Jurnal Kajian Bali (Journal of Bali Studies)

Published by Universitas Udayana
Print ISSN: 2088-4443
Publications
As an icon of national tourism, Bali has become a world-top tourist destination. In 2018, Bali gained an award from Trip Advisor as the world’s best tourist destination. It has helped Bali to boost the number of foreign tourist arrival including Chinese. However, the increase visitor of Chinese tourist has caused a dilemma between the quantity and quality tourists as it is shown by the current issue of zero-dollar tour. This article critically analyses discourse on Chinese tourist market segment and its challenges to realise tourism sustainable in Bali. Data were obtained by observation and in-depth interviews with stakeholders and from literature review. Discourse of power/knowledge, deconstruction, and communicative action theories were applied eclectically to undertake this study. The results revealed that a space of discussion to find solution for the problem faced on the discourse of Chinese tourist market segment are needed as this could contribute to realise sustainable tourism development in Bali.
 
Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi publik terhadap wacana KB Bali sekaligus harapan yang didambakan publik ketika wacana ini berubah menjadi sebuah program. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut, metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan analisis kualitatif. Sumber data adalah komentar publik pada masing-masing media masa online terpilih yang memviralkan wacana KB Bali di media sosial facebook. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) Terdapat variasi pemberitaan wacana KB Bali di media sosial facebook oleh media masa online yang dikaji, dilihat dari judul berita dan intensitas pemberitaannya. Bervariasinya pemberitaan wacana KB Bali tidak dapat dilepaskan dari kebijakan internal organisasi media dan pengaruh eksternal media itu sendiri; 2) Sikap publik terhadap wacana KB Bali sebagian besar adalah setuju (47%). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa hampir sebagian dari publik cukup antusias akan adanya KB Bali. Keantusiasan publik terhadap KB Bali menunjukkan bahwa nilai-nilai budaya Bali yang dianut memiliki peranan yang lebih tinggi/penting dibandingkan dengan nilai-nilai lainnya terkait kepemilikan anak; 3) Harapan publik terhadap wacana KB Bali cukup bervariasi, namun yang mencolok hanya 3 hal yaitu tidak ada harapan lebih lanjut, pemberian insentif, dan prioritas pada program yang lain. Dari harapan ini dapat diidentifikasi bahwa nilai-nilai ekonomi dan budaya memiliki peranan yang vital akan nilai anak di kalangan publik. Kata Kunci: KB krama Bali, persepsi, media sosial, facebook
 
The purpose of this article is to examine Tuwung Kuning (Yellow Egg Plant) folklore based on the feminist approach. The object of the study is the drama script and performance Tuwung Kuning recording. Data were analysed with hermeneutic method, namely the interpretation of text both written and audiovisual texts. The results of the study show that the manuscripts and theater express the theme of domestic violence. The female character of the story, Tuwung Kuning, is very weak and in an oppressed conditions. The bullying was carried out by the husband and by environmental conditions of a gambler family. The female character was powerless and oppressed by male-based power of patriarchy, even though in a state of old pregnancy, when giving birth and caring for the child. She was threatened, terrorized and killed. This condition is very contrary to the spirit of feminism that fights for gender equality so that the position of women is equal to men. The change in the fate of this female character is not by herself, but by an angel, as a fortune.
 
Social harmony is a necessary condition for creating social stability in a plural society. Social stability will encourage the emergence of positive social interactions. This study examines the involvement of the Muslim community in participating in Hindu community rituals. This type of research is qualitative with the hermeneutic and verstehen methods. The theory used is symbolic and structural functional interactionism by developing the concepts of tolerance, solidarity and social harmony. The findings in the field are that the involvement of the Muslim community in the rituals of odalan (temple festival), cremation and mapag toya (welcoming the flowing of water) are form of social awareness of their existence in an area that shares the goal of social stability. To achieve this they develop a tolerant attitude and then manifest solidarity in their activities. From this understanding emerges social stability which shows social harmony in the region.
 
Kondisi Mikroklimat Lingkungan Kerja
This study aimed to improve the posture or body position of Hindu lay man priest while working using the three body elements known as Tri Angga concept to improve the health quality. The health quality improvement was measured from the decrease of workload, fatigue, and muscle complaints. This was a real experimental research using the same subject or treatment by subjects design. The population was those who meet the inclusion criteria. Saturated sampling technique was used for the sample. Data were collected before and after the posture improvement. The results showed a decrease in workload by 12%, general fatigue by 24.26% and muscle complaints by 28.80%. Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) analysis results showed that there was a score decrease from six to three. Further research is recommended to conduct more holistic ergonomic intervention in the prayer process by considering the local wisdom in order to create effective, comfortable, safe, healthy and efficient conditions (ENASE).
 
Petang village that is administratively located in Badung regency keep its own uniqueness. In their communities who are largely Hindu, was found the Bugis Muslim citizens who live in harmony and peace up to now. So powerful built brotherly relations between the different ethnic cause them more familiar with the term behave Braya call. Writing this article aims in addition to knowing about the existence of ethnic Bugis in Angantiga, also understand the forms of local wisdom that can integrate between ethnic Bugis and ethnic Balinese. Data were collected through participant observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. They were analysed by descriptive qualitative approach. The results showed that the close brotherhood relations between ethnic Balinese and ethnic Bugis in Angantiga cannot be separated from the historical factors related to the royal role (Puri) Carangsari that provides a place for residents in the area Bugis. In addition, integrating other factor is the marriage between citizens, cultural adoption, as well as good local knowledge associated with the value or social network that is implemented as a foundation or guidelines in their interaction with one another.
 
