JURNAL PENELITIAN KOMUNIKASI DAN OPINI PUBLIK

Published by BPSDMP Kominfo Manado
Online ISSN: 1978-2462
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Article
AbstrakPenelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh menguatnya wacana mengenai pentingnya perlindungan data pribadi dan terbitnya Peraturan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Nomor 20 Tahun 2016 tentang Perlindungan Data Pribadi dalam Sistem Elektronik. Adapun tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kinerja implementasi Peraturan Menteri tersebut di lingkungan Pemerintah Kabupaten. Penelitian dilakukan di Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil pada Pemerintah Kabupaten Gianyar, Temanggung, dan Sleman dengan menggunakan metode studi kasus, sedangkan pengum­pu­lan data menggunakan teknik studi pustaka, wawancara, dan observasi. Pembahasan dilakukan dengan menggunakan konsep implemen­tasi model Edwards yang melihat implementasi berdasarkan variabel komunikasi, sumber-sumber, kecenderungan-kecenderu­ngan, dan struk­tur birokrasi. Hasil penelitian menunjuk­kan bahwa penyelenggaraan administrasi kependudukan yang di dalamnya termasuk perlindungan data pribadi oleh Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil merujuk pada Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 61 Tahun 2015, sedangkan Peraturan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Nomor 20 tahun 2016 sama sekali belum mereka ketahui. AbstractThis research is motivated by the strengthening of discourse regarding the importance of protecting personal data and the issuance of Minister of Communication and Information Regulation No. 20 of 2016 concerning Protection of Personal Data in Electronic Systems. The research objective is to determine the performance of the implementation of the Ministerial Regulation within the District Government. The study was conducted at the Department of Population and Civil Registration at the Government of the Regency of Gianyar, Temanggung, and Sleman by using a case study method, while data collection using literature study techniques, interviews, and observations. The discussion was carried out using the concept of implementation of Edwards model that looked at implementation based on communication variables, sources, trends, and bureaucratic structure. The results showed that the administration of population administration which included the protection of personal data by the Population and Civil Registry Office referred to the Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 61 of 2015, while the Minister of Communication and Information Regulation No. 20 of 2016 was completely unknown to them.
 
Article
Academic Inbreeding is a practice of educational institution which hires their graduates in their institutions. Research about Academic Inbreeding has been done in many countries. Academic Inbreeding research in Indonesia has not been done yet so far. The present research purposed to show the existence of Academic Inbreeding in Indonesia. Field of Communication which selected in this research because the number of doctoral program and master of communication science still limited. This problem brings up an assumption that the institutions which have doctoral program tend to have academic inbreeding. The result of his research found that academic inbreeding affected by geographical factors, historical factors, and university status.
 
Article
Bandung city has Binong Jati knitting textile center established since 1965. This region is famous to neighboring countries because its knitted products are exported to Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, and Malaysia. Wanina Store and Karimake Store is a production house located in Binong Knitting Village. Production capacity has decreased significantly due to decreased sales volume so that it affects the level of business profits and impact on the low level of production. These SMEs are still using conventional ways in marketing their products and their knowledge in innovating technology is still low. Both partners are still using traditional marketing methods. They have not taken advantage of the existing marketplace or social media, due to the level of skills in the mastery and utilization of information technology is very low. So, the solution to the problem is (1) create an e-Commerce-based website to increase market share expansion and sales management. (2) provide training on the use of e-commerce that has been made. (3) provide training on the utilization of top 5 popular. The research method used in this research is the action research method and to measure the success of the system that has been implemented using the DeLone & Mc lean framework.Keywords : Action Research, SMEs, e-commerce, Improving, DeLone &Mc Lean.
 
Article
Tulisan ini ditujukan untuk mendeskripsikan strategi public relations dalam menangani krisis yang di alami oleh organisasi dalam bentuk aktivisme online. Aktivisme online merupakan gerakan digital massal yang berpotensi memberikan ancaman kepada reputasi organisasi. Aktivisme online ini merupakan wujud dari kesenjangan ekspektasi publik yang tidak sesuai dengan realitas sosial sebuah organisasi. Melalui metode analisis meta-sintesis, systematic review ini mengupas konsep aktivisme online dari beberapa jurnal yang berbeda dan mengelaborasi hasil kajian dengan teori dan konsep kehumasan dalam manajemen krisis. Konsep manajemen yang tepat sasaran dapat mengatasi permasalahan aktivisme online tersebut
 
