of the Non-Performing Loan (LogNPL), GDP of Agricultural Sector (LogPDB), and Agricultural Sector Credit Interest Rates (SBK). However, there is an effect of the LogNPL and LogPDB on the conventional bank lending for the agricultural sector in the long term. The LogNPL has a significant positive effect on the contribution of conventional bank lending to the agricultural sector. While the LogPDB has a significant negative effect on the contribution of conventional bank lending for the agricultural sector. The Impulse Response Function (IRF) analysis results show that shocks to the LogNPL respond negatively in the long run, shocks to the LogPDB respond positively in the long run, and shocks to the SBK respond negatively in the long run by conventional bank lending for the agricultural sector. Through the analysis of FEVD (Forecast Error Variance Decomposition), it is known that the biggest contribution to conventional bank lending for the agricultural sector is agricultural credit and GDP.
The study empirically investigate the link between agricultural output growth and government spending in Nigeria from 1981 to 2018. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test was used to investigate stationary variable at different levels. The mixture in order of integration necessitate Auto Redistributed Lag (ARDL) and Bounds co-integration, since it allows combination of fractionally integrated variables. The results show both short and long run effect of government spending on the growth of agricultural output in Nigeria. The policy implication is that any disruption in government spending on agricultural sector would have adverse effect on agricultural output growth in Nigeria. In view of poor agricultural output growth in Nigeria, coupled with corruption, and policy summersaults in the sector. It is pertinent in the study, to come up with the following recommendations thus; government should re-double it efforts in terms food security through improved agricultural policies, proper channelization of loans across board with sustainable fiscal measures that can translate to actual growth.
The aim of this study is to analyze: 1) The development of labor demand and supply as well as the factors affecting the agriculture, mining and industry sectors in Jambi Province; (2) The factors that affect labor supply in Jambi Province; (3) The factors affecting labor demand in the agriculture, mining and industry sectors in Jambi Province. This study is used secondary data with multiple linear regression analysis tools. The results showed that the labor force growth rate was 3.13 per cent, the agricultural sector labor demand rate was 2.87 per cent, the mining sector labor demand rate was 16.07 per cent, the industrial sector labor demand rate was 7.78 per cent, the agricultural sector's GRDP growth rate was 14, 96 per cent, mining sector GRDP growth rate 28.04 per cent, agriculture sector GRDP growth rate 5.03 per cent, population growth rate 2.31 per cent, PMW growth rate 16.44 per cent, HDI growth rate 0.20 per cent, growth rate agricultural land area 1.66 per cent, investment growth rate in the agricultural sector 14.14 per cent, investment growth rate in the mining sector 91.94 per cent, investment growth rate in the industrial sector 321.78 per cent and growth rate in the number of industries 2.06%. The factors that influence the supply of labor are the variable population and the Provincial Minimum Wage. The factors that influence the demand for labor in the agricultural sector are GRDP variables in the agricultural sector. Factors affecting the demand for labor in the mining sector are the Provincial Minimum Wage and investment in the mining sector. Factors that influence the demand for labor in the industrial sector are the Provincial Minimum Wage.