Tulisan ini mengkaji wacana historis diaspora Minang di Bali khususnya tentang wacana-wacana yang menginspirasi mereka merantau ke Bali, sejarah kedatangan mereka, hubungan Puri Pemecutan dengan warga Minang, dan gradasi validitas fakta dan sumber sejarah. Pendekatan wacana historis (Discourse Historical Approach, DHA) digunakan. Data diambil dari dokumen yang ada, wawancara dengan para pemuka paguyuban Minang di Bali, dan meetings (memanfaatkan pertemuan-pertemuan) yang diadakan oleh paguyuban Minang di Bali. Ada beberapa hal yang bisa dibuktikan. Wacana dominan yang menginspirasi orang Minang merantau ke Bali adalah kultur, ekonomi, dan ideologi. Wacana-wacana tersebut berstatus memori kolektif. Sejumlah wacana yang masih bertaraf cold facts, memori individual, dan inferensi adalah seputar kehadiran orang Minang pertama kali di Bali dan hubungan Puri Pemecutan dengan orang Minang. Kata kunci: diaspora Minang, wacana historis, validitas, Puri Pemecutan, Bali
 
For the sake of tourism recovery during the post-pandemic period, a storynomic promotion strategy is currently being developed by Indonesian government, and is considered effective in triggering the curiosity and visiting interest of tourists. This study aims to identify the role of storynomics as a moderating variable in strengthening motivation and interest to visit the Tebing Tegallinggah Temple site in Bedulu village, Gianyar, Bali. First, storytelling stories were collected through field research by interviewing selected informants, as well as randomly distributing questionnaires. Second, historical data and documentation were classified and analyzed qualitatively, while respondents' answers were assessed using Smart PLS. Third, the results of data analysis are presented through narrative descriptions supported by tables and figures for visualization. The results showed that motivation and storynomic had a less significant effect on the visiting interest of the respondents, most of whom were young. This research is expected to speed up the tourism recovery as well as to contribute to the sustainability of archaeological heritage as special interest tourist destination in Gianyar regency in particular and Indonesia in general.
 
Representation of women in Jembrana Regency Legislative Institution in 2009 election reached 20%. Although it has not reached 30% in accordance with the mandate of Law No. 10 of 2008, the representation of women in the Legislative Institution of Jembrana Regency is the highest among the regencies/cities in Bali. When closely examined, the participation of women in the political sphere has deconstructed itself due to a struggle of power and mobilization. Automatically the law that sets the quota of women’s involvement in practical politics is 30%, especially those si ing in the legislative institution can signal a practice of mobilization. Within certain limits, the process of mobilization appears in the election of women legislators, because women are not really interested in practical politics, but are mobilized by the state, political parties and by the closest people such as husbands. The paper aims to explain the election of female legislators in Jembrana Regency Legislative Institution which indicates that there has been a struggle of power between participation and mobilization.
 
The Batur volcano in Kintamani tourist resort has enhanced its existence through the establishment of Batur UNESCO Global Geopark since 1st April 2016. However, the two tourist attrac- tions have not been mutually utilized each other. This study is conducted to determine the level of relationship and integra- tion between the two tourist attractions in order to find out beneficial solution for the two tourism industries. The results revealed that not all tourists’ climbers of Mount Batur visited the Geopark as an artificial-tourist attraction, whereas, not all the first tourists who visited the geopark was climbing the sa- cred mountain. Therefore, it is required more intensive efforts in tourism business in order to create a mutual synergy be- tween the two tourist attractions by all stakeholders including government, tourism industry, and the society. This is for the benefit of tourism business and of carrying out the natural con- servation and the preservation of local cultural values.
 
The Imaginary of Bali as paradise stands in stark contrast to what is actually going on. To understand the split requires examining who is authorized to represent Bali as what under what conditions. The issue concerns the nature of argument – whether argumentation and disagreement – and how it disarticulates and marginalize alternatives. The preferred, hegemonic style of argument in Bali is monologue, favoured by those in power, which effectively anticipates and prevents contradiction. By contrast, dialogue is open, democratic and widespread in daily life, but often passes relatively unnoticed. Whereas dialogue enables discussion and problem-solving, monologue re-asserts ideology in the face of uncomfortable actualities. In Bali, the form ideology takes centres on fantasies about an imaginary ‘age-old culture’. The drawbacks are evident in how claims over the cultural antiquity of Tri Hita Karana disguise its grave shortcomings in practice.
 
Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi leksikon arkais pada praktik budaya bidang obat-obatan tradisional Bali dan mengkonfigurasi maknanya. Data diperoleh dengan metode observasi partisipatif dengan teknik catat dan rekam. Daftar leksikon arkais tersebar dalam 10 bidang praktik budaya Bali diperoleh dari kuesioner yang diberikan kepada 80 responden yang tersebar di dua kabupaten, yaitu Kabupaten Buleleng dan Kabupaten Gianyar. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa sebelas leksikon arkais ditemukan pada bidang obat-obatan tradisional Bali karena ketidaktahuan generasi muda akan keberadaan artefaknya dan ketidakpahaman mereka akan penggunaannya walaupun artefaknya masih ada dan masih digunakan di daerah pedesaan saja dan tidak ditemukan lagi di daerah perkotaan. Kesebelas leksikon arkais tersebut belum dikategorikan punah karena masih memiliki konsepsi dan artefaknya pun masih bisa dimanfaatkan. Konfigurasi leksikon dapat dibuat berdasarkan pendekatan cultural scripts dengan komponen “jika ……maka” dan uraian eksponen, seperti cara, mekanisme pembuatan, hasil, dan fungsinya. Kata kunci: leksikon arkais, artefak, obat-obatan tradisional Bali, generasi muda, letak geografi
 
This study is an intellectual exercise applying genealogical history writing. Its scope is neither to write factual truths of the past nor to seek the origin of an event, but to raise an issue of a cultural practice of the present. In the second decade of the XXI century, there are still some people who think, talk, and act on their belief in kawitan, glorified ancestors, and make it an entry point for their political interests. The result of this study is some knowledge which is not only valuable to the historiography of Indonesian history but also to the study of oral traditions. Through this study, it is expected that they both can complement each other, and that the science of history does not need to be awkward to use oral tradition as a source of information and researchers studying oral traditions can use genealogical methods in their research
 
