Students' perception has become an essential part of the teaching-learning process. It needs to be considered for helping teachers as an evaluation in the classroom. This research aims to know the students’ perception of English online learning during Covid-19. Seventy-one students at SMAN 1 Semparuk participated in this study. This study was descriptive research with a quantitative approach that used thirty items questionnaire as the data collection instrument adapted by Anggarini (2021) and Santosa & Adijaya (2018). These questionnaires contained three dimensions, namely (1) teaching material, (2) learning interaction, and (3) learning environment. The data were analyzed descriptively in several stages, and each respondent will be classified into five categories of perceptions. The finding indicated that students' perceptions toward English online learning at SMAN 1 Semparuk during the Covid-19 Pandemic fell into a very high category of 1.4% for one student, a high category of 14.1% for ten students, a medium category of 46.5% for 33 students, a low category of 36.6% for 26 students, and a very low category 1, 4% for one student. These results interpreted that students’ perceptions of English online learning were included in the medium to low categories.
The purpose of this research is to find out how STAD technique did improve students comprehension in reading descriptive text. The action hypothesis in this research was stated that teaching reading descriptive text using Student Team Achievement Divisions (STAD) technique can improve the achievement of the eighth grade students of MTSN 2 Pontianak. Classroom action research was used in conducting this research in two cycles. The data were divided measurement test, observation checklist, and field note. The result of the implementation shows that after the researcher conducted the actions, the students reading comprehension improved as shown in the result of both the observation on the students activities during the actions and their individual quizzes mean scores. From the reading comprehension test, the mean score of the individual quiz 1 was 48.57 and the mean score of the individual quiz 2 was 75.75. Student Team Achievement Divisions technique can improve reading comprehension of main idea, details, reference and inference.
The aim of this research is to find out how the use of Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) improves students’ narrative text writing. This research was Classroom Action Research (CAR) which was conducted in two cycles. The research subject was XI IAI students of MAN 1 Pontianak consists of 38 students. The researcher collected the data of students’ improvement in writing from students’ results of writing narrative text, observation checklist, and field notes. It was found that students’ narrative text writing improved from cycle 1 to cycle 2. The implementation of STAD improved students' skill to compose narrative text corresponding with the aspects of writing: content, organization, vocabulary, language use, and mechanics. Besides that, the students’ teamwork and the courage to answer questions also increased due to the rewards given by the researcher. Therefore, the researcher recommends using STAD as a technique to teach writing narrative text.
The purpose of this research is to know whether What Comes Next technique affected significantly on learners action verbs achievement and to know the effect size of the technique. The form of this research is pre-experimental study with one group pretest and posttest design. The population was all the eleventh grade learners of SMA Negeri 3 Pontianak. By using cluster random sampling technique, the sample was XI Science 6 class consisted of 33 learners. The data collection technique was measurement technique and the tool of data collection was a test consisted of 25 items in the form of multiple choice. The result of the T-test was 12.25. It was higher than t-critical score (12.25 > 2.03). This indicated that the null hypothesis (H0) was rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted, meaning that What Comes Next Technique affect significantly in teaching vocabulary for the eleventh grade learners in SMA Negeri 3 Pontianak in the academic year of 2019/2020. The score of the effect size of the treatment was 2.08 and classed as Strong effect. As a result, it can be concluded that What Comes Next Technique give a strong effect in teaching vocabulary for the eleventh grade learners in SMA Negeri 3 Pontianak in the academic year of 2019/2020.
This study intends to analyze the activities carried out by learners during their participation in the AIESEC Global Volunteer Program on their speaking confidence. Additionally, it seeks to provide an explanation regarding how these activities contribute to the enhancement of learners' speaking confidence. The research conducted is a qualitative case study, with three participants who have undergone the AIESEC Global Volunteer Program being the subjects of this study. This research was done by interviewing all the participants and collecting artifacts from the program. The result of this research was that all participants appeared to be so confident in answering the interview questions and expressing themselves. Besides, all the participants stated that the program of AIESEC Global Volunteer Activities indeed brought their confidence to the next level. In other words, during the program, they experienced so many pieces of training that it was believed that those activities contributed to the improvement of their speaking confidence.
