Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences

Published by Mokslines leidybos deimantas, MB
Online ISSN: 2538-919X
Publications
This research project examines the relationship between teleworking cybersecurity protocols during the COVID-19 era and employee’s perception of their efficiency and performance predictability. COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus and it has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Since March 2020, many employees in the United States who used operate onsite, have been working from their homes (teleworking) to mitigate the spread of the virus through social distancing. The premise of this research project is that teleworking can transform these employees into unintentional insider threats or UITs. Iinterviews were conducted through video conferencing with nine employees in Virginia, USA to examine the problem. This is an interdisciplinary research project which brings together the disciplines of sociology and computer science. Narrative Analysis was used to unpack the interviews. The major findings from the research efforts demonstrate that employees are trusting of the cybersecurity protocols that their organizations implemented but they also believe they are vulnerable, and that the protocols are not as reliable as in-person working arrangements. While the respondents perceived that the cybersecurity protocols lend to performance predictability, they seem to think it disrupts their efficiency.
 
The number of infected people in Japan between January to November 2020 Source: (MHLW 2021) https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/covid-19/open-data.html
Percentage of positive/negative tweets for co-creative words
Tourism has traditionally been considered an activity contributing to human quality of life and well-being. Under the current situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, tourism has been severely affected. However, it is important to look ahead and consider the factors to help revitalize tourism. This study focuses on the need for co-creative actions in tourism, using the characteristics of expression in social media during the COVID-19 infection in Japan. The key factor of this research is the service-dominant logic (SDL). SDL signifies the exchange of services, and is based on the concept that value is created only when one entity provides services and another entity receives them. Upon applying SDL to the field of tourism, it was found that the main entity providing services is the “tourism industry” and “residents,” while the entity receiving services is the “customer/consumer” as a “tourist.” In SDL, co-creative activities are attracting attention, because both the provider and the recipient can create values as a service. As the COVID-19 pandemic enters from subsidence to expanding periods, this study analyzes how tourism-related emotional expressions transitioned, and the feelings of resilience, based on social media. This research obtained the following three features. First, co-creative activities were perceived as more positive activities during the pandemic. Second, service-related emotional expressions continued to be expressed during the pandemic. Thirdly, expressions with a temporal perspective representing the future were used.
 
The COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences have not only had a somatic effect but has also had a psychological effect. Apart from various studies that point to the negative effects of the pandemic on the population´s mental health, there are also those that have dealt with its positive impact and have identified possible protective factors whose intensity have increased during the pandemic. The presented study focuses on the level of depressivity in a sample of self-harming adolescents through a comparison of its prevalence before and after the first wave of COVID-19. The results imply that the changes and measures brought by the first wave of the pandemic did not increase the prevalence of depressivity. The discussion presents the limitations of the research and the possible protective effects of a non-pathological home environment on the mental health of adolescents at risk.
 
In Cameroon, a country which has undergone a double French/British administration (1916-1961), the cohabitation between Francophones and Anglophones since 1961 is far from having erased the intergroup differences linked to their respective colonial pasts. On the contrary, over time, it has generated what has been called the Anglophone problem. In this context, is the strong tendency towards the schooling of students from francophone families in schools of the anglophone sub-system of education likely to attenuate intergroups cleavages? From the theoretical perspective of social identity, this research suggests that the perceived similarity between Anglophones and anglophonized francophones generates a threat to the specific Anglophones' linguistic identity. To test this hypothesis, the optimal distinctiveness and intergroup threat scales were administered to 462 Anglophones participants of both sexes. The correlation and linear regression analyzes provide empirical support for the hypothesis of the study. An adjusted R2 index validates the existence of a causal relationship between perceived similarity and intergroup threat.
 
Since becoming a constitutional democracy in 1993, many electoral disputes have arisen in Ghana following elections, with both state and non-state agencies playing key roles in the resolution of these disputes at the levels of general elections, bye-elections, assembly elections, inter alia. The focus of this paper, however, is an examination of the effectiveness of the electoral dispute resolution role of the judiciary arm of state, as mandated under Articles 64(1) and 99(1) of the 1992 Fourth Republican Ghanaian Constitution. Additionally, this paper seeks to identify the underlining causes of electoral disputes in Ghana, as well as, assess the potency of the electoral structure of the country. The study adapted the qualitative research approach in gathering data from 120 respondents that were purposively selected across 16 administrative regions in the country, in addition to the use of secondary and tertiary data. The study argues that the Apex Court namely, the Supreme Court of Ghana has been largely effective in terms of electoral disputes resolution, with a bigger chunk of the credit, however, going to the citizens who are law abiding and peace loving. Furthermore, actions and inactions of the Electoral Commission (EC) as well as political parties in Ghana, have gravely contributed to the spate of electoral disputes in Ghana. Against the backdrop of these findings, it is recommended amongst others that, judges of the Superior Court of Judicature dispense justice fairly and impartially and devoid of material and political underpinnings; whilst electoral officials are urged to play the role of impartial umpires throughout election processes. The researcher argues further that, should stakeholders carefully implement recommendations of this study; the confidence of the electorate in the Ghanaian electoral system will soar once more.
 