This study explores the asymmetric effect on the rupiah exchange rate on every subsector agriculture export in Indonesia during 2006-2020. The non-linear ARDL method is used in this study to analyze the asymmetric relationship between exchange rate and export. NARDL method includes short-run and long-run coefficient estimates and embraces the asymmetric effect. The previous studies generally used the linear models on the aggregated data and ignored the differences in each export of the agricultural sub-sector, then they offered ambiguous results. The latest studies have preferred to use the method of NARDL on the agricultural sector in general data. Instead of using agricultural export data for each subsector, this paper considers subsector export data of agriculture. The estimated NARDL results indicate an asymmetric effect of the rupiah exchange rate on exports of the agricultural sub-sector in the long run. In general, there is no asymmetric effect in the short run. Generally, depreciation and appreciation of the Rupiah have a negative effect on exports of the agricultural sub-sector in the long run. However, rupiah appreciation positively impacts lag 2, and depreciation caused a different effect on each sub-sector. The NARDL results suggest that positive movements have lesser impacts than those of negative movements in the exchange rate on the agriculture sector both in the short and long run
The Objective of this research is two. firstly is to identify agro industry commodity oriented to export thah have excellent. secondly is to identify effect of industry development in terms of agro industry trough PDRB. As for this study is performed in Jambi Province. The methods used are descriptive quantitative. This analisis invelves two models. The first analysis use multile regression and the second analysis uses simple regression model. this analysis included, export price, competitor export price, exchange rates, national income and investment have influence to industry development as excellent agroindustry oriented to demand. The second, industry development as excellent agroindustry commodity has positive effect and real through inprovement of PDRB. Keywords: Agroindustry Product, Export Oriented
The purpose of research is to 1). Analyzing the agro-industry group of SMEs that have the potential to be developed as an agro-industry clusters of SMEs in Jambi Province; (2. Analyze the various potentials, opportunities, barriers and challenges in the development of agro-industry SMEs in Jambi Province. The data used consist of primary data and secondary data. Primary data were collected from experts and stakeholders associated with agro-industry and agro-industry businesses. Collecting data using a structured questionnaire and interview. Secondary data sourced from related institutions / organizations at the national, provincial, district and sub-district. To identify and analyze the potential for agro-industry SME cluster development is done with consideration of the number of business units and discussions with the experts to get the cluster potential agro-industry group. Furthermore, to analyze the potential, opportunities, barriers and challenges of development of agro-industry cluster analyzed descriptively based on surveys and direct observation in the agro-industry businesses that have the potential clusters in Jambi Province. . The analysis was done by descriptive against internal and external conditions of SMEs. The results found that there are five groups of agroindustrial SMEs that have the potential to be developed in clusters, namely: industrial tempe / tofu soy: copra industry; industrial crackers, chips, dent and the like; industrial woven from rattan and bamboo instead of wood furniture as well as industry. Furthermore, in terms of business development, SMEs in Jambi Province showed relatively good progress, especially when seen from the development of production volume, revenue / turnover, product selling prices, raw material prices and profits. However, there are major obstacles in the development of the agro-industry is the future of SMEs, especially those related to the availability of raw materials, labor, market share and production equipment. Keywords: cluster,agro-indsutry,business development
Many agents have been involved to empower peatland farmers who cultivate Liberica Cofee. They have the same general purposes to save farming practices, but they have different programs and activities. Many agents involved had worried to blur focus and targets. Hence, the purpose of this study is to reveal empowering practice and performance. The study is located in Mekar Jaya village, the center of peatland Liberica Coffee, and used a qualitative method where field notes, observation, and in-depth interviews were used. Data collection was conducted in conjunction with the empowerment activities carried out by the research team in 2017-2019. The results showed the importance of empowering focus, coordination between groups, real participation of all groups and its members, and the need for local government intervention. Neglecting those will diminish the peatland farming environment function and farming roles to the farmer. In the future, the practice of empowerment will be more complex due to the global demands on the sustainability of peatlands increase. Hence, empowering could be started from farming improving, increasing productivity, and followed by increasing farmer's and group’s capacity to manage both on economics and environmental value of peatland farming.