Artikel ini meneliti bagaimana wisatawan mancanegara menanggapi elemen budaya Bali yang otentik yang ditampil-kan oleh pelaku bisnis perhotelan di Bali, dengan mengambil tiga hotel internasional sebagai objek studi, yaitu Nusa Dua Beach Resort dan Spa Hotel, W Hotel Seminyak, dan Four Seasons Resort di Ubud. Tiga hotel ini dipilih karena merupakan hotel internasional dan terletak di tiga tujuan wisata yang berbeda, tetapi semuanya menawarkan elemen budaya Bali dalam pelayanannya. Masalah yang dibahas adalah bagaimana tanggapan wisatawan terhadap unsur-unsur budaya Bali, terutama tentang arsitektur, makanan, seni budaya, dan pelayanan. Penelitian ini bersifat kualitatif, data diambil dengan teknik netnografi dalam bentuk komentar wisatawan tentang pelayanan di hteo tempatnya menginap yang diposting di web Tripadvisor. Data dianalisis dengan teori respons dan teori analisis konten interpretif. Analisis menunjukkan bahwa tertarik terhadap unsur-unsur budaya Bali yang otentik. Disaran agar hotel-hotel internasional menampilkan elemen budaya Bali secara eksplisit untuk mendukung citra Bali sebagai destinasi wisata budaya.Kata kunci: budaya Bali, arsitektur, makanan Bali, netnografi, hospitaliti
 
Tenganan Pegringsingan Village, as one of the original villages in Bali, has a local wisdom characteristic that is agreed upon by its citizens. Local wisdom is included in the 'awig-awig' (local regulation) village in the form of verbal texts that aim to preserve the flora and fauna of extinction. This study aims to determine the type of flora-fauna lexicon found in 'awig-awig' of the village, and to know the customary restrictions and fines that are set for residents who break them. This research is a qualitative descriptive method using 'awig-awig' as research data and analyzing data through literature review. The results of the analysis found 39 lexicons of flora and fauna that are prohibited from being cut down/killed. The entire lexicon is divided into 9 categories, namely fruit, trees, leaves, tubers, rhizomes, seeds, roots, animals and flowers. Each amounted to 7 pieces, 11 trees, 2 leaves, 5 tubers, 1 rhizome, 1 seed, 1 root, 9 animals and 2 flowers. This study recommends collaboration with various parties to preserve the ecotex contained in the 'awig-awig' village of Tenganan Bali.Keywords : ecotext, awig-awig, local wisdom, ecolinguistic
 
This article examines tajen (cockfighting) and representation of Balinese women in two short stories, “Tajen” (Faisal Baraas, 1971) and “Tajen Terakhir” (Gde Aryantha Soethama, 2016). This topic was chosen because in the world of tajen men are represented of having the absolute power over Balinese women. Selected descriptive qualitative approach, intertextuality approach, and parallel reading data analysis method. Problem solved with new historicism theory. Data in the form of literary text and nonliterature text about tajen. The nonliterature texts as a co-text, such as Balinese folklore, traveling report, Balinese cockfighting manuscript, and research report about tajen. The results concluded three points. First, the world of tajen represented in both short stories were dynamic constellation of a number of aspects, such as male/gambler, betting, rooster, and victory obsession. Second, the obsession with the victory is above family, wife, and children matters. Third, women in the world of tajen become subordinate and sexual objects of men. The tragic fate of women in the world of tajen occurs because of the practice of patriarchy ideology.
 
The use of space in Bongkasa Pertiwi Village, Badung Regency, Bali underwent several changes after the village was designated as a tourist village. The main purpose of this study is to determine the development of space utilization after the village is designated as a tourist village and the factors that influence the use of space itself. This study uses a qualitative method, where data collection is done by means of observation and interviews, and document review. Village spatial mapping was carried out with the help of the Geographic Information System (GIS) and Google Earth. The study showed that the largest proportion of land use was for tourism facilities consisting of tourist attractions and other supporting facilities such as homestays, hotels, and villas. Furthermore, the factors that also affect the use of space in this village are physiographic, economic, regulatory, policy, and institutional factors. This study provides practical guidelines in spatial planning in the development of tourist villages.
 
Sesajen sate tegeh (sate tinggi) adalah unsur esensial dalam upacara yadnya di Bali, tetapi yang orang bisa membuat sate tegeh hanya terbatas pada generasi tua yang menekuninya. Artikel ini menelusuri praktik pembuatan sate tegeh bagi warga masyarakat di Desa Pakraman Padang Luwih, Canggu, Kabupaten Badung. Selain menganalisis praktik pembuatan sate tegeh, artikel ini juga membahas fungsi dan filosofi sate tegeh berdasarkan nilai adat dan tradisi Bali. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan kajian dokumen. Data dinalisis dengan teori simbol dengan mengkaji bentuk dan makna unsur-unsur sate tegeh dalam adat dan tradisi Bali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa praktik pembuatan sate tegeh tidak saja berkaitan dengan keterampilan, tetapi juga sebagai media pendalaman makna ajaran dan filosofi ritual sate tegeh. Disarankan agar desa-desa di Bali secara reguler melaksanakan praktik kerja membuat sate tegeh sehingga tradisi luhur dapat dilestarikan. Kata Kunci: praktik pembuatan sate tegeh, upacara adat, ajaran agama Hindu
 
Tulisan ini menganalisis tentang kebijakan pembagian laptop gratis oleh Pemkab Badung, Bali, untuk seluruh siswa kelas 5 dan 6 di SD Negeri, tetapi tidak diberikan kepada pelajar SD swasta, di Kabupaten Badung, Bali sejak tahun 2016 untuk mengembangkan pendidikan dasar di wilayahnya. Topik ini diteliti karena merupakan kebijakan publik pengembangan pendidikan dasar yang pertama kali dilaksanakan di Bali. Masalah yang dikaji adalah bagaimana respons para pengampu kepentingan di SD Negeri dan SD swasta atas kebijakan tersebut. Data diperoleh berdasarkan hasil wawancara, studi dokumen, dan observasi yang kemudian dianalisis dengan teori hermeneutika dan kuasa pengetahuan. Analisis menghasilkan tiga simpulan. Pertama, kebijakan itu direspons positif oleh pengampu kepentingan SD Negeri. Kedua, kebijakan itu direspons sebagai kebijakan diskriminatif oleh pengampu kepentingan SD swasta. Ketiga, kebijakan pendidikan itu rasa politik untuk kepentingan penguasa.Kata kunci: kebijakan publik, pendidikan dasar, laptop gratis, kebijakan pendidikan bermotif politik, Kabupaten Badung
 