The concept of disability has often been chained to that of animality as humanness is regarded as inherently marked by independence and rationality, the lack of which in animate beings is randomly associated with animality. The animality/humanity dualism, championed by anthropocentrism and ableism, not only affects the identity of humans with special needs by grouping them as Others but also disregards the agency of animals/nonhumans and nature by denying human dependency on and similarities with more-than-human entities. This research in its exploration of the connection between disability and ambiguous identity will focus upon the dynamics of the animality/humanity dualism in the context of an industrial disaster and ensuing disability as represented in Indra Sinha’s Animal’s People (2007). By understanding animality/humanity binary through the lens of local/global spatial distinction, the article scrutinises the way the animal/human ambiguous sense of place of the protagonist is mediated by his spatial relations. Building on both critical disability scholarship on animalisation of disabled humans and bioregional exploration of local/global spatial boundaries, the research, therefore, contends that the impact of environmental disasters on certain human groups creates a local (deformed humans as animals)/global (elite humans) spatial binary. The resolvability of such binaries, as the research further argues, is coterminous with developing a local bioregion, which is both connected to and dissociated from global/international places and is built upon humans–nonhumans/animals/nature interrelations that allow an agentic and inclusive human–nonhuman sense of belonging in the region.
 
Data Collection Statistics
The Lok Sabha Elections 2019 in the world’s largest democracy, India, was the biggest electoral event on the planet. These elections are key in the selection of the Prime Minister, the highest authority in the cabinet. Keeping in pace with the global trend, the Indian elections saw a very prominent use of Online Social Media by political parties to create a major discourse around the event. We focus our study on Twitter, collecting over 45 Million tweets, tracking more than 3500 hashtags and over 2500 political handles while monitoring their network interactions. In this work, we have analysed tweets from all these political handles to see how narratives were shaped and altered over time. We study these narratives formed by the party already in power and how they were supported or challenged by other parties. Spanning over 5 months, January to May 2019, we analysed the monthly changes in the rhetoric created by the leading political parties and leaders. We then discern the impact of these changes on existing narratives during the campaigning and the elections.
 
Promoting the psychological well-being of abandoned children raises specific issues. These children have no choices but to live in residential child care institutions. They are called to take part in society, to become autonomous and competent adults. However, these children present difficulties that result in impairment of self-esteem and are identified by negative feelings, as well as failures in their relationship with others. Researchers point out that the satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs: the need for autonomy, the need for social affiliation and the need for competence, is essential to the growth of the individual’s integrity and well-being. Our ultimate interest is to contribute through this work, to the development of educational practices and the quality of care in the child care institutions. From this perspective, this qualitative research aims to explore the educators’ perceptions of psychological well-being of abandoned children, actions they take and the contributions of professional services to promote it. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with educators (N=10) in a residential child care institution. The results show that the educator’s perceptions of psychological well-being go in the same direction as the definitions of psychological well-being in the scientific literature. The majority of their actions tend towards satisfaction of the three fundamental psychological needs, which are essential to the development of psychological well-being. They also underlined the important role of professional services, material and human resources in this direction. This research allowed identifying five specific ways to promote the psychological well-being of abandoned children in the residential child care institutions.
 
At the point when we discuss about atrocities against women, we don't allude to some new happenings yet it is an old phenomenon that has been permitted to go on. All through the ages from one period to another period women have been left to the abominations and carelessness. In all social orders, societies, areas or religious communities’ women have been subject to confront brutality from higher to the lower level and to the present day in India this has come to an alarming extent. The situation of women in Indian culture has been held under continuous dormancy while the exploitation against them is increasing repeatedly. The explanation, most likely, is that woman is considered as more vulnerable sex when contrasted with their contrary sex. This paper explains how women are being exploited in our patriarchal societies. The present paper also discusses about why women are being neglected in our male dominated society. The paper will also focus on various incidences of rape cases that occur in India.
 
This research focuses on the scientific production of academic staff in Human and Social Sciences (HSS) in Moroccan universities. It takes place in a context marked by strong pressures related to scientific research and by changes in the mission of the University that impact the work of the academic at all levels. With regard to HSS, the Moroccan university system appears to be far from being in line with the logic of global competition, and the research activity of the academic staff in HSS is often out of step with institutional policies and the needs of national and international evaluation systems. This can be seen from the publication figures reported in commissioned reports or expert assessments carried out by national or international organizations, or by the scarcity of work that has studied the determinants of the production of academic staff in HSS in Morocco. Hence the objective of this research is to formulate a research model that gathers the potential determinants of the level of scientific production of academic staff and that is adapted to the context of Moroccan universities. Our research therefore aims to fill certain gaps in the knowledge of the social dynamics of knowledge production practices by HSS researchers who are often confused with their colleagues in other scientific fields.
 