This research aimed at improving the students’ speaking skill at grade VII of SMP Islamiyah Pontianak in the academic year of 2019/2020 through cue cards media. This classroom action research was conducted in three cycles; on November 14th, 21st and 28th respectively. It involved 22 seventh grader students as well as the English teacher as the collaborator. The data were taken from the observation, field notes and speaking task. The data of speaking was obtained by speaking task which was assessed through scoring rubric. The result showed that students’ problems in grammar and vocabulary had been solved by using Cue Cards media. The most interesting part of this research was, the cue cards could break the ice among the students as there are pictures and questions which stimulate students’ prior knowledge and could be used as handy clues for them during the learning process. Furthermore, the students’ speaking improved constantly from cycle 1 (the highest score was 48, 3 students got score 48), cycle 2 (the highest score was 64, 2 students got score 64) and cycle 3 (the highest score was 84, 6 students had not achieved the minimum score which is 75). Not only their individual speaking achievement got improved, but also their interest in learning. It was shown by the students’ enthusiasm to pay attention and involve actively in doing every activity during teaching and learning process by using cue cards. Keywords: Speaking, Cue Cards, Media
The paper discusses the effectiveness of teaching simple past tense in narrative text using animation movie to increase students’ grammar achievement of simple past tense in narrative text at the Eight grade students of SMP 1 Ngabang. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of teaching simple past tense in narrative text using animation movie through online learning to the Eight grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Ngabang in Academic Year 2021/2022. The research method was pre- experimental research with one group pretest-posttest design. The sample was the Eighth grade students that consisted of 7 students. The data was collected using measurement technique. The result of this research is analyzed by t-test. The t-ratio 9.58 was higher than the t-critical that was 2.093 on table distribution with α =0.05. Therefore, the alternative hypothesis (Ha) which stated “Teaching simple past tense in narrative text using an animation movie through online learning affect the students’ achievement on the Eight-grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Ngabang was accepted. It showed that teaching simple past tense in narrative text using an animation movie through online learning affects students’ grammar achievement of simple past tense.
This research aims to improve students reading comprehension on recounttext by using Question Answer Relationship (QAR) strategy. This researchis a classroom action research which was conducted in three cycles. Theparticipants of this research consist of the teacher and the students in classX IIS 3 of SMAN 1 Sungai Raya. The researcher collected the data ofstudents improvement in reading comprehension by observing the datathrough reading test, observation checklist, field note and self-assessmentforms. The result showed that students problems in comprehending recounttext had been solved by using QAR strategy. Right There and Think andSearch question improved students understanding of generic structure andlanguage features of recount text. The mean score of students readingcomprehension enhanced in each cycle. In the first cycle, the students meanscore was 57.2, it increased to 68.8 in the second cycle, and 82 in the thirdcycle. In other words, Question Answer Relationship (QAR) strategyimproved students reading comprehension of recount text.
Speaking is one of four skills that are deemed to be important. In EFL Classroom, the students often suffer from English speaking anxiety. The purpose of this research was to discover the level of students’ speaking anxiety and the causes behind it. Descriptive qualitative was used to investigate this research. This research was conducted on the twelfth-grade students of XII-IIS 2 of MAS Ushuluddin Singkawang. To obtain the data, observation and two questionnaires were applied. The questionnaires being used were Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale and the Factors Causing Students’ Speaking Anxiety Questionnaire. To analyze the obtained data, data condensation, data display, and drawing conclusions were applied. The result revealed that 97% of the students experienced high to moderate levels of speaking anxiety. The causes of students’ speaking anxiety were mainly the psychological factors such as; afraid of being laughed at; afraid of not having enough time to prepare; feeling inferior; nervous or shy; anxious when performing alone; afraid of the speaking test; terrified that other students will not understand; afraid of making mistakes; afraid of teacher’s immediate correction; students’ beliefs about speaking English; frightened of teacher’s and peer’s evaluation, and formal class situation. In conclusion, more than two-thirds of the students experienced high to moderate levels of speaking anxiety and 12 factors were found to be the causes behind the speaking anxiety in EFL classrooms.
Interest led to students’ behavior during the learning process. This research was aimed to describe students’ interest in writing recount text through the implementation of Storybird platform as a media in the classroom. The subjects were 35 students VIII A class of SMPN 20 Pontianak. This research was a classroom action research used the observation checklist, field notes, interview and writing test as the instruments in collecting data. It conducted in two cycles. The finding showed that using Storybird platform to teach writing recount text encouraged the students’ interest as same as writing skills. The students were more active, enthusiastic, focus, motivated and confident in their writing class. They enjoyed writing recount text and followed the learning activities. Based on the indicators of interest, the improvement of students’ interest was around 83% to 100% in the last cycle. Moreover it also increased the students’ ability of writing aspects. Based on the quantitative data, the students’ score in cycle 1 was 72.18 and increased into 80, 03 in the test of Cycle II.
The purpose of this study was to improve the writing skill of the Management students at Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak. A classroom action research was employed to conduct a portfolio assessment as a process-oriented skill. Students are expected to be able to write various kinds of business letters to fulfill the needs of their future career. The ability of how to write well cannot be obtained through a product-oriented approach particularly to students with low level English skill. Therefore, this study aimed at improving studentsâ€™ writing skill in terms of writing business letters namely letter of offer. The samples consisted of 37 students of Business English subject in the academic year 2018/2019. The findings of the study proved significant improvement on studentsâ€™ writing with portfolio assessment in terms of sub-skills in writing namely text harmony, vocabulary selection, grammar option, vocabulary writing, and writing tidiness from the first cycle to the second cycle. Subsequently, the students can orderly produce piece of writing since the underlying purpose of this study was to encourage writing as process-oriented skill.
This research study aimed to design Quizizz as media to assess the mastery of simple past tense to year-8 students of SMP Kristen Immanuel 1 Pontianak. The form of this research study was development research. The research method was design and development research. As a procedure, the ADDIE (Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate) model was applied. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the researcher did three phases in this study: Analyze, Design, and Develop (ADD). In the analysis phase, the researcher interviewed the English teacher to find out the actual conditions of the students, the teacher, and the school. In the designing phase, the researcher observed the textbook and the curriculum applied in the school to design a significant product of Quizizz. During the development phase, the researcher used the Quizizz platform to develop the learning media for the students by combining multimedia such as images, GIFs, videos, and sounds. Then, the designed product was completed after having two internal evaluations to ensure that the product was usable and fulfilled all the assessment criteria. In conclusion, the Quizizz multimedia assessment assesses the mastery of simple past tense for year-8 students of SMP Immanuel 1 Pontianak.Keywords: Designing, Quizizz, Simple past tense
This research is about the use of Auditory Cohesion Activity to raise students listening ability on advance learner of TEFL. The researcher took sample from Eleventh Grade of SMA SANTUN UNTAN Pontianak in Academic Year 2017-2018. The aim of this research was to find out how effective the use of Auditory Cohesion Activity to raise students listening ability is. In conducting this research, the researcher used a Pre-experimental as the method of the research. This research consisted of 3 phases, namely; pre-test, treatment, and post-test. The researcher provided the material and the media that needed in this research. The English teacher of SMA SANTUN led the students did the test and the treatment. The finding of this research shows that there was an improvement on students listening ability through Auditory Cohesion Activity. The effectiveness of Auditory Cohesion Activity on students listening ability could be seen from students’ activity through the whole auditory cohesion activity phase and students’ test score. It has shown by the result of post-test which was higher than pre-test. Before the treatment was given, the mean score of pre-test was 26.40. After they had been given treatment the mean score of students’ post-test is 46.30. From the data analysis, the result of the effect size computation is 3.8. It is higher than 0.5. It means that the use of auditory cohesion activity gave a significant effect, to increase students listening ability.
This research was conducted to design Interactive Listening Learning Multimedia; an interactive multimedia as a teaching and learning media to support “Bahasa Inggris for Grade Ten” book. The research aims to determine whether the interactive listening learning multimedia as the supplementary teaching media is usable to support “Bahasa Inggris for Grade Ten” book or not. The form of this research is developmental research. The method of this research was design and development research. The researcher applied ADDIE as the procedure. In this research, the researcher only implemented three phases which are analysing, designing, and developing (ADD) because of time limitation. The interview for analysing phase was administered in SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Pontianak. The researcher created the multimedia using Powerpoint. In development phase, the researcher used internal evaluation to make sure that the multimedia is usable. To sum up, it is found that interactive listening learning multimedia is usable to support “Bahasa Inggris for Grade Ten” Book.
This research aimed to develop listening comprehension materials to support the “Bahasa Inggris for the Eleventh-grade” textbook. This research was conducted on the eleventh grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Pontianak. The method of this research was ADDIE that was proposed by Branch, which consists of five phases; Analysis, Design, Develop, Implementation, and Evaluation with the exclusion of the Implementation and Evaluation phase. This material was designed as supplementary material to support the used coursebook, especially in listening class. The respondents in this research were the eleventh-grade students and an English teacher at SMA Negeri 1 Pontianak. The interview for analyzing phase was conducted in SMA Negeri 1 Pontianak. The researcher made the listening comprehension materials by using Microsoft PowerPoint. The listening comprehension materials were designed and developed for about two months. In the development phase, the researcher used internal evaluation to ensure that the materials are appropriate and useable. In conclusion, it was found that the listening comprehension materials are appropriate and useable to support “Bahasa Inggris for the Eleventh grade” textbook.
This research aims to develop a Pop-Up book for teaching vocabulary to young learners, especially kindergarten level students in Darul Uloom Kindergarten. The procedures were adapted from the ADDIE model proposed by Branch and it used three phases, namely Analyze, Design, and Develop. From analyze phase, the researcher has determined the materials and the criteria of the media that should be used and appropriated by the teacher and students in learning vocabulary. The design phase was focused on the criteria of the media for children and the materials used for the media. The development phase concerned the development of the essential parts of the media. According to the assessment rubric by the teacher, the result of the score is 96,875%. It means that the Pop-Up vocabularies book is feasible to apply in teaching vocabulary to young learners
The objective of this research is to design a comic book for extensive reading material and this research is classified as Research and Development (R & D). The final product of this research is a comic book for enrichment for students of A-1 class year-2 English Study Program of Tanjungpura University. The comic book is also following the steps of making vocabulary exercise comic book inspired by online comic. The data collection of this research is obtained through questionnaires with 17 students of A-1 class as the research subjects. Based on the table of students’ frequency in reading Webtoon comics, it can be seen that, most of the students are often reading Webtoon comic book (66.7%) while other students (25.9%) are routinely reading Webtoon comic book. There are three pages of exercises in the end of each chapter of this comic book. The exercises are the simple questions related to synonym and antonym of the unfamiliar word found in the story they have been read. It is expected that the students could answer the questions orally or in written form.
The aim of this research was to improve students listening comprehension by using Bottom-Up technique. This research is a classroom action research which has done in three cycles. The subject for this research was the tenth grade students in class X TAV. The research was conducted by using Bottom-Up technique which consists of three main stages. There are word processing, phrase processing, and comprehension. The researcher observed students improvement in listening comprehension by collecting data through field notes, observation checklist and listening test. Field note and observation checklist were used to gather the students attitude in learning process. The data of listening was collected through listening test and it was assessed through scoring rubric. The result showed that students problems in understanding the contents of listening and vocabulary had been solved by using Bottom-Up technique. In the first cycle, the students mean score was 76.7. It increased in the second cycle to 82.1, and 83.7 in third cycle. As the conclusion, the technique was able to be used in improving students listening comprehension. The researcher recommends the teacher to use Bottom-Up technique as a technique in teaching and learning process, especially in the teaching listening with the similar setting and difficulty.
Figurative language and its meaning is always been a part of literary work. This study aims to identify the types of figurative language used in The Statler Brothers’ selected song lyrics, to find the meaning of the figurative language used in the selected song lyrics, and to elaborate the contribution of the study for literature teaching. The research design of this study is qualitative research. In data collection of the study, the writer has analyzed The Statler Brothers’ selected songs namely “Bed of Rose’s”, “New York City”, “Flowers on the Wall”. “Elizabeth”. “Do You Know You Are My Sunshine”, “Pictures”, and “We Got Paid by Cash”. The study results the dominant types of figurative language used in the songs is hyperbole as classified by using Kennedy’s theory. The songwriter uses hyperbole to deliver the idea and feeling effectively which is suitable to Kempson’s theory. The figurative language in The Statler Brothers’ songs can be used as alternative learning material to literature teaching. The writer suggests that the students should learn more about the meaning and the nature of words and sentences. This study is expected to be alternative reference to the next researcher to explain more about figurative language.
This research is entitled “An Analysis of Deixis in Catching the Sun Novel by Tony Parsons”. It was carried out to identify the type of deixis contained in the novel and to describe to whom and what they refer to in the dialogues. The source of the data was a corpus from the dialogues in chapter 29, chapter 30, and chapter 31. This research is in qualitative form and used a descriptive method. The data obtained in this novel was in form of phrases and sentences uttered by the characters. After doing the analysis, it was found that the novel contained five types of deixis such as person deixis, spatial deixis, temporal deixis, social deixis, and discourse deixis. Person deixis was uttered 411 times, spatial deixis was uttered 24 times, temporal deixis was uttered 9 times, social deixis was uttered 3 times, and discourse deixis was uttered 15 times. The reference meanings of person deixis mostly refer to the characters, the spatial deixis refer to the places in the story, the temporal deixis refers to the time during the conversation happened, the social deixis refers to an honorable character, and the discourse deixis refers to the expressions in the same utterances uttered by the speaker. Meanwhile, the dominant type of deixis was person deixis. Hopefully, the result of this research can be useful for readers and students.Keywords: Deixis analysis, Catching the sun, Tony parsons novel, Literary works
This research aimed to discover the parental involvement from the mother in facilitating the language exposure to improve the learner’s speaking ability. This research was a case study and applied the procedure from Yin to design steps of this research: planning, designing, collecting, analyzing, and sharing. The researcher interviewed the learner’s mother using the interview guidelines and observed the daily activity. Therefore, the researcher discovered that using English in daily conversation, supporting the learner when using English during the daily conversation and teaching-learning process, using English during the teaching-learning process, providing media to support the learner, stimulating English to the learner, and assisting or monitoring the learner when using the media provided a good amount of language exposure for the learner to improve his speaking skill, especially his fluency and its function in transaction and interaction. These parental involvements worked in one unity like a chain reaction to build a language exposure that would expose the learner and improve the learner’s speaking.