This article is aimed to reinterpret the ritual of Ketupat War based on practical consciousness into reflexive consciousness to preserve agricultural tradition in Kapal Village, Badung Regency. This consciousness could be created by deconstructing the pragmatic materialistic perspective by promoting local knowledge Tri Hita Karana, philosophy on the harmonious relationship among human being, human and nature, and God. This research applied a descriptive qualitative method and structuration approach from Giddens to explain the ritual Perang Ketupat as reflexive consciousness. The research shows that the local people at Kapal Village interpret this ritual as practical consciousness without knowing the function and the meaning of the ritual. It means that ritual is only performed annually as a routine tradition. Therefore, reflexive consciousness needs to be nurtured through constructing the community`s awareness of this ritual as a tourist attraction, so that they can get the economic benefit (touristic meanings). In other words, tourism becomes a melting-pot producing space of the triple sections among nature, culture and tourism which is called Eco-Cultural Tourism Landscape (ECTL).
 
Melaksanakan upacara ngaben di krematorium merupakan fenomena relatif baru di Bali, dipelopori oleh Maha Gotra Pasek Sanak Sapta Rsi, yang membangun Krematorium Santhayana tahun 2008. Jumlah jenazah yang diaben di Krematorium Santhayana meningkat setiap tahun. Alasan yang paling umum melakukan upacara ngaben di Krematorium Santhayana adalah nilai praktis dan efisiensi, di samping alasan biaya yang lebih murah dan komunikasi yang kurang intensif dengan fihak desa adat, khususnya bagi warga desa yang merantau ke luar daerah. Dengan menggunakan observasi-partisipasi, wawancara mendalam, dan analisis secara kualitatif-interpretatif, penelitian ini mengkonfirmasi teori Strukturasi Giddens, bahwa sebagai suatu dualitas, struktur menjadi hambatan sekaligus memberdayakan aktor untuk bertindak, dan tindakan aktor yang berpola dalam waktu yang lama akan membentuk struktur baru. Yang khas dalam kasus ngaben di krematorium di Bali adalah adanya transformasi menuju modernitas, tetapi dengan argumentasi kembali ke tradisi, yaitu menggunakan basis ajaran leluhur yang tertulis dalam pustaka lontar, khususnya Lontar Yama Purana Tattwa.
 
Bali’s marine resources is an important economy asset as well as food resource for local community and marine tourism. Nusa Penida Island is located in Nusa Penida District, Klungkung Region, Bali Province. It is belonging to the coral triangle area, the highest marine biodiversity in the world. Based on Decision Letter from Ministry of Marine and Fishery number 24/2014 about Nusa Penida Marine Conservation Area in Klungkung Region, Nusa Penida marine area was designated as Marine Tourism Park. Most of coastal communities in Nusa Penida are seaweed farmer. Marine tourism activity has significant impact for community’s life. Integrated development is required to be done for its sustainability. The objective of this study is to analyze marine tourism contribution for community’s prosperity in coastal area of Nusa Penida Island. Purposive sampling is chosen to collecting field data trough interview and questionnaire in 30 respondents and analyzed used BPS’s indicator (2011). As much as 90% of coastal community in Nusa Penida is categorized in moderate living condition. Marine tourism activity contributes about 36% of local income, it’s mean that marine tourism activity in Nusa Penida give positive contribution for local communities’ prosperity.
 
The purpose of this study is to conserve the agricultural culture and to review the symbolic meaning and local wisdom in certain agricultural rituals. This research is conducted in Subak Kedua Pasedahan Yeh Lauh, Peguyangan Kangin Village, West Denpasar, Bali. Data is collected using the methods of interview and literature review. From the data collected, there are twenty four ritual steps found that should be performed by the farmers in Bali. Those indicate farmers’ religious nature and appreciation of their cultural tradition. Each ritual from sowing to harvesting contains symbolic meanings and cultural values embraced as the guidance in farming life. From the analyses concerning its ritual and tools used, it is concluded that the symbolic meaning of ritual discourse performed by the farmers are: (1) expressing gratitude to God for all abundant harvest grace; (2) asking permission for farming to the motherland as the manifestation of God in term of the ruler of the land; (3) asking for safety for having a successful agriculture to God (Goddess Sri); (4) offerings to the rice field rulers to be kept away from pests that damage plants; (5) keeping the environmental balance –in the philosophy of Hindu society in Bali, it is one of Tri Hita Karana’s best practices.
 
This article analysed Balinese verbs from the study of semantics combining the theories of Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) dan speech acts. The analysed verbs in this article were the speech verbs with illocutionary function. Data were collected through note taking and library research. Data were taken from printed resources, books, and the intuition of the researcher as a Balinese native speaker. The method of analysis was descriptive qualitative which classified data, analysed semantic structures of the speech verbs, and described the semantic components to formulate meaning configuration. The result of the analysis showed several speech verbs in Balinese had illocutionary function, including: 1) assertive (ngorahang ‘telling’, nyambatang ‘mention’, nuturang ‘telling’); 2) directive (nunde?n ‘enjoin’, nagih ‘billing’, nuturin ‘advise’); 3) commissive (mejanji ‘promising’, metanje?nan ‘offer’); 4) expressive ngajumang ‘praise’, ngame?lme?l ‘complain’, see ‘blame’, matbat ‘berate’, ngamadakang ‘pray’); and 5) declarative (ngadanin ‘naming’, nombang ‘forbid’).
 
Bali is one of the tourist destinations in Indonesia. Among areas that are frequently visited by the tourists are, Kuta, Sanur, and Ubud. For that reasons, many people in the regions participate in the tourism activities. It cannot be denied that many languages are involved in the areas so that the society of the parts becomes bilinguals or even multilingual. Based on such linguistic situation, this study aims at nding language use and choice in family, neighbor, education and religion domains.The data were in the form of spoken data collected from young people at di erent tourist destinations such as Sanur, Kuta, and Ubud. A qualitative method applied in this study. In spite of the facts, the result of the research shows that the Balinese language is still preferred as the means of communication among the young people both in a family, neighbor, and religious domains.
 