This research is intended to analyze the influence of public accountability, public transparency and control to the SKPD performance with the local financial management as a variable intervening. The population in this study is SKPD environment Bungo district government. The simultaneous and partial test of the hypothesis is done with test “F” and test “t” using the path analysis method. Results shows that simultaneously public accountability, public transparency, control, and local financial management, affect the performance of SKPD in Bungo district government. Partially, public accountability, public transparency, control, and local financial management affect the performance of SKPD in Bungo district government. Results shows that simultaneously public accountability, public transparency, and control, affect to local financial management. Partially public accountability, pubic transparency and control affect on local financial management, so that local financial management is not an intervening variable in this study Keywords: Public Accountability, Public Transparency, Local Financial Management, Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, dan pengawasan terhadap kinerja SKPD dengan pengelolaan keuangan daerah sebagai variabel intervening. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah SKPD di dilingkungan Pemerintah Kabupaten Bungo. Pengujian hipotesis secara simultan maupun parsial digunakan Uji F dan Uji t dengan menggunakan metode analisis jalur. Hasil penilitan menunjukan bahwa secara simultan akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, pengawasan, dan pengelolaan keuangan daerah, berpengaruh terhadap kinerja SKPD pada Pemerintah Kabupaten Bungo. Secara parsial akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, pengawasan, dan pengelolaan keuangan daerah berpengaruh terhadap kinerja SKPD pada Pemerintah Kabupaten Bungo. Secara simultan akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, dan pengawasan berpenagaruh terhadap pengelolaan keuangan daerah. Secara parsial akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik dan pengawasan berpengaruh terhadap pengelolaan keuangan daerah, sehingga pengelolaan keuangan daerah bukan merupakan variabel intervening dalam penelitian ini. Kata Kunci: Akuntabilitas Publik, Transparansi Publik, Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah
In recent years, there has been an increasing awareness towards economic, environmental, and social problems of the actual development system. However, sustainable development remains one of the main challenges of actual times. Sustainable consumption plays a significant role in achieving sustainable development goals. Moving towards more sustainable patterns of consumption will reduce environmental damage, adjust social inequalities, and increase economic efficiency. Therefore, it is substantial to investigate the determinants of sustainable consumption behaviour. The aim of this paper is to identify whether the Albanian consumers adopt sustainable consumption behaviour. An empirical analysis is used to identify the main factors that influence sustainable consumption of Albanian consumers. The results have revealed that sustainable consumption in Albania is a niche segment. The main determinants of sustainable consumption behaviour in Albania are: internal factors such as personality characteristic’s, Perceived Consumer Effectiveness, knowledge, and attitudes towards sustainable consumption, and external factors.
This paper seeks to examine the role of Islamic social finance towards alleviating the humanitarian crisis in North East Nigeria. The paper revealed the various conceptual definitions of Islamic social finance, its various instruments, update on humanitarian situation. A modified revenue function model was adopted. The study revealed that zakat potentials in Nigeria is estimated to be between USD 8,776.5-USD 21,160.99 million which is alone adequate to fill the humanitarian funding gap. More so, Sadaqah and Waqf was analyzed based on the number of active Telecoms line subscribers and the population statistics of citizens within the ages of 15-69yrs and that If N20 is paid weekly at a 5% level of cash collection error rate, a total amount of about N162b and N106b could be realized yearly respectively which can be used to bridge certain sectors of humanitarian needs in areas of housing, primary health care centres, water, food, empowerment etc. Likewise, the said funds can still be used for investment purposes in areas like mudaraba term deposit, sukuk, stock etc most especially funds realized from cash waqf. The study concluded that by adequately combining the Islamic social finance tools while adopting technology in its collection process & monitoring, it will effectively bridge the humanitarian funding gap as well as resettling and empowering the IDPs. The study recommends legislation of act setting up zakat/waqf, public awareness should be properly done, use of crowd funding approach
This research examines the effect of village fund management toward poverty alleviation in Pasaman Regency, West Sumatra. The data of the research were obtained from the Social Service and Regional Government of Pasaman Regency in 2016-2018. The sample of this research is 37 villages at Pasaman regency in 12 sub-districts. The research was conducted using the panel data regression method. The results showed that each policy area of village fund use in Pasaman Regency was able to reduce poverty simultaneously. Partially from the four research variables, it was found that community development and infrastructure development policies were able to inﬂuence the reduction of poverty in Pasaman Regency
This study investigates the relationship between Jambi export with gross domestic capital formation, allocation of transfer funds, and private investment, based on the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The results show that, both in the short and long term, the gross domestic capital formation, allocation of transfer funds, and private investment can explain changes in Jambi exports. The gross domestic capital formation strongly influences Jambi's export fluctuations compared to other variables. There is a disequilibrium relationship in the short term, and it becomes equilibrium in the long run. Only 69 percent of export changes can be determined in the current period, and the rest is determined in other periods. Likewise, the gross domestic capital formation, only 38 percent, can be determined in the current period, and the rest is determined in other periods. Based on the impulse response function, the impact of export shocks has a large impact on itself. Shocks have a very significant impact and have a long lead to stable levels. Shocks can cause changes in Jambi exports to gross domestic capital formation. Shocks to the formation of gross domestic capital formation require a long time to reach a stable level.