This research aims to investigate the impact of the online class on students in learning English and investigate the level of students' motivation in learning English during the online class. This research applied descriptive research on eleventh-grade students of SMK Negeri 2 Pontianak in the academic year 2020/2021. The data collection techniques were measurement and semi-structured interviews, while the tools were questionnaire and interview questions. The findings of this research revealed the negative impacts of the online class, including students’ difficulties in understanding the teacher’s explanation and learning materials, problems in creating a conducive atmosphere for learning, and students’ problems in time management. By contrast, the positive impact of the online class made several students more enthusiastic and more focused on study. Besides, the findings showed that 53% of students were qualified with a moderate degree of motivation. The online class did not significantly change the level of students' motivation in learning English even though the students faced difficulties during the online class.
The development of information and communication technology in the world of education has become massive in supporting the advancement of the quality of education. Technology demands fundamental changes in the learning process, so it is necessary to maximize its utilization to support better learning. In learning English, integrating technology is one of the things that English teachers can do to maximize their digital skills and make English communication more balanced for students. This study aims to analyze the problems faced by ELT students in implementing the use of technology in English classes. The method used in this study uses a qualitative-descriptive approach. The research sample is 35 English students who apply learning using technology. Data was collected through observation, interviews, and questionnaires related to the problems that ELT students face when learning English with the help of technology. The results of the study show that there are several problems faced by ELT students in learning English through the use of technology, including the implementation of learning English by integrating technology mastery of using learning applications is low, the technology owned by students does not fully support technology-based learning, management time, lack of internet quota, and students find it difficult to understand if only explained once in a while.
This research delves into students' writing abilities, emphasizing the impact of utilizing clustering techniques in teaching descriptive text. The study aims to achieve three objectives: firstly, to assess the writing proficiency of students instructed without clustering techniques; secondly, to gauge the writing proficiency of students taught using clustering techniques; and thirdly, to determine the significant disparity in writing abilities between these two teaching methods. Employing a quasi-experimental quantitative design with pre- and post-tests, the research involves two distinct groups: one exposed to the clustering approach and the other to traditional instruction. Junior high school students in Semarang serves as the research setting, encompassing class VIII students. Data collection spanned eight sessions and encompassed pre-tests, treatment, and post-tests. The experimental group comprised 31 students, while the control group had 32 students. Analysis of the pre- and post-test results revealed noteworthy insights. Students in the control group exhibited a marginal decrease in average scores, from an initial 62.34 to 60.59, following conventional instruction. This contrasts with the experimental group, where clustering techniques potentially facilitated a more positive trajectory in writing skills. The study underscores the potential benefits of integrating clustering methods in teaching descriptive text, potentially enhancing students' written expression capabilities.
The objective of this research is to know the most occurrence types of code used in the novel and the purposes that contribute to those occurrences. The data were derived from qualitative technique using a novel as the material. The data were analyzed using manual coding and descriptive qualitative. The result of this research showed that code-switching is the most code used rather than code-mixing. The total of the utterances that used code-switching is 53 in total. Meanwhile, the most type of code-switching that used in the novel is intra-sentential which has 27 in total. There were some purposes that contributed to those occurrences, namely, quoting somebody else, express solidarity, and express disapproval. In the novel, switching a code is used to quote a famous expression, proverb, or writing some well-known figures. Also, it is used to express solidarity, to show the bonding between characters. A status relationship between people may be relevant in choosing the appropriate code. Additionally, express disapproval also can contribute to the occurrence in the novel, to express anger or unpleasant events. Therefore, the three factors are contributed to the occurrence of code-switching in the novel.