Article
Media as a tool that is widely used by adolescents in seeking information has an impact on their attitudes and behavior, including adolescent reproductive health behaviors. This article aimed to determine the relationship of the media with adolescent reproductive health attitudes and behaviors. The research design was a cross-sectional approach. Data collection was done through questionnaires and were analyzed using frequency distribution and chi-square test. The population of this study were students of SMPN and SMAN in Kabupaten Bandung totaling 12,000, samples were selected by stratified random sampling and totaling 668 students. The results found that the handbook (p = 0.31), newspapers (p = 0.46), TV (p = 0.63), radio (p = 1.00), VCD (p = 0.92), and the Internet (p = 0.13) had no relationship with attitude. However, internet (p = 0.03), newspapers (p = 0.01), and radio (p = 0.02) related to behavior, while handbooks (p = 0.14), TV (p = 0.49), and VCD (p = 1.00) did not have relationship with behavior. Media of internet, radio, and newspapers relate to adolescent reproductive health behavior. The media can be used as a means of education in adolescents, especially behavior about adolescent reproductive health.Keywords: Attitude, Adolescent Reproductive Health, Behavior , Media.
 
Gambar 4. Kurva keinovatifan adopsi inovasi aplikasi transportasi daring generasi pasca-milenial di Kota Pekanbaru
Article
Revolusi industri 4.0 mendorong berkembangnya industri transportasi berbasis aplikasi. Difusi inovasi aplikasi transportasi daring terjadi di Kota Pekanbaru sejak 2017. Salah satu pengguna potensial aplikasi ini adalah generasi pasca-milenial. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adopsi inovasi aplikasi transportasi daring pada generasi pasca-milenial di Kota Pekanbaru. Model penelitian menggunakan model proses keputusan inovasi: (1) pengetahuan, (2) persuasi, (3) keputusan, (4) implementasi, dan (5) konfirmasi. Analisis data penelitian ini menggunakan analisis data kuantitatif dengan format deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa skor tahap pengetahuan kuat (77,8%) terutama pada indikator pengguna gawai sangat aktif. Skor persuasi sangat kuat (80,6%) terutama indikator kemudahan instalasi aplikasi tansportasi daring. Tahap keputusan sebagian besar responden merupakan kelompok inovator (36%) dan implementasi kategori cukup (43,4%), paling banyak untuk layanan pengantaran makanan dan ojek. Pada tahap konfirmasi skor meningkat menjadi 59,8% dengan indikator tertinggi tetap menginstal aplikasi dan meningkatkan penggunaan transportasi ojek dan mobil.
 
Article
It is not easy to reach a harmonious society in a multicultural country, the absence of good communication between stakeholders and groups that are related can create conflict. One of the key variables in fostering and realizing harmony is tolerance. The Lombok region which is the majority inhabited by Muslim communities can live in harmony and side by side with Hindu community. Based on the data obtained, Lombok is the city with the highest level of tolerance. This study examines how harmony can be created there and how the role of communication in creating harmony and communication between the two groups of different religions. This research was conducted with qualitative methods with a case study approach. Research data was obtained from interviews and observations. The results show that Hindu groups in Lombok live in the Lingsar region and in the area get along well because there are several factors, namely time, intermarriage, religion, and interaction. Communication also has a role in creating harmony because the basic condition of interaction is the existence of communication.Keywords : coordinated management of meaning
 
Article
The latest news about the celebrities can not only be obtained from television infotainment only, but also through gossip accounts in social media. One of them in Instagram account @ lambe_turah. This account is very profitable for business because it can be a media promotion of various products. But by revealing the privacy of people without thinking about the implications and reactions of society because it becomes a problem. Until here hegemony (power) as a social media seems to dominate this phenomenon. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to get an overview of the economic, social and political hegemony of social media on the @lambe_turahgossip account. This research method using literature study. The results conclude that the economic strength of @ lambe_turah can be seen from the messages distributed simultaneously, when and where it can be accepted by its followers consisting of various audiences’ class. With the number of millions followers, @lambe_turah enter the line of endorsement programs that generate economic benefits. Political hegemony @ lambe_turah can be seen freely they post any news about the celebrities either the positive or negative. This unlimited power has made @lambe_turah several times having problems with a number of artists especially if the news is negative. While the cultural hegemony in @ lambe_turah is symmetrically illustrated by the many postings that are like and commented on indicate that netizen's attention is very high. @lambe_turah also has a major influence in the formation of public opinion. Keywords: hegemony, social media, gossip account, instagram, lambe_turah
 
Article
The problems that occur when the housewife working as Female Labor (TKW) abroad, causing the relationship of communication patterns with the family is not running effectively, and no attention to children left behind, so the child does not get the full affection of his mother. To bridge the child in protection and compassion, the obligations and responsibilities of caring for, educating and raising children are left to the nuclear family and extended family. The applicable patterns of communication are the stimulus-response model, the abx model, the interactional model. The purpose of the study describes the communication patterns of TKW families. Determination of infroman with the technique of snow ball (snowball technique). Research location in Polorejo Village, District of Babadan, Regency of Ponorogo. The results of this study that the errors of communication patterns to children can lead to personal deviant children such as materialistic, child delinquency, promiscuity of children, and other deviant behavior. While the pattern of communication between father / husband to the wife abroad that is not intertwined in an intense and effective, it can cause berbabagi problems in family relationships such as divorce.Keywords: communication pattern, family, TKW
 
Article
Health is the main factor that attracts the public attention today. In an effort to improve the quality of social welfare and public health, the government also conducts health promotion of family planning programs (KB) in various regions. This family planning program has various options, but the government currently being pushed is the use of KB IUD. This health promotion activity also took place in the village of Cimanggu, West Bung. Dinas Kesehatan cooperate with Cimanggu village to conduct health promotion of KB IUD program. But, in fact, the program is not as easy as it thinks. Therefore, the authors raised this study which aims to determine the barriers of communication in the health promotion of Family Planning Program (KB) IUD in Cimanggu village, West Bandung. The research approach is qualitative approach with descriptive method. In determining informant, writer use purposive sampling technique, got 4 person informant. The data collection techniques are observation, interview, and documentation study. The results of the research show that communication barriers in health promotion of IUD family planning program in Cimanggu village, West Bupang Regency cover: (1) education barrier of Cimanggu villagers as communicant in health promotion program of IUD family planning program; (2) cultural barriers of Cimanggu villagers, which are still strong with the values of local wisdom developed in Cimanggu village; (3) psychological barriers, feelings of fear and fear of excessive pain experienced by the society, certainly in this case is women in the productive age.
 
Article
Website and blog are popular as a media to spread news. The validity of an article of news’s can either be valid or fake. A fake article of news is usually called a hoax news article. The purpose of making hoax news is to persuade, manipulate, affect to people to do something that contradicts or prevents the right action. A hoax news usually used threats or misleading information to make them believe things that are not real. This research proposes an experiment using naïve Bayes to detect hoax news in Bahasa Indonesia. In this research, we use our own dataset consisting of a total of 600 valid and hoax articles. We asked three reviewers to conduct manual classification for our dataset. Final tagging was obtained by adopting the maximum score from the three reviewers. In our experiment, we show that naïve Bayes can classify Indonesian online news articles with term frequency feature using the PHP-ML library component’s. We obtained an accuracy is 82.6% with static testing and 68.33% with dynamic testing. We give free access to the dataset so the future research can replicate, comparing the result and make a baseline testing.Keywords : Hoax News Detection, Naïve Bayes Classifier.
 
Article
Utilization of information and communication technology in the implementation of the current government process is a priority scale that needs to be continuously developed by the government. In its implementation there is a problem that is the lack of an evaluation process carried out, especially at the level of local government towards the use of information and communication technology. The purpose of this research is to evaluated of an electronics based governance system by measuring the maturity level. Measuring the maturity level on the technical function capability using e-government maturity models and assessing 3 domains, 7 aspects and 35 indicators contained in an electronic based governance system. The research method used is survey method, in the environtment of government of Gorontalo City. The results of this research showed that the implementation of an electronic based government system in the government of Gorontalo City achieve “GOOD” predicate with a total index value of 2.88. Some indicators that have the lowest indeks value from the measurement and assessment results are informed in this study to further become recommendations for improvement the utilization of information and communication technology by the government of Gorontalo City.Keywords : evaluation, information technology, public service, maturity level.
 