English plays an important role for workers in the tourism sector of all classes, including wholesalers, massage therapists, parking attendants, and shop assistants. Preliminary observations show that they, in general, use Balinese dialect of English or Balish. This article describes the Balish used in tourism area of Kuta, Bali, by tourism workers who have naturalized the English language by adopting several language features, especially Balinese and Indonesian, such as sentence structures, words, and expressions. The data were analyzed using The New Englishes theory and the results showed that the use of Balinese and Indonesian words in English resulted in the creation of new words, grammatical shifts, changes in word meanings, use of idioms, use of groups of verbs, and repetition of forms. Balish has adopted several grammatical features, both from Balinese and Indonesian, and it is hoped that one day it will have regular speakers so that it becomes a pidgin.
 
“Taru Pramana” lontar manuscripts contain medicinal plant diversity and it uses for traditional system of Balinese medicine. This study aims to describe medicinal plant diversity in “Taru Pramana” lontar manuscripts and its use for traditional system of Balinese medicine. This research uses the library method. The unit of analysis is the “Taru Pramana” lontar manuscript from collection of the Leiden University Library, Netherlands. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The ethnosystem approach is used as the main approach in this analysis, which places an emic perspective on the relationship between humans and plants. A total of 182 plant species are used in traditional Balinese medicine, mostly including family members of euphorbiaceae, moraceae, fabaceae, and zingiberaceae. The parts used were leaves, shoots, stem bark, roots, fruit, sap, tuber and used them into various forms of medicine such as loloh, boreh, sembar, tutuh, tempel, and ses. The practice of the use of medicinal plants in traditional Balinese medicine is based on a strong belief and knowledge system.
 
Barong Landung adalah pertunjukan kesenian Bali yang langka dan unik yang memiliki peluang untuk dikembangkan sebagai daya tarik wisata dan sumber inspirasi bagi industri kreatif. Keunikan Barong Landung dapat dilihat dari karakter-karakter yang dikaitkan dengan mitologi Raja Bali dengan istrinya seorang putri Cina. Artikel ini menganalisis potensi pertunjukan seni Barong Landung untuk dikembangkan sebagai pertunjukan wisata dalam mendukung pariwisata budaya Bali dan sumber inspirasi pengembangan industri kreatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara, dan riset perpustakaan dan data itu dianalisis secara kualitatif menggunakan teori komodifikasi. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua jenis pertunjukan Barong Landung yaitu yang sakral dan profan. Yang pertama adalah untuk ritual keagamaan, sedangkan yang kedua dapat diadopsi untuk tujuan wisata dan untuk sumber inspirasi produk-produk souvenir yang keduanya dapat mendukung pariwisata budaya Bali.Kata kunci: Barong Landung, sakral dan profan, industri kreatif, daya tarik wisata, wisata budaya Bali.
 
The focus of this article is about ellipsis that occurs in the discourse in the Balinese folklore. Ellipsis is a part of the cohesiveness of a discourse so that it becomes a complete discourse. The research method used is descriptive qualitative analysis. This study uses ellipsis theory from Halliday and Hasan which is supported by McCarthy's ellipsis deixis theory. The data source was taken from a collection of tales in the Balinese language, namely the book Pupulan Satua Bali II. The results of this study indicate that the ellipsis that occurs in the book of fairy tales is in the form of nominal ellipsis which refers to humans (people) in the conversation and story prologue, verbal ellipsis that occurs in fairy tale conversations, refers to lexical ellipsis in the verb word class, and the ellipsis of clauses because clauses are considered as expressions of speech functions, such as statements, questions, responses, and clauses that have a structural part consisting of core and propositional elements. Even though there is an ellipsis, the process of conveying the content and message of the story is still effective.
 
Model Stakeholder Contribution in Branding of Village Tourisms
Similarities and Differences of Village Tourism in Bali and India 2018
Profile of Village Tourisms in Bali Indonesia
Profile of Village Tourisms in Andhra Pradesh India
The purpose of this study is to analyze the stakeholder’s roles and contributions in brand management of village tourisms in Bali and India. A descriptive qualitative research conducted in village tourisms in Bali, Indonesia with village tourisms in Andra Pradesh, India. In-depth interviews and discussions were conducted with twenty key informants involved in the management of the respective village tourisms. The findings are the stakeholders play an essential role in branding village tourisms to be able to build a good image of the destination. All activities offered in village tourisms indirectly become the brand of the village. This brand is expected to increase tourist visits, strengthen the image and keep the village tourisms sustainable. The brand of village tourisms is an important thing to be considered by visitors in selecting the destination, so every stakeholder must contribute to create good brand image.Keywords: roles, stakeholder, branding, village tourisms, image
 
Subak is a farmer organization that regulates the irrigation system for rice cultivation in Bali. The research examines the behavior (knowledge, attitudes, skills) of subak members within the framework of the Hindu religious philosophy of Tri Hita Karana, three forms of harmony, namely spiritual, social, and environmental. The case study was conducted in Subak Aseman III, Selemadeg Timur District, Tabanan Regency. This study applies a qualitative method with data collection techniques by observation, interviews, and literature review. The results showed that the behavior of farmers in mastering knowledge was obtained both formally and informally. Farmers are selective in accepting various technological innovations. In implementing the values ??of Tri Hita Karana, subak members carry out rituals on auspicious days to pray for a better harvest result, maintain social harmony through collective decision making, and preserve the environment. This spirit in implementing the Tri Hita Karana philosophy is in line with the spirit to realize sustainable agriculture.
 
In 2017, Bali visited by 1.3 million Chinese tourist. This great number positively appreciated for the local socio-economic benefit. However, unfortunately it led to serious concern because of the ‘zero-dollar tourist’ issue, the tourist that contributed nothing on the island as all payment cash, fee, and commissions went back to China. This article identifies the raise of Chinese tourist in Bali, the response of tourism stakeholders, and Governmental policy innovations to win the zero-dollar tourist. The data sourced from newspaper, research reports, interviews, and online article journals as well as online video. The results indicated that the visit of Chinese tourists in Bali, specifically before the pandemic Covid-19, was affected by the inter-government cooperation policies, aviation supplies, and tourism advertising. The high quantity visitors of Chinese tourist were responded positively, but the practice of zero-dollar tourist was caused the negatively point of view. The Bali Government shut the illegal Chinese-related souvenir shops down and encouraged travel agent to take Chinese tourist to shopped in locally-owned outlets.
 