This research aimed to analyze the financial performance of the District/ Municipality in Jambi Province and to determine the effect of financial performance either simultaneously or partially on capital expenditure. The data used in this research is a panel data comprising time series data is data in 2010 - 2013 and cross section data is data of 9 (nine) District and 2 (two) Municipality is located in the Province of Jambi. The analytical method used panel data regression analysis. The analysis showed that the financial performance of the District/ Municipality in Jambi Province is still relatively low as the PAD contribution to regional revenue is still small so transfer income still dominate the local revenue to finance most of the regional expenditure. The results of panel data regression using the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) showed that the financial performance simultaneously significant effect on capital expenditure allocation of the District/Municipality in Jambi Province from 2010 to 2013 and partially Ratio Degree of Decentralization significant positive effect on the allocation of capital expenditure. Financial dependency ratio, Financial Independence Ratio and the ratio degrees contributions public enterprises significant negative effect on capital expenditure . Effectiveness ratio of PAD does not significantly influence the allocation of capital expenditure.Keyword: Financial Performance, Decentralization, Financial Independence, Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kinerja keuangan Pemerintah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kinerja keuangan baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan data panel yang terdiri dari data time series yaitu data tahun 2010 – tahun 2013 dan data cross section yaitu data 9 (sembilan) Kabupaten dan 2 (dua) Kota yang berada di Provinsi Jambi. Metode analisis yaitu analisis regresi data panel. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kinerja keuangan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi masih tergolong rendah. Hasil regresi data panel dengan menggunakan metode Fixed Effect Model (FEM) menunjukkan bahwa kinerja keuangan secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi dari tahun 2010 sampai dengan tahun 2013 dan secara parsial Rasio Derajat Desentralisasi berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Rasio Ketergantungan Keuangan, Rasio Kemandirian Keuangan dan Rasio Derajat Kontribusi BUMD berpengaruh negatif signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Rasio Efektifitas PAD tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Kata Kunci : Kinerja Keuangan, Desentralisasi, Ketergantungan Keuangan
Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) dan jumlah penduduk terhadap belanja daerah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Ketika diamati dari pengaruhnya dengan menggunakan model fixed effect, dapat dilihat bahwa PAD dan DAU secara simultan dan parsial dapat meningkatkan belanja langsung dan belanja tidak langsung sementara jumlah penduduk mengurangi peningkatan belanja langsung. Hal ini berbeda dengan belanja tidak langsung yang memiliki efek positif karena pertumbuhan penduduk di kabupaten/kota di Jambi dapat meningkatkan alokasi belanja pegawai sedangkan untuk belanja langsung terutama untuk belanja modal tidak efisien. Kata kunci : Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum, Anggaran. Abstract This study aimed to analyze the influence of Locally-Generated Revenue (PAD), General Allocation Fund (DAU), and the population of the regional budget district/city in Jambi Province. Data in this research is regional budget, PAD, DAU and population. When it is observed from its effect by using fixed effect model, it can be seen that PAD dan DAU in total or partial can improve direct spending and indirect spending meanwhile population can reduce the improvement of direct spending. It is different with indirect spending which has positive effect because the growing of population in regency/city in Jambi can improve the allocation of employee spending meanwhile for direct spending especially for capital spending is not efficient. Keywords: Locally-Generated Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Budget