Article
In the last five years, the number of SMEs in Indonesia has continued to increase. However, only 4.9% made use of digital access as a sales medium, either through social media or e-commerce. In 2017, the number of SMEs going online increase to 8%, and is targeted to increase in 2018 by the Minister of Cooperatives and SMEs of the Republic of Indonesia. Increasing e-commerce is a challenge for Bukalapak. To continue to maintain its exixtance, Bukalapak formed the ‘Komunitas Pelapak’ as a communication network between ‘pelapak’ (seller) in each region. This community allows pelapak to share strategies to increase productivity. This study aims to describe the communication network of ‘Komunitas Pelapak’ in the Jakarta area and analyze it’s role in improving the productivity of pelapak in the community. This research method is qualitative descriptive using a case study spproach. The study, which used in-depth interview techniques with members of the Komunitas Bukalapak Jakarta area, found that within the Bukalapak community in Jakarta, there were four (4) individuals who were chosen by members of the community. The four individuals constitute opinion leaders who are active in providing information and motivation to other community members through social media channels, the WhatsApp Group of the Bukalapak community, and offline activities such as ‘kopdar’ and social activities. By communicating with information and motivation in every community activity, it can increase enthusiasm and innovation for the products and also the sales method. This will ultimately increase the productivity of community members in doing business in the world of e-commerce.
 
Article
The purpose of this research is to explain how promotes management conflict and communication effective. This kind of conflict can happen to everyone and in any places disregarding status, income and position. Someone who cannot manage conflicts will have a threat for his personal performance, and unfortunately, company’s performance will also gain the effect. Accordingly, we need a strategy to manage conflicts as an effort to create a good performance for individual employee performance as well as the team performance. Communication means providing information and distributing to the members of the organization, if the distribution is hampered because of the bad behavior committed by a person or one of the employees of the communication that exists becomes ineffective. In the long term ineffective communications will result in the emergence of misunderstanding interpretation giving rise to prejudice and ultimately lead to internal conflicts within the company or organization. Role management is urgently needed to resolve the conflict because of the impact of impact of the conflict will impact on the performance and effectiveness of the work in the company especially in in Darul Ulum University. Key words: conflict management, effective communication, organization.
 
Article
Digital technology offers its users to get ease in carrying out their activities. The existence of the Halodoc health application offers simplicity healthcare. Health is essential to be taken care of, so Halodoc is one of the ways. The research conducted using a case study strategy in the IndoRunners community and the Jakarta Cycling Community. This study used a qualitative approach and involved four informants in both communities. From the results of research that Halodoc health applications have the same interpretation among users in the sports community, for daily health needs and post- sports health care, so that its meaning has reached closure. In a broader context based on macro politics, this application helps the government break the chain of COVID-19. The social construction that formed shows the right representation in the Indonesian context, where health access is still low. The growth of digital technology offers the application infrastructure becomes easier and social media provides an overview of the benefits and advantages of this application.
 
Article
The development of new media has changed the pattern of communication and market interaction. Cyberspace is a modern business model that provides space for buying and selling transactions. It requires entrepreneur to master technology, including womanpreneur. Its appearance is triggered by the facilities and opportunities of social media technology. This quantitative-descriptive research focus on the positive influence of digital media to increase the sales of specialty food products among womanpreneur in Makassar. The number of sample is 139 respondents, who are micro entrepreneurs and has been established at least six months and used social media were Facebook or Instagram. The independent variable is digital media utilization (X), the control variable is marketing mix (Z), and the dependent variable is level of sales (Y). The results of this research obtained that the variable digital media utilization (X) and marketing mix (Z) has an influence on the level of sales (Y). H1 is accepted whereas H0 is rejected, stating that digital media (e-marketing) utilizatin is a positive influence on increasing the sales of specialty food products among womanpreneurs in Makassar.
 
Article
The majority of digital players in Indonesia are under the control of social media, especially users of OTT services. This has led to the migration of conventional service users to OTT services on a number of digital platforms such as YouTube, Netflix, Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram, Line and Muflix. The lawsuit is addressed to Article 1 paragraph 2 of Law No. 32 of 2002 concerning Broadcasting. The applicants came from INews TV and RCTI who considered the legal consistency of internet-based broadcasting to be very unstable. The issues reviewed are regarding the lawsuit by RCTI and Inews against the Broadcasting Law from a political economy perspective. This study aims to reveal the reality, especially the domination of power, behind the discourse on changing the law on broadcasting. This study was conducted qualitatively with methods, text analysis, primary, secondary data collection and in-depth interviews by political economists. The results showed that the lawsuit filed by RCTI and INews from the perspective of political economists has the result that the dominance of the power of media owners has an important role as a means of generating news / issues that are favorable to them. Keywords: over the top, broadcasting law, political economy perspective
 