This article discusses the meaning of Renteng Dance in the Saren Village of Nusa Penida. In Bali, there are many ceremonial dances, but recently many people have created ceremonial dances inspired by the Renteng Dance. This study focuses on the forms and meanings of the Renteng Dance shown in Saren Village. Data collected through observation, documentation study, and interviews with informants were analyzed descriptively using aesthetic theory and reception. It can be concluded that the people of Saren Village performed the Renteng Dance in the form of tari lepas which is a dance performance without stories. This can be seen from the presentation, choreography, and the music accompanying the performance. Renteng dance is accompanied by Balinese gamelan Balaganjur music with a specific movement dance performance structure. Saren community members support this dance because it has meaning as an expression of faith, social concern, and the interest in ecological preservation.
 
Mitos Keris Ki Baru Gajah seperti tertulis dalam teks Purana Pura Luhur Pakendungan di Kecamatan Kediri, Tabanan, Bali menjadi sumber tekstual dari tradisi ritual pembersihan nglisah, mengoleskan minyak ke bilah keris. Artikel ini menganalisis sebuah mitos Keris Ki Baru Gajah yang memberikan kontribusi bagi pelestarian kebudayaan sehingga makna dan fungsi dari upacara nglisah dapat dimengerti dan dilaksanakan secara berkelanjutan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui studi pustaka, wawancara, dan perekaman. Teori yang digunakan dalam analisis ini adalah teori fungsi dan semiotik. Analisis menunjukkan bahwa mitos Keris Ki Baru Gajah berfungsi sebagai panduan dalam pelaksanaan tradisi nglisah. Selain itu, mitos ini juga berfungsi sebagai media pendidikan masyarakat, mempererat hubungan sosial masyarakat, dan dipercaya sebagai pengusir wabah penyakit. Makna dari mitos tersebut, yaitu makna simbolik, loyalitas, dan kesuburan. Diharapkan dengan tradisi yang berasal dari sebuah mitos dapat memberikan keharmonisan dan kesejahteraan kehidupan dalam masyarakat di Kecamatan Kediri, Tabanan, Bali.Kata Kunci : nglisah, implementasi, fungsi, dan makna
 
This article is aimed to describe the verbal expression given by the Balinese community to the birth of a baby by examining the core of verbal expression in the use of diction. In the context of discourse, the choices of words used are not only due to chances, but also ideologically showing how the meaning of community facts and reality. Data analysis indicated that these are the differences in the use of word choices between verbal expression for baby boys and girls. The verbal expression for baby boys contains exceptional semantic features focusing on happiness. Meanwhile, for baby girls, there are more prayers and hopes for their household chores. Besides, those verbal expressions given were found containing gender inequality. Concerning the discourse analysis, it can be disclosed that the microstructure of the verbal expression is a reflection of the macrostructure of Balinese community’s construction.
 
Bali Tourism has grown for the hundred years, but there has never been a mapping of its developmental stages and its future predictions. This article examines the development of tourism in Bali in the past, present, and future predictions, as well as discourse in each stage. Data were collected by literature study, observation, and in-depth interviews with diachronic informants. The main theory used is critical evolution and genealogy. This article offers a model of tourismemorphosis as a stage of tourism development along with its paradigms including the introduction stage, reaction stage, institutional stage, and compromise stage. The prediction of future Bali tourism development is to remain at the compromise stage with the transtourism paradigm that is paradigm with the effort of adjusting all tourism components to respond to the big and rapid changes of tourism globally. Always compromise, Bali tourism stakeholders in the future are still demanded to be creative in the future, customary government, market dynamics, IT development, customs, and religious rituals to survive or even move forward.
 
Artikel ini membahas keberadaan Pura Langgar di Desa Bunutin, Bangli, sebagai daya tarik wisata sekaligus representasi persaudaraan antarumat beragama, khususnya Hindu dan Islam. Pura Langgar atau yang dikenal dengan sebutan Pura Penataran Agung Dalem Jawa Bunutin, merupakan kompleks tempat ibadah umat Hindu yang di dalamnya juga terdapat tempat ibadah umat Islam berupa bangunan langgar. Keberadaan Pura Langgar merupakan fenomena yang menarik untuk dikaji, karena belakangan ini mulai mendapat kunjungan wisatawan, khususnya wisatawan muslim. Kajian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif dengan pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui teknik pengamatan lapangan, wawancara, studi kepustakaan, dan pemeriksaan dokumen. Hasil analisis menyimpulkan bahwa keberadaan Pura Langgar yang mencerminkan sejarah akulturasi antara kebudayaan Hindu dan Islam merupakan pusaka budaya yang cukup potensial untuk menarik kunjungan wisatawan. Keberadaan bangunan langgar di dalam kompleks pura merepresentasikan semangat persaudaraan Hindu-Islam yang sangat penting artinya dalam membangun semangat multikulturalisme di Indonesia. Kata Kunci: Pura Langgar, representasi, daya tarik wisata, Hindu, Islam
 
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana peluang kerja bagi lulusan perempuan sekolah kejuruan untuk diterima sebagai karyawan di hotel. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui penyebaran kuesioner menggunakan formulir google dengan teknik probabilitas sampling dan wawancara dengan metode Tremblay terhadap Departemen Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) yang terpilih. Analisis sampel menunjukkan bahwa 45% lulusan SMK diterima sebagai pekerja harian; 28,30% adalah karyawan kontrak; 18.30% adalah karyawan tetap. Khusus untuk lulusan perempuan Kejuruan 27.22% kesempatan untuk diterima bekerja di bidang housekeeping, 21.30% di front office, 21.30% di food and beverage production, 24.86% di food and beverage service dan departemen lainnya baik sebagai teknisi dan administrasi sebanyak 5,40%. Khusus untuk posisi admin, lulusan harus memiliki keterampilan administrasi operasi hotel, namun lulusan kejuruan masih minim yang menguasai sistem. Artikel ini berpendapat bahwa hotel membuka diri untuk menerima lulusan sekolah kejuruan termasuk perempuan, dan untuk dapat menjadi karyawan tetap, lulusan harus memiliki keterampilan yang memadai. Kata kunci: peluang kerja, lulusan perempuan, SMK Perhotelan, Bali
 