This study aims to determine the relationship between variables export, import, and exchange rate against Foreign Exchange Reserves in Indonesia. The data used in the empirical study of a sequence of data monthly time of year 2011.01 through 2014.12 from Bank Indonesia and the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). The analysis tool used is Auto Regression Vector Model (VAR). The results of this study indicate that the one-way relationship between the variables of foreign reserves and export. Then one-way relationship between exchange rate and exports. Lastly, there is a two-way relationship between imports and foreign exchange reserves, two-way relationship between exchange rate and foreign exchange reserves, two-way relationship between imports and exports, two-way relationship between the exchange rate and imports. The results also showed foreign exchange reserves are significantly influenced by the movement itself at a probability of 1 %. Export variable negative and not significantly affect the foreign exchange reserves. While imports of positive and not significant to the foreign exchange reserves. Foreign Exchange Reserves Indonesia is positively influenced by the exchange rate and not significant. Keywords: Foreign exchange reserves, exports, imports, exchange rate Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa keterkaitan antar variabel ekspor, impor, dan nilai tukar rupiah terhadap Cadangan Devisa Indonesia. Data yang digunakan dalam kajian empiris ini merupakan data runtutaan waktu bulanan dari tahun 2011.01 sampai 2014. 12 yang berasal dari Bank Indonesia dan Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Alat analisis yang digunakan yaitu Vector Autoregression Model (VAR). Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hubungan searah antara variabel cadangan devisa ke ekspor. Lalu hubungan searah antara kurs terhadap ekspor Terakhir, terdapat hubungan dua arah antara impor dan cadangan devisa, hubungan dua arah antara kurs dan cadangan devisa, hubungan dua arah antara impor dan ekspor, hubungan dua arah antara kurs dan impor. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukan Cadangan devisa dipengaruhi secara signifikan oleh pergerakan dirinya sendiri pada probabilitas 1%. Variabel Ekspor berpengaruh negatif dan tidak signifikan mempengaruhi cadangan devisa. Sedangkan impor berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap cadangan devisa. Cadangan Devisa Indonesia dipengaruhi secara positif dan tidak signifikan oleh kurs. Kata Kunci: Cadangan Devisa, Ekspor, Impor, Kurs
This research tried to investigate the analysis of consistency between planning and budgeting in education departement of Jambi Province year 2011 to 2015 which viewed by the planning and budgeting document of education in Jambi Province such as; RPJMD year 2010-2015, Renstra year 2010-2015, RKPD yaer 2011-2015, Renja year 2011-2015, PPAS year 2011-2015, RKA year 2011-2015, and DPA of APBD Education department year 2011-2015. The result of the analysis continuosly was analyzed by using Matrik of Planning and Budgeting Consolidation (MKPP) for investigate level of consistency that occur and analyzed what kind of factors which caused inconsistency and what kind of effort has been done to create consistency between planning and budgeting. The result showed level of planning and budgeting consistency between document of planning and budgeting still low. The highest consistency available in PPAS document and APBD document. The cause of inconsistency is leader policy, human resources limitedness, less coordination between sub-department and SKPD, high frequency of leader commutation and goverment’s role changing. Efforts are being made to achieve consistency between planning and budgeting is the functional improvement of human resource planning, improved coordination between field and education and the establishment of an electronic planning system (E-Planning). Keyword : Consistency, Planning, Budgeting, Education, Region Goverment Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran pada Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jambi Tahun 2011-2015 yang dilihat dari dokumen perencanaan dan pengaggaran pendidikan di Provinsi Jambi seperti RPJMD Tahun 2010-2015, Renstra Tahun 2010-2015, RKPD Tahun 2011-2015, Renja 2011-2015, PPAS Tahun 2011-2015, RKA Tahun 2011-2015, dan DPA Dinas Pendidikan APBD Tahun 2011-2015.Hasil analisa tersebut selanjutnya di analisis dengan menggunakan Matrik Konsolidasi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran (MKPP) untuk mengetahui tingkat konsistensi yang terjadi dan menganalisis faktor-faktor apa yang menyebabkan inkonsistensi serta upaya apa yang dilakukan untuk mewujudkan konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan tingkat konsistensi perencanaan dan penganggaran antara dokumen perencanaan dan penganggaran masih rendah. Konsistensi tertinggi ada pada dokumen PPAS dan APBD. Penyebab ketidakkonsistenan adalah kebijakan pimpinan, keterbatasan sumberdaya manusia, kurangnya koordinasi antar bidang dan SKPD, sering terjadinya pergantian pejabat, dan perubahan peraturan pemerintah. Upaya yang dilakukan untuk mewujudkan konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran adalah peningkatan kualitas sumberdaya manusia fungsional perencana, peningkatan koordinasi antar bidang dan SKPD dan pembentukan sistem perencanaan elektronik (E-Planning). Kata Kunci : Konsistensi, Perencanaan, Penganggaran, Pendidikan, Pemerintah Daerah
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis besarnya pendapatan pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a dan untuk menganalisis besarnya keuntungan pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan mei sampai bulan juli 2013. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey yang terdiri dari data primer yang diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan pengrajin gula aren dengan menggunakan kuisioner/daftar pertanyaan dan data sekunder diperoleh dari Kantor Desa Tulo’a serta Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Kabupaten Bone Bolango. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode sampling jenuh atau sensus dimana semua anggota populasi responden dijadikan sampel. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu biaya tetap, biaya variabel, total biaya, penerimaan, pendapatan, dan analisis R/C Ratio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata pendapatan bersih/keuntungan yang diperoleh pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a yaitu sebesar Rp. 1.395.684/bulan atau Rp. 16.748.208/tahun. Dengan nilai R/C Ratio sebesar 2,12. Berdasarkan kriteria nilai R/C Ratio lebih dari satu berarti dapat dikatakan usaha pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a menguntungkan dan layak untuk diusahakan. Keywords: Pengrajin, Gula Aren, Pendapatan, Keuntungan
This study aims to determine the Value Added Analysis of Cassava Chips in SME "Chips Barokah" Bonebolango District . This study was carried on in the village Lamahu District of Southern District Bonebolango Bulango performed on the month from October to December in 2013 . The method of analysis used in this study is the case study method is the method of data collection in a comprehensive manner , the determination of where the research is done on purpose , as for the type of data used is primary data and secondary data by recording interviews and observation techniques . Data analysis methods used are business analysis , R / C ratios for profit , efficiency and added value . The results showed that keuntunngan received from the business of processing cassava into cassava chips in five cassava production processes in SMEs " Barokah Chips " is Rp . 6.1155 million for a month , and value -added business perbahan enjoyed raw chips for SMEs Barokah 37.555/kg , this added value is the result of profit and the rest of the labor income reached 1.925 million .Keywords: Advantage , Efficient , Value Added , Cassava Chips
This study aimed to analyze the consistency between planning and budgeting as well as the gains at SKPD. Because planning and budgeting at SKPD greatly contributed to the success of the planning and budgeting in the city. SKPD who becomes the object of study is Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Merangin. Assessment of consistency between the programs and activities carried out by using a document Matrik Konsolidasi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran (MKPP) and cause inconsistent by analyzing the results of indepth interviews. The analysis shows that the consistency between planning and budgeting documents at Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin been consistent. The highest consistency is documents RKA and DPA. The cause is not consistent is the Government’s strategic policy areas, political interest, fiscal capacity, lack of quality planning officials and the lack of commitment in maintaining the consistency of planning and budgeting. Analysis of performance achievements at Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin showed that in general the achievement of objectives, programs and activities in accordance with the target that has been set. Keywords : The Consistency of Planning and Budgetting, and The Achievement of Performance Targets Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran serta capaian kinerja pada SKPD. Karena perencanaan dan penganggaran di SKPD sangat berkontribusi terhadap suksesnya perencanaan dan penganggaran di daerah. SKPD yang menjadi objek penelitian adalah Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Merangin. Penilaian konsistensi antara program dan kegiatan dokumen dilakukan dengan menggunakan Matrik Konsolidasi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran (MKPP) dan penyebab ketidak konsistenan dilakukan dengan menganalisis hasil wawancara mendalam. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa konsistensi antara dokumen perencanaan dan penganggaran pada Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin sudah konsisten. Konsistensi tertinggi ada pada dokumen RKA dan DPA. Penyebab ketidak konsistenan adalah adanya kebijakan strategis pemerintah daerah, kepentingan politik, kemampuan keuangan daerah, kurangnya kualitas pejabat perencana dan rendahnya komitmen dalam menjaga konsistensi perencanaan dan penganggaran. Analisis capaian kinerja pada Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin menunjukkan bahwa secara umum pencapaian sasaran, program dan kegiatan telah sesuai dengan target yang telah ditetapkan. Kata Kunci : Konsistensi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran, dan Capaian Target Kinerja
This study aims to analyze potential, efficiency, effectivity and contribution of PAD admission at Department of Fishery and Animal Husbandry in Tebo Regencyincluding the strategy establishment to increase its revenue.The analysis used is a potential formula, efficiency ratio, effectivity ratio, contributions ratio and SWOT analysis.The results shows that the potential revenue of retribution slaughterhouse (RPH), the potential sales of livestock, and potential sales fishery product are beyond the current target. The efficiency level of retribution slaughterhouse (RPH) and sales of fishery product is poor, but the sales of livestock is very efficient. Effectivity level of livestock and fishery product sales are low, whileretribution slaughterhouses(RPH) is not effective regarded to its potential but in the contrary for its target. Contribution of PAD admission of Fishery and Animal Husbandry Department is very low regarded Tebo Regency PAD. The result of SWOT analysis of retribution slaughter house (RPH) admission using WO (Weakness-Opportunity) strategy, livestock sales using SO (Strength-Oppurtunity) strategy, and fishery product sales using ST (strength-threat) strategy. Keywords: Retribution SlaughterHouse (RPH), Sales of Fishery, Livestock Sales, SWOT Analysis Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis potensi, efisiensi, efektivitas dan kontribusi penerimaan PAD pada Dinas Perikanan dan Peternakan Kabupaten Teboserta menetapkan strategi untuk peningkatan penerimaan PAD. Analisis yang digunakan adalah rumus potensi, rasio efisiensi, rasio efektivitas, rasio kontribusi dan analisis SWOT.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa potensi penerimaan retribusi rumah potong hewan (RPH), potensi penjualan hasil peternakan, potensi penjualan hasil perikanan lebih besar dari target yang telah ditetapkan. Tingkat efisiensi retribusi RPH dan penjualan hasil perikanan tidak efisien, penjualan hasil peternakan sangat efisien. Tingkat efektivitas penjualan hasil peternakandan penjualan hasil perikanan tidak efektif, retribusi RPH tidak efektif berdasarkan potensi dan sangat efektif berdasarkan target.Kontribusi penerimaan PADDinas Perikanan dan Peternakan sangat kurang terhadap PAD Kabupaten Tebo. Hasil analisis SWOT penerimaan retribusi RPH menggunakan strategi WO (Weakness-Opportunity), penjualan hasil Peternakan menggunakan strategi SO (Strength-Oppurtunity), dan penjualan hasil perikanan menggunakan strategi ST (Strength-Threat). Kata Kunci : Retribusi Rumah Potong Hewan, Penjualan Hasil Perikanan, Penjualan Hasil Peternakan, Analisis SWOT