Demographic Characteristics of Online Learners (n = 285)
The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted educational institutions, to shift from traditional to online learning platforms which bring new challenges to learners. This study employed descriptive analysis to examine the learning barriers of “first-time online learners” and the extent of academic, administrative and personal learner support of selected state universities and colleges (SUCs) in Camarines Sur, Philippines. There were 285 students and four key informants who participated in the study. Emotional and mental distress, the intermittent internet connection and financial difficulties are the main learning barriers. Students’ emotional and mental distress could be attributed to numerous obstacles that they experience, such as lack of social interaction, inconsiderate and hard-to-reach teachers, family concerns and poor time management. Based on the respondents’ assessment, the support services provided by SUCs are implemented very extensively. However, not all SUCs assess the learner’s willingness and readiness for online learning, provide financial aid, and offer tutorial centers.
 
Correlation Table (Correlation Coefficients & Significance Levels) for the Predictors and the Outcome
Educational researchers incessantly endeavor to address underlying reasons for academic success/failure, and Degree Commitment constitutes a critical sought-after academic outcome regarding college students, which is considerably associated with higher student retention rates. Educational institutions may create effective preventive strategies and interventions for minimizing attrition issues by identifying factors leading to higher Degree Commitment. The aim of the current research was to explore the potential predictive relationship between higher demonstration of college students’ Academic Self-Concept and higher levels of Critical Thinking Dispositions on their commitment of further pursuing their chosen degree. A questionnaire-based survey method was employed, adopting a correlational design on a recruited purposive sample of 120 Greek college students of a privately-owned educational institution. A multiple regression statistical analysis generated a weak positive correlation (9.2%) between the predictors, with Academic Self-Concept being the strongest predictor of Degree Commitment, implying that the combination of the aforementioned academic facets significantly predicts Degree Commitment, but with a small generalization explanatory power to a population sharing common characteristics with the utilized sample. Although the devised model is of minimal practical use, it proposes an initial attempt to construct a holistic model of academic success, while simultaneously highlighting the necessity for developing interventions that robustly target Critical Thinking Dispositions and, most importantly, Academic Self-Concept. Future research may explore factors influencing the predictors under investigation, compare them between students deriving from traditional educational systems and those deriving from international educational systems, and explore alternative factors concerning college success and attrition within various sociocultural contexts.
 
This paper examines the development of Chinese social media platforms and corresponding socio-economic indicators. Applying Bourdieu's concepts of cultural capital and Fukuyama’s concepts of social capital, this paper analyzes various social media platforms and their impact on mobility across social classes in China. Government regulations are highly involved in Chinese social media platforms. Through measuring education, consumption, income inequality, social mobility, and other related socio-economic indicators, this paper argues that the emergence of social media platforms revolutionizes the traditional social class structure and results in a unique social stratification in China. Social media platforms empower upper classes, middle classes, and working classes differently. This paper's central proposition is that the rise of social media blurs boundaries between middle and working classes, but strengthens the upper classes' distinctiveness and further consolidates their capital. The models applied in this paper advances our understanding of the rise of social media and its role in advocating for social mobility while also its role in facilitating class consolidation.
 
Anchored on the constructivist and social development theory, this study aimed to enhance the chemistry achievement of students in terms of the comprehension, application, and analysis cognitive levels. It also determined the specific factors in the constructivist approach that contributed significantly to students’ achievement and attitude. It employed quasi-experimental method, specifically the pretest – posttest two group design, utilizing both quantitative and qualitative techniques in collecting and analyzing the data. The use of the constructivist approach significantly enhanced the comprehension, application, and analysis cognitive skills. The group exposed to the constructivist approach performed better than the group exposed to the traditional teaching method. The constructivist strategies and students’ involvement have significant correlation on students’ achievement and attitude. Educators should develop students’ higher thinking skills using the constructivist approach in various disciplines. Some designed activities could be given after class hours, as project or assignment, to continue the processing of skill development.
 
The aeronautical profession of fighter pilots on supersonic aircraft is strongly connected to the motivation, performance and excellence achievement-striving. The supersonic pilot represents the highest and most desirable position in the air force. Research showed that their selection is made by choosing the potential elite candidates after testing the physical, mental abilities and personality traits specific to this profession. The present research examined the personality trait of conscientiousness with achievement-striving facet in fighter pilots on supersonic aircrafts, by using the “IPIP NEO” (International Personality Item Pool NEO) based on Big Five by comparison of two groups, one of fighter pilots on supersonic aircraft and one of non-pilots. The results indicated that fighter pilots on supersonic aircraft have higher level of excellence achievement striving in their performance, they tend to be more competitive to become the best and the desire for victory is needed in their highly risky air missions.
 
The objective of this study was to explore both the indoor and outdoor activities that the elderly desire. This study employed a questionnaire and in-depth interviews with people aged 50 years and older in Bangkok, Prathum Thani, Samut Pragarn and Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya provinces. The sample size was 185. The study showed that the outdoor activities that the elderly preferred were walking in the water, stretching activities and walking. The indoor activities that they preferred were muscle, brain and mind development. The most preferred outdoor activity of the elderly was walking in the water, while their favorite indoor activity was muscle development.
 