Masyarakat Bali yang masih mempertahankan adat budayanya tidak terlepas dari budaya patriarki dengan sistem patrilineal yang juga terlihat jelas dalam kehidupan pernikahan yang menganut konsep purusa (laki-laki sebagai kepala keluarga). Masyarakat yang masih bercirikan budaya patriarki, tampak mendominasi posisi laki-laki dalam pengambilan keputusan, sehingga menimbulkan persoalan kekerasan dalam rumah tangga. Artikel ini mengkaji dampak psikologis dari kekerasan dalam rumah tangga terhadap perempuan pada budaya patriarki. Untuk membahas permasalahan ini akan digunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Dalam penelitian ini diambil tiga kasus terhadap perempuan Bali yang mengalami kekerasan dalam rumah tangganya. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan observasi. Artikel ini menyimpulkan bahwa faktor budaya patriarki menjadi salah satu penyebab terjadinya kekerasan, serta dampak psikologis yang dialami oleh ketiga kasus adalah perasaan takut, pikiran negatif tentang diri, perasaan tidak berharga, perasaan tertekan, dan melampiaskan emosi marah kepada anak. Kata kunci: budaya patriarkhis, kekerasan dalam rumah tangga, keluarga Bali, pendekatan psikologis, perempuan Bali
 
The purpose of this study is to analyze how the tourism village brand strategy in Bali can strengthen the village’s image. The methods are descriptive qualitative (interviews) and quantitative (survey). Eight key informants who are involved in managing the tourism village were interviewed. The sampling technique for the survey was purposive, involving 126 tourists who have visited the tourism villages. Thematic analysis was conducted for the qualitative data; whereas, multiple linear regression was used to analysed the quantitative data. The findings are brand equity and conceptual branding strategy in tourism village have been implemented, however, they need to be optimalized to strengthen the village tourism’s image. The finding from the quantitative data shows that the brand relationship significantly strengthens the image of the tourism village. This research implies that there is a necessity for tourism villages in Bali to design and implement more specific branding methods and set specific purposes so that the new positioning will distinguish them from their competitors and hence, directly strengthen the image.
 
Artikel ini menganalisis fenomena kebahasaan yang berkaitan dengan resep kecantikan yang bersumber dari naskah Lontar Indrani Sastra. Resep kecantikan dalam lontar Indrani Sastra merupakan warisan budaya leluhur dan telah menyatu dengan kehidupan masyarakat Bali. Bali menjadi terkenal karena telah banyak menyimpan naskah-naskah kuna yang merupakan warisan budaya pulau ini. Artikel ini menggunakan metode kepustakaan dan kerja lapangan, dan menerapkan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teori yang digunakan untuk menganalisis data adalah teori fungsi bahasa. Fungsi ekoleksikon tentang kecantikan yang terkandung dalam lontar Indrani Sastra dapat dipilah menjadi tiga yaitu (1) fungsi informatif, (2) fungsi interaktif, dan (3) fungsi imajinatif. Fungsi informatif berkaitan dengan berbagai informasi mengenai tanaman resep kecantikan, bagian tubuh yang dapat diobati, dan cara-cara pengobatan. Fungsi interaktif ditemukan melalui dialog antara Dewi Saci dengan Rukmini. Demikian pula fungsi imajinatif ditemukan melalui penggunaan metafora ekoleksikon panggal buaya (panggal buaya), dan ekoleksikon Arjuna.Kata Kunci: resep, kecantikan, lontar, ekoleksikon
 
This study provides substantial data in designing the coffee hill-based rural tourism development model of Bongancina Village in North Bali. It focused on two objectives firstly, introducing opportunities by supplying the essential data of Bongancina Village’s potencies through tourist attractions identification; secondly, to analyze the challenges that are faced in rural tourism development. This study implemented the initial stages of the R&D approach with a qualitative analysis method. Data collected by using a passive participatory observation, interviews and FGD techniques. The results revealed that it has opportunities to be developed as rural tourism for economic recovery post the Covid-19 pandemic. The 8 criteria of tourist attractions which were classified into 75 indicators were in a feasible position. The challenges identified from the eight criteria can be utilized to determine the strategies in designing a development model. This study result can promote Bongancina Village and enrich the literature for further studies.
 
This research aims to analyse the level of visitor satisfaction in visiting rural tourism and management of rural tourism in Bali. Research was conducted in three rural tourism in Bali, namely Munduk, Jasri, and Pengelipuran from June to August 2019 through distributing questionnaires to 210 visitors. Data were analyzed based on quantitative approach by implementing the Importance Performance Analysis method. Results showed that the level of tourist satisfaction when visiting rural tourism in Bali was high in terms of attraction, hospitality, safety, and comfortability which indicated that performance of rural tourism has been in accordance with the expectation of tourists. However, the results showed that the level of tourist satisfaction is low in terms of cleanliness and health which indicated that the destination's performance does not match the expectations of tourists. Rural tourism management in Bali has been implemented holistically and comprehensively, however, implementation of marketing concept require some improvements.
 