Article
Konflik agama di Ambon dan wilayah Maluku telah berakhir lama. Namun trauma atas tragedi tersebut amat membekas bagi masyarakat Ambon. Terutama bagi para jurnalis televisi di Ambon. Mereka memahami perdamaian di Ambon harus dirawat dan membutuhkan peran aktif media. Jurnalisme damai menjadi pegangan para jurnalis televisi di Ambon. Penelitian ini bertujuan menggali pandangan para jurnalis, mengenai tantangan dalam menjaga perdamaian dan penerapan jurnalisme damai di Ambon. Landasan teori dalam penelitian ini adalah teori konstruksi realitas sosial dan tindakan sosial. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode fenomenologi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam dan studi literatur. Narasumber dari penelitian ini adalah tiga orang kontributor dari tiga grup stasiun televisi, yakni Trans Media, SCM (SCTV/Indosiar) dan Kompas TV. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa para kontributor di Ambon memaknai dirinya sebagai salah satu profesi penjaga perdamaian. Meskipun dalam upaya merawat perdamaian tersebut menghadapi tantangan. Antara lain; berlawanan dengan kehendak redaksi di Jakarta, menghindari peliputan peristiwa konflik, mengambil sumber berita hanya dari aparat keamanan, dan menjaga hubungan dengan masyarakat Kata Kunci: jurnalisme damai, konstruksi realitas sosial, tindakan sosial
 
Article
Era baru keterbukaan informasi menutut instansi pemerintah menyediakan informasi secara akurat dan cepat. Jatim Newsroom Dinas Kominfo Jatim menerapkan praktik jurnalisme online untuk menjawab tantangan era keterbukaan informasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengeksplorasi dan mendalami praktik jurnalisme online yang dilakukan oleh Jatim Newsroom. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dengan melakukan observasi, wawancara, dan studi dokumentasi. Sedangkan untuk teknik analisis data yang digunakan oleh peneliti yaitu model Analysis Interactive Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan praktik jurnalisme online di Jatim Newsroom melalui tiga proses utama yaitu pertama persiapan peliputan yang terdiri dari plotting, riset, penyusunan pertanyaan wawancara, koordinasi dengan campers dan penerbitan surat penugasan. Kedua, memastikan semua peralatan liputan siap, mendatangi lokasi liputan, campers akan mencari posisi yang pas, jurnalis melakukan wawancara dengan narasumber. Ketiga, proses penyajian berita. Usai jurnalis selesai menulis dan menyerahkan naskah berita final melalui Whatsapp, selanjutnya redaktur melakukan revisi, penyuntingan dan pemeriksaan akhir. Maksimal berita dikirim 3 jam setelah berada di lokasi liputan, meski mayoritas jurnalis Jatim Newsroom hanya membutuhkan 1,5 hingga 2 jam saja.
 
Article
Communication is one aspect of us as humans to brand ourselves both in society,state, socially, or politically. Political communication is an important aspect that must be owned by anyone who becomes a political figure. Megawati as a political figure is very firm in conveying political messages to the public, it can be seen when she became president of the Republic of Indonesia. As president of Republic of Indonesia, Megawati is the only president of women in Indonesia, there areno more women after Megawati who became president of Indonesia. From this, the writer tries to analyze the political communication style of Megawati as the only female president of Indonesia. Abstrak Komunikasi merupakan salah satu aspek kita sebagai manusia untuk membranding diri kita sendiri baik dalam bermasyarakat, bernegara, bersosial ataupun berpolitik. Komunikasi politik merupakan aspek yang penting yang harus dimiliki oleh siapa saja yang menjadi tokoh politik. Megawati sebagai tokoh politik sangat tegas dalam menyampaikan pesan politik kepada masyarakat, dapat dilihat ketika ia menjadi presiden Republik Indonesia. Sebagai presiden Republik Indonesia Megawati adalah satu-satunya presiden dari kaum perempuan di Indonesia belum ada lagi dari kaum perempuan setelah megawati yang menjadi presiden Indonesia. Dari hal itu maka penulis mencoba menganalisis gaya komunikasi politik dari Megawati sebagai satu-satunya presiden Indonesia dari kaum perempuan.
 
Top-cited authors
Faisal Rahutomo
  • Universitas Sebelas Maret
Dian Novian
  • Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
Hidayat Koniyo
  • Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
Ardhian Ekawijana
  • Politeknik Negeri Bandung
Wulan Purnama Sari
  • University of Muhammadiyah Malang