Political discourse structure (The Theory of Communication (a communicative pattern) perspective)
The article aims at analyzing of the contemporary political discourse modality that has acquired specific characteristic features of highly emotional utterances based on deliberate or unintended violation of political etiquette principles recently. The article’s generalized theorizing is illustrated by a sample of case study of invectives in political discourse. This analysis aims at distinguishing “agonal” signs (a deliberate use of invectives in speech) and pragmatic borrowings (inadvertent use of invectives) in their functioning, their pragma-semantic characteristics and discursive markers, which helps us in identification of both types of political discourse linguistic items. This research represents an integrative approach combining the Critical Discourse Analysis, the Political Discourse Semiotics Theory, the Role Theory, the Communication Theory, and others, in order to discover the actual reasons and consequences of these changes in the society in general, and in political discourse in particular.
 
Frequency of word tokens in the speech delivered by King Felipe VI
This paper focuses on comparing the speeches given in front of the European Parliament by King Juan Carlos I on the 14th of May 1986 and by King Felipe VI on the 7th of October 2015 from a pragma-rhetoric perspective. It highlights certain speech acts that may constitute the backbone of the two speeches, as they refer to key topics such as terrorism, the preservation of European values, a more integrated Europe, etc. Moreover, it also attempts to identify significant argumentative resources that were used such as rhetorical figures and various types of arguments. Both speeches reflect some of the issues that the European Union had to tackle at the time they were delivered. King Juan Carlos I urges for a more united Europe and he puts emphasis on the technological challenges that lie ahead. He uses anaphors, a paradox and the ad consequentiam argument. King Felipe VI points out the need of the European Union to identify new internal and external objectives in a more globalized world. He also states that, by joining their forces together, the European states can offer help to the thousands of refugees who were migrating back then mostly from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq so as to escape war. King Felipe VI uses in his argumentation anaphors, the circular reasoning fallacy, the ad consequentiam argument and the appeal to authority. As a discursive strategy, he mentions that the European Union is “our great common project”, making thus reference to the concept of “project of life” as it was defined by the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset. Both orators employ personifications of Spain. They both throw a strong light on the role of Spain within the European Union. The text analysis application AntConc is used in order to detect the most used words in their speeches.
 
Since the dawn of democracy in 1994, the Republic of South Africa (RSA) has been trying to address the aftermath and consequences of the apartheid regime. This comprises of the socio-economic, spatial, and political challenges that have persisted over the decades. These have had far reaching repercussions in the society to the extent that 25 years later after apartheid, the country finds itself with alarming rates of poverty, social exclusion, unemployment, and inequality. Literature has revealed that there is a direct relationship between poverty and inequality as well as access to socio-economic services / opportunities. Poor access to these services perpetuates exclusivity and thus inequality and marginalisation in all form and character. The purpose of this study is to investigate how housing developments have been used in South Africa to address poverty and inequality. The aim is to understand how to plan for better and more socially and economically thriving communities through housing development, focusing specifically on aspects of development that contributes to addressing poverty and inequality. Using a Delphi three round method of Inquiry of 20 experts, perceptions from a diverse panel of experts about mixed-income housing development were uncovered. In comparison to previous housing models, the study uncovered a significant paradigm shift in housing development and what a housing intervention should achieve. Since 2004 after the introduction of the Breaking New Ground Policy (BNG), the housing development approaches, and interventions have shifted away from just providing roof over once head to providing social asset to the poor and a whole range economic opportunities. The conclusion is that housing development by virtue of location, diverse housing typologies and tenure options is now part and parcel of integrated planning and the pro poor development agenda.
 
This cross sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence and factors affecting sexual harassment (SH) among female staffs of a supermarket in Kathmandu, Nepal. The data were collected with self-administered questionnaire from 170 staffs. Uni-variate (descriptive detail) and bivariate (statistical detail) analyses were the methods applied. Among 24.1% of sexually harassed respondents, the most common was 15-30 years' age group. Moreover, 80.5% of the victims were harassed verbally, 39% non-verbally and 48.8% physically. The harassment occurred either when they were alone (non-verbal 56.5% and physical 78.3%) or when the shop was crowded (non-verbal 29.3% and physical 88.2%). Most of the victims accepted the problem (non-verbal 55.6% and physical 94.4%) due to fear of being fired and social stigma. Non-verbal (53.8%) and physical (100%) harassments mostly occurred during night shift whereas verbal harassment (63.4%) occurred during day shift. Out of 6 selected predictors: age, dress, place, shift, perpetrator and acceptance of the incident, the verbal harassment was statistically associated with shift (63.6% in day, p-val.= 0.007), non-verbal harassment was associated with age (25% of age 15-30 years, p-val.=0.002) and the physical harassment was statistically associated with age (35% of age 15-30 years, p-val.=0.000), shift (35.0% at night, p-val.=0.000), prepatrators (25% of age 15-30 years, p-val.=0.003), acceptance (40.0% due fear of being fired/ social stigma, p-val.=0.000). In order to reduce sexual harassment among female staffs of supermarkets, there must be awareness programs for all the staff, advocacy programs against SH for customers and staffs, punishment for the perpetrators must be legal.
 
Public officials have a greater responsibility to account to citizens, therefore they are expected to execute their duties with professionalism, courtesy and integrity and they are projected to refrain from unethical conduct that cripple the moral fibre of society. It is imperative for government officials to conduct themselves ethically in executing their daily duties and again it is of great importance to annotate that professional ethics in public administration is vital to ensure moral values, obligation, attitudes and norms governing public functionaries. The aim of this study was to examine ethical conduct in the Limpopo Provincial Government, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development as a case study. The proposed study was used to make suggestions on how to rebuild government‘s integrity and also to address ethical challenges that South Africa’s public service is facing. The mixed research methodology was utilised, with unstructured interviews and structured (self-administered) questionnaires as tools to collect primary data. A combination of probability and non-probability sampling methods were employed in selecting sample elements from the population. Furthermore, both qualitative and quantitative methods of data analysis were used for the purpose of this study. Based on the study findings although Limpopo Provincial Government, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development’s officials were ethically behaving in their dealings with the public, not all community members were satisfied about their conduct. Evidence collected indicated that the citizens does not know the code of conduct for the department. Consequently, the paper recommends that the department should develop their own clear policies, procedures, code of conduct towards ethical conduct of officials.
 
The issue of gangs, and ensuing gang violence, predates democracy in South Africa. While the dawn of democracy promised a new beginning, the lingering effects of Apartheid remained, particularly the spatial configuration of cities and legacies of fractured communities. Cape Town, the country’s second largest city and metropole of the Western Cape province, exemplifies this more starkly than elsewhere, as apartheid spatial planning relegated the historically disadvantaged to the limits and outskirts of society, where they still remain, but the City of Cape Town perpetuated the relegation of the poor and working class to the verges. The nascent democratic government and newly recalibrated police forces have struggled to address gang violence effectively amidst the backdrop of widespread organised crime and corruption, social inequality, a sluggish economy, and poor service delivery. The National Anti-Gangsterism Strategy (2017), the country’s latest strategy framework, requires policy implementation at provincial level. This paper will assess the Western Cape policy content and deconstruct the concept of gangsterism so as to discuss the measures best suited to bring about change in society. It will be argued that sustained anti-gang strategies and interventions demand that structural obstacles and inequality in lieu of the spill over from the Apartheid era are addressed. Concludingly, the long-term benefits of reframing the problem of gangsterism in the Western Cape as ‘a youth-at-risk-crisis’ as such policy responses contribute to local peace, including the view to allowing youth(s) to exert agency and become empowered in pursuit of individual and community resilience and active citizenry.
 
This paper discusses the evaluation of Jokowi's policy regarding alcoholic drink investment in Indonesia by using sentiment analysis. The source of data used as policy feedback in this study is data from the Twitter API. There were 6,963 tweets taken five days before and five days after Jokowi lifted the policy. The data was then manually annotated as many as 963 tweets by sentiment labels. This study uses NLP Techniques to process the data and uses SVM to classify it. Furthermore, using trained data, this paper labels the rest of the tweets into three groups of sentiments, namely positive, negative, and neutral, to see how much public support or rejection of policies on social media. From the analysis, the alcoholic drink investment policy was not successful. The number of negative sentiments from the public shows that this policy is against the people's will. Negative comments dominated during the period of this study, significantly before the President lifted the policy. Nevertheless, Jokowi's decision to revoke the alcohol investment permit is the right step and has succeeded in reducing negative comments and rejections on social media, especially Twitter. This paper also covers words that are interconnected and related in Twitter to give an overview of the tweet's contents. Before the policy was revoked, many tweets contained a rejection of Jokowi's policies, rejection of the Papuan government, and asked the MUI to suggest Jokowi revoke this policy. After the policy was revoked, the comments were more directed at criticism of the President's attitude, which stated that he hated foreign products but allowed investment in alcohol and had made policies that provoked a public controversy.
 
This article analyzes historical population changes as mechanisms of biopower in Latin America: during colonization, the crisis of indigenous groups, the arrival of enslaved Africans and, later, the immigration of free settler Europeans to replace both indigenous people and Africans as workforce and land property. The perspectives of settler colonialism and biopower are adopted to understand how sequential mechanisms of biopolitics were implemented in settler societies, through genocide and the assimilation of the majority, who were progressively being eliminated or transformed into minorities. The method includes literature review of the predominant concepts, discourses and practices established in the biopolitical process attached to settler colonialism, as well as the methods, institutions, policies and actors who built these modes of biopower. The results show the adoption of several biopolitics mechanisms, such as wars, epidemics, over-exploitation, land confiscation, the kidnaping of women, inferiorization, human trafficking and cruel punishments, during colonialism, as well as miscegenation, isolation and the marginalization and disappearing of those resisting in the transition to settler colonialism, when eugenic policies of fertility control and European immigration were implemented in order to whiten the population, which reinforced, articulated and validated the persistent racism, discrimination against and disadvantages forced upon these populations.
 
The paper is an evaluation of the professional MA program in Translation and Interpreting in a higher education institution in Tunisia. Two research questions were explored in order to investigate whether the program prepares students for the market needs and to present a complete picture revealing insights from multiple sources. Data were collected in two phases through the use of six instruments including a questionnaire for MA students, a questionnaire for former students, a questionnaire for teachers, a structured interview with the MA coordinator, structured interviews with employers and a qualitative content analysis of the course distributions of the MA program. Data analysis revealed that the program responds to the market needs in translation but not in interpreting. All stakeholders strongly agreed on the need for more practice in interpreting. Based on these findings, some recommendations were put forward. These include mainly the need to reconsider the pedagogy by increasing the amount of learning time, involving additional subjects such as soft, life and marketing skills, and providing professional practices, namely internship opportunities.
 
The purpose of this study is to show the assimilated styles, motifs and designs of the Late Mediaeval Temple Architectures of Tripura. Like the other parts of India, Tripura has been an important centre of interaction of several cultures and traditions. The state is a home to numerous Tribes having different traditions and cultures. Therefore there is a wide variety in the life style and cultures of this state. Due to the friendly nature of the Manikya kings, the state was globally well connected. In the Royal courtyard, many scholars, artists, architects and other literates were invited for cultural exchanges at that time. We can see the influences of those sharing thoughts in the Architectures of this state. The temples constructed during the late 15th-16th century exhibits motifs influenced from the Indo-Islamic architectures, Bengal temples, Indo- Burmese style and other indigenous elements of this region. These temples reflect a synthesis of the arts, ideas, religious beliefs, values and the way of life during the Manikya ages.
 
The mechanism of propaganda allied to the dominance of modern science played a major role in limiting the masses’ scope of thinking during Nazi Germany. Using a detailed analysis of Hannah Arendt’s works on the human condition and totalitarian regimes, and supporting them by Edward Bernays’ studies on propaganda, the present paper focuses on two essential points. One of them is the connection between the modern age and the human ability to think. According to Arendt, the rise of modern science revolutionized western tradition and prepared the ground for the prevalence of thoughtlessness, the inability to think. The second point is correlated with the mechanism of Nazi propaganda and the way its scientificality helped dismantling society’s inherent plurality by manipulating people’s minds, creating new necessities, indoctrinating masses for an intended purpose, and therefore encouraging the inability to perform a meaningful inner dialogue. Hannah Arendt’s philosophy is timeless for its urgent importance. It raises fundamental questions that promote meaningful debate about the way we think and act, which can lead Humanity to prevent atrocities like those of the past and motivate a growing awareness for the future.
 
This study provides an assessment of globalization and its impact on top performing creative industries in Nigeria. The prospects and contributions of the Nigerian film, music and fashion industries to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) were highlighted in a bid to position Nigeria in the global creative space. The study adopted cognitive capitalism as its theoretical framework, and the role of culture as the major product of cognitive capitalism was explored as solutions for developing the Nigerian creative space. Empirical studies by leading research organizations and relevant agencies focused on analyzing the contributions of different sectors of the economy to national growth were reviewed. A review of secondary data indicates that the contributions of Nigeria’s creative industries to the global scale is on the rise. Factors that determine Nigeria’s role were obtained from secondary sources and were used to form the basis for the conclusions drawn by the study.
 
Based on component of poverty line of Bangka Belitung Islands, percentage of cigarette consumption expenditures was the second largest for the poverty line, while rice as staple food only occupies the fourth position. Cigarettes do not contain calories, so they will not add calories by consuming them. It is possible for someone who has an expenditure above the poverty line to remain poor because many are spent for consuming cigarettes. The purpose of the study to analyze the impact of cigarette consumption on poverty status, with a simulation converting cigarette expenditure into spending on other foods containing calories. In particular, to study whether there is a change in poverty status after conversion of cigarette expenditure. And analyzing the influence of social, economic and demographic characteristics on changes in poverty status. The study focused on poor households that have cigarette expenditure. This study uses data of 7080 households from all regencies and cities in Bangka Belitung province, which collected from the field study by students of Polytechnic of Statistics STIS in 2017. The simulation results show that there is a significant change in poverty status when converting cigarette expenditure. And based on binary logistic regression analysis the results show that households with a higher level of education, status of head of household as employee or having a business, non-agricultural employment and an increase in per capita income have a greater tendency to change the poverty status of households. Thus, cigarette expenditure can change poverty status if it can be used for better needs.
 
Early marriage is an official or unofficial relationship between two people when at least one of them is less than 18 years old. Various factors have an impact on early marriage such as traditions, norms, gender inequality, financial status, an attempt to avoid loneliness - especially in families where parents are divorced, or adolescents have family duties. The survey aims to study the effect of early marriage on education and career opportunity of adolescents. The survey was conducted with 45 respondents (28 women and 17 men). The findings show that early marriage is a barrier to education, which later reduces employment opportunist as well. Adolescents have positive attitudes towards education, but only 1/5 of them were able to continue their study after marriage. About 85% of adolescents do not have a job, but they receive essential financial and psychological support from their parents. The majority of respondents do not have any specific plans to continue their study. However, they hope that in the future they will be able to get an education and be employed. One of the crucial factors for preventing early marriage is raising of awareness of adolescents, their parents, families, and society about the issues such as risks of early marriage, family planning, etc. Besides, it is impotent to provide information and services to adolescents to support their participation in education, improve their employability opportunities and social integration.
 
Batu City as a city that has a popular tourist destination also faced with this problem. Some tourist objects and attractions (ODTW) and cultural events have been carried out through cooperation between the three pillars of tourism, but until now still encounter various obstacles that are generally not based on partnership. Paper is downloading said the cooperation between the government and the private sector and the community at events travel "Stone Flower Festival" in Batu based on partnership. In this event developed the concept of a new partnership to be able to give a theoretical explanation of the phenomena associated with the implementation of regional tourism affairs. With the new concept of partnership, clarity is gained about the role of stakeholders, the policies developed by the government and the impacts on stakeholders. The developed partnership is equal and autonomous, sharing benefits and risks, pooling of resources, high intensity, and valid for a long period. By using qualitative research methods and using interview techniques, focus group discussions and observations, this study of tourism partnerships results in the finding that the roles of each stakeholder are in accordance with their capacities, policies taken by the Batu City Government have led to partnerships through sharing management and resources, and the impact of the partnership brings an increase in local own-source revenue and community income. Recommendations that can be submitted so that the Batu Flower Festival event can be continued and involve a wider community and more massive promotions.
 
Compulsive behaviors are psychiatric challenges that interfere with the regular life practices of those who exhibit them. This study qualitatively identified compulsive behaviors within three organizations located in no.2 major cities from Romania, aiming to explore their effects on workers' productivity and extended community, including coworkers and employers. To understand the exact behaviors, a literature search was done from Google Scholar to understand examples of compulsive behaviors in the workplace before gathering data from the participants. Using three organizations, from construction materials and adjacent industries, 15 participants were selected and agreed to be interviewed. Further, a survey questionnaire was used to explore the severity and effect of the behaviors on productivity at work. The main results noted workplace compulsive behaviors like repetitive cleanliness, ritualistic behaviors like repetitive ordering or organizing things in a particular manner, persistent repetition of certain words or actions for the perfection of the work assigned, and isolation from other members. The findings from the results entailed an understanding that most compulsive behaviors conflict with established workplace code of conduct. Also, employees confirmed their continued struggle to control the exhibited behaviors. The effects of the behaviors on the employees' productivity and time management were also highlighted. Importantly, most participants confirmed that most employers and coworkers understand their situations and provide social support.
 
Post bellum justice considers vindication of human rights and prosecution on occasion of its violation essential to establish just peace at the end of war. An inquiry into the interrelationship between justice in the commencement, during, and at the end of war reveals the centrality of human rights and just peace. Conversely, jus post bellum's failure is associated with discrepancies in jus ad bellum and jus in bello conditions of just war (JW). The study, therefore, observes an intricate relationship between the three conditions of just war. This correlation is further stressed on the importance of jus ad bellum criteria of right intention and proportionality principle of jus in bello to rightly administer judgment for crimes committed during war. To complement the already existing laws of warfare, the paper distinguished crimes based on intention into presumptuous, not-presumptuous, and un-presumptuous. Thus, all three conditions of just war synergistically work together to justify a just war claim for right resort to force.
 
New Zealand is considered an egalitarian society, with a progressive policy history in promoting gender equality, however, this paper illustrates how social policy does not always support this agenda. The objective of New Zealand Sole Parent Benefit is to provide temporal financial support to sole parents and their dependents while supporting a transition into formal paid employment. While ultimately aimed at increasing the labour force participation of sole parents, this paper queries to what extent the policy has achieved this objective and why. Recipient statistics are disaggregated by gender to highlight the disproportionate impact on, and unequal outcomes for women. Furthermore, a gendered analysis informed by feminist economists Naileer Kabeer, Diane Elson and Nancy Folbre, alongside statistical evidence of a gender pay gap, occupational segregation and motherhood penalty is applied to demonstrate how market constraints affect New Zealand women’s participation in the labour force, and contribute to the counter intuitive policy results. While these factors do not account for individual differences in motivation, nor individual aspirations, unless the gendered nature of the labour market is addressed, women will continue to face higher rates of engagement on the Sole Parent Benefit and continue to experience disproportionate economic disadvantage and financial insecurity. The consistent use of a gendered analysis in policy design and implementation is essential to reduce gender-based disadvantage, even in countries believed to promote gender equality.
 
This paper aims to establish an association between black racial identity formation and the struggle to guarantee civil rights in Brazil. The consolidation of racial identity is a determining factor for the subject to become an active social agent, able to enjoy all their rights as a citizen. The introduction contextualizes matters involving identity formation in the colonial e imperial periods. Next, we examine the construction and consolidation of black identity from the legal abolition of slavery until the contemporary advances in the conquest of rights in Brazil. Finally, we observe that the consolidation of racial identity is directly linked to the organization and strengthening of Black Brazilian movement.
 
This article analyzed the KESBAN counterinsurgency model of Malaysia in combating the Communist Movement in 1989. It compare with the ongoing Nigerian government counterinsurgency against the Islamist Boko Haram group in the country. The empirical data gathered from secondary materials including both published and unpublished materials. The article revealed that the successes of the Malaysian combating the communist rebellion was influences by its KESBAN model premised on the heart and mind strategy in its campaign. It hence revealed that the protraction of the Boko Haram rebellion is promoted partly by the enemy-centered campaign of the government. The uses of excessive military force on fighters and implementing draconian laws targeting the host population bolstered the insurgent group. It enabled them accesses to logistics and intelligence thus influence the extension of its violence. As a panacea, the article suggest that Nigeria should borrow from Malaysia’s KESBAN model in its operation. On against the prevailing security only campaign, the government should adopt the Malaysia strategies of establishing new villages and raising of home guards to control the population. The Government should also focus on implementing economic empowerment programs for the resettled population.
 
In a fast-changing world different social institutions and organizations have emerged in order to maintain the well-being or the harmonious existence of human beings and much contribution has been done in the maintenance and the promotion of well-being of humanity. However, the modern era with its rapid developments confronted with many challenges such as environmental pollution, serious health issues, population growth and scarcity of food & sheltered specially the direct man-made issues related to the peace and co-existence of humanity. As a result, physical, social, mental and spiritual well-being has been greatly affected and damaged. Buddhist teachings emphasize that peace is dependent on the physical, social, mental and spiritual well-being of individuals living up wards in any society. Thus, it signifies a state of harmony and friendship, calmness and quietness and also the freedom from war and violence. Hence in the achievement of harmony and peace most significant is the identification and verification of the fundamental issues with impartiality, justice and honesty that lead to the warfare between the nations or countries which is the Buddhist standpoint. In the modern world warfare takes place from many aspects. They have been able to avoid such which is the only fact that humanity can be proud of in this civilized world. However, the situations within some countries are not satisfactory especially in some Asian and Middle East countries where there is divesting warfare between the divided groups who have the underhand support by the powerful. Such lead to the attitudinal change in the people where as their social consciousness becomes widened and deepened. Thus, the attitudinal change gradually takes place which is the key factor for lasting peace in the sustainable developmental countries. Thus (a) Respect for morality (b) Attitudinal change (c) Widening of social consciousness (d) Establishment of higher ideals are the key elements found in Buddhist teachings in theory and upwards practice.
 
The emergence of Maiyah in the midst of the downstream community marked a new format for recitation focusing on horizontal dialectics based on contextual themes. It can be said that Maiyah is a recitation forum that discusses actual themes such as culture, education, social, economy, religion, etc. by basing universal values such as egalitarian, democratic, and mutual respect. Maiyah has been held for about two decades and carried out in dozens of cities in Indonesia (Yogyakarta, Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang and others) and abroad (Hong Kong, Berlin, Philadelphia, Bangkok, Seoul, Amsterdam, Helsinki, London, and others). The communities which consist of a variety of backgrounds, both economic, class, age, and religion, have a strategic role in the discourse formation on what and how Maiyah is formulated. Such a tendency explains their position, if revealed from the fandom's perspective, it strengthens the relationship between Cak Nun and Maiyah. Cak Nun is widely known as a multidimensional human being: writer, intellectual, islamic scholar, and social activist. Cak Nun and Maiyah, therefore, are reciprocal correlates when viewed from the perspective of fandom. The fandom framework that emerged in the past decade and a half extends to the cyberspace. The emergence of new internet-based media requires the fandom movement in cyberspace. This article uses a fandom theory—Henry Jenkins—and particularly cultural participation perspective. Thus it could be answering the question of how stretching fandom is in the practice of Maiyah and how it appears to be related to the character of Cak Nun.
 
Causal impact analysis for the google trends for love (Fig 1a) and sex (Fig 1b) in quarantine
Causal impact results
The study investigated seasonal variations in mating behavior by analyzing the search for sex during the COVID-19 quarantine in Google trends. Causal impact analyses were used to examine the trends of Google keyword searches during the period in which the quarantine and post-quarantine period lasted in Chile, for topics related to mate preferences. Results indicated a consistent difference during the post-quarantine peaks of Google trends related to short-term and long-term mating behaviors. Such results complement research about the change in mating strategies from an evolutionary approach which predicted decreased a long-term investment during periods of uncertainty caused by the pandemic. We discuss the implications of this method to advance the comprehension the effects of pandemic on mating preferences.
 
This research aims to examine gender differences in parents’ expectations for the education of their children in China. With rich information from the 2013/14 wave of China Education Panel Survey Data, this study used the ordinary least squares regression with the statistical package STATA to examine the effects of teenager gender, the number of siblings and sibling sex composition on parents' educational expectations in China. Different from previous studies in China, this study found that parents have higher educational expectations for girls than for boys, and the higher rate of return to education for girls might be one of the explanations for this phenomenon. Additionally, residential areas, parents' educational levels, and father's occupational status show a significant impact on narrowing the gender gap in parents’ educational expectations. This study also focuses on the sibling composition in the family, which includes the number of siblings and the sibling sex composition. Consistent with the dilution model, a larger number of siblings has a negative impact on parents' educational expectations, but this impact has no gender differences. Besides, due to the previous family planning policy, a large number of Chinese families only have one child. This study found that in both one-child families and multiple-children families, parents still have higher educational expectations for girls, and even in multiple-children families this preference for girls to receive more education is more significant. Different as expected, sibling sex composition does not show any statistically significant influence on parents' educational expectations.
 
Top-cited authors
Maria Sakellariou
  • University of Ioannina
Radhika Krishnan
  • International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
Ponnurangam Kumaraguru
  • International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
Devansh Manu
  • International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
Saman Abdulqadir Hussein Dizayi
  • Erbil polytechnic university