Pemanfaatan tanah tegalan oleh petani sangat rendah bahkan termarginalisasi sehingga banyak tegalan yang tidak terurus dan berubah menjadi alas atau hutan. Penelitian ini memakai pendekatan kualitatif terfokus pada masalah latar belakang tegalan menjadi alas dan implikasinya terhadap kelangsungan tegalan sebagai sistem pertanian di Desa Riang Gede, Tabanan Bali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan tegalan menjadi alas karena ideologi yang dianut oleh petani dan pemerintah, yakni pembangunanisme dan ideologi pasar. Hal ini dilengkapi dengan binerisme yang menempatkan tegalan serba berkonotasi negatif daripada sawah, sehingga petani lebih mengutamakan sawahnya. Binerisme berlaku pula pada generasi muda yang secara konotatif menilai pekerjaan sebagai petani adalah serba negatif daripada pegawai. Aneka ideologi ini berkaitan untuk menjadikan tegalan sebagai sistem pertanian yang tidak memiliki nilai guna, nilai ekonomis, nilai tanda, dan nilai simbolik bagi petani. Dengan demikian tidak mengherankan jika Petani ingin meniadakan tegalan dengan cara menjual, sehingga terjadi komodifikasi terhadap tegalan. Kata kunci: ideologi, tegalan, alas, marginalisasi, dan komodifikasi
 
There are many recurring social conflicts in Bali that originate in customs and cultures such as caste conflict, exclusion (kasepekang), and issues surrounding black magic. These conflicts are often used as inspiration for Balinese writers to write literary works such as novels and short stories. From the setting story on Balinese social conflict, it can be seen how public perception of the conflict and also how the author’s style expresses social conflict through the art of literature. This article aims to find out the various social and cultural issues that inspire literary writers to write works of literature and how they deliver it so as to create works that educate and entertain. Two sets of short stories entitled Padi Dumadi (The Incarnation of Rice, 2007) by Adnyana Ole and Mandi Api (Bathed by Fire, 2008) by Aryantha Soethama, two of Bali’s leading authors. The approach used in this study is structural approach that examines the elements of the text. Analysis shows that there is a tendency of Balinese authors to raise cultural issues with a new style of expression using the element of surprise at the ending of the story.
 
The diversity of the language of the environment of Green School Bali needs to be studied, especially the treasury of green ecolexicon as they reflect strategical effort to preserve local wisdom of Balinese culture. This study used a descriptive qualitative approach. Data was obtained from the Green School Bali educational environment by using observation and interviews method. The results shown that the grammatical category of the ‘green’ lexicon is in the form of nouns and verbs that are in the form of basic words and phrases and the ‘green’ syntactic construction at Green School Bali contains these natural lexicons, including noun phrases such as bambu hitam ‘black bamboo’, and verb phrases such as bermain Jegog ‘play Jegog’ while the social praxis dimension of the green ecolexicon namely the ideological dimension, the sociological dimension and the biological dimension. This research also uniquely contributes to preserving the concept of local wisdom in real action in the context of international education in Bali.
 
This article analyzes the footsteps of multiculturalism in North Bali by using as the object of analysis the Pura Pabean (Custom Temple) which is upheld by Hindus and Confucians. The analysis focuses on four things, the first, namely: describing the history of the founding of the Pabean Temple; the second regarding the form and function of the traces of multiculturalism in the Pabean Temple; the third the trace of multiculturalism in Pabean temple; and the fourth being the contribution of Pabean Temple in building multiculturalism in Bali. This study is a qualitative study whose data were collected using observation, interview, and literature review techniques. The data were analyzed using the theory of multiculturalism. The results of the analysis show that the Pabean Temple, which is believed to have been established in the 15th century, is historical evidence of multiculturalism that has been going on for a long time in Bali. This is also with the existence of two sacred buildings side by side in one temple area that is upheld, even though they are residents with different beliefs, namely Hinduism and Kong Hu Chu. This article provides a new contribution to the history and dynamics of multiculturalism that is maintained in Bali, especially from a temple called Pura Pabean in North Bali.
 
This paper aims to analyze the perception of Hindu society on the existence of formal pasraman (Hindu style of education) in Bali. The research method used is namely the type of qualitative research. This research of descriptive data with primary and secondary data sources and the technique of determining informants using purposive sampling techniques. Methods of data collection using observation techniques, interviews, literature studies, and documentation, as well as using data analysis techniques and presentation techniques of data analysis results. The results showed that first, the background of the establishment of a formal pasraman include juridical background, religious, and needs. Second, the learning method uses is catur pramana learning method. Third, the perception of Hindu society on the existence of formal pasraman is still low due to a lack of understanding as a whole, therefore it is necessary to socialize the existence of formal pasraman.Keywords: perception, learning methods, catur pramana, formal Hindu pasraman
 
Balinese people seem to realize that their existence in this world has a high dependence on nature as a buffer of life. One of the natural elements, especially trees that are very functional in the life of Balinese people, is banyan (beringin). Beringin, which is referred to as the waringin, wandira, and grodha agung, is preserved in almost all customary villages in Bali. Recognizing the importance of banyan trees in Balinese life, this study aims to analyze two problems related to banyan trees from the perspective of their functions and meanings. Qualitative methods are applied and data is analyzed by discourse theory. The results show that banyan trees are used as a means of yadnya ceremonies in Bali and are useful for curing various diseases, both caused by naturalistic (sakala) and personalistic causes (niskala). Symbolically the use of banyan in a pitra yadnya ceremony in Bali is interpreted as a means of purification to improve the quality of the ancestral spirit in the process of unification with the gods.
 
Artikel ini mengkaji representasi kearifan lokal Bali dalam kehidupan sehari-hari masyarakat transmigran Bali di Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Kajian ini juga untuk mengetahui sejauh mana representasi budaya berimplikasi terhadap interaksi sosial antara masyarakat Bali diaspora dengan penduduk asli dan transmigran asal daerah lainnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif, dengan angket dan wawancara sebagai instrumen pengumpulan data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar kearifan lokal Bali masih terrepresentasi dalam keseharian hidup masyarakat transmigran Bali di Bolaang Mongondow, kecuali subak dan arsitektur Bali dirasa masih kurang. Interaksi antara masyarakat transmigran Bali di Bolaang Mongondow dengan penduduk asli dan transmigran dari daerah lain sangatlah harmonis. Hal ini dikarenakan masih kuatnya berbagai filosofi Bali seperti Tri Hita Karana (Tiga Penyebab Kebahagiaan) dan manyama braya (persaudaraan) dalam keseharian hidup masyarakat transmigran Bali di Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara.Kata kunci: representasi, kearifan lokal, transmigran Bali, Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow
 
Top-cited authors
I Gusti Agung Oka Mahagangga
  • Udayana University www.unud.ac.id
I Nengah Subadra
  • University of Triatma Mulya
I Nyoman Arsana
  • University of Hindu Indonesia
I Gusti Bagus Rai Utama
  • Universitas Dhyana Pura Bali
Isan Ardika
  • Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta